• Title, Summary, Keyword: Meat quality

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Developmental Competence of Oocytes Collected from Individual Ovaries of Slaughtered Korean Native Cattle with Grade of Meat Quality and Meat Yield

  • Kim, So-Seob;Kim, Ji-Sun;Park, Hum-Dae;Lee, Su-Kap;Park, Il-Kun;Lee, Dong-Won;Kim, Yun-Sik;Park, Yong-Su;Kim, Jae-Young;Park, Min-Chul;Lee, Jung-Hyung;Oh, Dae-Sik;Kim, Jae-Myeoung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.291-298
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    • 2008
  • We separately cultured follicular oocytes collected from individual ovaries of slaughtered Korean native cows and examined both the embryonic development rate and pregnancy rate after embryo transplantation according to the meat yield and quality grades of the source beef carcass. Oocytes from meat yield grade B cows exhibited a higher fertilization rate and embryonic developmental rate to the eight-cell stage than oocytes from grade A or C animals (p<0.05), but there was no significant difference in rate of development to the blastocyst stage among meat yield grades A, Band C. The oocyte cleavage rate and development rate to the eight-cell stage from meat quality grade 3 cattle was higher than grades 1++, 1+, 1 and 2 (p<0.05). Embryos derived from grade animals displayed a development rate to the blastocyst stage of 19.4%, which was also higher than all other meat quality grades (p<0.05). Transplantation of in vitro-cultured oocytes from meat yield grade A ovaries led to a higher pregnancy rate (64.2%) than in vitro-cultured oocytes from meat yield grade B ovaries (56.5%), but there was no significant difference between the two groups in pregnancy or abortion rates. In conclusion, embryonic development rate and pregnancy rate has a close relation to meat quality grades of the source beef carcass, this results is to give information for the Korean native cows improvement of breed.

Differentiation of Deboned Fresh Chicken Thigh Meat from the Frozen-Thawed One Processed with Different Deboning Conditions

  • Bae, Young Sik;Lee, Jae Cheong;Jung, Samooel;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Jeon, Seung Yeop;Park, Do Hee;Lee, Soo-Kee;Jo, Cheorun
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to evaluate the quality characteristics of three deboned categories of chicken thigh meat: one which was slaughtered and deboned in the same plant (fresh); one which was slaughtered, deboned, frozen, and thawed in the same plant (frozen-thawed); and the last which was slaughtered in a plant, deboned in a different plant, but then transferred to the original plant (fresh-outside). Surface color, drip loss, 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) value, sensory evaluation, and total aerobic bacterial counts of the chicken samples were determined. Moreover, the torrymeter was used to measure the differences in freshness of the chicken meat. The surface color and the TBARS values did not show significant differences among the three categories. However, the total aerobic bacterial counts of fresh-outside and frozen-thawed chicken meat were significantly higher than the fresh chicken meat on the first storage day, and the drip loss of frozen-thawed chicken meat was significantly higher than the fresh-outside and fresh chicken meat. In addition, the sensory evaluation of frozen-thawed chicken meat was significantly lower than the fresh-outside and fresh chicken meat. Torrymeter values were higher in fresh chicken meat than fresh-outside and frozen-thawed chicken meat during the storage period. These results indicate that the quality of frozen-thawed chicken meat is comparatively lower than the fresh chicken meat, and the torrymeter values can accurately differentiate the fresh-outside and frozen-thawed chicken meat from the fresh ones.

Quality Poultry Meat Production (양질의 닭고기 생산 방안)

  • 남기홍
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 1999
  • Concerns about meat quality, including chicken meat, for the human diet has led to many attempts to manipulate the carcass fat and increase the eating quality. For actual eating quality, the birds must be grown and finished in a manner that results in meat that are tender, succulent and of good flavor, as well as being free from any foreign taint, flavor or safety hazard. Tenderization treatment with high voltage(820V) electrical stimulation and prechill muscle tensioning would improve the tenderness of chicken meat. Proper programs for the withdrawal of feed and water require a team approach for maximizing yield of meat and minimizing carcass contamination. Also effding of supplemental levels of-tocopherol to poultry with vegetable or fish oils increases of desirable polyunsaturated fatty acid(PUFA) content and stablizes the meat against rancidity and fish off-flavors. The nutritional effects of varying dietary ingredients on broiler carcass fat content are also important. Increasing the levels of energy in the ration increases the carcass fat content, while increasing the proteing levels decreases carcass fat content. Supplement-tation of poultry diets with amino acids such as methionine, lysine, glycine and tryptophan as well as amino acid such as well as amino acid mixtures can reduce body fat deposition. Normal stress leads to chicken muscular damage resulting in reduced meat quality, but this can be controlled by preslaughter management practices. Feed manufactures can utilize ntilize nutrient modulation to control pale soft exudative(PSE)syndrome. Finally, the success in poultry meat production depends on the consistent achievement of carefully selected levels of quality. Quality assurance should be the wider function of incorporating quality into the production system and the combination of motivating quality into actions and operations.

