• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mediating effect

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The Effect of Maternal Rejective Parenting Attitude on Children's Leadership: Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem and Gender Difference (어머니의 거부적 양육태도가 유아의 리더십에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감의 매개효과와 성차)

  • Jeong, Ji Hye;Kang, Min Ju
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.315-328
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between maternal rejective parenting attitude and children's leadership as well as identified gender differences in the mediating pathways. The mediating effects of this study were examined after controlling the effect of maternal employment status on rejection parenting attitude and the effect of siblings on the children's leadership. Participants consisted of 330 five- and six-year-old children (151 boys and 179 girls) and their mothers. Data analyses included t-tests, F tests, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ post-hoc tests and Pearson's correlation. Structure equation modeling examined the mediating effect of self-esteem. Bootstrapping method was applied to examine the significance of the mediating effects. Gender differences in the mediating effect were examined through multiple group path analyses. The results of this study were as follows. First, self-esteem mediated the relationship between the maternal rejective parenting attitude on children's leadership. Second, there was a significant gender difference in the mediating pathways with a full mediating effect of self-esteem for boys; however, there was only a partial mediating effect for the girls. This study has implication for investigating gender difference in the mediating mechanism of explaining variance in the leadership of preschoolers. The limitations and more implications of this study are also discussed.

Major Effect Models of Social Support and Its Statistical Methods in Korean Nursing Research (사회적지지의 효과 모델 및 통계분석방법에 관한 국내간호논문 분석)

  • 이은현;김진선
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1503-1520
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of the present study is 1) to explain major effect models (main, moderating, and mediating) of social support and statistical methods for testing the effect models and 2) to analyze and evaluate the consistency in the use of the effect models and its statistical methods in Korean nursing studies. A total of 57 studies were selected from Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing, Journal of Korean Women's Health Nursing Academic Society, Journal of Fundamentals of Nursing, Journal of Korean Community Nursing, Journal of Korean Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Academic Society, and Journal of Korean Pediatric Nursing Academic Society published in the year of 1990-1999. In results, most studies on social support performed in Korea Nursing Society were about a main effect model. There are few studies on moderating or mediating model of social support. Thus, it was difficult to find research findings how, why, under what conditions social support impacted on health outcomes. Most studies on the moderating or mediating effect model of social support used statistical methods for testing main effect model rather than for testing moderating or mediating effect model. That is, there are inconsistency between effect models of social support and its statistical methods in Korean nursing researches. Therefore, it is recommended to perform studies on moderating or mediating effect model and use appropriate statistical methods.

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The Influence of Ego-Resiliency on School Adjustment in Children : The Moderated Mediating Effect of Stress by Self-Concept (아동의 자아탄력성이 학교적응에 미치는 영향 : 자아개념에 의한 스트레스의 조절된 매개효과)

  • Park, Young-Ah
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the moderated mediating effect of stress by self-concept on the influence of ego-resiliency on school adjustment in children. The participants consisted of 278 4th-graders, who completed self-report questionnaires designed to assess ego-resiliency, school adjustment, self-concept, and stress. The results indicated the following: First, stress mediated the effect of ego-resiliency on school adjustment. Second, self-concept moderated the effect of stress on school adjustment. Third, the mediating effect of stress on the influence of ego-resiliency on school adjustment was moderated by self-concept. The mediating effect of stress was statistically significant when self-concept was positive, but was not statistically significant when self-concept was negative. Methods to improve children's school adjustment are also included, based on the results of this research.

The mediating effect of service quality between internal marketing and customer satisfaction (호텔종사자의 내부마케팅과 고객만족의 관계에서 서비스품질의 매개효과)

  • Ahn, Kwan-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2007
  • This paper reviewed the relationship among internal marketing, service quality and customer satisfaction, and the mediating effect of service quality. Based on the responses from 163 hotel employees and 489 customers who encountered them, the results of hierarchical regressional analysis showed that all internal marketing factors have positive relationships with service quality, and service quality has positive relationship with customer satisfaction. Also, service quality has mediating effect between four internal marketing factors(education, compensation, delegation of authority, and internal communication) and customer satisfaction.

Mediating effect of major satisfaction on the influence of critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition

  • Kim, Jung-ae;Seo, Eun-Hui;Kim, Chul-Jin
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify mediating effect of major satisfaction in the effect of critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition. For this study, 237 students of nursing students from universities in Jeollanam do participated in the study. The data collection was collected on Dec 1 to 7, 2017. The descriptive statistics was used to analyze general characteristics of participants, the differences in disaster recognition according to general characteristics were analyzed by t-test or ANOVA. Regression analysis was conducted to confirm the effect of critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition and Baron, R.M. And Kenny, D.A.'s mediation effect statistic analysis was used to confirm the mediating effect of major satisfaction in critical thinking disposition on disaster recognition. As a result, the critical thinking disposition affects the disaster recognition, and it was judged that the major satisfaction was mediating role. intellectual fairness sub-factor showed perfect mediating effect and confidence and general truth sub-factor showed partial mediating effect. Based on the above findings, it can be seen that not only critical thinking but also satisfaction with the major should be considered in order to increase the recognition of the sudden disaster. In this case, research for linking critical thinking disposition and major satisfaction is likely to be meaningful. Through the results of this study, we suggest the program development of a linkage between critical thinking disposition and major satisfaction to increase the recognition of disaster.

