• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mid-life crisis

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Mid-Life Crisis and It's Related Variables (중년기 위기감 및 그 관련 변인에 관한 연구 -서울시 남성과 여성을 중심으로-)

  • 김명자;박연성
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.97-118
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the definition of middle age, to compare the different perspectives about mid-life crisis, and to identify the variables that cause the mid-life crisis of men and women.. For this purpose reviewing literatures and emprical research were conducted. For the emprical research, Mid-life Crisis Scale, Mid-life Indentity Scale, Family Relation Scale. Health Scale and Religious Scale were developed. The Sample was selected form the men and women living in Seoul, whose age is from 40 to 59 , and whose last child is older than 13 years of age. Among 820 respondents 218 men and 442 women were finally selected as datum sources. The data were analyzed by the statistical method such as the factor analysis frequency distribution, percentile, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and regression analysis. The main results were as follows; 1) Men and women experience mid-life crisis some extent. The mid-life crisis score for men is 33.60 and 35.0 for women. This implies women reveal significantly higher crisis than men. As for women's mid-life crisis. self-awaring age, education, income, husband's occupation, employment status of wife and occupational status of wife have a significant influence Expecially employment status of wife seemed to interact with sex, husband's occupation and educational level of wife. however status of child, family pattern, son's existence are not as important an influence on mid-life crisis. 3) Among the psychological variables, work identity and physical identity have the strong influence on the mid-life crisis of men and women, It implies that mid-life crisis si lower when one has higher work identity and physical identity. 4) Mid -life crisis of men and women is influenced significantly according to family relation variables and health variables. It reveals that the better one's family relations and health sate, the lower one's mid-life crisis is. However menopause and the years after menopause do not influence on the mid-life crisis of women. 5) Mid-life crisis of women differs significantly according to the kind of religion and religious activity. That is mid-life crisis of women is lower when she believes in Protestantism and Catholicism and participate in more religious activity. Mid-life crisis of men is not significantly influenced by religious variables. After all among the five categories of variables that related to mid-life crisis, psychological variables-especially work identity and physical identity are observed to have the strongest degree of significance.

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coping Strategy and Crisis of Mid-life Couples (중년기 부부의 가족 스트레스에 대한 대처양식과 위기감)

  • 김명자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.203-216
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    • 1991
  • Coping strategy and mid-life crisis were examined in a sample of 325 mid-life couples ranging in age 40∼59. Each participant was administered stressful life event scale, coping strategy scale, family cohesion scale and mid-life crisis scale. The results were as follows: 1. There is no significant differences between husbands and wives in the experiences of stressful life event, but the perceived stress level of wives significantly higher than the husband's. 2. Husbands seem to use problem solving strategy and wives seem to use restrain strategy more often. 3. Wives appear significantly higher mid-life crisis than husbands. Especially family cohesion and passive coping strategy have turned out to be significant on the mid life crisis of couples. Besides these predictors, experiences of stressful life event and perceived stress level are significant predictors for husband's mid-life crisis. As for wive's mid-life crisis, coping stratigies are significant predictors.

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Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as Strategies of life Management in Mid-life Crisis (선택.최적화.보상 책략과 중년기 위기감과의 관계)

  • 엄세진;정옥분
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.11
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    • pp.43-62
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    • 2001
  • This study investigated the relationships among Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management in mid-life crisis respect to gender and age. The subjects of this study were 170 females and 182 males at the ages between 40 and 60 living in Seoul. Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management were assessed by SOC-questionnaire while mid-life crisis was assessed by Mid-Life Crisis Scale. The data were analyzed using frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, Cronbach's $\alpha$, two-way ANOVAS, and Pearson's correlations. Except compensation there was no significant difference in Selection and Optimization as strategies of life management as a function of gender and age. No signigicant difference was found in mid-life crisis as a function of gender and age. There were significant negative correlations among Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management and mid-life crisis except the individuation.

