• Title, Summary, Keyword: Middle-aged and Older People

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Comparison on Middle-aged and Older People's Depression and Life Satisfaction According to Family Caregiving Types

  • Lim, Ahn-Na;Song, No-Won
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2017
  • This study examined data from National Pension Research Institute's 5th Panel Survey on Security for the Aged in 2013. The subjects of this study are middle-aged and older people aged 50 or older providing care for parents or grandchildren. The subjects are total 226, 53 parent caregivers and 173 grandchild caregivers. According to the results, both types indicate low depression, and their life satisfaction records over 3 out of 5. Grandchild caregivers show higher life satisfaction than parent caregivers. Any of the factors influencing depression and life satisfaction are not found to be significant in parent caregivers. Grandchild caregivers' educational level and health condition influence depression negatively and life satisfaction positively.

Comparison of Brand Images Between Men′s and Women′s Wear Brands Targeting Middle Aged People or Older People (중.노년층 남성복.여성복 브랜드이미지의 특성 비교)

  • 양승진;정성지
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1112-1121
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate and make comparison of brand images of men's wear brands and women's wear brands targeting middle-aged people or older people. Thus, the study could be an exploratory study to search apparel niche-market for middle-aged or older consumers. The questionnaire consisted of questions on 28 brand image. The subjects were to evaluate their brand images and rate on 5 point Likert-type scales of 28 adjectives. Most of the subjects were designers or merchandisers who worked for men'wear brands or women's wear brands. The SPSS/WIN Program was used to calculate frequency, t-test, and cluster analysis. The results from the study were as follow : 1) The common images which men's wear brands and women's wear brands strongly pursued were prestigious, luxurious. 2) Each 37 men's wear brands and 36 women's wear brands were clustered into one groups by brand images. The common images included in first clusters of men's wear and woman's wear brands consisted of prestigious. luxurious, formal, comfort, and conservative. This market needs to be more segmented by differentiated brand images.

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Health Status and Health-Related Life Style of Middle-aged People in Daejon (대전지역 중.장년층의 건강상태 및 건강생활 습관)

  • Park, Ji-Yeun;Koo, Nan-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.137-146
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    • 2001
  • Purpose of this study was to investigate the health status and life style of middle-aged people in Daejon. The subjects expressed more fear for disease as getting older(p<0.01). Sixty six percent of the subjects have suffered in the past or suffer at present certain kinds of disease. The older they are, the more disease they have. The alimentary disease, neuralgia, and arthritis were the most popular disease. The eye strain and exhaustion of body were indicated more frequently in fifties than in thirties or forties(p<0.01). They considered excercise as the most important factor to maintain health status, and then moderation in diet, relaxation, rest, decrease of alcohol intake, no smoking. Forty three percent of them were non-drinker. The number of drinker was four times more in male than female and increased as getting younger(p<0.01). Only male revealed smoker and 29% of them smoked 10-20 cigarettes per day. The number of smoker decreased as getting older(p<0.01). Male played exercise more regularly than female and subjects have better exercise habit as getting older(p<0.01). This study suggests that practical programs for self-health control should be developed for playing exercise regularly for female and for considering nutrition, no smoking, and no drinking in the daily life for male.

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Middle-Aged and the Elderly People's Anxiety about Economic Change and its Influencing Factors (중노년층의 경제적 노후불안과 영향요인)

