• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mink

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A Study on Estimation of Consumption of Mink Clothes (밍크 모피 제품의 소모량(consumption)산출에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.177-188
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    • 2014
  • A fur has emerged as one of fashion staples. there has been a rising interest in fur industry. Therefore, this study investigated how to estimate the amount of raw materials consumed at the production of fur clothes, and the scope of the study was limited to mink clothes. For an empirical study, in addition, Koreans' favorable mink design was chosen based on previous studies and sales of fur clothes, and its consumption was estimated. The consumption of mink clothes depends on the special feature of natural resources such as place of origin, gender and variety. Therefore the method of consumption for mink clothes is inevitably different from it of fiber clothes. Considering the procedure of mink clothe's production as collect same kind of a fur and process though pattern placement, first is outfut work for consumption. At estimation of the consumption of mink clothes, the number of minks was counted by matching the area of mink skin with that of the mink cloth patterns. Then, the usable area of the patterns was calculated after splitting them into diverse figures such as triangle, quadrangle and trapezoid. If we divide area by using the similar in shape of pattern and calculate, We can find high efficiency by reducing extra space. Specially we can expect more efficient work system when we use computers for efficient division of area.

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A Study on Aesthetic Characteristics of Modern Fur Fashion - Focused on Vogue since the 1980s - (현대 모피패션에 나타난 미적특성에 관한 연구 - 1980년대 이후 Vogue를 중심으로 -)

  • Hwang, Jae-Yun;Kim, Jeong-Mee
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.161-172
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    • 2015
  • In this study, characteristics of modern fur fashion were reviewed and aesthetic characteristics shown in fur fashion were analyzed. The results of this study are as follow. Aesthetic characteristics shown in fur fashion between 1980s and 2000s are conspicuousness, sensuality, elegance, activity, humor and abnormality. Conspicuousness was displayed in oversized fur coat in vivid leopard pattern, mink coat trimmed with rich fox fur or leopard patterned fur jacket in hot pink. Sensuality was displayed in white and gray soft mink coat worn over mini dress, soft mink jacket which is short enough to expose legs or soft fox best accentuating chest and arms. Elegance was displayed in soft fox coat in silver, luxurious mink coat with slim silhouette that flows with body line or silver bolero made of mink and silk with slim silhouette. Activity was presented in mink pullover with loose silhouette or rabbit jacket that emphasized functionality by having zippers or hem made of rubber. Humor was presented in unique and humorous patterned fur jacket or exaggerated and unique form of fox bolero. Abnormality was presented in mink jacket made of combining alien material with deformed proportion and form or outer that emphasized vague form by using long and big fox fur.

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Transcript Profiling of Toll-Like Receptor mRNAs in Selected Tissues of Mink (Neovison vison)

  • Tong, Mingwei;Yi, Li;Cheng, Yuening;Zhang, Miao;Cao, Zhigang;Wang, Jianke;Zhao, Hang;Lin, Peng;Yang, Yong;Cheng, Shipeng
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.2214-2223
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    • 2016
  • Toll-like receptors (TLRs) can recognize conserved molecular patterns and initiate a wide range of innate and adaptive immune responses against invading infectious agents. The aim of this study was to assess the transcript profile of mink TLRs (mTLRs) in mink peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and a range of tissues, and to explore the potential role of mTLRs in the antiviral immune response process. The results indicated that the mTLR partial nucleotide sequences had a high degree of nucleotide identity with ferret sequences (95-98%). Phylogenetic analysis showed that mammalian TLRs grouped into five TLR families, with a closer relationship of the mTLRs with those of ferret than the other mammalian sequences. Moreover, all the mTLRs were ubiquitously expressed in lymphoid organs (spleen and lymph nodes) and PBMCs. Interestingly, the mTLR expression patterns in lung, uterus, and heart showed quite a lot of similarity. Another remarkable observation was the wide expression of mTLR1-3 mRNAs in all tissues. Among the analyzed tissues, skeletal muscle was revealed to being the lowest repertoire of mTLR expression. Additionally, mink PBMCs exposed to the canine distemper virus revealed significant upregulation of mTLR2, mTLR4, mTLR7, and mTLR8 mRNAs, indicating that mTLRs have a role in innate immunity in the mink. Collectively, our results are the first to establish the basic expression patterns of mTLRs and the relationship between mTLRs and a virus, which will contribute to better understanding of the evolution and the functions of mTLRs in the innate immune system in minks.

Separation of Non-Volatile Compounds Unsuitable for GC Using Supercritical Fluid as Mobile Phase (초임계 유체를 이동상으로 사용함으로써 기체 크로마토그래피로 분리하기 힘든 비휘발성 화합물들의 분리)

  • Pyo, Tong Jin;Kim, Hoon Ju
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 1992
  • In this work, we developed supercritical fluid chromatographic methods for the samples which are difficult to analyze with conventional GC or HPLC. Long-chain Hydrocarbons, mink oils and soybean oils unsuitable for GC because of their low volatility or limited thermal stability were separated by SFC due to the high solvating properties of supercritical carbon dioxide fluids. In our research, a new method for the analysis of polar fatty acids and pesticides was developed. This method should be used to overcome problems with polar samples in SFC.

