• Title, Summary, Keyword: Meat patties

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Effects of Partial Substitution of Lean Meat with Pork Backfat or Canola Oil on Sensory Properties of Korean Traditional Meat Patties (Tteokgalbi)

  • Imm, Bue-Young;Kim, Chung Hwan;Imm, Jee-Young
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.496-499
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    • 2014
  • Korean traditional meat patties (Tteokgalbi) were prepared by replacing part of the lean meat content with either pork backfat or canola oil and the effect of substitution on sensory quality of the meat patties was investigated. Compared to the control patties, pork-loin Tteokgalbi with 10% pork backfat or 10% canola oil had significantly higher overall acceptability and higher perceived intensity of meat flavor, sweetness, umami, and oiliness. The pork-loin patties containing 10% fat also had lower perceived firmness, toughness, and chalkiness of than the control Tteokgalbi. The chicken breast Tteokgalbi with 10% canola oil had the lowest perceived firmness and chalkiness (control > pork backfat > canola oil). No significant difference was noted in the overall acceptability of chicken breast patties with 10% pork backfat and those with 10% canola oil. These results indicate that substituting 10% of lean meat of Tteokgalbi with fat improved the sensory acceptability of the product for Korean customers regardless of the lean meat and/or fat source used in the patties. Lean meat patties formulated with a limited amount of vegetable oil such as canola oil can be a healthy option for Korean consumers by providing desirable fatty acid profiles without sacrificing sensory quality of the product.

Effect of Incorporation of Pomegranate Peel and Bagasse Powder and Their Extracts on Quality Characteristics of Chicken Meat Patties

  • Sharma, Priyanka;Yadav, Sanjay
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.388-400
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to develop chicken meat patties by incorporating pomegranate peel and bagasse powders and their extracts. Patties were developed by incorporating pomegranate peel powder (PPP, 2 g), pomegranate aril bagasse powder (PABP, 4 g), pomegranate peel powder aqueous extract (PPAE, 6 g) and pomegranate aril bagasse powder aqueous extract (PABAE, 9 g) individually per 100 g of minced meat. Both types of powders and extracts treated patties had significantly higher total phenolic content than control and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) treated patties. Both types of powder (PPP and PABP) treated patties had significantly higher water holding capacity, ash, crude fibre content, and hardness values, and significantly lower moisture content and lightness values in comparison to control patties. Emulsion stability and cooking yield of PABP treated patties were significantly higher than control. Addition of extracts and BHT did not influence the physico-chemical properties and proximate composition of chicken patties. Both types of powders and extracts provided better protection to chicken meat patties against oxidative rancidity and microbial proliferation in comparison to control and BHT treated patties during refrigerated storage. It is concluded that pomegranate fruit byproducts in the form of peel powder, aril bagasse powder and their extracts can be successfully utilised in development of healthier chicken meat patties and these byproducts can also be effectively used as a replacement of synthetic antioxidants such as BHT.

Effects of ISP Adding Methods and Freezing Rate on Quality of Pork Patties and Cutlets (분리대두단백질 첨가방법과 냉동속도가 돼지고기 패티와 돈까스의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Chun;Song, Dae-Shik;Yoon, Suk-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.182-187
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    • 2003
  • Quality attributes of reconstructed pork patties with ISP were evaluated. Reconstructed pork patties with 30% meat plus ISP and 50% meat plus had significantly less cooking loss and dimensional changes than control. Sensory evaluation revealed patties with 30 or 50% meat had higher hardness and juiciness than control, patties with ISP, and patties with direct addition of ISP. Objective elasticities of patties with 30 or 50 % meat were high, whereas patties without ISP had higher values of hardness, gumminess, and chewiness. Color of patties with 30 or 50% meat were different from that of control. These result show addition of ISP to meat emulsion for pork patties markedly improved cooking loss, dimensional changes, hardness, and juiciness. When pork patties and cutlets prepared according to meat (30%) formula were frozen, cooking loss was significantly higher in slow-frozen patties, but freezing rate did not affect dimensional changes of patties and cutlets. Slow-frozen patties had higher hardness, but other textural properties were affected by the freezing rate. Quality of pork cutlets was not significantly changed by the freezing rate.

