• Title, Summary, Keyword: Meat Quality, Steer

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Discrimination study between carcass yield and meat quality by gender in Korean native cattle (Hanwoo)

  • Kim, Do-Gyun;Shim, Joon-Yong;Cho, Byoung-Kwan;Wakholi, Collins;Seo, Youngwook;Cho, Soohyun;Lee, Wang-Hee
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.1202-1208
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to identify a distribution pattern of meat quality grade (MQG) as a function of carcass yield index (CYI) and the gender of Hanwoo (bull, cow, and steer) to determine the optimum point between both yield and quality. We also attempted to identify how pre- and post-deboning variables affect the gender-specific beef quality of Hanwoo. Methods: A total of 31 deboning variables, consisting of 7 pre-deboning and 24 post-deboning variables from bulls (n = 139), cows (n = 69), and steers (n = 153), were obtained from the National Institute of Animal Science (NIAS) in South Korea. The database was reconstructed to be suitable for a statistical significance test between the CYI and the MQG as well as classification of meat quality. Discriminant function analysis was used for classifying MQG using the deboning parameters of Hanwoo by gender. Results: The means of CYI according to 1+, 1, 2, and 3 of MQG were 68.64±2.02, 68.85±1.94, 68.62±5.88, and 70.99±3.32, respectively. High carcass yield correlated with low-quality grade, while high-quality meat most frequently was obtained from steers. The classification ability of pre-deboning parameters was higher than that of post-deboning parameters. Moisture and the shear force were the common significant parameters in all discriminant functions having a classification accuracy of 80.6%, 71%, and 56.9% for the bull, cow, and steer, respectively. Conclusion: This study provides basic information for predicting the meat quality by gender using pre-deboning variables consistent with the actual grading index.

Changes of Carcass Traits and Surface Meat Color of Korean Cattle (Hanwoo) Reared Different Altitudes or Transferred from Different Distance (고도 및 수송거리별 출하 한우의 도체특성 및 표면육색의 변화)

  • Jang, Yong-Seol;Choi, Chang-Kun;Lee, Jeong-Woo;Kwak, Don-Kyu;Sung, Cheol-Wan;An, Jun-Sang;Park, Byung-Ki;Lee, Jong-In;Shin, Jong-Suh
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of the study were to examine the changes in carcass traits and surface meat color, and cortisol concentration by different altitudes and shipping distances for steer and cow. The experimental animals were shipped from Kangwondo, Kyunggido, Choongchungdo, and Kyungsangdo to Wonju LPC. The animals were examined for yield traits, quality traits, carcass grade, lightness, redness, yellowness, croma value, and cortisol concentration by different altitudes and shipping distances. The results showed that the carcass traits of steer like back fat thickness were not different by shipping distances of 100 km, 150 km, and 200 km. However, the fat thickness was higher in steers shipped from 250 km than 100 km, 150 km, and 200 km distance. Ribeye area was reduced significantly in 200 km and 250 km than 50 km. Yield index and yield grade were significantly low in 250 km than 50-200 km. However, meat color, fat color, texture, mature, and quality grade had no differences between shipping distances. Marbling score was not different in 50-200 km. However, the marbling score in 250 km was significantly lower than that of 50 km. In case of surface meat color by shipping distance, redness, yellowness, chroma value, and hue-angle were not different in shipping distance of 250 km. The lightness had similar result in 50-200 km. However, in case of 250 km the lightness was significantly low. The REA of cow carcass by shipping distance had no differences by shipping distance. The BET had similar results in 50-150 km. However, it had significantly thick in 200 km. The yield index and yield grade had no differences in 50-150 km. However, yield index and grade were significantly low in 200 km. The carcass trait of cow had no differences in all items by shipping distance. Although the carcass traits and the BET for steer by altitude had no differences between 100, 200, 300 and 500 m, but those were significantly thick in 400 m. And the yield index and the yield grade at altitude 400 m were lower than that of other altitudes. The quality traits and the quality grade had no differences between 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 m altitudes. The yield traits, quality traits, yield grade, and quality grade had no significant differences by altitudes. In case of yield index of cow for 300 m was low than the cases of 100 m and 200 m. The surface meat color for steer and cow had no differences by altitudes. However, the lightness of cow had positive result in 100 m than 200 m and 300 m. In case of steer and cow the cortisol concentration by shipping distance was high as the shipping distances were longer. However, the cortisol concentrations of steer and cow by altitudes were decreased as the altitudes were increased. From the above results carcass traits and carcass grade were decreased and the cortisol concentration was increased as the altitudes were decreased for steer and cow.

