• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mineral

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Characteristics of Polymetallic Occurrence in Kau Loc Area within Northern Vietnam: Preliminary Study (베트남 북부 카우록 다중금속 산출지의 특성: 예비연구)

  • Heo, Chul-Ho;Chi, Se-Jung;Park, Sung-Won;Lee, Jae-Ho
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.345-357
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    • 2011
  • It was carried out to the survey on the lead-zinc and tungsten occurrences in the Kau Loc mineralized belt within northern Vietnam. The lead-zinc occurrence bear the ore body parallel to the bedding of limestone formation. Assuming the surface grade and geological reserve, Pb+Zn deposit is estimated to the small to medium-sized ore deposit. On the other hand, considering the distribution of small-scale stock intruding the Devonian limestone, it is thought that the tungsten occurrence has the proper geological conditions anticipating the presence of skarn mineralization. However, there is no evidence to recognize economic feasibility in the present situation because of the absence of detailed geology and ore deposit survey on the tungsten occurrence.

Gold-Silver Mineral Potential Mapping and Verification Using GIS and Artificial Neural Network (GIS와 인공신경망을 이용한 금-은 광물 부존적지 선정 및 검증)

  • Oh, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to analyze gold-silver mineral potential in the Taebaeksan mineralized district, Korea using a Geographic Information System(GIS) and an artificial neural network(ANN) model. A spatial database considering Au and Ag deposit, geology, fault structure and geochemical data of As, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb and Zn was constructed for the study area using the GIS. The 46 Au and Ag mineral deposits were randomly divided into a training set to analyze mineral potential using ANN and a test set to verify mineral potential map. In the ANN model, training sets for areas with mineral deposits and without them were selected randomly from the lower 10% areas of the mineral potential index derived from existing mineral deposits using likelihood ratio. To support the reliability of the Au-Ag mineral potential map, some of rock samples were selected in the upper 5% areas of the mineral potential index without known deposits and analyzed for Au, Ag, As, Cu, Pb and Zn. As the result, No. 4 of sample exhibited more enrichments of all elements than the others.

Effect of Soy Protein and Exercise on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content in Growing Male Rats

  • Park, Mi-Ja
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of dietary protein and exercise on bone mineral density and bone mineral content of growing male rats. Forty male, Sprague-Dawley rats(age 21 days) were assigned to four groups that underwent 9 weeks of experimental treatment. Animals were assigned to one of two exercise treatments (treadmill running or sedentary). The exercise and nonexercise group were fed a diet containing casein or soy with rich isoflavones (3.4mg/g protein). The exercise group ran on a rodent treadmill(speed of 15m/min for 30min) three days per week during the 9-week study period. All rats were fed an experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. Total bone mineral density (BMD), total bone mineral content (BMC), total body calcium, spine BMD and BMC, and femur BMD and BMC were determined by using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (FIXI-mus, GE Lunar Radiation Cooperation, Madison, WI, USA). The soy diet group appears to have a significantly higher total BMD/weight and total BMC/ weight, spine BMD/weight, spine BMC/weight, femur BMD/weight and femur BMC/weight compared to the casein group in nonexercise and exercise. The exercise group had significantly greater total BMD/weight and BMC/ weight, spine BMD/weight and BMC/weight, femur BMD/weight and BMC/weight compared to the nonexercise group when the protein source was casein. The exercise combined soy group had significantly greater total BMD/weight and BMC/weight, spine BMD/weight and BMC/weight, femur BMD/weight and BMC/weight, compared to the exercise combined casein group. The results indicate that exercise had a positive influence on bone mineral density and bone mineral content and soy significantly affect on bone mineral density and bone mineral content for the 9 weeks experimental period. It can be concluded that exercise combined with a soy diet is most beneficial for acquisition of spine bone mineral density in young growing male rats. This convincing evidence suggests that a change in life style such as increasing exercise and consumption of soy protein is a practical strategy for significantly reducing the incidence of osteoporosis.

