• 제목/요약/키워드: Meat quality

검색결과 1,034건 처리시간 0.175초

Poultry Meat Quality in Relation to Muscle Growth and Muscle Fiber Characteristics

  • Ismail, Ishamri;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • 한국축산식품학회지
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.873-883
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    • 2017
  • Variations in the definition of poultry meat quality exist because the quality traits are not solely based on intrinsic and extrinsic factors but also consumers' preference. Appearance quality traits (AQT), eating quality traits (EQT), and reliance quality traits (RQT) are the major factors focused by the consumer before buying good quality of poultry meat. AQT and EQT of poultry meat are controlled by physical and biochemical characteristics of muscle fibers which can be categorized into a total number of fibers (TNF), cross-sectional area of fibers (CSAF), and fiber type composition (FTC). In poultry meat, it has been shown that muscle fiber properties play a key role in meat quality because numerous studies have reported the relationships between quality traits and fiber characteristics. Despite intensive research has been carried out to manipulate the muscle fiber to improve poultry meat quality, demand in a rapid growth of poultry muscle has correlated to the deterioration in the meat quality. The present paper reviews the definition of poultry meat quality, meat quality traits, and variations of meat quality. Also, this review presents recent knowledge underlying the relationship between poultry meat quality traits and muscle fiber characteristics.

Genome-wide Association Study of Integrated Meat Quality-related Traits of the Duroc Pig Breed

  • Lee, Taeheon;Shin, Dong-Hyun;Cho, Seoae;Kang, Hyun Sung;Kim, Sung Hoon;Lee, Hak-Kyo;Kim, Heebal;Seo, Kang-Seok
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 2014
  • The increasing importance of meat quality has implications for animal breeding programs. Research has revealed much about the genetic background of pigs, and many studies have revealed the importance of various genetic factors. Since meat quality is a complex trait which is affected by many factors, consideration of the overall phenotype is very useful to study meat quality. For integrating the phenotypes, we used principle component analysis (PCA). The significant SNPs refer to results of the GRAMMAR method against PC1, PC2 and PC3 of 14 meat quality traits of 181 Duroc pigs. The Genome-wide association study (GWAS) found 26 potential SNPs affecting various meat quality traits. The loci identified are located in or near 23 genes. The SNPs associated with meat quality are in or near five genes (ANK1, BMP6, SHH, PIP4K2A, and FOXN2) and have been reported previously. Twenty-five of the significant SNPs also located in meat quality-related QTL regions, these result supported the QTL effect indirectly. Each single gene typically affects multiple traits. Therefore, it is a useful approach to use integrated traits for the various traits at the same time. This innovative approach using integrated traits could be applied on other GWAS of complex-traits including meat-quality, and the results will contribute to improving meat-quality of pork.

가시광을 이용한 육질의 비파괴적 측정에 관한 연구 (A study on the nondestructive measurement of meat quality using visible light)

  • 맹갑주;이영우
    • 한국정보통신학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.248-250
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    • 2009
  • 육질의 특성을 파악하기 위해 광학적인 방식의 비파괴적인 측정 방법을 사용하여 실험을 수행하였다. 육질의 특성은 분광 분석법을 사용하여 측정하였다. 이를 통해 육질의 근육 및 지방의 분포에 따른 특성의 파악이 가능할 것으로 예상된다.

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한우 육질등급이 난포란의 배반포 체외생산에 미치는 영향 (Correlation of Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle) Carcass Classification and Oocyte Donor for Blastocyst Production In Vitro)

