• Title, Summary, Keyword: Middle age

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A Study on the Factors Affecting the Recognition of Age Preparation for Middle and Old Aged (중·장년 노후생활인식에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kuk-Gwen;Kim, Jae Ho
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.189-194
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    • 2019
  • In this research, it is the research which carried out the fact-finding for the preparation of old age targeting middle and middle age. After requesting a questionnaire survey for middle-aged and elderly people, it was carried out by the method of collection. A total of 350 copies were distributed, and there were a lot of questions that were poor in response or lacking. Except for the 39 copies, a total of 311 copies of SPSS 22.0 were tried and frequency analysis, t-test and oneway ANOVA were performed. Targeting middle-aged and elderly people, we grasped the difference in regional characteristics and differences in life of old-aged people. The purpose of this study is as follows. First of all, the difference of life in old age according to the socio-demographic characteristics of middle and middle age, second middle and middle age, socio-demographic, economic, life in old age, living in physical age, or social old age It is the provision of basic materials for the preparation of old age by grasping the difference of life.

Type Analysis of Middle-age Women Wearing Girdles (중년 여성의 거들착용에 대한 유형분석)

  • Cha, Su Joung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the attitude and effect of middle-age women on wearing girdles. Through this examination, we investigated types of girdles worn by middle-age women and compared and analyzed characteristics among types. By identifying middle-age women's need to wear girdles, this study enables effective development of girdles for middle-age women. Middle-age women's types of wearing girdles were analyzed according to three types of women wearing girdles: hate type, wearing preference type and inconvenience acceptance type. The hate type woman is frustrated with wearing a girdle because it impedes blood circulation, digestion, and causes fatigue. The wearing preference type woman wears a girdle to feel psychological satisfaction and self-confidence and thinks that wearing a girdle pushes the abdomen and supports the hip (hip-up effect). Women strongly agreed that body shape is made beautiful and the silhouette of the lower body is made beautiful by wearing a girdle. The inconvenience acceptance type of woman thinks it is inconvenient to wear a girdle, but nevertheless is satisfied with wearing a girdle. Based on findings of this study, development of girdles considering body shapes of middle-age women, development of soft materials and improvements facilitating dressing methods are needed.

Correlation Between Perceived Family Support and Self-Esteem of Middle Age Women with Degenerative MusculoSkeletal Diseases (퇴행성 근골격계 질환을 가진 중년여성이 지각한 가족지지의 자아존중감의 관계)

  • Kang, Kyung-Ja;Lee, Eun-Jin
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.5-24
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    • 2000
  • Middle age for women is one of the most important stages of the whole normal life span and has unique problems concerning the psychological and physical health, specifically degenerative musculoskeletal diseases. Therefore middle age women should prepare in order to lead a healthy and fruitful life as they enter/begin old age. As the population of middle age women increase, the demands of nurses who care for this age group also continue to glow. Nurses must be interested in this middle age group of women in Korea. This study was designed to identify the extent of family support and self-esteem of the middle age women with degenerative musculoskeletal diseases and the relationship between them and nurse's contribution to middle age women's health promotion that maintain and promote qualify of her life. The population of this study was 112 women aged 40-60, attending the out patient clinic one University Hospital and one Hospital, in Pusan. The data was collected from 1st August to the 30th of September, 1998 by using 36 items questionnaire. The instrument used for measuring family support was of Chai's(1983) FSS which was modified by Kang's(1984) Family Support Scale. And that for self-esteem was Rosenberg's(1965) Self-esteem Scale. The reliability of Chai's FSS and Rosenberg's instruments were tested by Cronbach's alpha and showed that they were 0.93 and 0.89 each respectively. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient using the SPSS computer program. The results of the study were summarized as follows : 1. The mean score of the perceived family support was $39.31{\pm}9.42$. 2. The mean score of the perceived self-esteem was $33.16{\pm}6.75$. 3. Statistically significant factors influencing the family support among sociodemographic variables was satisfaction of marriage(F=-3.069, p<0.003). 4. Statistically significant factors influencing the self-esteem among sociodemographic variables were age(F=3.992, p=0.000), education(F=2.260, P=0.026), housing (F=-1.987, P=0.049) and satisfaction of marriage(F=-2.305, P=0.023). 5. There was a significant correlation between family support and self-esteem (r=.621, p<.000). In conclusion, perceived the family support was important for middle age women to increase their self-esteem. Nurses should be aware of the necessity of family support in the supportive nursing of middle age women and should be able to make a plan to educate the family about supporting the wife/mother. The continuing study of the health promotion of middle age women to find out variables influencing middle age women' health must continue.

