• Title, Summary, Keyword: Microwave microscopy

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A Study on Physical Properties Of Co3O4-added Ni- Zn Ferrite at High Frequency (Co3O4첨가에 따른 고주파용 Ni-Zn계 ferrite의 물리적 특성 연구)

  • Koh, Jae-Gui
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.791-795
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    • 2002
  • We studied the physical properties of $Co_3$$O_4$-added Ni-Zn ferrite which were sintered at 1050~110$0^{\circ}C$ for 2 hours. X-ray diffraction showed a spinel structure, and optical microscopy showed grain sizes of 5 to 10 $\mu\textrm{m}$. As the sintering temperature was increased from $1050^{\circ}C$ to $1070^{\circ}C$, the initial permeability and magnetic induction increased, and both of the loss factor and the coercive force decreased. The Curie temperatures were about $^234~245{\circ}C$ with added $Co_3$$O_4$. The initial permeability was 350 to 420 and maximum magnetic induction density and coercive force 4870G to 4980G and 0.15 Oe to 0.21 Oe, respectively which were similar to those of Ni-Zn ferrite synthesized in the conventional process. The frequency of specimen was in the range of 1MHz to 300MHz. In the plot of initial permeability vs. frequencies, a $180^{\circ}C$ rotation of the magnetic domain could be perceived in a broad band of microwave before and after the resonance frequency.

Synthesis and Characterization of Fiberous AlN by Electrospinning (전기방사에 의한 섬유상 질화알루미늄 합성 및 특성 평가)

  • Chun, Seung-Yeop;Hwang, Jin-Ah;Chu, Jae-Uk;Chun, Myoung-Pyo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.441-446
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    • 2017
  • Aluminum nitride fibers were synthesized by carbothermal reduction and nitridation of precursor fibers obtained by electrospinning. The starting materials used to synthesize the AlN fibers were $Al(NO_3)_3{\cdot}9H_2O$ and urea. Polyvinylpyrrolidone with increasing viscidity was used as the carbon source to obtain a composite solution. The mixed solution was drawn into a plastic syringe with a stainless steel needle, which was used as the spinneret and connected to a 20 kV power supply. A high voltage was supplied to the solution to facilitate the formation of a dense net of fibers on the collector. The precursor fibers were dried at $100^{\circ}C$ and then heated to $1,400^{\circ}C$ for 1 h in a microwave furnace under $N_2$ gas flow for the carbothermal reduction and nitridation. X-ray diffraction studies indicated that the synthesized fibers consisted of the AlN phase. Field emission scanning electron microscopy studies indicated that the diameter of the calcined fibers was approximately 100 nm.

Effect of Methane Gases on the Properties of Diamond Thin Films Synthesized by MPCVD (MPCVD법으로 증착된 다이아몬드 박막 특성에 미치는 메탄가스의 영향)

  • Song, Jin-Soo;Nam, Tae-Woon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 2011
  • Diamond thin films were deposited on pretreated Co cemented tungsten carbide (WC-6%Co) inserts as substrate by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD) system, equipped with a 915MHz, 30kW generator for generating a large-size plasma. The substrates were pretreated with two solutions Murakami solution $[KOH:K_3Fe(CN)_6:H_2O]$ and nitric solution $[HNO_3:H_2O]$ to etch, WC and Co at cemented carbide substrates, respectively. The deposition experiments were performed at an input power of 10 kW and in a total pressure of 100 torr. The influence of various $CH_4$ contents on the crystallinity and morphology of the diamond films deposited in MPCVD was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The diamond film synthesized by the $CH_4$ plasma shows a triangle-faceted (111) diamond. As $CH_4$ contents was increased, the thickness of diamond films increased and the faceted planes disappeared. Finally, Faceted diamond changed into nano-crystalline diamond with random crystallinity.

