• Title, Summary, Keyword: Misconduct

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Similarity Analysis of Korean Medical Literature and Its Association with Efforts to Improve Research and Publication Ethics

  • Park, Soyoung;Yang, Seung Ho;Jung, Eugene;Kim, Yeon Mi;Baek, Hyun Sung;Koo, Young-Mo
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.887-892
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    • 2017
  • In the present study, the frequency of research misconduct in Korean medical papers was analyzed using the similarity check software $iThenticate^{(R)}$. All Korean papers written in English that were published in 2009 and 2014 in KoreaMed Synapse were identified. In total, 23,848 papers were extracted. 4,050 original articles of them were randomly selected for similarity analysis. The average Similarity Index of the 4,050 papers decreased over time, particularly in 2013: in 2009 and 2014, it was 10.15% and 5.62%, respectively. And 357 (8.8%) had a Similarity Index of ${\geq}20%$. Authors considered a Similarity Index of ${\geq}20%$ as suspected research misconduct. It was found that $iThenticate^{(R)}$ cannot functionally process citations without double quotation marks. Papers with a Similarity Index of ${\geq}20%$ were thus individually checked for detecting such text-matching errors to accurately identify papers with suspected research misconduct. After correcting text-matching errors, 142 (3.5% of the 4,050 papers) were suspected of research misconduct. The annual frequency of these papers decreased over time, particularly in 2013: in 2009 and 2014, it was 5.2% and 1.7%, respectively. The decrease was associated with the introduction of CrossCheck by KoreaMed and the frequent use of similarity check software. The majority (81%) had Similarity Indices between 20% and 40%. The fact suggested that low Similarity index does not necessarily mean low possibility of research misconduct. It should be noted that, although $iThenticate^{(R)}$ provides a fundamental basis for detecting research misconduct, the final judgment should be made by experts.

The survey on the awareness towards academic misconduct required in the Convergence era : Focusing on Nursing Students (융복합시대에서 요구되는 학습윤리인식 실태조사: 간호대학생을 중심으로)

  • Park, Hee-Ok;Lee, Insook;Lee, Mira
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.277-287
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness towards academic misconduct in nursing students. A descriptive survey was performed from November to December in 2015 with self-reporting questionnaires for awareness toward academic misconduct. Participants were 355 nursing students who was in attendance at department of nursing in three university. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0. As a result of the study, nursing students' average point of awareness towards academic misconduct is about 1.71 out of 4. The study showed that irresponsibility on the class was the lowest level, on the other hand, disrespectful behavior in patient care was the highest among awareness towards academic misconduct. This has significant differences according to the their interpersonal relationship and motivation of admission. This study may provide basic data for enhancement of nursing students' recognition of academic improvement in academic integrity. Further studies should be needed to assess academic integrity policies, violations, and the results of the measures in nursing students.

A Matter of Professionalism: Academic Misconduct of Veterinary Students (수의전문직업성 측면에서 본 수의과대학 학생의 학습윤리)

  • Chun, Myung-Sun;Ryu, Pan-Dong;Yoon, Junghee
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.174-179
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    • 2015
  • Academic integrity guarantees the professional integrity and validity of the education and qualifications offered by the veterinary schools. In this study, we analyzed the responses of 528 veterinary students of two veterinary schools in Seoul regarding their awareness about, knowledge of, and frequency of engaging in academic misconduct. A total of 88.4 percent of the participants agreed that cheating and plagiarism by undergraduates would influence their future academic misconduct. The most common form of academic misconduct was plagiarism (71.7% in the A school, 69.5% in the B school), with falsification (40.2% in the A school, 31.7% in the B school) also reported at a high rate. Students indicated the lack of a culture of academic integrity as the main reason for academic misconduct. According to the regression analysis students' awareness and knowledge of academic integrity and their perception of peers' academic misconduct predicted a significant amount of variance of the frequency of academic misconduct. The findings of this study support that academic integrity should be learned in a flexible format from an early stage of professional development in veterinary curriculum. In parallel with the efforts of faculty, a community approach may be likely to improve the academic environment in terms of integrity.