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Effects of the Degree of Preparation for Later Life and Mid-life Crisis on the Marital Satisfaction of Married, Middle-aged Women (중년기 기혼여성의 노후준비와 위기감이 결혼생활만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seo-Yeong
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.29-46
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of the degree of preparation for old age and the sense of crisis on the marital satisfaction of married mid-life women. The participants in this study were 300 women ranging in age from 40 to 59 years residing in Gyeonggi-do. Two hundred and forty-nine self-reported questionnaires were used for final analysis by SPSS PASW 18.0. The major results of this study were as follows. First, the mean score on the sense of crisis scale was $2.56{\pm}0.65$, representing a medium level. The mean scores for degree of preparation for later life and marital satisfaction were $3.54{\pm}0.57$ and $3.67{\pm}0.88$, which were somewhat high. Second, socio-demographic characteristics have a significant influence on married, middle-aged women. There were primarily differences in the sense of crisis by age cohort(such as women in their 50s) and level of education. Moreover, there were differences in the degree of preparation for later life by marriage duration and differences in marital satisfaction by level of education, monthly average income, and employment status. Third, in multiple regression analysis, the variables significantly influencing the marital satisfaction of married, middle-aged women included health status and monthly average income as control variables. Mid-life crisis also had a significant effect. The degree of preparation for emotional later life had a significant effect as an independent variable. These findings suggest that the level of sense of crisis and the degree of preparation for emotional later life affected the women's marital satisfaction. Other factors did not have a significant affect. Based on the above results, intervention alternatives are needed to improve the marital satisfaction of married, middle-aged women.

The Effects of Climacteric Symptoms and Hardiness on Mid-Life Crisis (중년남성의 갱년기증상, 강인성이 중년 위기감에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Eun-Hui;Kim, Eun-Young;Jung, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.454-463
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the degree of climacteric symptoms, hardiness and middle-life crises. The survey period was from 25 May to 10 September, 2013 with workers in small business workplaces in Jeonnam. The data was collected by a self-questionnaire and SPSS Win 18.0 was used for data analysis. As an accounting hierarchical analysis result, middle-life crisis was affected by exercise, and the relationship with the spouse and child with an explanatory power of 25.1%. Additional input climacteric symptoms showed more explanatory power (21.1%). In addition, exercise, education, relationship with the spouse, relationship with child, income, and climacteric symptoms were predictors of a mid-life crisis with explanatory power of 42.7%. Therefore, to successfully overcome mid-life crises, a range of nursing interventions should be provided to make a positive self-control and intimate relationship with the spouse of middle-aged men.

The Relationships of the Middle-aged Married Men and Women's Gender-role Attitude and Psychological Adjustment (중년기 기혼남녀의 성역할 태도와 심리적 적응의 관계)

  • Lee, Eun-A
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.25-42
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how the married middle-aged married men and women describe their own gender-role attitude, mid-life crisis and psychological adjustment, including search components as both middle-aged men and women's income, and education with occupation. Psychological adjustment was composed of mid-life crisis, depression, and perceived happiness, These data were collected from 397 married, middle aged men and women from 40 years to 59 years-old by using self-administered questionnaire method, The summarized results of the study are as follows: First of all, the middle-aged men's gender-role attitudes were more traditional gender-role attitudes 'than of women's. Second, in general characteristic, the men were different according to education, However, the women's gender-role attitudes were different according to ages, a period of marriage, education, income, and occupation. Third, in psychological adjustment, the men had significant differences in income. And, the women had significant differences in ages, a period of marriage, education, income, and occupation. Finally, the men and women's gender-role attitudes were positively correlated with mid-life crisis and depression, and were negatively correlated with happiness. And, the women's gender-role attitudes were positively correlated with psychological adjustment.