One- and Two-Dimensional Arrangement of DNA-Templated Gold Nanoparticle Chains using Plasma Ashing Method

  • Kim, Hyung-Jin;Hong, Byung-You
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.291-291
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    • 2010
  • Electron-beam lithography (EBL) process is a versatile tool for a fabrication of nanostructures, nano-gap electrodes or molecular arrays and its application to nano-device. However, it is not appropriate for the fabrication of sub-5 nm features and high-aspect-ratio nanostructures due to the limitation of EBL resolution. In this study, the precision assembly and alignment of DNA molecule was demonstrated using sub-5 nm nanostructures formed by a combination of conventional electron-beam lithography (EBL) and plasma ashing processes. The ma-N2401 (EBL-negative tone resist) nanostructures were patterned by EBL process at a dose of $200\;{\mu}C/cm2$ with 25 kV and then were ashed by a chemical dry etcher at microwave (${\mu}W$) power of 50 W. We confirmed that this method was useful for sub-5 nm patterning of high-aspect-ratio nanostructures. In addition, we also utilized the surface-patterning technique to create the molecular pattern comprised 3-(aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APS) as adhesion layer and octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) as passivation layer. DNA-templated gold nanoparticle chain was attached only on the sub-5 nm APS region defined by the amine groups, but not on surface of the OTS region. We were able to obtain DNA molecules aligned selectively on a SiO2/Si substrate using atomic force microscopy (AFM).

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Fabrication and Characterization of Functional Gradient Ceramic Bone Substitutes

  • Kim, Min-Seong;Min, Yeong-Gi;Yang, Hun-Mo;Song, Ho-Yeon;Lee, Byeong-Taek
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.42.2-42.2
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    • 2010
  • Recently, highly porous bone substitutes, which have interconnected open pore structure, have been focused on improving their mechanical properties and modifying their functions. Especially, it is highly required to develop functional gradient structured bone substitute which is available for controlling their material properties such as bioresorption rate and elastic modulus. Porous $ZrO_2$ scaffold was fabricated by the sponge replica method using PU sponge. After 3 times of dip coating and the subsequent oven drying, burning out and microwave sintering were carried out. Various $ZrO_2$-BCP powder mixtures were prepared depending on the ratio and coated on the $ZrO_2$ scaffold by dip coating process. X-ray diffraction analysis was performed to characterize the phase identification of the scaffolds. Microstructures of the bone substitutes were observed using scanning electron microscopy.

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Synthesis of Semiconducting $KTaO_3$ Thin films

  • Bae, Hyung-Jin;Ku, Jayl;Ahn, Tae-Won;Lee, Won-Seok
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.1265-1268
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    • 2005
  • In this study, the synthesis and semiconducting properties of cation and defect-doped $KTaO_3$ film is reported. $KTaO_3$ is an important material for optoelectronic and tunable microwave applications. It is an incipient ferroelectric with a cubic structure that becomes ferroelectric when doped with Nb. While numerous studies have investigated the thin-film growth of semiconducting perovskites, little is reported about semiconducting $KTaO_3$ thin films. In this work, the films were grown on (001) MgO single crystal substrates using pulsed-laser deposition. Semiconducting behavior is achieved by inducing oxygen vacancies in the $KTaO_3$ lattice via growth in a hydrogen atmosphere. The resistivity of semiconducting $KTaO_3:Ca$ films was as low as 10cm, and n-type semiconducting behavior was indicated. Hall mobility and carrier concentration were $0.27cm^2/Vs$ and $3.21018cm^{-3}$, respectively. Crystallinity and microstructure of the $KTaO_3:Ca$ films were examined using X-ray diffraction and field-emission scanning microscopy.

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Growth Properties of Carbon Nanowall According to the Substrate Angle (기판 각도에 따른 탄소나노월의 성장 특성)

  • Kim, Sung Yun;Joung, Yeun-Ho;Han, Jae Chan;Choi, Won Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.686-689
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    • 2013
  • The carbon nanowall (CNW) is a carbon-based nanomaterials and it was constructed with vertical structure graphenes and it has the highest surface density among carbon-based nanostructures. In this study, we have checked the growth properties of CNW according to the substrate angle. Microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) system was used to grow CNW on Si substrate with methane ($CH_4$) and hydrogen ($H_2$) gases. And, we have changed the substrate angle from $0^{\circ}$ to $90^{\circ}$ in steps of $30^{\circ}$. The planar and vertical conditions of the grown CNWs according to the substrate angle were characterized by a field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). In case of the growth angle increases, our experimental results showed that the length of the CNW was shortened and the content of carbon component was decreased.