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The Impact of the Middle Age's Positive Psychological Capital to Reemployment (신중년의 긍정심리자본이 재취업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Han-Seok;Lee, Young Gyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2019
  • It is important meaning that the middle ages are to reenter the labor market. The middle age's reemployment give an opportunity to provide mental health improvement and to get self-confidence in their life. If governments make full use of the middle age's capital, it bring about. having a good opportunity to reduce finance burden. In this respect, this study is to design for investigating the impact of the middle age's positive psychological capital to reemployment. Thus, this study has conducted the survey on a random sample of the middle age who has lived in Uijeongbu cities. The findings are the follows. (1) The middle age's educational level has positive relationship to reemployment will. To this, in order to revitalize the reemployment, we have to develop suitable occupational category and to operate educational program systematically. (2)The middle age's positive psychological capital has an effect on reemployment will positively. In this respect, in order to improve the middle age's reemployment we need to energize self-esteem, the effort of obtaining reemployment information, and social network.

The Effects of Hearing Status on the Quality of Life in the New Middle Age and Elderly (신중년세대와 노인의 청력상태가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Oh, Ji-Young;Kim, Seok-Hwan;Kim, Han-Sung
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: There are few studies which reflects of each generation's own features, of the New Middle Age and the Elderly's hearing status and their quality of life even though the population of old age has been weighted as baby boom generation's entering into old age. This study is to identify the effects of the new middle age and the elderly's hearing status on their quality of life and to prepare the customized health policies for their health promotion and quality of life improvement as well as the base line data for hearing enhancement programs. Methods: This study was analyzed using the data of the 7th term of the National Health and Nutrition Survey of the Disease Management headquarters. Out of 8,150 adults over the age of 50 who participated in the hearing test, 3,306 were selected and analyzed. Results: At the result of identifying the correlation of hearing status and the quality of life between the New Middle Age and the Elderly, it was confirmed that hearing loss affects low quality of life. The average of quality of life between the New Middle Age and the Elderly was 0.95 and 0.85 each, resulting in higher quality of life in New Middle Age than in the Elderly. The factors affecting the quality of life of the New Middle Age were the level of the education, household income, the type of health insurance, subjective health status. The factors affecting the quality of life of the Elderly were gender, the type of health insurance, subjective health status. Conclusion: Hearing loss of the New Middle Age and the Elderly affects their low quality of life. Therefore the development and the provision of policy program is needed, so as to maintain and manage hearing through age-specific health education. It is expected that the second half of the New Middle Age's life will be much happier, if not taking the treatment-oriented approach of hearing loss only but strengthening the education needed for the maintenance and the management of healthy hearing at their work place, where 50 and 60 generations' workforce has been increased.

A Study on Texture Suited for the Acryl Knitted Jacket of Women in the Middle Age (중년 여성용 아크릴 니트 재킷에 적합한 조직에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to find texture which suitable for the acryl knitted jacket of women in the middle age. The study was carried out 2 parts. The first part was to choose the pattern fitted in the body shape of women in the middle age, and the second part was wearing test with 3 different textured acryl knitted jacket(half milano, milano, jacquard). The usable data of the test were coded for further statistical analysis including descriptive statistics (frequency and one way-ANOVA test, Student-Newman-Keuls Multiple Range Test) by using SPSSWIN 12.0. The results were as follows: It was found that first evaluation for the appearance test on fitness, pattern B(Brand: Morado) were better than the rest of them(pattern A: Trieste, pattern C: Escalier). It was found that second evaluation for the test, jacket with jacquard were better than the rest of them. Acryl knitted Jacket of women in the middle age should made of jacquard. Therefore it should be designed as possible as considering the physical characteristics of knitted materials. It was found that third evaluation for the test, it was opposite results that a general knitted fabric pattern was made smaller than a woven jacket. So, it was necessary that the acryl knitted jacket of women in the middle age follow a similar site tolerance such as a woven jacket. This result was due to a radical change of a middle age women's body shape.

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A Study on somatotypes of 18-54 yars old females (18-54세 여성의 연령집단별 체형 차이 연구)

  • 권숙희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 1998
  • The need for periodic investigation on human growth rate and somatotypes has been increased because the scientific development and environmental factors have effected a lot on them recently. This study aimed to investigate the changes of the 638 female somatotypes in the age of 18-54 obtained by direct and indirect measurement. The measurement data were divided into 4 groups early young women age group (18-54), late young women age group (25-34), early middle age group (35-44), late middle age group (45-54) and compared each other based on each group by age. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. According to Mollison Curve based on the early young women, items of depth decreased overall and pp.P. length & shoulder length increased as the age increased. The circumference, breadth and thickness tended to increase, especially waist girth and thickness of waist increased markedly. The data showed that the increase rate of thickness was higher than that of breadth. 2. Gradual somatotype changes were observed by overlapping projection drawings obtained by direct measurement. Compared with the young women, the middle aged showed lower should point depth and hip line & crotch depth line were lengthened significantly. No significant difference was observed in overlapping of the early young women and the late young women' figure, neither was in early middle aged and the late middle aged. 3. By overlapping the side view of the young women group (18-37) and middle aged group (35-54), no significant postural characteristics were found, while the back tended to bend forward and the abdomen and hip appeared to get fat.

