• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mizoram

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Genetic Polymorphism of Glutathione S-transferases M1 and T1, Tobacco Habits and Risk of Stomach Cancer in Mizoram, India

  • Malakar, Mridul;Devi, K. Rekha;Phukan, Rup Kumar;Kaur, Tanvir;Deka, Manab;Puia, Lalhriat;Barua, Debajit;Mahanta, Jagadish;Narain, Kanwar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.4725-4732
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    • 2012
  • Aim: The incidence of stomach cancer in Mizoram is highest in India. We have conducted a population based matched case-control study to identify environmental and genetic risk factors in this geographical area. Methods: A total of 102 histologically confirmed stomach cancer cases and 204 matched healthy population controls were recruited. GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes were determined by PCR and H. pylori infections were determined by ELISA. Results: Tobacco-smoking was found to be an important risk factor for high incidence of stomach cancer in Mizoram. Meiziol (local cigarette) smoking was a more important risk factor than other tobacco related habits. Cigarette, tuibur (tobacco smoke infused water) and betel nut consumption synergistically increased the risk of stomach cancer. Polymorphisms of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes were not found to be directly associated with stomach cancer in Mizoram. However, they appeared to be effect modifiers. Persons habituated with tobacco smoking and/or tuibur habit had increased risk of stomach cancer if they carried the GSTM1 null genotype and GSTT1 non-null genotype. Conclusion: Tobacco smoking, especially meiziol is the important risk factor for stomach cancer in Mizoram. GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes modify the effect of tobacco habits. This study is a first step in understanding the epidemiology of stomach cancer in Mizoram, India.

Role of Household Exposure, Dietary Habits and Glutathione S-Transferases M1, T1 Polymorphisms in Susceptibility to Lung Cancer among Women in Mizoram India

  • Phukan, Rup Kumar;Saikia, Bhaskar Jyoti;Borah, Prasanta Kumar;Zomawia, Eric;Sekhon, Gaganpreet Singh;Mahanta, Jagadish
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.3253-3260
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    • 2014
  • Background: A case-control study was conducted to evaluate the effect of household exposure, dietary habits, smoking and Glutathione S-Transferases M1, T1 polymorphisms on lung cancer among women in Mizoram, India. Materials and Methods: We selected 230 newly diagnosed primary lung cases and 460 controls from women in Mizoram. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate adjusted odds ratio (OR). Results: Exposure of cooking oil fumes (p<0.003), wood as heating source for cooking (p=0.004), kitchen inside living room (p=0.001), improper ventilated house (p=0.003), roasting of soda in kitchen (p=0.001), current smokers of tobacco (p=0.043), intake of smoked fish (p=0.006), smoked meat (p=0.001), Soda (p<0.001) and GSTM1 null genotype (p=0.003) were significantly associated with increased risk of lung cancer among women in Mizoram. Significantly protective effect was observed for intake of bamboo shoots (p=<0.001) and egg (p<0.001). A clear increase in dose response gradient was observed for total cooking dish years. Risk for lung cancer tends to increase with collegial effect of indoor environmental sources (p=0.022). Significant correlation was also observed for interaction of GST polymorphisms with some of dietary habits. Conclusions: We confirmed the important role of exposure of cooking oil emission and wood smoke, intake of smoked meat, smoked fish and soda (an alkali preparation used as food additives in Mizoram) and tobacco consumption for increase risk of lung cancer among Women in Mizoram.

p53 Codon 72 Polymorphism Interactions with Dietary and Tobacco Related Habits and Risk of Stomach Cancer in Mizoram, India

  • Malakar, Mridul;Devi, K. Rekha;Phukan, Rup Kumar;Kaur, Tanvir;Deka, Manab;Puia, Lalhriat;Sailo, Lalrinliana;Lalhmangaihi, T.;Barua, Debajit;Rajguru, Sanjib Kumar;Mahanta, Jagadish;Narain, Kanwar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.717-723
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    • 2014
  • Background: This study was carried out to investigate the interaction of p53 codon 72 polymorphism, dietary and tobacco habits with reference to risk of stomach cancer in Mizoram, India. A total of 105 histologically confirmed stomach cancer cases and 210 age, sex and ethnicity matched healthy population controls were included in this study. Materials and Methods: The p53 codon 72 polymorphism was detected by PCR-RFLP and sequencing. H. pylori infection status was determined by ELISA. Information on various dietary and tobacco related habits was recorded with a standard questionnaire. Results: This study revealed that overall, the Pro/Pro genotype was significantly associated with a higher risk of stomach cancer (OR, 2.54; 95%CI, 1.01-6.40) as compared to the Arg/Arg genotype. In gender stratified analysis, the Pro/Pro genotype showed higher risk (OR, 7.50; 95%CI, 1.20-47.0) than the Arg/Arg genotype among females. Similarly, the Pro/Pro genotype demonstrated higher risk of stomach cancer (OR, 6.30; 95%CI, 1.41-28.2) among older people (>60 years). However, no such associations were observed in males and in individuals <60 years of age. Smoke dried fish and preserved meat (smoke dried/sun dried) consumers were at increased risk of stomach cancer (OR, 4.85; 95%CI, 1.91-12.3 and OR, 4.22; 95%CI, 1.46-12.2 respectively) as compared to non-consumers. Significant gene-environment interactions exist in terms of p53 codon 72 polymorphism and stomach cancer in Mizoram. Tobacco smokers with Pro/Pro and Arg/Pro genotypes were at higher risk of stomach cancer (OR, 16.2; 95%CI, 1.72-153.4 and OR, 9.45; 95%CI, 1.09-81.7 respectively) than the non-smokers Arg/Arg genotype carriers. The combination of tuibur user and Arg/Pro genotype also demonstrated an elevated risk association (OR, 4.76; 95%CI, 1.40-16.21). Conclusions: In conclusion, this study revealed that p53 codon 72 polymorphism and dietary and tobacco habit interactions influence stomach cancer development in Mizoram, India.