The analysis of body composition and bone mineral density in adult by using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (이중에너지 방사선 흡수계측법(DEXA)을 이용한 성인들의 체구성과 골밀도 분석)

  • Lee Joong-chul;Han Sang-wan
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.466-478
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    • 2003
  • This study was to evaluate the body composition and bone mineral density according to aging in adult and investigated the relationship between various parameters such as body mass index(BMI), bone mineral density(BMD), bone mineral content(BMC), lean body mass(LBM), fat mass(FM) and the value obtained from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry(DEXA). The subjects were composed of healthy adult male and female who were $20^{\sim}73$ years old and they were divided three group according to age (A group : 20-39 yrs., B group : 40-59 yrs., C group : more than 60 yrs.). The conclusion derived from statistical analysis was as follows : 1. Bone mineral content and density were significantly affected by lean body mass(relatively, R=0.85 - 0.63). 2. There was significant difference among age groups in total bone mineral density. 3. There was significant difference among age groups in bone mineral content of male and female. 4. Lean body mass is diminished according to age, but there was not significant difference among age groups. 5. Fat mass of A group in male had the highest mass and followed by C group and B group. In female groups, fat mass of A group had the highest mass and followed by B group and C group. Abdominal fat mass is increased according to age. This result suggest that aging was closely relation with loss of muscle mass, bone mineral density and bone mineral content.

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Analysis of Women with Low Back Pain and Bone mineral density (일부 여성의 요통과 골밀도에 관한 분석)

  • Kang, Jeom-Deok
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1015-1021
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    • 2001
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate analysis of women with low back pain and osteoporosis were measured for 40 normal in the women from July 20, 2000 to October 20, 2000. Methods: Bone mineral density(BMD) of lumbar spine was measured using energy absorptiometry and were correlated with age, calcium. alkaline phosphatase. bone mineral density standard T scores(p<0.05). Results: The bone mineral density of the lumbar spine decreased with aging, The bone mineral density of the lumbar spine decreased with the serum calcium and phosphate increased. The mean bone mineral density of the lumbar spine of healthy women in age($50\sim59$) was $0.83g/cm^2$, the lumbar spine of women low back pain in age($50\sim59$) was 0.75 glad. Conclusion: In the multiple regression of risk factors to bone mineral density(BMD) of lumbar spine were correlated with age, of abortion, calcium, bone mineral density standard T scores(p<0,05). In the prevention and early diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis, the physician should consider the risk factors.

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Site Investigation of Abandoned Coal Mine and Stability of Road Tunnel (도로터널공사구간의 폐갱도 정밀조사 및 터널의 안정성 평가)

  • Shin, Hee-Soon;Kim, Jung-Yul;Lee, Byung-Joo;Han, Kong-Chang;Sunwoo, Choon;Song, Won-Kyung;Synn, Joong-Ho;Kim, Yoo-Sung;Park, Chan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2001
  • Several underground cavities were found during construction of a road tunnel in 600m length . The area belong to Whasoon coalfield where extensive ground subsidences have occurred. It is necessary to find other underground cavities which might be located just near the road tunnel for safety, The field surveys and laboratory tests were conducted such as surface geological survey(672m), surface reflection seismic exploration(399m), drilling test(3 NX holes), 9 laboratory tests for rocks, 3 boreholes televiewer tests, reflection seismic exploration in tunnel(2, 342m). To estimate the effects of underground cavities on the road tunnel, 3 geological section were analysed with FLAC-2D modeling. The effects of the ground reinforcement were also analysed.

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Effect of Dietary Fiber on Mineral Bioavailability (식이섬유가 무기질의 생체이용에 미치는 영향)

  • Choe, Myeon
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 1992
  • Among the nutrients of biological importance, minerals are of particular interest in human nutrition because the range of adequate intake is so narrow. As the results of a series of interaction experiments between dietary fiber sources and minerals, there are many inconsistencies in the experimental data regarding the effect of dietary fibers on mineral bioavailability. the mechanism by which dietary fiber might influence mineral absorption is related to its physicochemical properties. These properties involve the ability of dietary fiber to (1) act as a weak cation exchanger, (2) decrease transit time, (3) dilute mineral concentration by increasing fecal bulk and (4) resist digestion in the large bowel. Regardless of the large number of human and animal studies available, a carful review of these publications dose not provide the answer as to whether the adverse effect of dietary fibers on mineral absorption is the fiber itself or some associated dietary factors( e.g. phytate, oxalate, ascorbate, citrate and protein, mineral-mineral interaction, etc) that are responsible for this action. As a result of the complexity of interaction that may take place between minerals. dietary fiber, and other component of food ; it becomes very difficult to blame fiber alone as a negative factor of mineral nutrition. We absolutely need more research with advanced tools rather than metabolic balance study.

