• Title, Summary, Keyword: Metallic nanoparticles

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Synthesis of metallic copper nanoparticles and metal-metal bonding process using them

  • Kobayashi, Yoshio;Nakazawa, Hiroaki;Maeda, Takafumi;Yasuda, Yusuke;Morita, Toshiaki
    • Advances in nano research
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.359-372
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    • 2017
  • Metallic copper nanoparticles were synthesised by reduction of copper ions in aqueous solution, and metal-metal bonding by using the nanoparticles was studied. A colloid solution of metallic copper nanoparticles was prepared by mixing an aqueous solution of $CuCl_2$ (0.01 M) and an aqueous solution of hydrazine (reductant) (0.2-1.0 M) in the presence of 0.0005 M of citric acid and 0.005 M of n-hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (stabilizers) at reduction temperature of $30-80^{\circ}C$. Copper-particle size varied (in the range of ca. 80-165 nm) with varying hydrazine concentration and reduction temperature. These dependences of particle size are explained by changes in number of metallic-copper-particle nuclei (determined by reduction rate) and changes in collision frequency of particles (based on movement of particles in accordance with temperature). The main component in the nanoparticles is metallic copper, and the metallic-copper particles are polycrystalline. Metallic-copper discs were successfully bonded by annealing at $400^{\circ}C$ and pressure of 1.2 MPa for 5 min in hydrogen gas with the help of the metalli-ccopper particles. Shear strength of the bonded copper discs was then measured. Dependences of shear strength on hydrazine concentration and reduction temperature were explained in terms of progress state of reduction, amount of impurity and particle size. Highest shear strength of 40.0 MPa was recorded for a colloid solution prepared at hydrazine concentration of 0.8 M and reduction temperature of $50^{\circ}C$.

Heat-induced coarsening of layer-by-layer assembled mixed Au and Pd nanoparticles

  • Shon, Young-Seok;Shon, Dayeon Judy;Truong, Van;Gavia, Diego J.;Torrico, Raul;Abate, Yohannes
    • Advances in nano research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2014
  • This article shows the coarsening behavior of nanoparticle multilayers during heat treatments which produce larger metallic nanostructures with varying shapes and sizes on glass slides. Nanoparticle multilayer films are initially constructed via the layer-by-layer self-assembly of small and monodispersed gold and/or palladium nanoparticles with different compositions (gold only, palladium only, or both gold and palladium) and assembly orders (compounding layers of gold layers over palladium layers or vice versa). Upon heating the slides at $600^{\circ}C$, the surface nanoparticles undergo coalescence becoming larger nanostructured metallic films. UV-Vis results show a clear reliance of the layering sequence on the optical properties of these metal films, which demonstrates an importance of the outmost (top) layers in each nanoparticle multilayer films. Topographic surface features show that the heat treatments of nanoparticle multilayer films result in the nucleation of nanoparticles and the formation of metallic cluster structures. The results confirm that different composition and layering sequence of nanoparticle multilayer films clearly affect the coalescence behavior of nanoparticles during heat treatments.

Interfacial electronic structures of metallic nanoparticles on bare- and functionalized-Au nanoisland templates, and on transition metal oxide supports

  • Son, Yeong-Gu;Pradhan, Debabrata;Leung, K.T.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.348-348
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    • 2011
  • We present the interfacial electronic structures of electrodeposited Cu and Fe on bare and 1,4-phenylene diisocyanide (PDI)-functionalized Au nanoisland templates (NITs), and Au and Ag nanoparticles on transition metal oxide supports. Our discussion is based on the depth-profiling X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

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Anti-proliferative Activities of Metallic Nanoparticles in an in Vitro Breast Cancer Model