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A Study on the Costume of Knight in the Cinema with the Background of the Middle Age -Focused on the 11$\sim$15th Century- (중세배경 영화에 나타난 기사복에 관한 연구 -l1$\sim$15세기를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Hee-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.71-87
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    • 2007
  • Main role to expand the fashion in the middle age was played by aristocracy and knight. They contributed to the fashion of the middle age regardless of aesthetic sense. First, in any age, there was a self-display design using splendid decoration or material in the costume of high-class people. Aristocracy, especially, knight in the middle age classified themselves from others by wearing the costume suitable for their statuses. Second, the Crusade knight appearing all over the cinema gathered various peoples and caused acute optic angle about specialty of costume. Therefore the trend preferring foreign costumes was changed to new fashion while it was connected to desire searching for a change. Third, although armor of knight was created because of protection in the war, in the 13th century, its character of motion and defense was emphasized and it became splendid style. More over, the costume of knight was developed to more emphasize masculine beauty with heavy upper body and light lower body so it caused sexual difference of costume in the middle age. Fourth, As knight searched effective defensive weapon, chain mail was relegated by plate armor. The order of armor that the hight wore in 1350 was as follows. First, he wears adhesive shirts, braies, hose and wears metal protector on arm and leg. He wears padded undercoat called gambeson, hauberk, plate armor and surcoat on them.

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STUDIES ON THE MICROHARDNESS OF CENTRAL AND LATERAL INCISORS OF THE KOREAN (한국인(韓國人)의 중(中)·측절치(側切齒) 경조직(硬組織) 미소경도(微小硬度)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Chung, Jae-Kyoo
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.38-49
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    • 1976
  • Central and lateral incisors of 20, 40 and 60 age groups were bisected pararelly to long axis and middle portion of mesio-distal of teeth. And author measured the hardness of various areas in enamel and dentin with vickers hardness tester. Measured levels were divided into the labio-middle portion, middle portion of incisal edge and linguo-middle portion in enamel and dentin of all age groups. The results were as follows; 1) Total average hardness of enamel for 20, 40 and 60 age groups were respectively Hv. 366.5${\pm}$5.75, Hv. 372.9${\pm}$8.16 and Hv. 389.8${\pm}$10.27. 2) Total average hardness of dentin for 20, 40 and 60 age groups were respectively Hv. 51.0${\pm}$2.14, Hv. 54.0${\pm}$1.87 and Hv. 55.3${\pm}$2.23. 3) Total microhardness values in enamel and dentin of 60 age group was highered than 20 and 40 age groups. 4) The hardness values of enamel and dentin in all age groups were detected lower value on the middle portion of incisal edge than the labio-middle portion and linguo-middle portion. 5) Microhardness values of enamel was highered gradually from the dentinoenamel junction to the outer surface and it lowered at the outermost surface in all age groups. The microhardness values of dentin were the highest values at 600${\mu}$ from dentino-enamel junction and the lowest values at near the pulp chamber in all age groups.

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Late Middle-aged Women′s Lift Experiences in Transition to Old Age : How Do They Adapt to “Aging” in Korean Society\ulcorner (중년후기 한국 어성의 노년기 전환기 경험)

  • 강유진
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.7
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    • pp.145-164
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to understand how late middle-aged women in our society view and adapt to “aging”. This is a crucial step forward linking two stages, the growing young age and the declining old age, which eventually improves the qualify of life in old a9e. This qualitative study used Personal narratives extracted from tape-recorded interviews of 20 late middle-aged women in their fifties and analyzed key experiences of late middle-aged women in their transition to old age. Participants were observed to perceive not only many limitations but also alternative potentialities. First, the major challenges due to the closing young era were ‘physical declines’, including health problems and wrinkles, and ‘leaving children’. Second, the potentialities to start a new era also could be found. Many participants found themselves to be generous enough to assist others in need. In addition, they looked to adapt to new challenges. It was likely that the many adversities that they had faced made them resilient. These results show that late middle-aged women were actively negotiating with themselves and their surroundings in order to overcome their losses, maintain their potentialities, and, in the process, acknowledge their impending old age for better preparation.