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A Study on Aesthetic Characteristics of Fur Fashion (모피 패션의 미적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jae-Yun;Kim, Jeong-Mee
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.55-70
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    • 2017
  • This study researched transition process of fur costume from ancient times to 20th century, extracted esthetic characteristics, and then understood how the esthetic characteristics appear in the recent fur collection. The result is as follows. First, magical meaning was revealed on leopard fur that ancient chief priests wore on top of shenti to symbolize immorality and fur tunics to which christian symbol was added in Byzantine. During middle age and the Renaissance, extravagance appeared on sable and amin jackets that the noble decorated to show off their high status. During the rococo age and mid-20th century, sensuality and elegance appeared on the fur dresses that the female body was emphasized. Second, in recent collection, extravagance appeared on over-sized and voluminous fox-coat, sexsuality and elegance were revealed through mink-dresses and jackets with soft touch and gloss that curved-silhouette was emphasized. In addition, practicality and functionality were shown through short length and light, soft material, and activeness was in the mink jacket to which functional elements such as zippers and rubber were added. To pursue uniqueness and fun, fox jackets were made with over-sized vivid green color. Besides, abnormality and vulgarness appeared through the fashion with abnormal and distracted images with ambiguous forms and new processing methods applied.

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Effects of Transforming Growth Factor Beta on Cytoskeleton Structure and Extracellular Matrix in Mv1Lu Mink Epithelial Cells

  • Choi, Eui-Yul;Lee, Kyung-Mee;Chung, So-Young;Nham, Sang-Uk;Yie, Se-Won;Chun, Gie-Taek;Kim, Pyeung-Hyun
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.405-410
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    • 1996
  • Previous studies have shown that transforming growth factor beta ($TGF-{\beta}$) is a potent regulator of cell growth and differentiation. To study the effects of $TGF-{\beta}$ on cell morphology and cytoskeleton reorganization, we conducted a survey using Mv1Lu mink lung epithelial cells with antibodies to cytoskeletal proteins and an extracellular matrix protein. While the untreated cells showed a cuboidal shape of typical epithelia, the Mv1Lu cells displayed a drastic shape change in the presence of $TGF-{\beta}$. This alteration was most prominent when near-confluent cells were treated with $TGF-{\beta}$. Since the morphology alteration is known to be accompanied by the reorganization of cytoskeletal proteins in other cell types, we investigated the intracellular distribution of the three major cytoskeletal structures: microfilaments, microtubules, and intermediate filaments. In the microfilament system, $TGF-{\beta}$ induced new stress fiber formation, which was caused primarily by the polymerization of cytoplasmic G-actin. However, $TGF-{\beta}$ appeared not to induce any significant changes in microtubular structures and vimentin filaments as determined by indirect fluorescence microscopy. Finally we confirmed the rapid accumulation of fibronectin by immunoblot analysis and chased the protein locations by immunofluorescence microscopy.

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In Vitro Bioassay for Transforming Growth Factor-$\beta$ Using XTT Method

  • Kim, Mi-Sung;Ahn, Seong-Min;Moon, Aree
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.903-909
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    • 2002
  • Research in the cytokine field has grown exponentially in recent years, and the validity of such studies relies heavily on the appropriate measurement of levels of cytokines in various biological samples. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-$\beta$, a hormonally active polypeptide found in normal and transformed tissue, is a potent regulator of cell growth and differentiation. The most widely used bioassay for TGF-$\beta$ is the inhibition of the proliferation of mink lung epithelial cells. Though detection of [$^3$H]thymidine incorporation is more sensitive than the MTT assay, it presents some disadvantages due to the safety and disposal problems associated with radioisotopes. In this study, we attempted to ascertain the experimental conditions which could be used for measuring the in vitro biological activity of TGF-$\beta$ in a safer and more sensitive way compared with the currently available methods. We compared the commonly used method, the MTT assay, to the XTT assay using different parameters including cell number, incubation time and the wave length used for detecting the product. We examined the anti-proliferative activities of TGF-$\beta$ in three different cell lines: Mv-1-Lu mink lung epithelial cells, MCF10A human breast epithelial cells and H-ras-transformed MCF10A cells. Herein, we present an experimental protocol which provides the most sensitive method of quantifying the biological activity of TGF-$\beta$, with a detection limit of as low as 10 pg/ml: Mv-1-Lu or H-ras MCF10A cells ($1{\times}10^5/well$) were incubated with TGF-$\beta$ at $37^{\circ}C$ in a humidified $CO_2$ incubator for 24 hr followed by XTT treatment and determination of absorbance at 450 or 490 nm. Our results may contribute to the establishment of an in vitro bioassay system, which could be used for the satisfactory quantitation of TGF-$\beta$.