The Survey of Gifted Students' Scientific Integrity and Perception of Scientific Misconduct in R&E Program (R&E 수행과정에서 과학영재고 학생의 연구윤리 준수 실태 조사)

  • Lee, Jiwon;Kim, Jung Bog
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.565-580
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    • 2015
  • We investigated gifted students' scientific integrity, perception of scientific misconduct and needs for research ethics education. For this study, 267 science academy students who have participated in R&E program responded to questionnaire of those three parts. The major findings are as follows: First, 45.31% of gifted students answered that they had one or more experiences in five categories; fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, unfair authorship, and connivance of scientific misconduct. Second, almost 90% of gifted students responded that statements of questions are scientific misconduct except the self plagiarism. Third, 28.83% of gifted students needed to study research ethics and all of them were 1st graders. Fourth, they wanted to know specifically the limit of apt citation, writing skills of research notes, specific examples of scientific misconduct, and concrete acting method for scientific integrity, etc. In order to get gifted students to conduct their research responsibly, educators have to consider and reflect the voice of gifted students.

The Role of the ICAO in Implementing the FANS and its Applications in Air and space Law (바르샤바협약상(協約上) Wilful Misconduct의 개념(槪念))

  • Choi, June-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.6
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    • pp.191-215
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    • 1994
  • The concept of 'wilful misconduct" was initally used in article 25 of the Warsaw Convention of 1929. The concept was defined in the Hague Protocol, 1955, as having the following two differing concepts: i) "with the intent to cause damage" and ii) "recklessly and with the knowledge that damage would probably result." The concepts contained in the Hague Protocol were used in various international Conventions on carriage by sea, such as Article 2(e) and Article 3(4) of the Protocol adopted at Brussels on Feb. 23, 1968 to amend the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading, signed at Brussels, Aug. 25, 1929(Hague-Visby Rules), Article 13 of the Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, Dec. 13. 1974, Article 4 of the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976, Article 8(1) of the U.N. Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea, 1978(Hamburg Rules) and Article 21 (1) of the U.N. Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods, Geneva, 1980. The same concepts were also adopted in Article 746, 789-2(1), 789-3(2) of the Korean Maritime Commercial Law, revised in 1991. As of yet, the legal system of Korean Private Law recognizes only the concepts of "Vorsatz" and "grobe Nachlassigkeit", as is the case with German Private Law. The problem is that the concepts in the Convention do not coincide precisely with the concepts of "Vorsatz" and "grobe Nachlassigkeit". The author has conducted a comparative analysis of the treatment of the concepts of wilful misconduct and its varied interpretations, that is, "with the intent to cause damage" and "recklessly and with the knowledge that damage would probably result" in the Anglo-American law and in the continental European law in the following manner: 1. Background in which the concept of wilful misconduct was introduced in the Warsaw Convention. 2. The concept of "dol" in French private law. 3. The concepts of "Vorsatz" and "grobe Nachlassigkeit" in Korean private law. 4. Analysis of the concept of wilful misconduct in Anglo-American case law. 5. Analysis of the cases interpreting the concepts of "with intent to cause damage" and "recklessly and with knowledge that damage would probably result" in various jurisdictions. 6. The need to incorporate the concepts of "with the intent to cause damage" and "recklessly and with the knowledge that damage would probably result." 7. Faute inexcusable in French private law. Based upon the comparative analysis, the author points out the difference between the concepts of "wilful misconduct" or "with the intent to cause damage" and "Vorsatz", and between the concepts of "recklessly and with the knowledge that damage would probably result" and "grobe Nachlassigkeit" in the Convention and that of the Korean Private Law system. Additionally, the author emphasizes the importance of the unification in the interpretation of the provisions of the Conventions world wide.