Growth and Resistance Properties of Carbon Nanowall According to the Variation of Reaction Gas (반응가스의 변화에 따른 탄소나노월의 성장 및 저항 특성)

  • Kim, Sung Yun;Lee, Sangjoon;Choi, Won Seok;Joung, Yeun-Ho;Lim, Dong-Gun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.217-220
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    • 2014
  • Graphite electrodes are used for secondary batteries, fuel cells, and super capacitors. Research is underway to increase the reaction area of graphite electrodes. In this study, we have investigated the growth properties of carbon nanowall (CNW) according to the ingredient of gas. Microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (MPECVD) system was used to grow CNW on Si substrate with a variety of the reaction gas. The planar and vertical growth conditions of the grown CNWs according to the ingredient of the gas were characterized by a field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The electrical characteristics of CNWs were analyzed using a 4-point probe.

Asher 처리를 통한 Polyimide 표면 최적화

  • Kim, Sang-Seop;Choe, Pyeong-Ho;Choe, Byeong-Deok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.278-278
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    • 2012
  • 최근 폴리이미드(Polyimide) 고분자 물질을 기판으로 하는 플렉시블 전자소자 구현에 관한 연구가 활발히 진행 되고 있다. 폴리이미드는 수분 흡수율이 1% 이하인 소수성 물질로서 폴리이미드 기판 위 전극 형성에 있어 전극 물질이 분리되는 현상이 발생하게 된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 소수성의 표면 성질을 갖는 폴리이미드 기판의 Asher 처리를 통한 표면 최적화에 대한 실험을 진행하였다. 유리기판 위에 액상 폴리이미드를 ${\sim}10{\mu}m$ 두께로 Spin coating 한 후 $120^{\circ}C$ hot plate에서의 soft bake와 $200^{\circ}C$, $320^{\circ}C$의 furnace에서의 단계적 cure 과정을 통해 표면의 defect을 최소화하였다. Microwave Asher 장비를 이용하여 폴리이미드 막에 10초, 15초, 20초 동안 asher 처리를 한 후 Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) 장비로 시간에 따른 폴리이미드 기판 표면의 변화를 확인하였다. AFM 확인 결과 10 초의 공정 조건에서 가장 우수한 표면 morphology를 보였으며, 이는 표면의 탄소와 이물질을 제거하기 위해 사용되는 asher 처리 시간이 상대적으로 증가함에 따라 폴리이미드 막의 탄소 성분이 제거 되면서 표면의 형상이 최적화 이상으로 변화하기 때문이다. 본 실험은 폴리이미드를 기반으로 하는 플렉시블 전자소자 구현에 있어 전극 및 소자 제작에 크게 기여할 것으로 판단된다.

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Effect of Heat Treatments on Physical Properties and in vitro Glucose, Bile Acid, and Cadmium Transport Retardation of Wax Gourd (Benincasa hispida) (동아의 물리적 특성 및 in vitro 포도당, 담즙산, 카드뮴 투과억제 효과에 대한 열처리 영향)

  • Ju, In-Ok;Jung, Gi-Tai;Ryu, Jeong;Kim, Young-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.1117-1123
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    • 2003
  • The effects of heat treatment on the physical and physical and physiological properties of wax gourd (Benincasa hispida) were examined. The applied heat treatments were autoclaved at $121^{\circ}C$ for 1 hr, boiled for 30 min, and microwaved at 680 W for 5 min. The water retention capacity (WRC) of the wax gourds was 9.43 g/g for the microwaved samples, 5.12 g/g for the boiled samples, 4.63 g/g for the raw samples, and 2.61 g/g for the autoclaved samples. Heat treatment caused to increase swelling by up to $4.4{\sim}7.8\;mL/g$. Calcium binding capacity of heat-treated wax gourd increased in the order of microwaved, boiled, raw, autoclaved samples. Scanning electron microscopy (SME) showed that autoclaving caused the most severe structural modifications, while microwave treatment produced the least modifications. The retarding effect on glucose and bile acid transport depended on the heat treatment. Only boiling showed the glucose retardation effect. Bile acid retardation effect increased in order of boiling (22.9%), autoclaving (17.1%), microwave treatment (14.3%), and raw wax gourd (8.6%). The cadmium retardation effect was significantly high in all samples.