• Title/Summary/Keyword: Meat quality

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Dietary Alpha Lipoic Acid Improves Body Composition, Meat Quality and Decreases Collagen Content in Muscle of Broiler Chickens

  • El-Senousey, H.K.;Fouad, A.M.;Yao, J.H.;Zhang, Z.G.;Shen, Q.W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.394-400
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    • 2013
  • A total of 192 broiler chicks were used to evaluate the influence of dietary ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid (ALA) on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of broiler chickens with the purpose of developing a strategy to prevent the occurrence of pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat and to improve the meat quality of broilers. At 22 d of age, birds were allocated to 4 ALA treatments (0, 400, 800, and 1200 ppm). The results showed that dietary ALA significantly decreased average feed intake (AFI), average daily gain (ADG), final live body weight (BW) and carcass weight (p<0.05), while no difference in feed conversion ratio (FCR) was detected among chickens fed with and without ALA. Abdominal fat weight significantly decreased (p<0.05) for broilers fed 800 and 1200 ppm ALA. However when calculated as the percentage of carcass weight there was no significant difference between control and ALA treatments. Meat quality measurements showed that dietary ALA regulated postmortem glycolysis and improved meat quality as evidenced by increased muscle pH and decreased drip loss of meat (p<0.05). Although ALA did not change the tenderness of meat as indicated by meat shear force, dietary ALA decreased collagen content and mRNA expression of COL3A1 gene (p<0.05). In conclusion, the results indicate that dietary ALA may contribute to the improvement of meat quality in broilers.

Developmental Competence of Oocytes Collected from the Ovaries of the Carcass of the High Meat Quality after IVM, IVF and IVC in Korean Native Cattle (육질이 우수한 한우의 난소에서 회수한 난포란의 체외 발생 능력)

  • Sel, H.S.;Jung, Y.K.;Song, H.B.
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 2006
  • These studies were conducted to monitor developmental competence of follicular oocytes collected from the carcass of the high meat quality in Korean native cattle using each individual protocol of IVM, IVF and IVC. The follicular oocytes that were collected from the ovaries of the cow yielded 1, $1^+\;and\;1^{++}$ meat quality were matured, fertilized and cultured using each individual protocol of IVM, IVF and IVC. As results, the number of follicular oocytes collected from individual fundamentally-registered cows yielded 1, $1^+\;and\;1^{++}$ meat grade were 28.9, 28.8 and 29.6 per head, respectively. The rates of blastocyst formation after IVM, IVF and IVC were 27.2, 28.7 and 32.9% in the cows yielded 1, $1^+\;and\;1^{++}$ meat quality, respectively. The rate of blastocyst formation was 8.4 per head. The number of follicular oocytes collected from pedigree registered cows yielded 1, $1^+\;and\;1^{++}$ meat quality were 25.8, 27.1 and 27.0 per head, respectively. The rates of blastocyst formation were 23.0, 33.7 and 42.6% in the meat quality of 1, $1^+\;and\;1^{++}$ after in vitro-manipulation, respectively (p<0.05). The rate of blastocyst formation was 8.5 per head. In conclusion, these results suggest that in vitro embryo production system using individual culture system including IVM, IVF and IVC can make good use of the gene from the carcass of the high meat quality in Korean native cattle.

Effects of Dietary Coptis Chinensis Herb Extract on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Characteristics and Meat Quality in Growing-finishing Pigs

  • Zhou, T.X.;Zhang, Z.F.;Kim, I.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.108-115
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    • 2013
  • The effects of dietary Coptis chinensis herb extract (CHE) on growth performance, blood characteristics, nutrient digestibility and meat quality of growing-finishing pigs were investigated in an 18-wk feeding trial. A total of 36 Landrace${\times}$Yorkshire-Duroc pigs with an initial body weight of $20{\pm}1.0$ kg were randomly assigned to 3 dietary treatments with 6 replications per treatment and 2 pigs per pen. A maize-soybean meal-based diet was formulated as a control diet and other treatment diets were supplemented with 0.5, or 1 g CHE/kg, respectively. After the feeding period, meat samples were collected from those pigs that had reached the market BW. During the experimental periods, growth performance and apparent total tract digestibility of dry matter and nitrogen were unaffected (p>0.05) by the dietary supplementation of CHE. Plasma erythrocytes counts were increased (Linearly, p<0.05) in response to application of CHE at the end of the experiment. Moreover, pigs fed the CHE diets had better (p<0.05) meat color, pH and water holding capacity (WHC) than pigs fed the control diet. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with CHE could increase blood erythrocytes counts and improve meat quality in growing-finishing pigs but not improve growth performance.

Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci for Meat Quality on Pig Chromosome 3, 4 and 7

  • Zuo, Bo;Xiong, YuanZhu;Su, YuHong;Deng, ChangYan;Zheng, Rong;Jiang, Siwen
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.320-324
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study was to localize QTL affecting meat quality in a pig family of three generations. All animals were genotyped for twenty-four microsatellites on SSC3 (Sus scrofa chromosome 3), SSC4 and SSC7. One hundred and forty $F_2$ offsprings were scored for eleven meat quality traits. Least square regression interval mapping revealed quantitative trait loci (QTL) effect for meat pH (m. Semipinalis Capitis, SC) on SSC4 and SSC7; for moisture (m. Longissimus Dorsi, LD) on SSC3. Furthermore, there was suggestive evidence for a QTL on SSC4 affecting intramuscular fat (IMF) content that nearly approached the chromosomewise (p=0.05) significance threshold.

Dietary Carob Pods on Growth Performance and Meat Quality of Fattening Pigs

  • Kotrotsios, Nikolaos;Christaki, Efterpi;Bonos, Eleftherios;Paneri, Panagiota Florou
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.880-885
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    • 2012
  • In this experiment the effect of dietary carob pods in the growth performance of fattening pigs and their meat quality, including steak chemical composition and fatty acid profile, were examined. A total of 160 weaning piglets, 30 days old, were allocated into four equal groups with 4 subgroups of 5 female and 5 males each. The animals were fed with isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets, containing either 0 or 75 or 100 or 125 g of carob pods per kg of feed. At the end of the experiment, on the 180 day of age, carcass subcutaneous fat thickness, steak chemical composition and steak fatty acid profile were determined. The results of the experiment showed that the dietary addition of 75 or 100 g/kg carob pods increased body weight at slaughter and carcass weight. No significant effect was noticed on the other examined carcass parameters. Consequently, carob pods could be suggested as a potential feed for fattening pigs without any adverse effect on their meat quality.

Correlations among Stress Parameters, Meat and Carcass Quality Parameters in Pigs

  • Dokmanovic, Marija;Baltic, Milan Z.;Duric, Jelena;Ivanovic, Jelena;Popovic, Ljuba;Todorovic, Milica;Markovic, Radmila;Pantic, Srdan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.435-441
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    • 2015
  • Relationships among different stress parameters (lairage time and blood level of lactate and cortisol), meat quality parameters (initial and ultimate pH value, temperature, drip loss, sensory and instrumental colour, marbling) and carcass quality parameters (degree of rigor mortis and skin damages, hot carcass weight, carcass fat thickness, meatiness) were determined in pigs (n = 100) using Pearson correlations. After longer lairage, blood lactate (p<0.05) and degree of injuries (p<0.001) increased, meat became darker (p<0.001), while drip loss decreased (p<0.05). Higher lactate was associated with lower initial pH value (p<0.01), higher temperature (p<0.001) and skin blemishes score (p<0.05) and more developed rigor mortis (p<0.05), suggesting that lactate could be a predictor of both meat quality and the level of preslaughter stress. Cortisol affected carcass quality, so higher levels of cortisol were associated with increased hot carcass weight, carcass fat thickness on the back and at the sacrum and marbling, but also with decreased meatiness. The most important meat quality parameters (pH and temperature after 60 minutes) deteriorated when blood lactate concentration was above 12 mmol/L.

Comparison of Carcass and Meat Quality Traits among Three Rabbit Breeds

  • Wang, Jie;Su, Yuan;Elzo, Mauricio A.;Jia, Xianbo;Chen, Shiyi;Lai, Songjia
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.84-89
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to compare carcass composition and meat quality traits in the longissimus dorsi and biceps femoris muscles in the Hyla, Champagne and Tianfu Black rabbit breeds. Tianfu Black rabbits had the heaviest head, skin, thoracic viscera and commercial carcass percentage (p<0.05). In addition, Tianfu Black had the highest pH0 h value, followed by the Champagne and Hyla breeds (p<0.01) in the longissimus dorsi and biceps femoris muscles. Tianfu Black had a higher a* (0 h and 24 h) than the other two breeds in both longissimus dorsi and biceps femoris muscles (p<0.05). The Hyla, Champagne, and Tianfu Black breeds showed a similar pattern of differences for meat quality traits (pH, L*, a* and b*) measured in fresh meat (0 h) and meat stored for 24 h. Hyla had the highest IMF values of the three breeds (p<0.01). The lower intramuscular fat of Tianfu Black and Champagne rabbits gives them an advantage over Hyla rabbits among most consumers seeking lean rabbit meat.