  • Loutfy, Samah A;Al-Ansary, Nadia A;Abdel-Ghani, Nour T;Hamed, Ahmed R;Mohamed, Mona B;Craik, James D;Eldin, Taher A. Salah;Abdellah, Ahmed M;Hussein, Yassmein;Hasanin, MTM;Elbehairi, Serag Eldin I
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.14
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    • pp.6039-6046
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    • 2015
  • Aims: To investigate effect of metallic nanoparticles, silver (AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as antitumor treatment in vitro against human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) and their associated mechanisms. This could provide new class of engineered nanoparticles with desired physicochemical properties and may present newer approaches for therapeutic modalities to breast cancer in women. Materials and Methods: A human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) was used as a model of cells. Metallic nanoparticles were characterized using UV-visible spectra and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Cytotoxic effects of metallic nanoparticles on MCF-7 cells were followed by colorimetric SRB cell viability assays, microscopy, and cellular uptake. Nature of cell death was further investigated by DNA analysis and flow cytometry. Results: Treatment of MCF-7 with different concentrations of 5-10nm diameter of AgNPs inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 value of $6.28{\mu}M$, whereas treatment of MCF-7 with different concentrations of 13-15nm diameter of AuNPs inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 value of $14.48{\mu}M$. Treatment of cells with a IC50 concentration of AgNPs generated progressive accumulation of cells in the S phase of the cell cycle and prevented entry into the M phase. The treatment of cells with IC50 concentrations of AuNPs similarly generated progressive accumulation of cells in sub-G1 and S phase, and inhibited the entrance of cells into the M phase of the cell cycle. DNA fragmentation, as demonstrated by electrophoresis, indicated induction of apoptosis. Conclusions: Our engineered silver nanoparticles effectively inhibit the proliferation of human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 in vitro at high concentration ($1000{\mu}M$) through apoptotic mechanisms, and may be a beneficial agent against human carcinoma but further detailed study is still needed.

The structures and catalytic activities of metallic nanoparticles on mixed oxide

  • Park, Jun-Beom
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.339-339
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    • 2010
  • The metallic nanoparticles (Pt, Au, Ag. Cu, etc.) supported on ceria-titania mixed oxide exhibit a high catalytic activity for the water gas shift reaction ($H_2O\;+\;CO\;{\leftrightarrow}\;H_2\;+\;CO_2$) and the CO oxidation ($O_2\;+\;2CO\;{\leftrightarrow}\;2CO_2$). It has been speculated that the high catalytic activity is related to the easy exchange of the oxidation states of ceria ($Ce^{3+}$ and $Ce^{4+}$) on titania, but very little is known about the ceria titanium interaction, the growth mode of metal on ceria titania complex, and the reaction mechanism. In this work, the growth of $CeO_x$ and Au/$CeO_x$ on rutile $TiO_2$(110) have been investigated by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM), Photoelectron Spectroscopy (PES), and DFT calculation. In the $CeO_x/TiO_2$(110) systems, the titania substrate imposes on the ceria nanoparticles non-typical coordination modes, favoring a $Ce^{3+}$ oxidation state and enhancing their chemical activity. The deposition of metal on a $CeO_x/TiO_2$(110) substrate generates much smaller nanoparticles with an extremely high activity. We proposed a mechanism that there is a strong coupling of the chemical properties of the admetal and the mixed-metal oxide: The adsorption and dissociation of water probably take place on the oxide, CO adsorbs on the admetal nanoparticles, and all subsequent reaction steps occur at the oxide-admetal interface.

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Fabrication of nickel nanoparticles-embedded carbon particles by solution plasma in waste vegetable oil

  • Pansuwan, Gun;Phuksawattanachai, Surayouth;Kerdthip, Kraiphum;Sungworawongpana, Nathas;Nounjeen, Sarun;Anantachaisilp, Suranan;Kang, Jun;Panomsuwan, Gasidit;Ueno, Tomonaga;Saito, Nagahiro;Pootawang, Panuphong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.894-898
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    • 2016
  • Solution plasma is a unique method which provides a direct discharge in solutions. It is one of the promising techniques for various applications including the synthesis of metallic/non-metallic nanomaterials, decomposition of organic compounds, and the removal of microorganism. In the context of nanomaterial syntheses, solution plasma has been utilized to produce carbon nanoparticles and metallic-carbon nanoparticle systems. The main purpose of this study was to synthesize nickel nanoparticles embedded in a matrix of carbon particles by solution plasma in one-step using waste vegetable oil as the carbon source. The experimental setup was done by simply connecting a bipolar pulsed power generator to nickel electrodes, which were submerged in the waste vegetable oil. Black powders of the nickel nanoparticles-embedded carbon (NiNPs/Carbon) particles were successfully obtained after discharging for 90 min. The morphology of the synthesized NiNPs/Carbon was investigated by a scanning electron microscope, which revealed a good dispersion of NiNPs in the carbon-particle matrix. The X-ray diffraction of NiNPs/Carbon clearly showed the co-existence of crystalline Ni nanostructures and amorphous carbon. The crystallite size of NiNPs (through the Ni (111) diffraction plane), as calculated by the Scherrer equation was found to be 64 nm. In addition, the catalytic activity of NiNPs/Carbon was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry in an acid solution. It was found that NiNPs/Carbon did not show a significant catalytic activity in the acid solution. Although this work might not be helpful in enhancing the activity of the fuel cell catalysts, it is expected to find application in other processes such as the CO conversion (by oxidation) and cyclization of organic compounds.