Effects of Addition of Mugwort Powder and Carcass Grade on the Quality Characteristics of Pork Patty (쑥 분말 첨가와 도체등급이 돈육 패티(Patty)의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 문윤희;강세주;김영길;양종범;정인철;현재석
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of addition of mugwort powder and carcass grade on the quality characteristics of pork patty. Pork patties prepared from A patty(grade B pork patty), B patty(grade B pork patty containing mugwort powder), C patty(grade E pork patty) and D patty(grade E pork patty containing mugwort powder). The chemical composition, calorie, residual nitrite, surface color, textural properties, water holding capacity and sensory evaluation were evaluated. Moisture contents(%) were not different among patties, and crude fat(%) and calorie values of patties prepared from grade B pork meat were higher than those of patties prepared from grade E pork meat. Crude ash contents(%) were not different among patties, and residual nitrite contents(ppm) of patties containing mugwort powder were lower than those of patties without mugwort powder. Hunter L and b values of patties prepared from grade B pork meat were higher than those of patties prepared from grade E pork meat, and Hunters a values of patties prepared from grade E pork meat were higher than those of patties prepared from grade B pork meat. Hardness, cohesiveness and chewiness values of patties prepared from grade B pork meat were lower than those of patties prepared from grade E pork meat. Aroma, taste, texture, juiciness, color and palatability values were not different among patties.

Effect of Cooking Methods and Fat Levels on the Physico-chemical, Processing, Sensory and Microbial Quality of Buffalo Meat Patties

  • Mohammad, Nisar P.U.;Chatli, M.K.;Sharma, D.K.;Sahoo, J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.1380-1385
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    • 2010
  • Buffalo meat patties with two fat levels, F1 (15% added fat) and F2 (5% added fat and 3% tapioca starch), were cooked in a pre-heated hot air oven (HO) at $175{\pm}2^{\circ}C$ for 15 min, in a microwave oven (MO) for 70 sec and by pressure cooking (PC) at 15 psi pressure for 10 min. and compared for physico-chemical, processing, sensory and microbiological quality attributes. F2 had significantly (p<0.05) higher value for the moisture and moisture protein ratio than F1. However, MO and PC patties had significantly (p<0.05) higher moisture content than HO-cooked buffalo meat patties irrespective of fat content. Highest fat percentage was in MO patties while the minimum was in PC patties. Moisture and fat retention and cooking yield were highest in MO patties irrespective of added fat content in the formulation. Cooking yield and dimensional parameters were better maintained in F2 than F1. Sensory scores viz. appearance and color, flavour, juiciness and texture for HO patties were better than other cooking methods. Sensory panelists rated overall acceptability of HO patties very good to excellent, whereas PC and MO patties were rated as good to very good irrespective of fat content. Microbiological quality was comparable in both groups irrespective of cooking methods used.

Quality Changes of Meat Patties by the Addition of Sea Mustard Paste (미역 페이스트 첨가에 의한 고기 패티의 품질변화)

  • 황재관;홍석인;김종태;최문정;김윤지
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.477-481
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    • 1998
  • Sea mustard paste was prepared by treating wet and dried sea mustard with 0.1M Na2CO3, which mainly aimed to extract alginate from the cell wall of sea mustard. The pastes were added to beef, chicken and pork to manufacture the meat patties. The effects of adding the paste were investigated in terms of sensory properties, texture(hardness)and weight changes after cooking. The sensory attributes such as taste, color, texture and juiciness were generally enhanced by adding the paste. The hardness of cooked patties was significantly decreased, so the paste provided softer texture. The addition of paste also resulted in decreasing the weight loss of meat patties after cooking.

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Effects of Procyanidin on Meat Quality and Shelf-Life for Preserving Pork Patties during Chilled Storage

  • Jeong, Jin Young;Seol, Kuk-Hwan;Seong, Pil-Nam;Park, Beom-Young;Kim, Hyoun Wook
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.564-571
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    • 2015
  • Grape seeds and pericarp are rich in procyanidins, a class of natural antioxidants and antimicrobials that can provide phytonutrients for healthy eating and extend food shelf life. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of procyanidins as preservatives in pork meat patties for 14 d. Pork patties were treated with 0, 0.1, or 0.3% procyanidin, and meat color, pH, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) values, and microbial populations were determined during storage at 4℃ for 14 d. The color of pork patties treated with procyanidin showed lower lightness and higher redness values than untreated controls, and procyanidin treatment reduced pH values significantly (p<0.05). VBN values decreased significantly (p<0.05) with the 0.3% procyanidin treatment and increased significantly (p<0.05) during storage. TBARS values were markedly lower in procyanidin-treated meat than in the untreated control. In addition, procyanidin suppressed total bacterial colony and Escherichia coli counts significantly (p<0.05) relative to the control samples. Our findings suggest that procyanidin could be used as a food preservative in pork patties due to its natural antioxidation and antimicrobial activities, and that it may contribute to an improved healthy diet.