  • Hong, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.95-117
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the level of anxiety about economic change in middle-aged and elderly people and to analyze the factors that influence this anxiety. The data, derived from Korean General Social Survey(KGSS) were collected from Survey Research Center of Sung Kyun Kwan University. The samples included 821 people over the age of 40, including 529 middle-aged people who were from 40 to 59, and elderly people who were over 60. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the research model. The findings from the analysis showed that age and subjective economic status had crucial effects on the entire group's anxiety about unemployment and poverty, housing prices, financial markets, and economic recession in the older life. For the middle-aged group, age in particular had crucial effects on all the components of its anxiety about economic change. For the elderly group, geographical region was the most critical factor that affected its anxiety about economic change, the elderly people who were living in metropolitan area and towns had more anxiety than those who were living in rural areas. In particular, region was the only factor that affected the elderly group's anxiety about financial markets, and economic recession. These results showed that specific age of middle-aged and elderly people had the crucial effects while their sex, educational level, and the employment status of their spouse had no effects on their anxiety about economic change. Objective economic indices such as their earned-income and other income including savings and pensions had no effects on their anxiety level. While as noted above subjective economic indices such as their standard of living compared with their parents, projected economic status, and level of socio-economic success had an effect on anxiety about economic change.

Fear of Falling, ADL/IADL disability, and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Community-Dwelling Middle-aged and Older People (중노년기의 낙상두려움이 ADL/IADL장애와 우울증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jina
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.2
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    • pp.183-202
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the relationships among fear of falling, ADL/IADL disability, and depressive symptoms among Korean community-dwelling middleaged and older adults based on the disablement process model. The panel data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging(KLoSa) were used to test whether fear of falling affects disablement process as a risk factor and an exacerbator. The results of path analysis showed that middle-aged and older adults who reported fear of falling were more likely to experience ADL/IADL disability and depressive symptoms, and fear of falling influenced depressive symptoms through increasing the risk of ADL/IADL disability. In addition, fear of falling exacerbate the risk of ADL/IADL disability among middle-aged and older adults who had chronic illnesses. The results indicated that fear of falling is not only risk factor but also excerbator in predicting ADL/IADL disability and depressive symptoms prospectively.

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The Effect of Mobile Device Capability of Middle and Older Aged Adults on Life Satisfaction : Focusing on the mediating effect of mobile social participation (중고령자의 모바일기기 이용능력이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 : 모바일 기반 온라인 사회참여활동의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Su-Kyoung;Shin, Hye-Ri;Kim, Young-Sun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.23-34
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to verify the mediating effect of mobile social participation on the relationship between the mobile device capability and life satisfaction. Using the data of 2018 Digital Divide Survey conducted by the National Information Society Agency(NIA), the mediating effect was verified by Baron & Kenny (1986)'s 3 step process, targeting 1,665 middle and older aged adults. The result is as follows: first, the mobile device capability of the middle and older aged people has a positive effect on life satisfaction. Second, the effect of the mobile device capability of middle and older aged people on life satisfaction is partially mediated by mobile social participation including expressing opinions on social concerns, proposing policies and filing a civil complaint, donation and volunteering work and online voting and responding to a poll. The result represents that the mobile device, such as a smart phone or a smart pad, capability of the middle and older aged group not only directly benefits the group but also helps expand their mobile social participation, which leads to, although indirectly, higher life satisfaction. Therefore, the study is expected to be a groundwork for a practical intervention for enlarging the use of mobile device and lifting digital information level of the elderly to encourage mobile social participation and drive life satisfaction.

A Study on Living Intention to Rural Area of Middle Aged People Living in Urban Area (도시 거주 중.장년층의 농촌 거주 의사)

  • Park, Seon-Ah;Hong, Hyung-Ock;Lee, Hyun-Jeong
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this paper was to know perception of rural area, intention of going to rural, decision factors. It is social survey research with questionnaire which was conducted among citizen of Incheon during Oct. 11~28 2010. The data from 100 respondents were analysed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, t-test, crosstab, and factor using SPSS 18.0 statistic program. The major findings were as followings: 1)most of the middle aged people(90%) are interested in living in rural area, and 96% of middle aged people have positive perception of living in rural area. 2) most of respondents(86%) have intention to living in rural area, and it is different between man and women. 3) most of respondents think distance to hospital is more important than others. Also, women consider location more than men, high income people consider quality of housing more than others, and older people consider neighbor and leisure more than other people. In conclusion, environment of housing in terms of location, community center, and leisure facilities need to be developed.