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Quality property of the smoked breast meat produced with fresh and frozen-thawed duck meat (해동육과 신선육으로 제조한 훈연 오리 가슴육의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Hae Lim;Koo, Bonjin;Choi, Song-i;Sung, Sang Hyun;Park, Jung Hun;Lee, Chul Woo;Jo, Cheorun;Jung, Samooel
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the quality properties of smoked breast meats produced by fresh and frozen-thawed duck meat. Each thirty breast meats from fresh and frozen-thawed duck carcass was used for this study. The yield of smoked breast meat was measured right after curing and smoking of raw duck breast meat. And, the number of total aerobic bacteria, color, texture, and sensory property of vacuum-packaged smoked breast meats were evaluated during storage at $4^{\circ}C$ for 28 days. No significant difference was found in yield between smoked breast meats produced by fresh and thawed duck meats (p>0.05). The number of total aerobic bacteria and color of smoked breast meat produced by thawed duck meat were not significantly different compared with those by fresh one throughout storage period (p>0.05). The all texture properties were not significantly different between smoked breast meats produced by fresh and thawed duck meats by 14 days of storage (p>0.05). However, on day 21 and 28, the hardness and gumminess of smoked breast meat produced by fresh duck meat were significantly higher than those by thawed one (p<0.05). In sensorial property, smoked breast meat produced by thawed duck meat received significantly high scores in color, juiciness, and tenderness on days 0, 14, and 28 and in flavor and overall acceptance on days 0 and 14 compared with those by fresh one (p<0.05). Therefore, we concluded that the use of thawed duck meat for producing smoked duck meat product may be not worse than the use of fresh duck meat in quality of smoked duck meat product. In addition, the use of thawed duck meat may be better in sensorial quality of smoked duck meat product than that of fresh one.

Establishment of Quality Index on the Black-goat Meat Extracts (흑염소 추출액 제품에서 품질 지표의 도출에 관한 연구)

  • 길복임;송효남
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.322-328
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    • 2001
  • To assess the quality characteristics of black-goat meat extracts and to develop their quality index, the ingredient ratio, manufacturing process and general composition of black-goat meat extracts were investigated. A partial meat of black-goat had high protein content(20.2∼21.6%) and low lipid content (1.9∼3.3%). The crude protein contents, 3.5∼6.1%, of black-goat meat extracts had a high correlation (r=0.88, p<0.01) with black-goat meat content and the soluble solid content had a high correlation (r=0.87. p<0.01) with the subsidiary material content. Two commercial products had total bacteria of 10$^1$∼10$^2$ cfu/ ml. showing the necessity of pressure sterilization of final process.

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Application of Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) for Monitoring the Quality of Milk, Cheese, Meat and Fish - Review -

  • Ru, Y.J.;Glatz, P.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.1017-1025
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    • 2000
  • The traditional methods for determining the quality of milk, cheese and meat are tedious and expensive, with a significant wastage of chemicals which pollute the environment. To overcome these disadvantages, the potential of near infrared spectrophotometry (NIR) for monitoring the quality of milk and meat has been evaluated by a number of researchers. While most studies indicate that NIR can be used to predict chemical composition of milk and meat, and to monitor the cutting-point during cheese manufacturing, one study demonstrated the potential of NIR to predict sensory characteristics (e.g. hardness and tenderness) of beef. These calibrations were developed on a small number of samples, limiting their value for adoption by the industries. Now that the sophisticated computer software is available, more robust calibrations need to be developed to monitor both chemical and physical characteristics of meat and meat products simultaneously.

