• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mental disorder

Search Result 745, Processing Time 0.058 seconds

A study for Mental disorder of Women I -focus on the cause of disease and symptoms- (부인(婦人) 정신장애에 대한 연구 I -발병원인 및 증상 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Geun-Woo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.11-22
    • /
    • 2004
  • Objects : This study was aimed to investigate relation to the Psychologic factor and Mental disorder of Women. Methods : Research data is based on Booindaejoenyangbang(婦人大全良方) and Dongyipogam(東醫寶鑑). And study the psycho elements in Mental disorder of Women. Results : 1. Psychologic factor have a part in A cause for mental disorder of women, certainly. 2. The weakness is fundamental cause for mental disorder of women and the Wind is an immediate cause frequently. 3. Most mental disorder of women develop severe psychiatric symptoms. 4. Psychologic factor is concerned to causing and symptoms at various diseases of women. Conclusion : The results suggest that women is delicate at the psychologic factor, so mental disorders are taken easily.

  • PDF

Association of Mental Health Recovery to Internalized Stigma and Meaning in Life of Community-Dwelling People with Mental Disorder (재가 정신질환자의 내재화된 낙인, 삶의 의미와 정신건강회복과의 관계)

  • Kim, Ju Yeon;Jun, Won Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.189-198
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations of mental health recovery to internalized stigma and meaning in life of community-dwelling people with mental disorder. Methods: Participants were 150 people with mental disorder who were enrolled at one of the community mental health institutions in D, S, and U cities, South Korea. Data analyses included a descriptive analysis, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS 25.0 software. Results: There were significant mean differences in mental health recovery according to education, religion, residential status, diagnosis, and day program use status of people with mental disorder living in the community. The significant predictors of mental health recovery included presence of meaning, stigma resistance, diagnosis (Major depressive disorder), and search for meaning. The regression model explained 58.7% of mental health recovery. Conclusion: Improving meaning in life and stigma resistance will increase the chances of mental health recovery among community- dwelling people with mental disorder.

A study for Mental disorder of Women II -focus on the cause of treatment- (부인(婦人) 정신장애에 대한 연구 II - 치료 중심으로)

  • Kim, Geun-Woo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.53-64
    • /
    • 2005
  • Objects : This study was aimed to investigate the treatment on Mental disorder of Women. Methods : Research data is based on Buindaejoenyangbang and Dong-uibogam. And study the treatment in Mental disorder of Women. Results : 1. Owing to women's physiological extraordinary nature, Mental disorder of Women’s treatment does not match Dongyipogam’s about the same symptoms. 2. Most of happing the symptom is due to blood Wind(four flavors) and deficiency of the Heart, treatments are dispelling Wind, tonifying blood of the Heart and calming the spirit. 3. At postpartum, Mental disorder of Women’s causes are deteriorating blood vanquished blood and external affections with a blood deficiency from the loss of blood, treatments are tonifying the blood, expel Wind and clear Cold and remove blood stagnation to promote regeneration. Conclusion : The results suggest that the extraordinary nature of the circumstances due to women specific pathology must be considered.

  • PDF

Influences of Alcoholic Use Disorder, Family Cohesion and Self-esteem on Mental Health among University Students (대학생의 알코올 사용장애, 가족응집력, 자아존중감이 정신건강에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Mee
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.155-163
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the Influences of Alcoholic Use Disorder, Family cohesion and Self-esteem on Mental health among University Students. Methods: Data were collected through questionnaires from 468 students and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Results: As defined by alcoholic use disorder, the proportion of dependent group was 3.6%, disorder group was 16.9%, and genral group was 79.5%. The levels of alcoholic use disorder depended on gender and residence type. The levels of mental health depended on gender, family income and academic achievement. The mental health was significantly correlated with family cohesion and self-esteem. The influential factors affecting mental health were self-esteem, academic achievement, gender, which explained about 44.8% of the variance. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that nursing intervention are needed to improve mental health and alcohol use disorder and that such variables should be carefully considered in intervention for university students.

Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation in People with Mental Disorder (정신장애인의 자살사고에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Seo, Seong Yee;Kim, Hee Sook;Kim, Yang Tae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.245-254
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate factors influencing suicidal ideation in people with mental disorder. Methods: The subjects were 176 people with mental disorder from community mental health centers, social rehabilitation facilities, and university hospital psychiatric outpatient departments. The instruments used included a suicidal ideation questionnaire, a self-esteem scale, a spiritual well-being scale, a family support scale, and a professional support scale. Data were analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression analysis. Results: Suicidal ideation was influenced by age, history of suicidal attempts, and existential spiritual well-being. This study shows that suicidal ideation has negative correlation with existential spiritual well-being, self-esteem, family support, and age. Existential spiritual well-being, history of suicidal attempts, and age accounted for 30% regarding suicidal ideation in people with mental disorder. Conclusion: The lower existential spiritual well-being and age, the higher suicidal ideation. And also suicidal ideation was higher in people who had attempted suicide than in those who had not. Based on the outcomes of this study, it is necessary to design an intervention program that emphasizes existential spiritual well-being in order to decrease suicidal ideation in young people with mental disorder.

Mortality in Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses: Data from the South Korea National Health Insurance Cohort, 2002-2013

  • Kim, Woorim;Jang, Suk-Yong;Chun, Sung Youn;Lee, Tae-Hoon;Han, Kyu-Tae;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
    • /
    • v.32 no.5
    • /
    • pp.835-842
    • /
    • 2017
  • Individuals with psychoses show excess mortality, which is a major public health concern. This study examined all-cause and suicide mortality rates in Korean patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, mood disorder, or mental and behavioral disorder due to psychoactive substance use and to compare this with that of the general population. Data were from the National Health Insurance cohort, 2002 to 2013. A total of 107,190 cases aged 15 years or over were included. Mortality rates per 100,000 person years (PY) were obtained. Poisson regression modelling was conducted to quantify the effect of baseline characteristics on all-cause and suicide mortality risks. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were also calculated. All-cause mortality was the highest among mental and behavioral disorder patients (1,051.0 per 100,000 PY), followed by schizophrenia (949.1 per 100,000 PY) and mood disorder patients (559.5 per 100,000 PY). Highest suicide mortality was found in schizophrenia (177.2 per 100,000 PY), mental and behavioral disorder (143.7 per 100,000 PY), and mood disorder patients (59.7 per 100,000 PY). The rate ratios (RRs) for all-cause and suicide mortality were reduced for younger populations and women. Psychoses patients had higher all-cause (schizophrenia, SMR 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.2-2.5; mood disorder, SMR 1.4; 95% CI 1.3-1.5; mental and behavioral disorder, SMR 2.6; 95% CI 2.5-2.8) and suicide (schizophrenia, SMR 8.4; 95% CI 7.2-9.6; mood disorder, SMR 2.8; 95% CI 2.1-3.5; mental and behavioral disorder, SMR 6.8; 95% CI 5.7-7.9) mortality rates than the general population. These findings infer that efforts should be made to reduce excess mortality in psychoses.

A Case of Qigong-Induced Mental Disorder: a Differential Diagnosis

  • Kwon, Yongju;Cho, Seung-Hun
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.251-256
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives : Qi gong is generally considered to be safe in most people when learned from a qualified instructor. But abnormal psychosomatic responses or mental disorder may be induced when Qigong is practiced inappropriately, excessively, or when practiced unguided in predisposed individuals. Here we reported a case of Qigong-induced Mental Disorder (QIMD). A woman who had not had a psychiatric disease, by chance started Qigong practice, and felt raising- Qisymptoms, including headache. Methods : We identified the unique characteristics of QIMD and discusses differences with other diseases such as somatoform disorder and schizophrenia. Results : To conclude, QIMD does not come under current somatoform disorder subtypes and schizophrenia. Conclusions : It has distinct characters that occurring after Qigong practice, symptoms of upper body, feeling that something to rise up.

