• Title, Summary, Keyword: Middle East

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An Analysis on the Trade Structure between Korea and Middle East for Increasing Trade. (한국과 중동 지역 간 상품교역 활성화를 위한 무역구조 연구)

  • Ahn, Tae-Kun;Kim, Sung-Ryong
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is on the expansion of trade between South Korea and Middle East Countries. This paper examines the existing state of the Middle East area. The Trade Intensity index and Trade Specialization index analysis enables to evaluate the trade between South korea and Middle east Countries. Hence, this study explains how to proceed the trade and shows some items for advancement in the market. And it gives also some products for vitalizing the export in South Korea. Furthermore, this presents the next-generation growth engines industry and develops new market frontier. In order to promote trade between South korea and Middle East area, korean government must be keep trying to make the FTA with middle east. and korean company must be improving to understand the local culture and to hire special for Middle East.

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The Dilemma of Representation: Appropriation of Gender Dichotomy by Women Artists from the Middle East (재현의 딜레마: 포스트페미니즘세대 중동출신 여성작가들의 젠더 이분법 차용방식 연구)

  • Lee, Hyewon
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.15
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    • pp.111-135
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    • 2013
  • This study explores gender images represented in the works of women artists from the Middle East, where male chauvinism is recognized to be more predominant than elsewhere. The artists included in this study such as Mona Hatoum, Shirin Neshat, Lida Abdul and Sigalit Landau are Post-Feminist generation of artists who were born in the Middle East but spent significant amount of time in the West. In addition, they were trained as artists under the influences of the Western Feminist Art. This particular group of female artists pays much attention to the ontological question of their identities rather than male/female inequality, and each artist represents men and women in the ways that can hardly be found in the works by women artists in the West. These artists not only connect gender identities to the socio-political geography of the Middle East but also deconstruct Western stereotypes of men and women from Arab world. The paper focuses on the way these women artists incorporate male/female vs. culture/nature dichotomies into their works to subvert the premises on which Western Feminism has been based and not only to cast light on women's freedom and their ontological conflicts but also to emphasize social suppression inflicted upon men. In such process, these artists resist stereotypical images of Middle Eastern men and women widely circulated in the mainstream media of the West.

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Species Composition and Community Structure of Demersal Fish Caught by a Danish Seine Fishery in the Coastal Waters of the Middle and Southern East Sea, Korea (동해구외끌이중형저인망에 의한 동해 중남부 해역 저어류의 종조성 및 군집구조)

  • Sohn, Myoung Ho;Park, Jeong-Ho;Yoon, Byoung Sun;Choi, Young Min;Kim, Jin-Koo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.529-541
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    • 2015
  • We examined the species composition and community structure of demersal fish in the middle and southern coastal waters of the East Sea of Korea by surveying a commercial Danish seine fishery from 2010 to 2013. We considered the waters north of $37^{\circ}N$ as middle and those south of $37^{\circ}N$ as southern waters. A total of 79 demersal fish species belonging to 18 families were collected. Of these, 59 species (77.6%) inhabited only the East Sea as opposed to the West and South Seas of Korea, and most were resident species. The species and biomass were similar between the two portions of the study area. The sandfish Arctoscopus japonicus (78.0%) and the blackfin flounder Glyptocephalus stelleri (65.1%) were the most common species and accounted for the most biomass in the middle and southern waters, respectively. Fish were most abundant at shallow depths (50-100 m) in the middle portion of the East Sea. Using a cluster analysis, we divided the species composition and community structure at the sampling stations into three groups: middle portion (group A), deep area of the southern portion (group B), and shallow areas of the southern portion (group C). A. japonicas and G. stelleri were dominant in groups A and B, while G. stelleri and Clupea pallasii were dominant in group C.

Geotechnical Considerations for Railway Design in the Middle East (중동지역 철도설계 시 지반공학적 고려사항)

  • Moon, Joon-Shik
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.29 no.11
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2013
  • The plan for major design-build projects of railway link among countries in gulf area (GCC) and freight rail construction is recently announced, but Korean companies have a hard time tendering due to special geotechnical condition in the Middle East. The major geotechnical risks during railway construction in the Middle East are related to ground improvement of soft Sabkha ground, wind-blown sand mitigation measure, dune sand compaction, and construction of large-scale cut and embankment. In this study, the characteristics of special geotechnical condition and potential geotechnical risks during railway construction in the Middle East are discussed on the basis of field observation, literature review, and field and laboratory test results.