Dietary Alpha Lipoic Acid Improves Body Composition, Meat Quality and Decreases Collagen Content in Muscle of Broiler Chickens

  • El-Senousey, H.K.;Fouad, A.M.;Yao, J.H.;Zhang, Z.G.;Shen, Q.W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.394-400
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    • 2013
  • A total of 192 broiler chicks were used to evaluate the influence of dietary ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid (ALA) on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of broiler chickens with the purpose of developing a strategy to prevent the occurrence of pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat and to improve the meat quality of broilers. At 22 d of age, birds were allocated to 4 ALA treatments (0, 400, 800, and 1200 ppm). The results showed that dietary ALA significantly decreased average feed intake (AFI), average daily gain (ADG), final live body weight (BW) and carcass weight (p<0.05), while no difference in feed conversion ratio (FCR) was detected among chickens fed with and without ALA. Abdominal fat weight significantly decreased (p<0.05) for broilers fed 800 and 1200 ppm ALA. However when calculated as the percentage of carcass weight there was no significant difference between control and ALA treatments. Meat quality measurements showed that dietary ALA regulated postmortem glycolysis and improved meat quality as evidenced by increased muscle pH and decreased drip loss of meat (p<0.05). Although ALA did not change the tenderness of meat as indicated by meat shear force, dietary ALA decreased collagen content and mRNA expression of COL3A1 gene (p<0.05). In conclusion, the results indicate that dietary ALA may contribute to the improvement of meat quality in broilers.

Correlations among Stress Parameters, Meat and Carcass Quality Parameters in Pigs

  • Dokmanovic, Marija;Baltic, Milan Z.;Duric, Jelena;Ivanovic, Jelena;Popovic, Ljuba;Todorovic, Milica;Markovic, Radmila;Pantic, Srdan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.435-441
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    • 2015
  • Relationships among different stress parameters (lairage time and blood level of lactate and cortisol), meat quality parameters (initial and ultimate pH value, temperature, drip loss, sensory and instrumental colour, marbling) and carcass quality parameters (degree of rigor mortis and skin damages, hot carcass weight, carcass fat thickness, meatiness) were determined in pigs (n = 100) using Pearson correlations. After longer lairage, blood lactate (p<0.05) and degree of injuries (p<0.001) increased, meat became darker (p<0.001), while drip loss decreased (p<0.05). Higher lactate was associated with lower initial pH value (p<0.01), higher temperature (p<0.001) and skin blemishes score (p<0.05) and more developed rigor mortis (p<0.05), suggesting that lactate could be a predictor of both meat quality and the level of preslaughter stress. Cortisol affected carcass quality, so higher levels of cortisol were associated with increased hot carcass weight, carcass fat thickness on the back and at the sacrum and marbling, but also with decreased meatiness. The most important meat quality parameters (pH and temperature after 60 minutes) deteriorated when blood lactate concentration was above 12 mmol/L.

A Study on the Changes of Pork Quality by Freezing and Thawing Methods (돈육의 냉해동 조건에 따른 품질 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Byung-Sun;Kim, Dong-Ho;Lee, Oh-Seuk
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of freezing and thawing methods on the quality of pork meat. The freezing methods for pork meat were the cryogenic freezing with liquid nitrogen gas, fast freezing at $-70^{\circ}C$ and normal freezing at $-20^{\circ}C$. The thawing methods were tested on low temperature thawing at refrigerative temperature($4^{\circ}C$), room temperature($20^{\circ}C$), high temperature($60^{\circ}C$) and using microwave. The quality of pork meat frozen by cryogenic methods was better than those of fast and normal freezing methods. The cooking hardness of pork meat frozen by cryogenic method showed the highest value as 1,898 g. In case of fast freezing, the hardness of pork meat was 1,472 g and that of normal frozen pork meat was 1,541 g. The high cooking hardness value of cryogenic frozen pork meat showed that the cryogenic freezing method made less freeze damage like textural softness. The drip-loss of pork meat thawed at refrigerative temperature($4^{\circ}C$), room temperature($20^{\circ}C$), high temperature($60^{\circ}C$) were shown lower than that of microwave thawing. The cooking hardness of pork meat that was thawed by microwave showed the lowest value among the thawing methods. The cryogenic freezing was the most useful freezing method for preserving quality, decreasing the freeze damage of pork meat. And thawing at refrigerative temperature was the most effective method to prevent quality loss and weight loss by drip-loss.

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Prediction of Carcass Meat Quality Grade by Ultrasound in Hanwoo (초음파를 이용한 한우의 도체육질 예측)

  • Rhee, Y.J.;Kim, J.Y.;Lee, S.K.;Song, Y.H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.1095-1100
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    • 2005
  • For the establishment of prediction strategies of carcass meat quality grade and for the enhancement of prediction accuracy, sixty six Hanwoo steers were ultrasonically tested at 24 months of age. Ultrasonic meat quality grade were predicted by standard ultrasonic image and decision tree method using ultrasonic meat quality index. From the results of decision tree method using ultrasonic meat quality index, it was found that the marbling score was mainly influenced by the distinctness of rib on ultrasound image. Prediction accuracy of meat quality grade by ultrasonic meat quality index was 86.4%, resulting in 7.6% higher accuracy than that by standard ultrasonic image (78.8%).