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Ethical considerations in publication of medical papers (의학논문 출판윤리)

  • Bae, Chong-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.447-451
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    • 2008
  • It is fair to say that there are many ethical issues concerning the publication of medical papers. To define the best practice in the ethics of scientific publishing and a proper understanding of appropriate reporting in medical papers, this review should be useful for authors dealing with ethical issues which involve the protection of human and animal rights, the protection of confidentiality and informed consent, fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, author and authorship, copy right transfer, duplicate publication, conflict of interest, and dealing with misconduct cases.

What Is Research Misconducts? Publication Ethics Is as Important as Research Integrity

  • Uhm, Chang-Sub
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.67-70
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    • 2016
  • Research ethics are mainly of two fields; research integrity and publication ethics. Research misconducts can occur at both areas. Examples of the research integrity violations are falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism; and those of the publication ethics violations are duplicate publication including self-plagiarism, and improper authorship. In this paper, concepts of research misconducts defined in Research Misconduct-related Rules of The Korean Society of Microscopy are explained and discussed.

A Study for Counterplan of Korean Juvenile delinquency (한국 청소년범죄 대책방안)

  • Kang, Kyung soo;Lee, Min hyung;Kim, Jin hwan
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.10-31
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    • 2008
  • Recently, 'Juvenile' is associated with the 'Misconduct', for it becomes an object of public concern. Therefore in this study, we suggest counterplan about the group traits connected juvenile-life intimately. First, parents promote conversation among the family and are concerned about their children. And they find out the problems in the bud to educate beforehand Second, the counterplan by school attaches great importance to individual contact. Third, in the counterplan on social aspects, adults' unwholesome ideas, bad effects of the mass communication, the lack of teenager's association, negative activity, leisure facilities and lack of opportunity for juveniles bring about negative facts for education of teenagers. Therefore we need positive counterplan to enlighten the young and purify the social environment. And the nation establish righteous values for the younger generation to not commit a crime and punish severely as well as must prepare the realistic and clear policy for the young to bear the responsibility for their role.

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Medical Professionalism and Self-Reflection in Medical Education (의학전문직업성과 의학교육에서의 자기성찰)

  • Chun, Min Young;Yoo, Sang Ho;Cha, Kyung Hee
    • Korean Medical Education Review
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.78-90
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    • 2018
  • Recently, unprofessional behavior by physicians and misconduct by medical students have led to increased public concern over medical professionalism. Many studies have been conducted to explore strategies that reinforce professionalism education and prevent misconduct in medical students. However, most studies focused on defining the medical professionalism and its conceptual components. In this study, we conducted a conceptual analysis based on the literature review to categorize issues of unprofessional behavior, and identified doctors' indifference to self and others as the reason for the unprofessional behavior. In this regard, self-reflection provides a practical tool to overcome such indifference. We suggest 'education and evaluation based on self-reflection and reflective practices' as the effective strategies to enhance the professionalism in medical students.

A Study on Exemption of Insurer for a Long Period Laid-up Fishing Vessel (장기 계류 어선에 대한 보험자의 면책에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Yong-Sub;Cha, Cheol-Pyo
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.110-118
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    • 1993
  • A squid gill-net fishing vessel Jayueoroho which was being insured ITC-Hulls and was laid up long period illegally under the condition of unmanned in the Pert of Kamcheon. On 30, March, 1993, the fishing vessel moved out toward the high sea by assistance of two tugboats, 12 miles southeast from Teajongdae, to discharge sewage. At that time the shipowner, the skipper, chief engineer and two labourers were boarding, and a fire was broken out by electric leakage at sea. For all their efforts of fire-fighting operation the fishing vessel foundered with explosion. In this case, she had been breached the warranties of legality, especially Korean maritime acts concerned, and the warranties of seaworthiness(MIA 39(5)) as attributable cause because of unmanned on board by wilful misconduct of the insured. Therefore it is prima facie evidence that the insurer is not liable for any loss attributable to the wilful misconduct and breach of warranties of the insured in MIA 1906.

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