Supplmentation of the Mineral and Surfactant for Replacement of Antibiotics for Ruminant Aninmal (천연물질을 이용한 반추동물 항생제 대체용 미량광물질 및 천연유화제의 이용)

  • Lee, Su-Rok;Kim, Sam-Churl;Choi, Nag-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 2016
  • The present study investigated the effect of inclusion of chromium propionate (Cr-P) and lysophopholipid (LPL) in diet on blood parameters and meat quality of Hanwoo steer. Feeding trial was performed from late fattening period to slaughter and blood parameters (insulin, blood glucose and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentration) and meat quality were examined. Total 4 experimental groups including control (no addition), T1 (Cr-P 0.2%), T2 (LPL 0.2%) and T3 (Cr-P 0.1% + LPL 0.1%) were employed. For blood parameters, insulin concentration in T1 and T3 showed an elevating patterns from $3.13{\mu}U/mL$ to $3.35{\mu}U/mL$ (T1) and from $4.38{\mu}U/mL$ to $5.23{\mu}U/mL$ (T3). The changes of NEFA in all groups were detected as a decreasing patterns according to days of feeding. However, significant difference was not found. In growth performance, T2 showed greater daily gain and T1 showed greater carcass yield compared to others. However, there were no significance in difference. In meat quality, T1 showed greater yield and intra-muscular fat levels and lower sharing force compared to others. However, significant differences were not detected.

Effect of mixed hay supplementation during fattening on carcass traits and meat quality of Hanwoo steers

  • Utama, Dicky Tri;Choi, Ji Hye;Lee, Chang Woo;Park, Yeon Soo;Lee, Sung Ki
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.6.1-6.6
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    • 2017
  • Background: This study was aim to observe the effects of feeding mixed local hay (MH) consisted of 55% orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata L.), 35% tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) and 10% red clover (Trifolium pratense) to Hanwoo steers on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality (longissimus thoracis) compared with feeding imported timothy hay (TH) and local rice straw (RS). Results: Although no significant effects were found on animal performance and carcass yield grade, the carcasses of MH group had higher marbling score and quality grade than those of RS and TH group (P < 0.05). Therefore, higher fat content (P < 0.001), lower shear force and hardness value in the beef of MH group than that of other groups were observed. Furthermore, the beef of MH group had higher CIE $a^*$ value (redness) than that of other groups and feeding MH to Hanwoo steers lowered n-6 to n-3 fatty acids ratio in beef. Conclusions: Mixed hay provided benefits on meat quality and could be used for Hanwoo fattening program.

Effect of Supplemental Levels of Barley on Growing Performance, Meat Quality and Blood Properties in Swine

  • Jeong, Yong-Dae;Song, Tae-Hwa;Park, Tae-Il;Han, Ouk-Kyu;Ryu, Kyeong-Seon
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate effects of dietary anthocyanin fortified barley (AFB) or whole crop barley (WCB) on growing performance, meat quality and blood properties in swine at late fattening phase. Swine performance was not significantly differed (p>0.05) but average daily gain and average daily feed intake tended to increase in treatments. Meat quality parameters including pH, cooking loss, shear force and meat surface color were not influenced by the addition of barley in diet. However, DPPH content of longgissmus dorsi muscle was significantly increased in WCB10 compared to control, AFB5 and WCB5 (p<0.05). FRAP content of longgissmus dorsi muslce was higher in WCB5 than the AFB (p<0.05), thereby, a tendency in FRAP was not similar to that of DPPH. Only myristic acid (C14:0) was affected, and the lowest myristic acid was found when AFB was supplied to swine. A tendency was not determined in total protein and HDL-cholesterol content, however, control, WCB10 and AFB5 had high in total protein and showed significantly low values in HDL-cholesterol. Therefore, the results indicate that barley can be considered as an ingredient in swine diet, but further investigation is necessary.