• Title, Summary, Keyword: Meat quality

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Genome-wide Association Study of Integrated Meat Quality-related Traits of the Duroc Pig Breed

  • Lee, Taeheon;Shin, Dong-Hyun;Cho, Seoae;Kang, Hyun Sung;Kim, Sung Hoon;Lee, Hak-Kyo;Kim, Heebal;Seo, Kang-Seok
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 2014
  • The increasing importance of meat quality has implications for animal breeding programs. Research has revealed much about the genetic background of pigs, and many studies have revealed the importance of various genetic factors. Since meat quality is a complex trait which is affected by many factors, consideration of the overall phenotype is very useful to study meat quality. For integrating the phenotypes, we used principle component analysis (PCA). The significant SNPs refer to results of the GRAMMAR method against PC1, PC2 and PC3 of 14 meat quality traits of 181 Duroc pigs. The Genome-wide association study (GWAS) found 26 potential SNPs affecting various meat quality traits. The loci identified are located in or near 23 genes. The SNPs associated with meat quality are in or near five genes (ANK1, BMP6, SHH, PIP4K2A, and FOXN2) and have been reported previously. Twenty-five of the significant SNPs also located in meat quality-related QTL regions, these result supported the QTL effect indirectly. Each single gene typically affects multiple traits. Therefore, it is a useful approach to use integrated traits for the various traits at the same time. This innovative approach using integrated traits could be applied on other GWAS of complex-traits including meat-quality, and the results will contribute to improving meat-quality of pork.

Correlation of Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle) Carcass Classification and Oocyte Donor for Blastocyst Production In Vitro (한우 육질등급이 난포란의 배반포 체외생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kang-Sig;Lee, Hong-Chul;Park, Yong-Su;Kim, So-Sub;Park, Hum-Dai
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2015
  • These studies were conducted to establish the practical Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) improvement system through the combining of embryo transfer technology and confirming individual Hanwoo oocyte culture system and to investigate that correlation of Hanwoo carcass classification (intramuscular marbling) and oocyte donor for blastocyst production in vitro. In case of Hanwoo, the carcass meat quality grades were divided to grade $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 1, 2, and 3 depends on fat distribution of longest muscle cross-sectional surface. As results, the numbers of follicular oocytes collected from individual fundamentally-registered Hanwoo yielded $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 1, 2 and 3 meat quality were 9.5, 9.4, 8.5, 8.8 and 8.8 per ovary, respectively. The numbers of retrieval oocyte from follicles were significantly higher in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$ meat quality than in the cattle yield 1, 2 and 3 meat quality (p<0.05). The rates of blastocyst formation were 18.2, 21.3, 29.4, 30.9, and 31.5% in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 1, 2 and 3 meat quality of after in vitro maturation, respectively. It was significantly lower in the cattle yield $^{{+}{+}}$ and $1^{+}$ meat quality than in the cattle yield 1, 2 and 3 meat quality (p<0.05). In order to evaluate embryos quality, TUNNEL assay was conducted for each meat quality grade using blastocyst stage embryo on day 8. The results showed that apoptosis cell number was higher tendency in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$and $1^{+}$ meat quality (81 and 79, respectively) than in the cattle yield 1, 2 and 3 meat quality (51, 48 and 50, respectively) but there was no statistical significance in each group. After embryo transfer, the conception rate of recipient was 53.5 (23 out of 43), 52.1 (38 out of 73) and 58.0% (58 out of 100) in the meat quality of 1, $1^{+}$ and $1^{{+}{+}}$, respectively. These results showed that the conception rate was significantly higher in the cattle yield 1 meat quality than in the cattle yield $1^{{+}{+}}$, $1^{+}$, 2, and 3 meat quality (p<0.05). In summary, these results indicate that the application of confirming Hanwoo individual oocyte culture system and embryo transfer technology can make good use of the genetic resources conservation and improvement of Hanwoo. Relevance of the meat quality grade and reproductive ability of carcasses of Hanwoo will be considered to be one of the effective means for the associated research with obesity and reproduction.

The Role of Meat Protein in Generation of Oxidative Stress and Pathophysiology of Metabolic Syndromes

  • Ahmad, Muhammad Ijaz;Ijaz, Muhammad Umair;Haq, Ijaz ul;Li, Chunbao
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2020
  • Various processing methods have a great impact on the physiochemical and nutritional properties of meat that are of health concern. Hence, the postmortem processing of meat by different methods is likely to intensify the potential effects on protein oxidation. The influence of meat protein oxidation on the modulation of the systemic redox status and underlying mechanism is well known. However, the effects of processed meat proteins isolated from different sources on gut microbiota, oxidative stress biomarkers, and metabolomic markers associated with metabolic syndromes are of growing interest. The application of advanced methodological approaches based on OMICS, and mass spectrometric technologies has enabled to better understand the molecular basis of the effect of processed meat oxidation on human health and the aging process. Animal studies indicate the involvement of dietary proteins isolated from different sources on health disorders, which emphasizes the impact of processed meat protein on the richness of bacterial taxa such as (Mucispirillum, Oscillibacter), accompanied by increased expression of lipogenic genes. This review explores the most recent evidences on meat processing techniques, meat protein oxidation, underlying mechanisms, and their potential effects on nutritional value, gut microbiota composition and possible implications on human health.

