• Title, Summary, Keyword: Meat quality

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Quality Characteristics of Chukar Partridge Meat (바위자고새의 육질 특성)

  • 이성기;양성운
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the quality of chukar partridge meat. Chukar partridges raised for 60 days were slaughtered and stored at 3$\^{C}$ for 24 hr. Broiler chicken(800g$\pm$20g carcass weight) after 24 hr postmortem were used as control, which obtained from local slaughter house. The chukar partridge meat had lower fat and cholesterol contents than broiler chicken did. The color of chukar partridge meat showed redder and darker than that of broiler chicken owing to lower L* and a* value. According to sensory evaluation, the flavor of chukar partridge meat was significantly better than that of broiler chicken. In conclusion, chukar partridge meat can be a preferable muscle food as well as a health food far consumer. Further, the development of cooking method must be improved meat quality characteristics in chukar partridge because the thigh of chukar partridge has tough texture and dark color.

Quality Characteristics of Korean Native Chicken Meat (한국산 토종 닭고기의 품질 특성)

  • 권연주;여정수;성삼경
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.223-223
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    • 1995
  • A study was conducted to compare the quality characteristics among commercial broiler, Wangchoo (imported dual purpose breed) and Korean native chicken(KNC). Thigh and breast meat of the broiler(7-wk old), Wangchoo(15-wk old), and Korean native chicken(15-wk old) stored for 24 h at 5t were used to analyze chemical composition, physico-chemical characteristics, textural traits and sensory evaluation test. Crude fat and moisture contents in broiler meat and crude protein content in KNC were significantly(P<.05) higher than those in the other breeds regardless of parts of the body. Total collagen content in broiler meat was significantly higher than those of the other breeds, however, the heat-soluble and the acid-soluble collagen content in Wangchoo were significantly lower than those of the other breeds. Water-holding capacities of KNC in breast meat, and of broiler in leg meat were significantly higher than that of the other breeds, while the results of the water-holding capacity and the cooking loss were reversed. Myofibrillar fragmentation index in broiler meat was significantly higher than that in the other breeds regardless of body parts. Hardness, elasticity and cohesiveness in Wangchoo were significantly higher than those in the other breeds. The prominent fatty acids were oleic, palmitic and linoleic acids and run up to 79.03~83.82 %, regardless of breeds and parts. The sensory evaluation score of tenderness, taste and preference in Wangchoo were lower compared to the broiler and KNC, however, they were not significantly different between broiler and KNC. In conclusion, the quality characteristics of KNC were excellent compared to Wangchoo.

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Investigation of Meat Quality Characteristics using by Spectroscopic Methods in Visible Region (NIR을 이용하여 시간 변화에 따른 소 등심육의 부위별 특성 조사)

  • Maeng, Gab-Joo;Hwang, Dae-Seok;Lee, Young-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.268-270
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    • 2007
  • We investigated characteristics of meat quality using by spectroscopic methods in visible region. Characteristics of beef muscle quality was measured by using spectrum analysis. We take the 3 samples of meat, and each sample has 3 measuring point. Also each measured samples has alternate thawing time(the state of frozen meat, thawing 20 minute and thawing 40 minute in the room temperature). As a results of experiments, measured intensity has changed by distributions of Myoglobin in meat muscles. And we can distinction the and characteristics of meat quality by distributions of lean meat and fat.

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Quality Characteristics of fish Meat Paste Containing Mulberry Leaf Powder (뽕잎 분말 함유 어묵의 품질 특성)

  • Shin Young-Ja;Park Geum-Soon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.738-745
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted in order to promote the utilization of fish meat paste added mulberry leaf powder(EPM) as food. The tested concentrations of mulberry leaf powder were 0, 0.1, 3, 0.5 and Ito The weight of the fish meat paste with FPM was heavier than the control(p<0.001). Oil absorption was the highest in the one with $0.3\%$ mulberry leaf powder, The It a and b values of the fish meat paste were decreased as increasing the concentration of mulberry leaf powder in Hunter color value(p<0.001). Good flexibility was shown not only in the control but also in the one with FPM in folding test. In texturometer test, the hardness was increasing, but the cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess, and brittleness were decreasing in according to increasing the concentration of mulberry leaf powder. In sensory evaluation, color and oily taste were getting higher as increasing the concentration of mulberry leaf powder. The fish meat paste added with $0.5\%$ mulberry leaf powder showed the highest acceptance scores in flavor, texture and overall quality. The result suggest that mulberry leaf powder can be applied to fish meat paste for both quality and functionality.

