• Title, Summary, Keyword: Menopausal depression

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A Comparative Study of Depression and Stress Related Life Events among Women in the Menopausal Stage (우울증과 생활사건 스트레스에 대한 폐경전${\cdot}$후 비교)

  • Chung, Eun-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.956-966
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative between depression and stress related to life events among women in the menopausal stage. Menopausal stages were divided into two groups: Pre and post-menopausal stages. The degree of depression and stress related to life events between pre and post menopausal women were compared to each other. Women, aged between 41 and 59 years, answered self-reported questionnaires which included Zung's depression scale and life events scale modified by Lee (1984). Findings were as follows; 1) The mean score of premenopausal women who experienced depression was 39.66, and for post-menopausal women the score was 41.45. There was no significant differences in depression levels between pre and post menopausal group.s (t=-1.55, p=.122). 2) Menopausal women experienced low levels of stress related to life events. There were no significant differences between pre and post menopausal groups(t=.527, p>.05). Both pre and post menopausal groups were highly concerned about education issues of their children and disharmony between couples. 3) There was a significant relationship between depression and stress related to life events among post-menopausal groups (r=.22, p<.01). Based on the findings of this study, the menopausal depression was associated with stress related to life events, especially among post-menopausal women. Feelings of lost fertility and feminine attributies result in menopausal depression, which is significantly correlated with women's negative perception of their life events. Therefore, nursing intervention needs to develop to help reduce the levels of depression and overcome their negative perception of the menopausal experience. Nurses should develop nursing strategies to help menopausal women to have positive perceptions and enhance quality of life by assisting their adaptability to physiological and psychological changes related to menopause.

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Review on the Treatment Methods of Korean Medicine for Menopausal Women's Depression in Foreign Clinical Research (갱년기 및 폐경 후 여성의 우울증에 대한 한방의 국외 임상연구동향 고찰)

  • Kim, Deok-Ho;Kim, Dong-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.76-90
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This study were invesitigated papers published in international journals to assess the effect of Korean Medicine treatments for menopausal depression. Through this review, we aimed to research more effective ways of menopausal depression treatment. Methods : The database of this review was created through searching PubMed from Jan, 2005 to Feb, 2015 : using terms of ‘menopausal depression’ and ‘post menopausal depression’ with ‘acupuncture’, ‘alternative medicine’, ‘CAM’ and ‘herbal medicine’. Results : 119 studies were analyzed but some of them were excluded due to lack of relevance or noncomformity of subjects. Finally, 16 studies were included in this review. Conclusions : In 16 studies, the acupuncture and herb decoction had significant interventions to improve menopausal depression. Therefore Acupuncture and herbal medicine may be effective treatment method of menopausal depression.

Musculoskeletal Pains, Menopausal Symptoms and Depression by Women's Menopausal Stage (폐경단계별 근골격계 통증, 폐경증상 및 우울)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jung;Ahn, Suk-Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.158-168
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare musculoskeletal pain, menopausal symptoms and depression by women's menopausal stage. Method: With a survey design, a convenience sample of 203 women between age of 40 to 64 was recruited through a community. Data were collected via a structured study questionnaire from May to July, 2008. Measures included with symptom severity list for menopausal symptoms, Aches and Pains scale, and Beck's Depression Inventory. Results: Thirty-seven percent of women belong to early peri-menopausal stage, 31% to late peri-menopausal stage, and 32% to postmenopausal stage. By group comparison, late peri-menopausal and post menopausal women reported higher scores of depression than early peri-menopausal women. Postmenopausal women had greater scores in two pain subscales (bodily pain and pain that interferes with normal work) and two menopausal symptoms subscales (sleep pattern and sexual behaviors) than early peri-menopausal women. There were moderate levels of positive relationships among study variables at each menopausal stage. Conclusion: Postmenopausal women seem to have greater musculoskeletal pain and menopausal symptoms, and have depression more than did early peri-menopausal women. Tailored nursing strategies are required to reduce these kinds of common symptoms for women with menopausal transition to improve their physical and psychological wellbeing.