Poor People and Poor Health: Examining the Mediating Effect of Unmet Healthcare Needs in Korea

  • Kim, Youngsoo;Kim, Saerom;Jeong, Seungmin;Cho, Sang Guen;Hwang, Seung-sik
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the mediating effect of subjective unmet healthcare needs on poor health. The mediating effect of unmet needs on health outcomes was estimated. Methods: Cross-sectional research method was used to analyze Korea Health Panel data from 2011 to 2015, investigating the mediating effect for each annual dataset and lagged dependent variables. Results: The magnitude of the effect of low income on poor health and the mediating effect of unmet needs were estimated using age, sex, education level, employment status, healthcare insurance status, disability, and chronic disease as control variables and self-rated health as the dependent variable. The mediating effect of unmet needs due to financial reasons was between 14.7% to 32.9% of the total marginal effect, and 7.2% to 18.7% in lagged model. Conclusions: The fixed-effect logit model demonstrated that the existence of unmet needs raised the likelihood of poor self-rated health. However, only a small proportion of the effects of low income on health was mediated by unmet needs, and the results varied annually. Further studies are necessary to search for ways to explain the varying results in the Korea Health Panel data, as well as to consider a time series analysis of the mediating effect. The results of this study present the clear implication that even though it is crucial to address the unmet needs, but it is not enough to tackle the income related health inequalities.

The Influence of Parent-Adolescent Communication on SNS Addiction Tendency among High School Students: The Mediating Effect of Self-control (고등학생이 지각한 부모-자녀간 의사소통이 SNS 중독경향성에 미치는 영향: 자기통제력의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Yeoeun;Lee, Jimin
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2017
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze the effect of perceived parent-adolescent communication on SNS addiction tendency among high school students and to investigate the mediating effects of self-control on the relationship between above variables. 567 students who were registered in three high schools located in D city completed a questionnaire on parent-adolescent communication, SNS addiction tendency, and self-control. Structural equation models were conducted to compare the research model (complete mediating effect) and the competing model (partial mediating effect), and bootstrapping was conducted to investigate the mediating effects of self-control with SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0. The results are as follow: First, while the parent-adolescent communication did not directly have an effect the SNS addiction tendency, the self-control had a direct effect on the SNS addiction tendency. Second, the research model was selected as a final model which implied that parent-adolescent communication had an indirect effect on SNS addiction tendency among high school students. Third, self-control had a significant mediating effect on the relationship between parent-adolescent communication and high school students' SNS addiction tendency. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that parent-adolescent communication had an indirect effect rather than a direct effect through self-control on high school students' SNS addiction tendency. This result indicates that the SNS addiction tendency rate of high school student can be lowered, by mediating self-control. Finally, this study suggests that the implicit points on counseling methods to remedy self-control of high school students, and shortcomings and limits of this study and advice for follow-up studies all be discussed.

Mediating Effect of Self-identity on the Relationship between Aggression and School Life Adaptation of Early Adolescent in Single Parent Families (한부모가정 초기 청소년의 공격성이 자아정체성을 매개로 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Jun, Soo-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to analyze the mediating effect of self-identity on the relationship between aggression and school life adaptation of early adolescents. Methods: This study used the 5th-year data of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) including 159 middle school 2nd students from single-parent families. The data was analyzed with open source statistics program R 3.5.0 to determine whether self-identity had a mediating effect on school life adaptation as an independent variable. Results: A moderate correlation was found among aggression, self-identity, and school life adaptation. As a result of the Sobel test, self-identity of early adolescents demonstrated a significant mediating effect on the relationship between aggression and school life adaptation. Conclusions: Given the significant mediating factor of self-identity, the strategies for early adolescents to boost their overall school life adaptation should be considered through intervention programs that help to enhance their self-identity.

Mediating Effects of Nausea, Learned Food Aversion, and Appetite on the Relationship between Food Neophobia and Food Rejection (위 불쾌감, 학습된 음식 거부와 식욕이 음식 신공포증과 음식 거절의 관계에 미치는 매개효과 평가)

  • Kang, Jong-Heon;Ko, Beom-Seok
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.153-162
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of nausea, learned food aversion, and appetite on the relationship between food neophobia and food rejection. A total of 250(122 healthy males and 128 healthy females) questionnaires were completed. Path analytic model was used to measure the mediating effect. Results of the study demonstrated that the path analytic result for the data also indicated excellent model fit. Furthermore, the mediating analysis indicated that the influence of food neophobia was mediated by mediator. The effect of food neophobia on appetite was perfectly mediated by nausea and learned food aversion. In the contests of general food rejection, the effect of food neophobia on food rejection was perfectly mediated by appetite. It should be noted that the original model was modified and should, preferably, be validated in future research.

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The Mediating Effect of Self-esteem and Meaning of Life on the Relationship between Stress and Depression in Adults (성인의 스트레스와 우울 간의 관계에서 자아존중감과 삶의 의미의 매개효과)

  • Park, Youngrye;Park, Sunah;Jeon, Jaehee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.214-222
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of self-esteem and meaning of life in the relationship between stress and depression in adults. Methods: The subjects of this study were 162 adults aged 19 to 64 who live in Jeollabuk-do and capital area. Data were collected from March to April 2018. The data were analyzed by independent t-test and one way ANOVA analysis. The mediating effects were verified by the Bootstrapping method using the PROCESS macro for SPSS. Results: The results showed that stress had a direct effect on self-esteem and depression, self-esteem had a direct effect on depression. Self-esteem had a mediating effect on the relationship between stress and depression. However, the meaning of life did not have any direct or mediating effects on depression. Conclusion: In order to reduce depression in adults, strategies for improving self-esteem are needed along with stress management. As for the effect of life meaning on depression, it is necessary to measure and apply the meaning of multidimensional life repeatedly.