Quality characteristics and flavor compounds of pork meat as a function of carcass quality grade

  • Hoa, Van Ba;Seong, Pil-Nam;Cho, Soo-Hyun;Kang, Sun-Moon;Kim, Yun-Seok;Moon, Sung-Sil;Choi, Yong-Min;Kim, Jin-Hyoung;Seol, Kuk-Hwan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.9
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    • pp.1448-1457
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The present work aimed at evaluating the effects of carcass quality grade (QG) on the quality characteristics of pork meat according to Korean carcass QG system. Methods: Pork carcasses with varying in QG: 1+ (QG1+, n = 10), 1 (QG1, n = 10) and 2 (QG2, n = 10), were used to evaluate the relationship between carcass QG and meat quality. The meat quality traits, fatty acid profiles, flavor compounds and sensory qualities were measured on the longissimus dorsi muscle samples of these carcasses. Results: Pork meat of higher QG (QG1+) presented significantly higher fat content (5.43%), C18:2n-6 level (19.03%) and total unsaturated fatty acids content (62.72%). Also, the QG1+ meat was significantly higher in levels of classes of flavor compounds such as aldehydes, alcohols and hydrocarbons in comparison to those of the meat samples from the lower QG groups. The sensory evaluation results (flavor, juiciness, tenderness, and acceptability scores) of QG1+ meat was significantly higher than the QG1 and QG2 meats. The pork with lower QG (i.e., QG2) was found positively correlated to redness (r = 0.987), C18:1n-9 level (r = 1.000) but negatively correlated to the fat content (r = -0.949), and flavor (r = -0.870), juiciness (r = -0.861), tenderness (r = -0.862) and acceptability (r = -0.815) scores. Conclusion: The pork with higher QG had higher fat content, total unsaturated fatty acids and better eating quality, thus producing pork with higher QGs should be considered in order to satisfy the consumer's expectation.

Comparison of Blood Loss and Meat Quality Characteristics in Korean Black Goat Subjected to Head-Only Electrical Stunning or without Stunning

  • Bakhsh, Allah;Ismail, Ishamri;Hwang, Young-Hwa;Lee, Jung-Gyu;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.1286-1293
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    • 2018
  • This study assessed the effects of non-stunning (NS) and head-only electrical stunning (HOES) slaughtering condition on meat quality traits of longissimus lumborum (LL) muscle from Korean black goat (KBG). Ten KBGs (18 months) were assigned into two groups and exposed to either NS or HOES treatments. Blood loss (BL) % was measured after exsanguination, and meat quality traits including muscle pH, meat color measurements (CIE $L^*$, $a^*$, $b^*$, Chroma, and hue angle), water-holding capacity (WHC), Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), and sarcomere length were measured at 24 h postmortem. Results indicated that NS and HOES had no significant difference on BL %, the rate of pH decline, meat color properties, and WHC (p>0.05). It has only a small effect on WBSF and sarcomere length values, but the difference was marginal. These results suggested that meat quality of LL muscle from goat might not be affected by slaughter methods because neither NS nor HOES did result in poor quality of meat.

Quality characteristics, fatty acid profiles, flavor compounds and eating quality of cull sow meat in comparison with commercial pork

  • Hoa, Van Ba;Cho, Soo-Hyun;Seong, Pil-Nam;Kang, Sun-Moon;Kim, Yun-Seok;Moon, Sung-Sil;Choi, Yong-Min;Kim, Jin-Hyoung;Seol, Kuk-Hwan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.640-650
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    • 2020
  • Objective: Although the slaughter of cull sows (CS) for human consumption and meat products processing appears quite common throughout the world, relatively limited scientific information regarding the meat quality parameters of this pork type is available. The present study aimed at providing the technological quality characteristics and eating quality of CS meat, and comparing with those of commercial pork. Methods: Longissimus thoracis et lumborum muscle samples of CS and finisher pigs (FP) at 24 h postmortem were collected and used for investigation of the meat quality traits (pH, color, shear force, cooking loss, water holding capacity), fatty acids, flavor compounds and sensory characteristics. Results: The CS meat had significantly higher moisture content (p = 0.0312) and water holding capacity (p = 0.0213) together with lower cooking loss (p = 0.0366) compared to the FP meat. The CS meat also exhibited higher (p = 0.0409) contents of unsaturated fatty acids, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA, p = 0.0213) and more desirable PUFA/total saturated fatty acids ratio (p = 0.0438) compared to the FP meat. A total of 56 flavor compounds were identified, amongst the amount of 16 compounds differed significantly between the two pork groups. Most of the PUFA-derived flavor compounds (e.g., hexanal, benzaldehyde, and hydrocarbons) showed higher amounts in the CS meat. While, 3-(methylthio)-propanal and 4-methylthiazole associated with pleasant aromas (meaty and roast odor notes) were only found in the FP meat. Furthermore, no differences were reported by panelists for flavor, juiciness, tenderness, and acceptability scores between the two pork groups studied. Conclusion: The sow meat exhibited better technological quality and its eating quality could be comparable to the commercial pork. This study provides meat processors and traders with valuably scientific information which may help to improve the utilization and consumption level of sow meat.