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The Study on Middle-aged and Older People's Vocational Training Participation and its Usefulness in their Boundaryless Career Perspective (무경계경력 관점에서 살펴본 중·고령자 직업훈련 참여 및 훈련활용도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Seon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.493-507
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    • 2018
  • This study examined characteristics and usefulness of middle-aged and older people's vocational training participation. Among sub-age groups categorized by the position in career cycle and the employability, 61~68 year old group(after retirement age group) had the biggest difficulties on the training including computer-based training and showed the lowest employment result compared to other sub age groups; major career(30~45), career transition preparation(46~52), career transition(53~60). However, the career transition age group utilized vocational training in the aspect of career search and the after-retirement age group in the aspect of preparation for older age and hobby. On the other hand, factors such as career adaptability and perceived education difficulties affected on the training usefulness in the aspects of career search and preparation for older age and hobby while perceived career barriers, career relevancy and relationship ability affected on the employment result. Based on these findings, this study suggests that vocational training provide more suited course for the boundaryless career seekers and include relationship enforcement and positive attitude development to overcome perceived career barriers for middle-aged and older people.

The determinants of purchasing private health insurance among middle-aged and elderly Korean adults (중.고령자의 민간의료보험 가입 여부의 결정 요인)

  • Yoo, Ki-Bong;Cho, Woo-Hyun;Lee, Min-Jee;Kwon, Jeoung-A;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The coverage of Korean National Health Insurance is limited to basic level. Korean government encourages private health insurance for covering medical securities. So, many studies examined the determinants of purchasing private health insurance. However, 11% of Korean population is older than 65 in 2011. Considering the elderly is important to establish a health policy. The aim of this study is to examine factors determining the purchase of private health insurance among middle-aged and elderly Korean adults. Methods : We used the second Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA), selected 8,688 sample of the aged 47 or older for the analysis. KLoSA collected information on demographic characteristics, income, health- related factors. KLoSA data include in the number of outpatient, inpatient, oriental hospital visit, dental clinic visit for two years. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between the determinants of purchasing private health insurance and the factors which include age, gender, education, residential district, marital status, smoking, drinking, physical exercise, economic activity status, national health insurance type, income, the number of chronic disease, and the number of outpatient, inpatient, oriental hospital visit, dental clinic visit for two years. Results : People who were older, did not live in a city, had higher IADL, currently drunk alcohol, did exercise regularly and had chronic diseases more than three were inclined not to purchase private health insurance. Females, the married, well-educated, past & currently smokers, the employed, high income earners, national health insurers, metropolitan citizens and someone who got high MMSE were more likely to purchase private health insurance. The more people experienced outpatients, inpatients, dental clinics and Chinese medicine clinics, the more private health insurance was purchased. The elderly people over 75 had more private health insurance than the aged 65-74. The strongest factors for private health insurance is gender, and economic status such as income. Conclusion : In this study, we found healthy-high income people were more likely to purchase private health insurance. In contrast, unhealthy-low income and older people did not. The economic factors were strongly related with private health insurance in aged over 75. These mean inequality exists in the using private health insurance. Therefore, the government should consider vulnerable social group before expanding private health insurance.

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Factors associated with unmet dental needs among adults with activity limitations (활동제한 성인의 미충족 치과의료에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Won-Ik
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.571-580
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with unmet dental needs among adults with activity limitations. Methods: Data were obtained from the seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The final sample consisted of 945 adults aged 20 years or older with limited activity. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influence of predisposing, enabling, and need factors on unmet dental needs. Results: The proportion of adults with unmet dental needs during the last year was 52.2% in the middle-aged group and 45.5% in the older adult group. Higher household income was associated with fewer unmet dental needs in both groups. In the older adult group, married people were less likely to have unmet dental needs. In the middle-aged group, adults who perceived their oral health as poor were more likely to have unmet dental needs. Conclusions: All three factors (predisposing, enabling, and need) were found to be associated with unmet dental needs among adults with activity limitations. Special efforts should be made to improve access to dental care services for middle-aged adults with activity limitations.