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Effect of Dietary Supplementation of the Combination of Gallic and Linoleic Acid in Thigh Meat of Broilers

  • Lee, Kyung-Haeng;Jung, Samooel;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Kim, Il-Suk;Lee, Jun-Heon;Jo, Cheorun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.1641-1648
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to investigate the combined effect of dietary supplementation of gallic and linoleic acid (GL) on the antioxidative effect and quality of thigh meat from broilers. Broilers received 3 dietary treatments: i) commercial finisher diet (control), ii) 0.5% GL (gallic:linoleic acid = 1 M:1 M), and iii) 1.0% GL during the 22 to 36 d. The pH value of broiler thigh meat was increased by GL supplementation. Water holding capacity of the thigh meat was enhanced by the 1.0% dietary GL supplementation. Antioxidative effect (total phenolic content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, $ABTS^+$ reducing activity, reducing power, and TBARS value) in the thigh from the broilers improved significantly with 1.0% GL. Linoleic acid and docosahexaenoic acids were higher in the broilers fed both levels of dietary GL. However, volatile basic nitrogen content and microbiological quality was not shown to be different between control and treated group. Results indicate that 1.0% dietary supplementation of GL can improve the antioxidant activity of broiler thigh meat and may enhance the meat quality.

Studies on Lipids and Proteins of Rabbit Meat -II. Emphasis on quality of rabbit meat protein- (토끼고기의 지방질과 단백질에 관한 연구 -II. 단백질을 중심으로-)

  • Leekim, Yang-Cha;Cho, He-Cheong
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 1977
  • The present study was carried out to evaluate the nutritional quality of rabbit meat protein. The composition of amino acids contained in rabbit meat was compared with those of other animal meats such as beef, pork and chicken. Also included in this study was the question whether the cooking and storage conditions affect the amino acid composition and the pepsindigestibility of rabbit meat protein. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The large variation observed from sample to sample of EAA (essential amino acid) composition in rabbit meat was found to be an interesting but peculiar property of rabbit meat protein. The most limiting amino acid of rabbit meat protein was phenylalanine, whereas methionine was the first limiting amino acid of both beef and pork proteins. Chemical scores of various meat proteins were 68, 65, 66, and 74 for rabbit meat, beef, pork, and chicken respectively. 2. In pan roasting, the EAA damaged most by heat was methionine (15%). When cooked after two months of frozen storage, lysine decreased most. 3. Higher pepsin digestibility was obtained by cooking rabbit meat after seasoned in alcohol, ginger juice, and other spices compared with various other cooking conditions without seasoning. The pepsin digestibility value was even higher for the seasoned meat than for the raw meat. 4. Among various meats tested the rabbit meat showed the lowest pepsin digestibility. 5. A simple measurement of released methionine could be used to determine relative digestibility instead of measuring $NH_2-N$ content after pepsin digestion. From all the results obtained in this study it can be concluded that rabbit meat is a good Protein food item when used fresh and stored properly to prevent rancidity problems. It is suggested to study further the peroxidation effect of unsaturated fatty acids on protein quality. This study was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology in Korea.

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Estimation of Genetic Associations between Production and Meat Quality Traits in Duroc Pigs

  • Cabling, M.M.;Kang, H.S.;Lopez, B.M.;Jang, M.;Kim, H.S.;Nam, K.C.;Choi, J.G.;Seo, K.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.1061-1065
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    • 2015
  • Data collected from 690 purebred Duroc pigs from 2009 to 2012 were used to estimate the heritability, and genetic and phenotypic correlations between production and meat quality traits. Variance components were obtained through the restricted maximum likelihood procedure using Wombat and SAS version 9.0. Animals were raised under the same management in five different breeding farms. The average daily gain, loin muscle area (LMA), backfat thickness (BF), and lean percent (LP) were measured as production traits. Meat quality traits included pH, cooking loss, lightness ($L^*$), redness ($a^*$), yellowness ($b^*$), marbling score (MS), moisture content (MC), water holding capacity (WHC), and shear force. The results showed that the heritability estimates for meat quality traits varied largely from 0.19 to 0.79. Production traits were moderate to highly heritable from 0.41 to 0.73. Genotypically, the BF was positively correlated (p<0.05) with MC (0.786), WHC (0.904), and pH (0.328) but negatively correlated with shear force (-0.533). The results of genetic correlations indicated that selection for less BF could decrease pH, moisture content, and WHC and increase the shear force of meat. Additionally, a significant positive correlation was recorded between average daily gain and WHC, which indicates pork from faster-growing animals has higher WHC. Furthermore, selection for larger LMA and LP could increase MS and lightness color of meat. The meat quality and production traits could be improved simultaneously if desired. Hence, to avoid further deterioration of pork characteristics, appropriate selection of traits should be considered.