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The Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content in Ovariectomized Rats (난소절제 쥐에서 비타민 D 첨가식이가 골밀도와 골무기질 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Mi-Ja;Kim, Sang-Mi
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2008
  • The effects of vitamin $D_{3}$ supplementation on bone mineral density and bone mineral content in ovariectmized rats were investigated. Forty female Sprague-Dawley rats (body weight 180 g) were divided into two group, ovariectomy and Sham groups, which were each randomly divided into two subgroups that were fed casein and casein supplemented with vitamin $D_{3}$ diets. Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) were measured using PIXlmus (GE Lunar Co, Wisconsin, USA) in spine and femur on 6 weeks after feeding. Osteocalcin and urinary DPD crosslinks value were measured as markers of bone formation and resorption. The body weight gain and food efficiency ratio (FER) were higher in OVX groups than in Sham groups regardless of diets. Serum Ca concentration and urinary Ca excretion were higher in vitamin $D_{3}$ supplemented group than in casein group in Sham and OVX. Crosslinks values were higher in OVX groups than in Sham groups. Spine BMD and femur BMD of ovariectomy group were significantly lower than Sham groups, however vitamin $D_{3}$ supplemented groups were significantly higher than control groups in Sham and OVX. In conclusion, dietary vitamin $D_{3}$ supplementation on ovariectimized rats were significantly increased bone mineral density and bone mineral content in spine and femur.

Geology and Mineral Resources of DR Congo (콩고민주공화국 지질 및 광물자원 부존현황)

  • Yang, Seok-Jun;Koh, Sang-Mo;Park, Sung-Won;Lee, Gill-Jae
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.175-184
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    • 2012
  • 콩고민주공화국은 아프리카의 중앙에 위치하며, 기반암인 화강암계열의 암석들은 주로 북쪽과 북동쪽에 위치한다. 신원생대부터 중생대까지의 퇴적암들은 주로 콩고분지와 카루분지에 연관하여 발달하며, 중생대에서 현생시기까지의 퇴적암, 퇴적물들은 주로 콩고의 서부와 중앙부에 발달한다. 콩고민주공화국에 발달하는 대부분의 광상은 화강암계열의 관입암과 연관되어 나타나며, 키바라이드대, 루필리안호, 열곡대 등의 영향으로 주로 남쪽과 동쪽에 밀집된다. 남쪽과 동쪽을 포함하여 콩고민주공화국 내에는 다이아몬드, 금, 코발트, 구리, 아연 등 수많은 고부가가치 지하자원 및 카보너타이트와 연관된 희토류 광물들이 풍부하게 부존되어 있다. 콩고민주공화국의 자원개발은 대규모의 국영기업, 국영민간 합작기업, 민간기업, 소규모의 영세채광업자에 의해 이루어지고 있는데, 외국계 광업회사들은 대부분 국영기업들과 제휴 협정을 맺고 자원개발에 참여 중이며, 낙후된 광업 부문 발전 도모를 위해 카빌라 대통령은 관련 법령의 제정 및 개정, 정부간섭 최소화 등 투자촉진 정책을 시행하고 있어 향후 콩고의 광물생산이 크게 증가할 전망이다. 따라서 전략적으로 접근한다면 자원 확보가 유리한 지역으로 판단된다.

Sedimentary type Non-Metallic Mineral Potential Analysis using GIS and Weight of Evidence Model in the Gangreung Area (지리정보시스템(GIS) 및 Weight of Evidence 기법을 이용한 강릉지역의 퇴적기원의 비금속 광상부존가능성 분석)

  • Lee Sa-Ro;Oh Hyun-Joo;Min Kyung-Duck
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.129-150
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    • 2006
  • Mineral potential mapping is an important procedure in mineral resource assessment. The purpose of this study is to analyze mineral potential using weight of evidence model and a Geographic Information System (GIS) environment to identify areas that have not been subjected to the same degree of exploration. For this, a variety of spatial geological data were compiled, evaluated and integrated to produce a map of potential mineral in the Gangreung area, Korea. for this, a spatial database considering mineral deposit, topographic, geologic, geophysical and geochemical data was constructed for the study area using a GIS. The used mineral deposits were non-metallic(Kaolin, Porcelainstone, Silicastone, Mica, Nephrite, Limestone and Pyrophyllite) deposits of sedimentary type. The factors relating to mineral deposits were the geological data such as lithology and fault structure, geochemical data, including the abundance of Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Si, Sr, V, Zn, $Cl^-,\;F^-,\;{PO_4}^{3-},\;{NO_2}^-,\;{NO_3}^-,\;SO_{42-}$, Eh, PH and conductivity and geophysical data, including the Bouguer and magnetic anomalies. These factors were used with weight of evidence model to analyze mineral potential. Probability models using the weight of evidence were applied to extract the relationship between mineral deposits and related factors, and the ratio were calculated. Then the potential indices were calculated by summation of the likelihood ratio and mineral potential maps were constructed from Geographic Information System (GIS). The mineral potential maps were then verified by comparison with the known mineral deposit areas. The result showed the 85.66% in prediction accuracy.

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