  • 김강식;이홍철;박용수;김소섭;박흠대
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2015
  • These studies were conducted to establish the practical Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) improvement system through the combining of embryo transfer technology and confirming individual Hanwoo oocyte culture system and to investigate that correlation of Hanwoo carcass classification (intramuscular marbling) and oocyte donor for blastocyst production in vitro. In case of Hanwoo, the carcass meat quality grades were divided to grade $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 1, 2, and 3 depends on fat distribution of longest muscle cross-sectional surface. As results, the numbers of follicular oocytes collected from individual fundamentally-registered Hanwoo yielded $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 1, 2 and 3 meat quality were 9.5, 9.4, 8.5, 8.8 and 8.8 per ovary, respectively. The numbers of retrieval oocyte from follicles were significantly higher in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$ meat quality than in the cattle yield 1, 2 and 3 meat quality (p<0.05). The rates of blastocyst formation were 18.2, 21.3, 29.4, 30.9, and 31.5% in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 1, 2 and 3 meat quality of after in vitro maturation, respectively. It was significantly lower in the cattle yield $^{{+}{+}}$ and $1^{+}$ meat quality than in the cattle yield 1, 2 and 3 meat quality (p<0.05). In order to evaluate embryos quality, TUNNEL assay was conducted for each meat quality grade using blastocyst stage embryo on day 8. The results showed that apoptosis cell number was higher tendency in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$and $1^{+}$ meat quality (81 and 79, respectively) than in the cattle yield 1, 2 and 3 meat quality (51, 48 and 50, respectively) but there was no statistical significance in each group. After embryo transfer, the conception rate of recipient was 53.5 (23 out of 43), 52.1 (38 out of 73) and 58.0% (58 out of 100) in the meat quality of 1, $1^{+}$ and $1^{{+}{+}}$, respectively. These results showed that the conception rate was significantly higher in the cattle yield 1 meat quality than in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 2, and 3 meat quality (p<0.05). In summary, these results indicate that the application of confirming Hanwoo individual oocyte culture system and embryo transfer technology can make good use of the genetic resources conservation and improvement of Hanwoo. Relevance of the meat quality grade and reproductive ability of carcasses of Hanwoo will be considered to be one of the effective means for the associated research with obesity and reproduction.

Pre-slaughter stress, animal welfare, and its implication on meat quality

  • Choe, Jeehwan
    • 농업과학연구
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.58-65
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    • 2018
  • Meat quality includes technological quality attributes, consumer acceptance, and credence characteristics. In terms of credence characteristics, animal welfare is one of the most interesting topics to both consumers and the livestock industry. Consumers prefer meat produced from livestock that has been raised in low stress and ecofriendly environments. The livestock industry cares about animal welfare to meet the requirements of consumers. Animal welfare is closely associated with the stress and physiological response of livestock to stress. Moreover, stress just before slaughter (i.e., pre-slaughter stress) has negative effects on not only animal welfare but also ultimately on meat quality. It is well-documented that pre-slaughter stress can influence ante- and post-mortem biological changes of the muscles, especially their metabolic properties and metabolites. The metabolic properties and metabolites contents also can modulate the postmortem changes of the muscles. Conversion of muscles to meat during postmortem is a very important process because it determines ultimately the meat quality. Thus, understanding pre-slaughter stress and physiological responses to stress in farm animals is important for animal welfare and meat quality. The purpose of this paper was to examine the concept of stress, physiological responses to stress, measurement of stress, and the relationships between stress indices and meat quality traits.

Nutrigenomics Approach-A Strategy for Identification of Nutrition Responsive Genes Influencing Meat Edible Quality Traits in Swine

  • Yin, Jingdong;Li, Defa
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.605-610
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    • 2009
  • In the last 20 years, meat quality, especially meat edible quality has become a more intriguing topic in the field of swine production. In this paper, we briefly review the progress of meat quality research from the aspects of genetic selection and nutritional modulation, and propose a possible approach -nutrigenomics- to explore the nutrition-responsive major genes that affect meat quality formation during the growing and fattening of pigs.