Factors Influencing Self-Identity and Menopausal Symptoms on Level of Depression in Middle Aged Women (중년여성의 자아정체감, 갱년기 증상이 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Mi-Jeong;Lee, Ji-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.275-284
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing self-identity and menopausal symptoms their influence on level of depression in middle-aged woman. Methods: Participants were 135 middle-aged women who were living in city B, were 45-60 years old, informed of study purpose, and agreed to participate. Data were collected from December, 2012 to January, 2013 using scales measuring depression, self-identity, and menopausal symptoms. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$ test, Pearson Correlation Coefficients, and Multiple Stepwise Regression. Results: Level of depression was low, self-identity was slightly high, and menopausal symptoms were relatively low in these middle-aged women. There were significant differences in depression by perceived health status and perceived economic status. Depression had a moderate negative correlation with self-identity (r=-.49, p<.001) and a moderate positive correlation with menopausal symptoms (r=.57, p<.001). Menopausal psychological symptoms were the factor most affecting depression and explained 37% of the variance in depression. A total of 51% of variance in depression was explained by menopausal symptoms (psychological and physical), self-identity, and perceived economic status. Conclusion: Thus, an effort to improve self-identity, especially a plan to attenuate menopausal psychological symptoms is needed to reduce depression.

The Clinical Study of 3 Menopausal Disorder Patients with Hot Flush and Depression Treated by Daeyeongjeongami-bang (대영전가미방(大營煎加味方)으로 호전된 상열감(上熱感)과 우울(憂鬱)을 동반한 갱년기 장애 치험 3례)

  • Baek, Dong-Gi
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.199-214
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Daeyeongjeongami-bang on menopausal disorder patients. Methods : We recruited 3 menopausal disorder patients who have been suffering from hot flush, fatigue and depression. In addition, the patients had been administrated Daeyeongjeongami-bang. The patients of menopausal disorder had been estimated with Kupperman's index, Menopause rating scale, Beck's depression Inventory, Self rating depression scale, Visual analogue scale and Heart rate variability. We measured Kupperman's index, Menopause rating scale, Beck's depression inventory and Self rating depression scale for every seven days. Heart rate variability was estimated twice, before and after the treatment. Results : After the treatments, symptoms of menopausal disorder were decreased. Conclusions : This study suggests that Daeyeongjeongami-bang is significantly effective on menopausal disorder patients with hot flush, fatigue and depression.

An analysis of the Relationship between Depression and Menopausal Syndroms in Women at Midlife (중년여성의 우울증과 폐경증후군과의 관계)

  • Chung, Eun-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.268-281
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    • 1997
  • This study was done for the purpose of analysing the relationship between menopausal syndrome and depression in the pre and post menopausal women's group. Data were collected by a questionnaire from November, 1995 to December, 1996. The subject were 244 midlife women(94 subjects were in pre-menopausal period, 150 subject were in post-menopausal period). The instruments used for this study were the menopausal syndrome scale by Neugarton and depression scale by Zung. Data were analyzed with the SPSS/PC using frequency, t-test, and Pearson correlation coefficients. The results of this study were as follows ; 1. The most serious menopausal symptom in the midlife women was 'back pain and joint pain'. 2. The item of 'Hot flush'(t=-2.78, p<0.01), 'sweating'(t=-2.31, p<0.05) and 'nervousness'(t=-2.13, p<0.05) as menopausal syndromes were statistically significant in the two groups ; Post menopausal group were higher then premenopausal group. 3. Postmenopausal group were a little higher then premenopausal group as depression level. It was none statistically significant in the two groups. 4. The relationship between menopausal syndromes and the level of depression was statistically significant in the group of post-menopausal group(r=0.2083, p<0.01).

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Menopausal Symptoms and Depression Among Midlife Women (중년여성의 폐경 증상과 우울)

  • Lee, Hung-Sa;Kim, Chun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.429-438
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was descriptive survey research to examine the factors affecting menopause, depression and menopausal symptoms, and the relations among these factors in South Korean midlife women. Methods: The subjects were 319 midlife women in Daegu City. Measures were Zung's Self-Report Depression Scale (1979) to check depression, and the Midlife Women's Symptom Index developed by Im (2006) to check menopausal symptoms. Data were collected from June 1 to July 31, 2010. Collected data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation coefficient through SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: There was a statistically significant correlation between depression and menopausal symptoms (r=.692, p<.001). The factors affecting depression were age (r=.194, p<.001), income (r=-.307, p<.001), exercise (r=-.602, p<.001), and menopausal status (r=.224, p<.001). The factors affecting menopausal symptoms were exercise (r=-.158, p<.037), menstrual pain (r=-.171, p = .004) and menopausal status (r=.222, p<.001). Conclusion: Intervention programs for decreasing menopausal symptoms in midlife women should be focused on relieving menopausal pain and encouraging excise from youth. Further studies will be needed to examine the relations among other factors including living style, area and menopausal symptoms.