The Relationship between Chemical Compositions, Meat Quality, and Palatability of the 10 Primal Cuts from Hanwoo Steer

  • Jung, Eun-Young;Hwang, Young-Hwa;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.145-151
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    • 2016
  • The relationship between chemical compositions, meat quality traits, and palatability attributes in 10 primal cuts from Hanwoo steer carcasses were assessed. Sensory palatability attributes of Hanwoo beef were more closely related with fat content than to moisture or protein content. Among the chemical compositions, only fat had a significant correlation with juiciness (0.67, p<0.001), tenderness (0.32, p<0.05), and overall palatability (0.56, p<0.001). Oleic acid (%) was not significantly related with overall palatability (p>0.05). Overall palatability was negatively correlated with drip loss (−0.32, p<0.05), cooking loss (−0.36, p<0.05), and shear force (−0.54, p<0.01). The correlation between fat content and overall palatability was increased when higher fat cuts (Ansim, Dungsim, Chaekeut, Yangjee, and Kalbi) were analyzed, compared to lower fat cuts (Moksim, Abdari, Udun, Suldo, and Satae). Also, the correlation between shear force and overall palatability was decreased in lower fat cuts compared to higher fat cuts. Our results suggest that the palatability of Hanwoo beef can be improved by increasing fat content in muscles, as increased fat content leads to an increase in sensory tenderness, flavor, and juiciness.

Effects of Probiotic Supplementation on Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites, and Meat Quality of Hanwoo Steer (혼합 생균제 급여가 거세한우의 성장, 혈액성상 및 육질에 미치는 영향)

  • Paradhipta, Dimas H.V.;Jeon, Chung-Hwan;Choi, In-Hag;Lee, Hyuk-Jun;Joo, Young-Ho;Lee, Sung-Shin;Kim, Dong-Hyeon;Kim, Sam-Churl
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.967-976
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the effect of probiotic supplementation on growth performance, blood metabolites, and meat quality of Hanwoo steer was investigated. A total of 32 Hanwoo steers (15-17 months, average body weight $462{\pm}37.9kg$) were randomly allotted to 4 dietary treatments (0, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5% mixed probiotics), with four Hanwoo steers per pen (two replicates per treatments), and reared for 12 months. There were no differences among treatments in growth performance of Hanwoo steer (P>0.05); however, feed intake decreased linearly with increasing levels of mixed probiotics. Growth hormone and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) levels responded linearly with increasing levels of dietary mixed probiotics (P<0.05), but not insulin and blood glucose did not. In particular, total cholesterol was significantly lower for the 1% mixed probiotic treatment in comparison with that of the other treatments (P<0.05). The pH, Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS), cooking loss, and meat color were influenced by increasing levels of mixed probiotics (P<0.05), but the carcass characteristics and shear force were not. Regarding sensory evaluation, the addition of mixed probiotics resulted in significant difference in meat color, tenderness, aroma, off-flavor, juiciness, and marbling score, but not in overall acceptability. In addition, fatty acid profiles indicated no differences between control and mixed probiotic treatments. In conclusion, mixed probiotic treatment at 1% levels can enhance consumer preferences possibly by reducing cholesterol and TBARS.