초음파를 이용한 한우의 도체육질 예측 (Prediction of Carcass Meat Quality Grade by Ultrasound in Hanwoo)

  • 이용준;김지용;이성기;송영한
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.1095-1100
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    • 2005
  • 본 시험은 초음파진단기를 이용한 한우의 도체육질 예측기법의 확립과 예측율 향상을 목적으로 실시하였다. 도체육질 등급별 초음파 표준화상과 초음파 육질 index를 활용한 decision tree 분석을 이용하여 24개월령 거세한우 66두의 도체육질 등급을 예측하였으며, 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 초음파 육질 index를 이용한 의사결정나무 분석 결과, 초음파 화상 내 늑골의 선명도가 육질 등급에 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 거세한우 66두를 대상으로 초음파 육질 index에 의한 도체육질 등급의 예측율은 86.4%를 나타났으며, 도체 등급별 초음파 표준화상을 이용한 78.8%에 비해 7.6%의 예측율 향상을 보였다.

Relationships between Myosin Light Chain Isoforms, Muscle Fiber Characteristics, and Meat Quality Traits in Porcine Longissimus Muscle

  • Choi, Young-Min;Ryu, Youn-Chul;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Byoung-Chul
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.639-644
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the myosin light chain (MLC) isoforms on the muscle fiber characteristics and meat quality traits in porcine longissimus muscle. Pale, soft, exudative (PSE) samples had a lower content of essential light chain (ELC) 1S isoforms and a higher proportion of the fiber type IIB than the reddish-pink, firm, non-exudative (RFN) samples. These compositions suggest that the PSE pork has a higher glycolytic and a lower oxidative capacity than the RFN pork. Therefore, these characteristics of PSE pork might affect the metabolic rate and meat quality traits, including protein solubility. In addition, the indicator traits of the postmortem metabolic rate were related to the ELC 1F/3F ratio ($pH_{45\;min}$: r = -0.43, P < 0.001; R-value: r = 0.53, P < 0.001). These results suggest that the MLC isoform composition can affect the postmortem metabolic rate and meat quality traits.

브로일러 육질의 향상 (Improvement of Broiler Meat Quality)

  • Akiba, Y.
    • 한국가금학회지
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.97-108
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    • 1999
  • The consumer demands for quality of meats has become diverse in recent years. The present paper describes mainly the technology to improve the broiler meat quality with special reference to reducing fat contents in edible meats which is the heart of the quality constraints. Abdominal fat deposition in broilers was reduced by feeding of medium-chain triglycerides(MCT), suggesting MCT feeding is useful to produce broiler meat with low fat content. A phase feeding system to aim at improving meat quality that is mainly comprised with partial replacement of dietary protein into phase during 4∼6 weeks increased edible meat yields and reduced abdominal fat deposition and fat contents in breast and thigh meats. Whiteness of fat tissue was intensified by feeding beef tallow or lard in place of yellow grease. Feeding Phaffia yeast containing astaxanthin increased redness of breast and thigh meats and improved visual appearance of meats which may be preferential for consumers. Feeding fish oil reduced abdominal fat deposition and increased EPA and DHA contents of fat tissues. These procedures could be used for manipulation of meat quality to meet consumer demands.

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Association of Three Polymorphisms in Porcine Ribosomal protein L27a (RPL27A) Gene with Meat-quality Traits

  • Cho, Eun-Seok;Jeon, Hyeon-Jeong;Lee, Si-Woo;Raveendar, Sebastian;Jang, Gul-Won;Kim, Tae-Hun;Lee, Kyung-Tai
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.509-513
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    • 2013
  • We identified molecular markers associated with meat-quality traits in the porcine RPL27A (ribosomal protein L27a) gene. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were discovered in the porcine RPL27A gene: g.920T>C, g.1013T>C, and g.1046T>C. The g.920 T>C SNP was significantly associated with pH24 (P < 0.05) and collagen (P < 0.05), while the g.1013T>C and g.1046T>C SNPs were significantly associated with moisture (P < 0.05). Either the TTT or CCC haplotype was significantly associated with moisture, pH24 and collagen (P < 0.05, respectively). The genotypes of RPL27A associated with meat-quality traits were all located in intron 2. The three SNPs of the RPL27A found in this study will provide useful information for genetic characterization or association studies of meat-quality traits in other populations. Additionally, these markers could potentially be applied in pig breeding programs to improve meat-quality traits after validation in other populations.