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Geochemical Characteristics of the Mineral Water in Taegu Area. (대구지역에 분포하는 약수의 지구화학적 특성)

  • 김종근;이재영
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.56-65
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    • 1997
  • Chemical analysis, statistical analysis and geochemical study were carried out to investigate the influence of the geology on the chemical characferistics of the mineral water in Taegu area. A simple comparision between the chemical components of the mineral water and their bedrocks indicates that the bedrock types in the catchmerit area control the chemical characteristics of the surface water. However more objective evidences for the mineral water-bedrock relationship come from the statistical analyses(cluster analysis and factor analysis). The results of the statistical analyses suggest that the bedrock type factor explains the data variation seven times as much as pollution does, which evidently indicates that the bedrock in the study area mainly control the mineral water chemistries. The results of comparision of the statistical analyses results with the mineral weathering reactions and mineral stability diagrams can be summarized as follows: 1. Plagioclase weathering to kaolinite provides SiO$_2$ , Ca$^{2+}$ and Na$^+$, and muscovite weathering to kaolinite provides K$^+$, and amphibole and mica minerals weathering to kaolinite provides F to the mineral water. Most of Ca$^{2+}$ and Mg$^{2+}$ in the mineral water are the products of carbonate mineral dissolution. SO$_4^{2-}$ may be the byproduct of sulfide oxidation. 2. The weatering of silicate mineral produces Ca-rich smectite and kaolinite, but Ca-rich smectite is unstable and will be transformed to more stable kaolinite because of the continuous dilution of the mineral water by precipitation. By Hashimoto's Mineral Balance Index, S-10 and S-12 mineral spring water were evaluated tasty and healthy water, S-9 and S-11 mineral spring water were evaluated tasty water and S-7, S-8 and S-13 mineral spring water were evaluated healthy water.

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Characteristics of Fe-Mn Mineralization in Ugii Nuur and Tamir Gol, Mongolia (몽골 우기누르와 타미르골의 철-망간 부존 특성)

  • Lee, Bum Han;Park, Gye Soon;Kim, In Joon;Lee, Gilljae;Heo, Chul-Ho;Koh, Sang-Mo
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.313-322
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    • 2012
  • 몽골 우기누르 지역 철-망간 광상과 타미르골 지역 철 광상의 광체는 먼곤체지 층 내에 렌즈상으로 협재되는 특성을 갖는다. 이러한 광상은 캠브리아 기에서 실루리아기에 이르는 화산 기원의 퇴적형 광상인 타미르골-요루골 광상구에 해당된다. 우기누르 지역의 철-망간 광체와 타미르골 지역의 철광체는 주로 규암과 편암을 모암으로 하여 먼곤체지 층 내에 렌즈상으로 협재되어 있다. 우기누르지역의 편암이 주로 세리사이트 편암인 데 비해 타미르골 지역은 주로 백운모 편암이 나타나는 차이를 갖는다. 또한 우기누르 지역의 광석은 망간이10에서 12% 함유되나 타미르골 지역의 광석은 망간이 1% 이하로 함량이 낮은 특성을 갖는다. 우기누르 철 망간 광상의 철 광물은 주로 자철석, 적철석이 우세하게 나타나고 기타 철 산화물과 황철석이 미량으로 수반되어 나타나며, 망간 광물은 주로스페사틴, 버네사이트가 우세하게 나타나고 기타망간 산화물이 수반되어 나타난다. 타미르골 지역의 철 광석은 자철석이 우세하게 나타나고 적철석이 수반되며 황철석, 철 산화물, 탄산질 철 등이 미량으로 수반되어 나타난다. 우기누르 철-망간 광상에 대한 육상 자력탐사 결과 높은 자기 이상값을보이는 영역이 지표에서 확인된 광체의 방향과 같은 약 $N30^{\circ}W$ 방향으로 나타나며 지표에서 확인된 광체 이외에 지표에 드러나지 않은 부분에서도 연장되는 것이 확인되었다.

Development of a Drone Platform by KIGAM for Geological Surveys and Mineral Resource Exploration (지질조사 및 광물자원탐사를 위한 KIGAM 드론 플랫폼 구축)

  • Bang, Eun Seok;Son, Jeong-Sul;Kang, Woong;Yi, Huiuk;Kim, Changryol;Lee, Chang Won;Kim, Bona;Hwang, Seho;No, Sang-Gun;Son, Young-Sun;Cho, Seong-Jun
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2020
  • A drone platform built by Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) is introduced. The platform consists of various drone systems developed at KIGAM for photogrammetry, remote exploration, physical exploration, field operation methods, a vehicle-based drone control center, as well as a drone data platform for data storage, sharing, analysis, and visualization of the acquired data. The performance of the drone platform is verified using results obtained with the various systems, which are tested individually and in various combined applications. Finally, the possibility of using the KIGAM drone platform for geological surveys and mineral resource exploration is discussed.

A Study on the Mineral Water Quality in Asia Partial Area (아시아 일부지역의 광천수 수질특성에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Sang-Yong
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2006
  • From March 1, 2005 to August 31, 2006 mineral water wells were selected for 13 areas in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Singapore) and 20 areas in Northeast Asia (Korea, North Korea, China, Japan) and the study on their mineral water quality was analyzed. - Mineral water quality was the best in Korea. Mineral spring waters in some area of China and North Korea and in the whole area of the Southeast Asia were of poor quality. - The hardness of mineral water was the low in Korea $(10{\sim}47mg/L\;as\;CaCO_3)$, Japan $(4{\sim}66mg/L\;as\; CaCO_3)$, Geumgang-san North Korea Area $(4mg/L\;as\;CaCO_3)$. Mineral spring water in Thailand, Indonesia $(1{\sim}97.5mg/L\;as\;CaCO_3)$ and in the other area $(120{\sim}1205mg/L\;as\;CaCO_3)$ were high degree of hardness. - pH value in the mineral water of Southeast Asia $(pH\;6.7{\sim}8.2)$ and Northeast Asia $(pH\;5.9{\sim}7.9)$ was up to WHO standard $(pH\;6.5{\sim}8.5)$. Fluorine of negative ion was found in 10 mineral waters: Indonesian mineral water 'ATARTN'(0.02mg/L), Thailand mineral water 'SIAM' (0.6mg/L), 'MASAFI' (0.02mg/L). Korean mineral water 'SAEMMULNARA' (1.1mg/L), 'SANSU'(0.6mg/L), 'ICIS'(0.3mg/L), 'DONGWON SAEM-MUL'(0.03mg/L), 'PYEONGCHANG' (0.6mg/L), North Korean mineral water 'KUMGANGSAN'(0.1mg/L), Japanese mineral water 'CRYSTAL GEYSER'(0.55mg/L). However Fluorine in the other 23 mineral waters were not detectable.