Efficient use of ferrate(VI) in the oxidative removal of potassium hydrogen phthalate from aqueous solutions

  • Tiwari, Diwakar;Sailo, Lalsaimawia;Yoon, Yi-Yong;Lee, Seung-Mok
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study is to assess the applicability of ferrate(VI) in the efficient treatment of aqueous waste contaminated with potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHP) which is known to be a potent endocrine disrupting chemicals. Simulated batch reactor operations were conducted at a wide range of pH (7.0 to 12.0) and molar ratios of KHP to ferrate(VI). Kinetic studies were performed in the degradation process and overall rate constant was found to be 83.40 L/mol/min at pH 8.0. The stoichiometry of ferrate(VI) and KHP was found to be 1:1. Further, lower pH values and higher KHP concentrations were favoured greatly the degradation of KHP by ferrate(VI). Total organic carbon analysis showed that partial mineralization of KHP was achieved. The presence of several background electrolytes were studied in the degradation of KHP by ferrate(VI).

Efficient oxidative removal of 4-tert-octylphenol and 17α-ethynylestradiol from aqueous solutions using ferrate(VI)

  • Tiwari, Diwakar;Sailo, Lalsaimawia;Choi, Sang-Il;Yoon, Yi-Yong;Lee, Seung-Mok
    • The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.734-740
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    • 2017
  • Ferrate(VI) was utilized to treat micro-pollutants--4-tert-octylphenol (TOP) and $17{\alpha}$-ethynylestradiol (EE2)--from aqueous solutions. Batch studies were conducted at various pHs (7.0 to 12.0) and concentrations of TOP/or EE2 (0.03 to 0.3 mmol/L) using 0.1 mmol/L ferrate(VI). Time-dependent degradation of TOP and EE2 was assessed as a function of pH and micro-pollutant concentrations and we found that significant mineralization of micro-pollutants was achieved by ferrate(VI) treatment. Second-order kinetics showed 1 : 1 stoichiometry was obtained between the ferrate(VI) and TOP/or EE2. Further, the effect of several background electrolytes on degradation of TOP and EE2 by ferrate(VI) was evaluated, showing insignificant effect of degradation.

ON SOME CLASSES OF WEAKLY Z-SYMMETRIC MANIFOLDS

  • Lalnunsiami, Kingbawl;Singh, Jay Prakash
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.935-951
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    • 2020
  • The aim of the paper is to study some geometric properties of weakly Z-symmetric manifolds. Weakly Z-symmetric manifolds with Codazzi type and cyclic parallel Z tensor are studied. We consider Einstein weakly Z-symmetric manifolds and conformally flat weakly Z-symmetric manifolds. Next, it is shown that a totally umbilical hypersurface of a conformally flat weakly Z-symmetric manifolds is of quasi constant curvature. Also, decomposable weakly Z-symmetric manifolds are studied and some examples are constructed to support the existence of such manifolds.

Use of hybrid materials in the trace determination of As(V) from aqueous solutions: An electrochemical study

  • Tiwari, Diwakar;Jamsheera, A.;Zirlianngura, Zirlianngura;Lee, Seung Mok
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.186-192
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    • 2017
  • The carbon paste electrode (CPE) was modified with the pristine bentonite and hybrid material (HDTMA-modified bentonite). The modified-CPEs are then employed as working electrode in an electrochemical detection of As(V) from aqueous solutions using the cyclic voltammetric measurements. Cyclic voltammograms revealed that As(V) showed reversible behavior onto the working electrode. The hybrid material-modified carbon paste electrode showed significantly enhanced electrochemical signal which was then utilized in the low level detection of As(V). Moreover, the studies were conducted at neutral pH conditions. The electrochemical studies were conducted with scan rates (20 to 200 mV/s) to deduce the mechanism of redox processes involved at the electrode surface. The anodic current was linearly increased, increasing the concentration of As(V) from 5.0 to $35.0{\mu}g/g$ using the hybrid material-modified electrode. This provided fairly a good calibration line for As(V) detection. The presence of varied concentrations of As(III) in the determination of total arsenic was studied. The influence of several cations and anions viz., Cu(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Pb(II), Cd(II), Fe(III), $Cl^-$, $NO_3{^-}$, $PO_4{^{3-}}$, EDTA and glycine in the detection of As(V) from aqueous solution was also studied. Further, in an attempt to simulate the real matrix analysis, the tap water sample was spiked with As(V) and subjected for As(V) detection using the modified-CPE.