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A Study of Coping Behavior with Midaged Women's Crisis (중년기여성의 위기감과 대처에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi;Lee, Nam-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.227-237
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to find out midaged women's crisis and ways to overcome it. Another purpose is to improve their qualities of life and to provide basic data to develop their potentials. The results are as follows: First, it shows that socio-demographic characteristics have a significant influence on midaged women's crisis. Those variables include religion, jobs, family-life cycle, income, marriage duration, age, and supporting parents. Second, the variables significantly influencing the coping behavior with the crisis include age, income, religion, marriage patterns, region, marriage duration, family-life cycle, and supporting parents. Third, as a result of this research, their negative expression of action or emotion was higher as they were getting old. The general tendency was that an emotional crisis level was low when rational coping behaviors were high. Therefore, self-esteem or social activity improvement programs should be developed for midaged women.

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The Psychological Effect of Hand and Arm Massage on Middle-Aged Women (손.팔 마사지가 중년 여성의 심리적 변인에 미치는 효과)

  • 장희정
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1389-1399
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    • 2000
  • Massage therapy is a traditional, alternative and nonphamacological means of promoting rest and relaxation. However, nursing intervention by massage for middle-aged women is rarely practiced by nurses. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of the hand and arm massage as an independent nursing intervention tool for middle- aged women. The data used in this research were collected from forty-nine subjects using a nonequivalent control group non- synchronized design. Twenty-four persons for the experimental group and Twenty-five persons for the control group were selected from D city and C city from July 1997 to September 2000. Subjects' ages were between forty and fifty-six years old with mean the age of 45.6. Hand and arm massage developed by Cayce and Reilly was applied to the experimental group for a session of 15 minutes two or three times a week for four weeks. The instruments used for the measurement of the subjects' stress, anxiety, depression and the middle-life crisis were Langners's 22-item Self-rating Depression Scale, and Kim's Middle Life Crisis Scale(1988). These psychological factors were measured before and after the implementation of hand and arm massage. The data were analyzed with mean$\pm$s.d, percent, t-test, and a paired t-test. The results were summarized as follows; 1. Before the treatment, there were no significant differences between the two groups. 2. After the treatment, there were significant differences in the stress and the occurrence of mid life crisis between the two groups. The findings suggest that the use of the life crisis. Therefore, it is recommended that hand and arm massage be used as an independent nursing intervention tool for middle-aged women. For further research, is needed replication of this concept of research with different subjects in a larger population. Also, it is recommended to investigate the effects of massage with aroma therapy for the berefit of decreasing womens' stress level further.

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The Relationships of the Middle-aged Men and Women's Gender-role Identity, Marital Conflict, and Psychological Adjustment (중년기 남녀의 성역할 정체감과 부부갈등 및 심리적 적응의 관계)

  • Lee Eun-A
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.107-126
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of married middle-aged men and women's gender-role identity, marital conflicts and psychological adjustment. Psychological adjustment was composed of mid life crisis, depression, and perceived happiness. The data of the study were collected from 397 married, middle aged men and women from 40 years to 59 years-old by using self-administered questionnaire method. The results showed that gender role identity was different according to sex. In addition, women's perceived level of marital conflict was found to be significantly different according to their gender role identity, indicating that androgynous women reported the lowest level of marital conflict. However, men's gender role conflict was not related to their marital conflict. Furthermore, men's psychological adjustment level was not different according to their gender role identity, while women's psychological adjustment differed, indicating that androgynous women reported the lowest level of psychological adjustment and the undifferentiated women the highest level of psychological adjustment. Finally, the result indicated that for both men and men, marital conflict were positively correlated with mid-crisis and depression, and negatively related with happiness.

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Study on the Development of Battery Energy Storage Device Using Mid night Power (축전식 심야전력기기의 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ho-Yong;Kim, Jae-Eon;Rho, Dae-Seok;Kim, Eung-Sang
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 1991
  • With the diversity of life patterns and the improvement of level in life which have been resulted from the economic development, people have showed the tendency to pursue the comfortable life as well as the home automation or intelligent house. Furthermore, the clean energy supply and management system have been introduced for the solution of environmental problem on earth and the effective utilization of energy. This study is to describe the battery energy storage device, which is one of the clean energy supply and management systems that are economically efficient in both sides of supply and demand. and able to solve the problem of energy crisis.

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