Review of Clinical Studies on the Treatment of Menopausal Depression Using Traditional Chinese Medicine -Focusing on Randomized Controlled Trial in CNKI (갱년기 우울증에 대한 중약 중재 임상연구 고찰 -CNKI에서 검색된 무작위배정 비교임상시험을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Sung Ryul;Jung, Sung Yub;Hong, Doo Hyun;Yu, Jin Sil;Choi, Jong Ho;Kim, Mihye
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The objective of this study is to analyze clinical reports of treatment of menopausal depression in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods: This study included randomized controlled trials (RCT) in treating menopausal depression. Literature studies of Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database(CNKI) were performed. Clinical reports on menopausal depression treatment were searched using the following key words in the CNKI: 'menopausal depression' and 'postmenopausal depression'. Results and Conclusions: A total of 24 RCT articles on menopausal depression were selected. The most widely used diagnostic tool for menopausal depression was CCMD-3. Effective rate and HAMD were the most commonly used assessment tools. Bosinhaeultang-gagam (Bushenjieyu-tang jiajian) and Gami-gammaegdaejotang(Jiawei ganmaidazao-tang) were used much more than other prescriptions, while Bupleuri Radix was the most used single medicine herb. Additionally, the Chinese medicine treatment group showed less adverse reactions than the control group. As a result, we could know frequently used herbal prescription and single medicinal herbs and this can be helpful in developing more advanced studies in future.

An Analysis of the Realtionship between Menopausal Symptoms and Depression (중년 여성의 갱년기 증상과 우울에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Sook-Hee;Kim, Yung-Ja;Moon, Guil-Nam;Kim, In-Soon;Park, Geum-Ja;Park, Choon-Hwa;Baim, Jeung-Yee;Sing, Ae-Ri;Yoe, Jung-Hee;Chung, Eun-Soon;Jung, Hyang-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.270-283
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    • 1996
  • This study was done for the purpose of analyzing the relationship between menopausal symptoms and depression. Data were collected by a questionnaire from November 28 to December 30, 1995. The subjects were 134 women between 40-61 years of age. The instruments used for this study were The Menopausal symptom scale by Neugartom and Depression scale by Zung. The results of the study were as follows. 1. Mean score of menopausal symptoms was 1.59. Mean score orders of experienced symptoms were "Rack pain and joint pain"(2.02), "General weakness"(1.98), "Nervousness"(1.96). The most serious menopausal symptom was psychosomatic symptom.(1.88) Total score orders of experienced symptoms was 27.9 and over 90.3% of women complained menopausal symptom. 2. Mean score orders of depression was 39.13. It was normal range of depression. 85.1% of the women were normal range of depression and 14.2% of women mild depression. 3. The relationship between menopausal symptoms and depression was statistically significant(r=0.5307, p=0.000). When the relationship among three dimensions of menopausal symptoms were explored the psychosomatic symptom(r=0.4090, P=0.000), Physical symptom(r=0.319, P=0.000), Physical symptom(r=0.319, P=0.000) were statistically significant. 4. General characteristic variables were significantly related to the level of menopausal symptoms as follows ; environment of living(F=2.89, p=0.038), religion(F=4.18, P=0.007), times of birth(F=2.66, p=0.043). The analysis of this study have implication for management of middle aged women's health, to solve the nursing problems, and to prevent and relieve climacteric symptoms.

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An Effect of Optimism, Self-esteem and Depression on Laughter Therapy of Menopausal Women (폐경기 여성 웃음치료 프로그램이 낙관성, 자아존중감 및 우울에 미치는 효과)

  • Cha, Mi Youn;Na, Yeon Kyung;Hong, Hae Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.248-256
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study examines the difference of optimism, self-esteem and depression to verify an effect of laughter therapy program for menopausal women. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group pre / post-test design was used. The participants (n=57) were 28 in the experimental group and 29 in the control group. The data were collected in December of 2011. The experimental group participated in laughter therapy for 30 min per session, five times a week for the period of 2 weeks. The questionnaires were used to measure pre / post-test optimism, self-esteem, and depression of menopausal women. Results: The results showed that laughter therapy was effective in increasing optimism (p= .020) and self-esteem (p<.001). And the depression of menopausal women decreased (p= .003). Conclusion: The result of the study indicates that laughter therapy for menopausal women may be an effective nursing intervention to improve optimism, self-esteem and depression of menopausal women.