Nutrigenomics Approach-A Strategy for Identification of Nutrition Responsive Genes Influencing Meat Edible Quality Traits in Swine

  • Yin, Jingdong;Li, Defa
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.605-610
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    • 2009
  • In the last 20 years, meat quality, especially meat edible quality has become a more intriguing topic in the field of swine production. In this paper, we briefly review the progress of meat quality research from the aspects of genetic selection and nutritional modulation, and propose a possible approach -nutrigenomics- to explore the nutrition-responsive major genes that affect meat quality formation during the growing and fattening of pigs.

Effect of Ultrasonic Treatment on the Quality of Frying Chicken Meat (초음파 처리가 튀김 닭고기의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 정인철;박성하;문윤희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.256-260
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate effect of ultrasonic treatment on the quality of frying chicken meat. Moisture content of ultrasonic treated leg meat was lowest to 59.7%, moisture content of breast meat was higher than leg meat and protein content of control was higher than ultrasonic treatment. Fat content of ultrasonic treatment was higher than control and leg meat was higher than breast meat. Hunter's L (lightness) and a (redness)-value was not different between frying methods, but L-value of breast meat and a-value of leg meat was higher than leg and breast meat, respectively. Hunter's b (yellowness)-value was not different among frying chicken meats. Frying loss of ultrasonic treatment was significantly lower than control, water holding capacity was higher than control. VBN content of ultrasonic treatment was comparatively higher than control, TBA number of ultrasonic treatment was highest to 0.78mg malonaldehyde/kg. Hardness, springiness and cohesiveness of frying chicken meat was not different between frying methods, but difference of chicken muscle parts were significantly showed. Chewiness was not different among frying chicken meats and shear force value of control breast meat was lowest to 1.9kg. In case of sensory score, aroma and taste of frying chicken meat were out different between frying methods, but texture, juiciness and palatability of ultrasonic treatment were higher than control and that of breast meat were higher than leg meat.

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Overview of muscle metabolism, muscle fiber characteristics, and meat quality

  • Choe, Jeehwan
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.50-57
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    • 2018
  • Meat comes from the skeletal muscles of farm animals, such as pigs, chickens, and cows. Skeletal muscles are composed of many muscle fibers. Muscle fibers are categorized into three types, fiber type I, IIA, and IIB, based on their contractile speed and metabolic properties. Different muscle fiber types have different biochemical, physiological, and biophysical characteristics. Especially, the characteristics of muscle fiber type I and IIB are opposite to each other. Muscle fiber type I has a relatively strong oxidative metabolic trait and a higher content of lipids. In contrast to fiber type I, muscle fiber type IIB has a strong glycolytic metabolic trait and a relatively lower content of lipids and a higher content of glycogen. Muscle fiber type IIA has intermediate properties between fiber type I and IIB. Thus, muscles with different fiber type compositions exhibit different ante- and post-mortem muscle characteristics. In particular, the different metabolic traits of muscles due to the different compositions of the fiber types strongly affect the biochemical and physiological processes during the conversion of muscle to meat and subsequently influence the quality of the meat. Therefore, understating muscle metabolism and muscle fiber characteristics is very important when discussing the traits of meat quality. This review is an overview on basic muscle metabolism, muscle fiber characteristics, and their influence on meat quality and finally provides a comprehensive understanding about the fundamental traits of muscles and meat quality.

Efficacy of Carcass Electrical Stimulation in Meat Quality Enhancement: A Review

  • Adeyemi, Kazeem Dauda;Sazili, Awis Qurni
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.447-456
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    • 2014
  • The use of electrical stimulation (ES) as a management tool to improve meat quality and efficiency of meat processing is reviewed. The basis of the efficacy of ES is its ability to fast track postmortem glycolysis, which in turn stimulates myriad histological, physical, biochemical, biophysical and physiological changes in the postmortem muscle. Electrical stimulation hastens the onset and resolution of rigor mortis thereby reducing processing time and labor and plays a vital role in improving meat tenderness and other meat quality traits. However, ES may have negative impacts on some meat quality traits such as color stability and water holding capacity in some animals. Electrical stimulation is not an end in itself. In order to achieve the desired benefits from its application, the technique must be properly used in conjunction with various intricate antemortem, perimortem and postmortem management practices. Despite extensive research on ES, the fundamental mechanisms and the appropriate commercial applications remained obscured. In addition, muscles differ in their response to ES. Thus, elementary knowledge of the various alterations with respect to muscle type is needed in order to optimize the effectiveness of ES in the improvement of meat quality.