The Effects of an Integrated Health Care Program on the Physical, Psychosocial, and Spiritual Health of People with Mental Disorder in Community (통합건강관리 프로그램이 지역사회 정신장애인의 신체적, 정신사회적, 영적 건강에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Gwang Ha;Chin, Young Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.69-78
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate changes in the physical, psychosocial and spiritual health of people with mental disorder in community participating in the Integrated Health Care Program (IHCP). Methods: This study applied the non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. The participants were 37 chronic psychiatric patients who had been clinically diagnosed with mental disorder and visiting a mental rehabilitation center located in S City (17 in the experimental group, and 20 in the control group). The experimental group participated in the IHCP consisting of 24 sessions for eight weeks. Results: After the intervention, only the participants in the experimental group reported significant improvement in physical (body mass, triglyceride), psychosocial (mental symptoms, depression, self-esteem, ability of problem solving), and spiritual wellbeing when compared with those in the control group. Conclusion: These results indicate that IHCP is effective in improving the physical, psychosocial, and spiritual wellbeing of people with mental disorder. Therefore, IHCP developed in this study is considered a useful nursing intervention for raising the comprehensive health level of people with mental disorder in community.

Design and Implementation of a Robot Analyzing Mental Disorder Risks for a Single-person Household Worker through Facial Expression-Detecting System (표정 감지 시스템을 통한 직장 생활을 하는 1인 가구의 정신질환 발병 위험도 분석 로봇 설계 및 구현)

  • Lee, Seong-Ung;Lee, Kang-Hee
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.489-494
    • /
    • 2020
  • We propose to designs and to implements a robot analyzing the risk of occurrence of mental disorder of single-person households' workers through the facial expression-detecting system. Due to complex social factors, the number and proportion of single-person households continues to increase. In addition, contrast to the household of many family members, the prevalence of mental disorder among single-person household varies greatly. Since most patients with mental can not detect the disease on their own, counseling and treatment with doctors are often ignored. In this study, we design and implement a robot analyzing the risk of mental disorder of single-person households workers by constructing a system with Q.bo One, a social robot created by Thecorpora. Q.bo One is consisted of Arduino, ar raspberry pie, and other sensors designed to detect and respond to sensors in the direction users want to implement. Based on the DSM-5 provided by the American Psychiatric Association, the risk of mental disorder occurrence was specified based on mental disorder. Q.bo One analyzed the facial expressions of the subjects for a week or two to evaluate depressive disorder, anxiety disorder. If the mental disorder occurrence risk is high, Q.bo One is designd to inform the subject to counsel and have medical treatment with a specialist.

Beliefs about Tic Disorders and Tourette's Syndrome in South Korea: An Online Panel Survey

  • Lee, Minji;Park, Subin
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.109-115
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study investigates lay beliefs about the etiology and treatments of tic disorder and Tourette's syndrome, as well as identifying sociodemographic and personality variables affecting these beliefs among South Koreans. Methods: In total, 673 participants (mean age $41.77{\pm}12.03$ years) completed an online survey regarding their beliefs about tic disorder and Tourette's syndrome. The factors related to their lay beliefs about the disorders were analyzed, and the correlates were investigated. Results: Results indicated that lay people in South Korea held strong beliefs that the causes of tic disorder and Tourette's syndrome lie within the parenting/psychological and neurological/biological categories, compared to the dietary/environmental one. Among the sociodemographic variables, sex, age, and levels of subjective mental health knowledge were primarily associated with the aforementioned beliefs. Familiarity with tic disorder and Tourette's syndrome was also associated with these beliefs. Among the personality traits investigated, extraversion and conscientiousness had significant influences on the beliefs people had about tic disorder and Tourette's syndrome. Conclusion: The results suggest that both policy makers and mental health service providers should adopt a strategic approach for developing and implementing health education interventions about tic disorder and Tourette's syndrome because individual sociodemographic variables, familiarity with the disorders, and personality traits are all associated with the beliefs about these disorders.