Quality Characteristics of Non-cooked Meat Patties with Ground Raw Tomato During Freeze Storage (토마토가 함유된 비가열 미트패티의 냉동 저장 중 품질특성)

  • Kim, Il-Suk;Jin, Sang-Keun;Min, Hun-Sik;Yang, Mr-Ra;Nam, Young-Wook;Ko, Byung-Soon;Shon, Han-Kyu
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.535-542
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    • 2008
  • The effects of tomato on the phsycochemical and sensory properties of meat patties during frozen storage were studied. Meat patties were produced with four different formulation including 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% chopped raw tomato. Meat patties made with the addition of tomato had higher(p<0.05) pH, L* and a* value than those of control sample. TBARS of all treatments were lower(p<0.05) when compared with those for control. In sensory evaluation, treatment groups resulted in slightly higher(p>0.05) score in overall acceptability. In the manufacture of functional meat patties containing tomato, further studied are needs on addition type and ratio of tomato materials during frozen storage than those of products without tomato.

Effect of Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) Leaf Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Chicken Patties in Refrigerated Storage

  • Choi, Yun-Sang;Choi, Ji-Hun;Kim, Hack-Youn;Kim, Hyun-Wook;Lee, Mi-Ai;Chung, Hai-Jung;Lee, Sung-Ki;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2011
  • This study was aimed at comparing the pH, color, thiobarbituric acid (TBA), volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), textural properties, and sensory evaluations of chicken meat patties containing lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) leaf powder, and assessing their shelf-life at refrigeration temperature ($4{\pm}1^{\circ}C$). In the refrigerated storage, the pH, lightness, yellowness, springiness values, and sensory properties scores of the control as well as all the treated samples decreased as the storage increased. The hardness, gumminess, chewiness, TBA, and VBN-values of control and all the samples treated with lotus leaf increased during refrigerated storage. At the end of the storage period (day 28), chicken patties containing lotus leaf powder had lower pH, redness, yellowness, TBA, VBN, hardness, gumminess, and chewiness values than those of control. The results of this study showed that a lotus leaf powder can increase storage stability in chicken meat products.

Effect of Enrobing and Adding Antioxidants on the Quality of Pork Patties

  • Biswas, A.K.;Keshri, R.C.;Kumar, Sunil
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.1374-1383
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    • 2003
  • The effect of applying edible coating and addition of antioxidants (butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) plus butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) in a 1:1 ratio) on pork patties were investigated prior to achieve desired physico-chemical, microbiological and sensory qualities. For this, five treatments were conducted as (i) control (neither coated nor antioxidants treated); (ii) coated without antioxidants treated; (iii) coated and antioxidants added in the batter mix only (100 ppm); (iv) coated and antioxidants added in meat mix (100 ppm) only; and (v) coated and antioxidants added both in the batter mix (50 ppm) and the meat mix (50 ppm). Addition of antioxidants both in the batter mix and the meat mix significantly (p<0.05) reduced the microbial loads and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values. The TBA values significantly (p<0.05) increased up to day 14 and then progressively increased with the advancement of each interval of storage days up to 28 days. Total plate count significantly (p<0.05) increased with the increase in storage days.Coliform and Staphylococcus aureus were absent throughout the storage days in all samples. Staphylococcus aureus however, were present in the control group at day 14 and in enrobed (coated) patties (without antioxidants treated) at 28th day. Addition of antioxidants to batter mix and meat mix did not substantially enhance bacteriostatic activity. Application of coatings and antioxidants retarded the loss of firmness, flavor, changes in appearance and color, and also other sensory attributes. Control patties were better with respect to microbial quality and TBA values but had poorer sensory quality than coated patties.