Formation of Metallic Nanoparticles Using Potential-pH Diagram (전위 - pH 도표를 이용한 금속 나노입자 형성)

  • Lee, Kyu Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2017
  • This article introduces how to use potential-pH diagram for the formation of metallic nanoparticles, based upon the data obtained from the experiments. It is important to measure the values of equilibrium potentials of the reactions for the use of potential-pH diagram in aqueous and non-aqueous solutions. This article includes how to obtain the potential-pH diagrams in solutions containing particles and in non-aqueous solutions.

Preparation and Electrochemical Characteristics of Mg-Sn Nanoparticles as an Anode Material for Li-ion Batteries

  • Tulugan, Kelimu;Lei, Jun-Peng;Dong, Xin-Long;Park, Won-Jo
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.146-152
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    • 2014
  • Mg-Sn nanoparticles were prepared by an arc-discharge method in a mixture atmosphere of argon and hydrogen gases. Phases, morphologies, and microstructures of the nanoparticles were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). It was found that the intermetallic compound of $Mg_2Sn$ was generated and coexisted with metallic phases of Mg and Sn within nanoparticles. Basedon the model cell, the electrochemical properties were also explored by discharge-charge cycling, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The initial capacity of the first cycle reached 430 mAh/g. Two visible plateaus at 0.2-0.3 and 0.5-0.75V were observed in the potential profiles, which can attributed to alloying/de-alloying reactions between Li and Mg2Sn, respectively.

Passive and Active Detection of Conducting Nanoparticles by Nanogaps

  • Lee, Cho Yeon;Park, Jimin;Park, Jong Mo;Kang, Aeyeon;Yun, Wan Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.268.1-268.1
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    • 2013
  • Immobilization of conducting nanoparticles on a nanogap comprising two electrodes spaced at a distance comparable to the particle size can be used as a simple and sensitive method of detecting the particles. In this work, we have examined the performance of the nanogap devices in the measurement of metallic nanoparticles, particularly gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). Detection of pM-level Au NPs in an aqueous suspension was quite straightforward irrespective of the existence of non-conducting materials. Speed of detection or the time necessary for the completion of the measurement, however, was strongly dependent upon the immobilization process. Active trapping process was found to be much more efficient and also effective in the detection of nanoparticles than its passive counterpart.

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Deterministic manipulation and visualization of near field with ultra-smooth, super-spherical gold nanoparticles by atomic force microscopy

  • KIM, MINWOO;LEE, JOOHYUN;YI, GI-RA;LEE, SEUNGWOO;SONG, YOUNG JAE
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.111.1-111.1
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    • 2015
  • As an alternative way to get sophisticated nanostructures, atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to directly manipulate building primitives. In particular, assembly of metallic nanoparticles(NPs) can provide various structures for making various metamolecules. As far, conventionally made polygonal shaped metallic NPs showed non-uniform distribution in size and shape which limit its study of fundamental properties and practical applications. In here, we optimized conditions for deterministic manipulation of ultra-smooth and super-spherical gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by AFM. [1] Lowered adhesion force by using platinum-iridium coated AFM tips enabled us to push super-spherical AuNPs in linear motion to pre-programmed position. As a result, uniform and reliable electric/magnetic behaviors of assembled metamolecules were achieved which showed a good agreement with simulation data. Furthermore, visualization of near field for super-spherical AuNPs was also addressed using photosensitive azo-dye polymers. Since the photosensitive azo-dye polymers can directly record the intensity of electric field, optical near field can be mapped without complicated instrumental setup. [2] By controlling embedding depth of AuNPs, we studied electric field of AuNPs in different configuration.

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