Derivation of analytical fragility curves using SDOF models of masonry structures in Erzincan (Turkey)

  • Karimzadeh, Shaghayegh;Kadas, Koray;Askan, Aysegul;Erberik, M. Altug;Yakut, Ahmet
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.249-261
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    • 2020
  • Seismic loss estimation studies require fragility curves which are usually derived using ground motion datasets. Ground motion records can be either in the form of recorded or simulated time histories compatible with regional seismicity. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the use of alternative ground motion datasets (simulated and real) on the fragility curves. Simulated dataset is prepared considering regional seismicity parameters corresponding to Erzincan using the stochastic finite-fault technique. In addition, regionally compatible records are chosen from the NGA-West2 ground motion database to form the real dataset. The paper additionally studies the effects of hazard variability and two different fragility curve derivation approaches on the generated fragility curves. As the final step for verification purposes, damage states estimated for the fragility curves derived using alternative approaches are compared with the observed damage levels from the 1992 Erzincan (Turkey) earthquake (Mw=6.6). In order to accomplish all these steps, a set of representative masonry buildings from Erzincan region are analyzed using simplified structural models. The results reveal that regionally simulated ground motions can be used alternatively in fragility analyses and damage estimation studies.

Costly Lessons From the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Outbreak in Korea

  • Lee, Sang-il
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.274-276
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    • 2015
  • Since the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea) began on May 11, 2015, a total of 186 persons have been infected by the MERS coronavirus, 38 of whom have died. With this number, Korea becomes second only to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the ranking of cumulative MERS cases. In this paper Korea's unique experience of an outbreak of MERS will be summarized and discussed briefly.

Dokha: An Emerging Public Health Issue as a Form of Tobacco Smoking in the Middle East

  • John, Lisha Jenny;Muttappallymyalil, Jayakumary
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.7065-7067
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    • 2013
  • Background: Tobacco use is one of the leading causes of preventable death across the world today and the smoking rates among men in the Arab world are amongst the highest in the world. Smoking of dokha, a traditional Arab tobacco is common in some of the Middle East countries such as the United Arab Emirates and Iran. This review focuses on the prevalence, pattern and health effects of dokha use in the Middle East. For this purpose an electronic search was performed in the following databases and websites: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Proquest and Google scholar up to December 2012. The search strategy was based on Internet search for the synonyms of dohka or midwakh. From the results of the review it emerged that younger people are the most common users of dokha. Hence effective outreach health education programs, targeting adolescents, especially school students before they take up the habit of smoking, may thus curb the emergence of the problem.

An Explorative Study on the Health Behavior of Middle-Aged Women in the Middle East Area Using the Q-Methodological Approach (Q-방법론을 이용한 중동지역내 중년여성의 건강행위에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Park, Chung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.408-418
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the study is to understand the types and the features of the health behavior of middle-aged women in the Middle East using Q-methodology. A survey was carried out during the period from the 1st of October to the 30th of December, 2006. Data for thirty five (35) women out of forty-nine (49) were analyzed through Principal Component Analysis and WRAP (Weighted Rotational Analytical Procedure). Analysis results showed that the group was divided into four types: Type I is health management; Type II is social activity; Type III is exercise orientation; and Type IV is religious dependency. Types I, II, and III were in a positive correlation with one another, and Type IV was not correlated with the other types. Subjective perception on the health behavior of middle-aged women in the Middle East (Jordan) was investigated and compared with middle-aged Korean women. The results of this study may provide more effective ways to improve the condition of health management and to promote the quality of life.

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Features of Korean Rainfall Variability by Western Pacific Teleconnection Pattern (서태평양 원격패턴에 따른 한국 4월 강수량의 변동 특성)

  • Choi, Jae-Won;Park, Ki-Jun;Lee, Kyungmi;Kim, Jeoung-Yun;Kim, Baek-Jo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.24 no.7
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    • pp.893-905
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    • 2015
  • This study analyzes the correlation between Western Pacific (WP) teleconnection pattern index (WPI) in April during 1954-2008 and rainfall amounts in the same month. Based on the results, it is identified that there have been strong positive correlations between central China, Korea and the southwestern part of Japan in the East Asian region. Through differences between 10 positive WP years and 10 negative WP years selected from the April WPI excluding ENSO years, it is found that rainfall amounts increase in April of positive WP years due to the following characteristics. Increases in rainfall amounts are evident in the East Asian middle latitudinal region where the positive correlation between the two variables is the highest and this is because anomalous southwesterlies are strengthened in the East Asian middle latitudinal region due to the spatial pattern of a south-low-north-high anomalous pressure system centered on this region that is made by anomalous anticyclones centered on the southeastern side of the region and other anomalous anticyclones centered on the northeastern side of the region. In addition, anomalous westerlies (jet) are strengthen in the upper troposphere of the East Asian middle latitudinal region and as a result, anomalous upward flows are strengthened in this region and thus anomalous warm air temperatures are formed in the entire level of the troposphere in the region. In addition to atmospheric environments, anomalous warm sea surface temperatures are formed in the seas in the East Asian middle latitudinal region to help the rainfall amount increases in the East Asian middle latitudinal region.