Efficient use of ferrate(VI) for the remediation of wastewater contaminated with metal complexes

  • Sailo, Lalsaimawia;Pachuau, Lalramnghaki;Yang, Jae Kyu;Lee, Seung Mok;Tiwari, Diwakar
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2015
  • Remediation of wastewater contaminated with metal(II)-complexed species (Cu(II)-NTA (NTA: nitrilotriacetic acid), Cu(II)-EDTA (EDTA: ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid) and Cd(II)-EDTA is attempted using the potential applicability of ferrate(VI). Kinetics of pollutant degradation is obtained with the removal of ferrate(VI) studied at wide range of pH (8.0-10.0) and the concentration of metal(II)-complexed species (0.3 to 15.0 mmol/L) employing a constant dose of ferrate(VI) i.e., 1.0 mmol/L. Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order rate constants were obtained in the reduction of ferrate(VI) which was then employed to obtain the overall rate constants of the pollutant degradation. The mineralization of NTA and EDTA was obtained with the change in TOC (total organic carbon) values collected by the ferrate(VI) treated pollutant samples. Decrease in pH and molar pollutant concentrations was greatly favored the percent mineralization of NTA or EDTA by the ferrate(VI) treatment. The treated pollutant samples were filtered and subjected for AAS (atomic absorption spectrophotometric) analysis to assess the simultaneous removal of copper and cadmium from aqueous solutions at the studied pH as well at the elevated pH 12.0. Results show that an enhanced removal of cadmium or copper was achieved at pH 12.0. Overall, ferrate(VI) possesses multifunctional application in wastewater treatment as it oxidizes the degradable impurities and removes metallic impurities by coagulation process.

CYP2E1 Genetic Polymorphism with Dietary, Tobacco, Alcohol Habits, H. pylori Infection Status and Susceptibility to Stomach Cancer in Mizoram, India

  • Malakar, Mridul;Devi, K. Rekha;Phukan, Rup Kumar;Kaur, Tanvir;Deka, Manab;Puia, Lalhriat;Baruah, Debajit;Mahanta, Jagadish;Narain, Kanwar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.20
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    • pp.8815-8822
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    • 2014
  • Background: The incidence of stomach cancer in India is highest in the state of Mizoram. In this population based matched case-control study, we evaluated the relationship between CYP450 2E1 RsaI polymorphism and risk of stomach cancer taking into considering various important dietary habits along with tobacco, alcohol consumption and H. pylori infection status. Materials and Methods: A total of 105 histologically confirmed stomach cancer cases and 210 matched healthy population controls were recruited. CYP2E1 RsaI genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP and H. pylori infection status by ELISA. Information on various dietary, tobacco and alcohol habits was recorded in a standard questionnaire. Results: Our study revealed no significant association between the CYP2E1 RsaI polymorphism and overall risk of stomach cancer in Mizoram. However, we observed a non-significant protective effect of the variant allele (A) of CYP2E1 against stomach cancer. Tobacco smokers carrying C/C genotype have three times more risk of stomach cancer, as compared to non-smokers carrying C/C genotype. Both Meiziol and cigarette current and past smokers who smoked for more than 10 times per day and carrying the (C/C) genotype are more prone to develop stomach cancer. Smoke dried fish and preserved meat (smoked/sun dried) consumers carrying C/C genotype possesses higher risk of stomach cancer. No significant association between H. pylori infection and CYP2E1 RsaI polymorphism in terms of stomach cancer was observed. Conclusions: Although no direct association between the CYP2E1 RsaI polymorphism and stomach cancer was observed, relations with different tobacco and dietary risk habits in terms of developing stomach cancer exist in this high risk population of north-eastern part of India. Further in-depth study recruiting larger population is required to shed more light on this important problem.

Evaluation of Websites of Public Libraries of India under Ministry of Culture: A Webometric Analysis

  • Brahma, Krishna;Verma, Manoj Kumar
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate the domain authority, number of webpages, links, and calculate the web impact factor of six public libraries of India which are fully funded by Ministry of Culture with the supervision of administration. The data for the study were collected from websites of concerned libraries with the help of a suitable search engine, Open Site Explorer. The study found that the highest domain and page authority was recorded by Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library and National Library, respectively. It also further revealed that excepting the two libraries, i.e., Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library and Delhi Public Library, the internal equity-passing links and total internal links of rest of the libraries is zero. National Library leads with maximum total links and total equity-passing links, also with the highest followed linking root domains, total linking root domains, and linking C blocks, and concludes with the web impact factor of Central Secretariat Library recording the maximum, followed by National Library and Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library.