Early Postmortem Processing Conditions on Meat Quality of Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle) Beef during Storage

  • Kim, B.C.;Rhee, M.S.;Ryu, Y.C.;Imm, J.Y.;Koh, K.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.1763-1768
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    • 2001
  • The combined effects of low voltage electrical stimulation (ES) and early short-term temperature conditioning on meat quality of Hanwoo beef (Korean native cattle) during storage were investigated. Shear force was influenced by ES and aging. Combination of ES and the $30^{\circ}C$ conditioning resulted in higher myofibril fragmentation index and improved lightness. There was no substantial difference in drip loss among treatments but ES samples showed higher cooking loss than control. Negative effect on shelf-life was not found by early short-term high temperature conditioning. Therefore, the meat quality of Korean native cattle was effectively improved by the combination of ES and the $30^{\circ}C$ conditioning.

A Study on the Microbial Quality Control of Chicken Meat Salad by Adding Green Tea Extracts in Foodservice Operations (급식소에서 생산되는 닭고기 샐러드의 녹차추출물 첨가에 따른 미생물적 품질 평가)

  • Kim, Heh-Young;Ko, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.675-682
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    • 2005
  • This study was aimed to determine microbiological quality by adding green tea extracts to chicken meat salad. For this study, Chicken meat salad were prepared with two production method. (method 1: addition of green tea extracts to boiling phase, method 2: addition of green tea extracts to salad dressing) Microbiological effects of green tea extracts were assessed during production process by measuring process time, temperature, pH and Aw and determining total plate counts and coliforms. Effects of green tea extracts on total plate counts and coliforms were observed during holding at 3, 10, $25{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ for 12 hours. Green tea extracts improved the microbiological quality and showed antibacterial properties when they are added to chicken meat salad.

Effects of Crossbreeding and Gender on the Carcass Traits and Meat Quality of Korean Native Black Pig and Duroc Crossbred

  • Muhlisin, Muhlisin;Panjono, Panjono;Lee, Sung-Jin;Lee, Jeong Koo;Lee, Sung Ki
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.1019-1025
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to observe the effects of crossbreeding and gender on the carcass traits and meat quality of Korean Native Black Pig (KNP) and $KNP{\times}Duroc$ crossbred ($KNP{\times}D$). A total of 50 pigs comprising seven KNP barrows, eight KNP gilts, twenty $KNP{\times}D$ barrows and fifteen $KNP{\times}D$ gilts were used in this study. Animals were reared in the same housing condition with same feed diet for six months prior to slaughter. After an overnight chilling, the carcasses were graded, and samples of Musculus longissimus dorsi were obtained for meat quality analysis. The slaughter and carcass weights and dressing percentage of $KNP{\times}D$ were higher (p<0.001) than those of KNP. The slaughter and carcass weights and backfat thickness of barrows were higher (p<0.01) than those of gilts. There were no significant difference in carcass conformation and quality grade between KNP and $KNP{\times}D$ as well as barrow and gilt. Fat content of $KNP{\times}D$ was higher (p<0.001) than that of KNP. Fat content of barrow was higher (p<0.001) than that of gilt. There was interaction between crossbreeding and gender on the fat content. KNP gilt showed higher fat content than KNP barrow whereas $KNP{\times}D$ barrow showed higher fat content than $KNP{\times}D$ gilt. Lightness, redness, yellowness, chroma and hue angle values and color preference of meat of $KNP{\times}D$ were lower (p<0.001) than those of KNP. Redness, yellowness and chroma values of meat of barrow were lower (p<0.05) than those of gilt. It is concluded that crossbreeding KNP with Duroc increases carcass productivity and meat fat but decreases meat color values and preference. Crossbreeding of KNP with Duroc produces a better fat deposition in meat of barrows than in gilts.