Effect of Aging and Freezing Conditions on Meat Quality and Storage Stability of 1++ Grade Hanwoo Steer Beef: Implications for Shelf Life

  • Cho, Soohyun;Kang, Sun Moon;Seong, Pilnam;Kang, Geunho;Kim, Youngchoon;Kim, Jinhyung;Chang, Sunsik;Park, Beomyoung
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.440-448
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to establish the shelf life of $1^{++}$ grade Hanwoo beef by evaluating the changes in meat quality and storage stability under distribution conditions similar to those during export to Hong Kong and China. Four muscles of the loin, striploin, tenderloin, and top round muscles were obtained from 10 animals of $1^{++}$ grade Hanwoo steers. The distribution conditions were 0, 7, or 14 d of aging at $2^{\circ}C$ and continuous storage at $-18^{\circ}C$ for 0, 3, 6, or 9 mon. The lightness (CIE $L^*$) values decreased as the duration of freezer storage increased (p<0.05). The water-holding capacity of 4 muscles increased as the aging time increased when they were frozen for 3 mon (p<0.05). The cooking loss values of the four muscles were significantly increased as the duration of freezer storage increased (p<0.05). The Warner-Bratzler shear force values were significantly decreased in the loin, striploin, and top round muscles as the aging time increased (p<0.05). The changes in volatile basic nitrogen (16.67-18.49 mg%) and thiobarbituric reactive substance values (0.75-0.82 mg MA/kg meat) were significantly increased when the meat was frozen for 9 mon after 14 d of aging. On the basis of these observations, the shelf life of $1^{++}$ grade Hanwoo beef during distribution should be limited to less than 9 mon of freezer storage at $-18^{\circ}C$ after 14 d of aging at $2^{\circ}C$.

Physicochemical Meat Quality and Sensory Property of Holstein Steer Beef Produced by Different Fattening Periods

  • Cho, Soohyun;Kim, Jongin;Kang, Sunmoon;Kang, Geunho;Seong, Pilnam;Park, Kyungmi;Ki, Kwangsuk;Kim, Hyunsub;Kim, CheonJei;Park, Beomyoung
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.749-755
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to investigate the physico-chemical properties of Holstein steer beef loin (M. longissimus dorsi) and top round (M. semimembranosus) from 18, 21 and 24-mon old. The loin and top round muscles from the 24-mon group had higher intramuscular fat content (%) than the other groups (p<0.05); however, the protein content was not significantly different among the 3 groups (p>0.05). With regard to meat color (CIE), the lightness ($L^*$), redness ($a^*$) and yellowness ($b^*$) values of the loin were significantly higher for the 21- and 24-mon groups, and those of the top round were significantly higher for the 21-mon group than the same cuts in the other groups. The Warner-Bratzler shear force was the lowest at 24 mon for both the loin and top round muscles (3.69 kg); however, the water holding capacity was significantly higher for loin muscles from the 21-mon group (54.53%, p<0.05). The loin muscles from the 24-mon group contained significantly higher levels of monounsaturated fatty acid and significantly lower levels of saturated fatty acid than those in the other groups (p<0.05). The tenderness, juiciness, flavor-likeness and the overall-likeness scores were significantly higher for beef from the 21- and 24-mon groups than that from the 18-mon group. The results of this study indicate that both the slaughtering age and muscle type significantly affect meat quality. Therefore, fattening the beef for more than 4 mon during the late fattening stage would be advantageous for the meat quality of Holstein steers.

Is It Feasible Nutritionally to Improve Both Quality and Quantity of Meat Carcasses from Beef Steers?

  • Myung, Kyu Ho;Sun, Sang Soo
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.1777-1782
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    • 2007
  • Beef producers are trying to produce not only better quality but also greater quantity of beef in order to meet the preferences of some consumers at a lower cost. This can be accomplished if we understand the factors regulating lipid deposition in intramuscular adipose tissue and the tenderness of meat. Propylene glycol (PG) might be used as a precursor of intramuscular fat synthesis especially in the late period of fattening because adipose tissue in ruminants is thought to mature sequentially in abdominal, intermuscular, subcutaneous and intramuscular depots. The action of cholecalciferol supplementation has been verified in producing more tender meat through the enhancement of calpain activity over the postmortem ageing period. A synergistic effect can be expected if the dietary cation and anion difference (DCAD) technique is used in combination with dietary supplementation of cholecalciferol. In another approach, the optimization of hormonal implant use also may provide similarly marbled beef at a much lower cost.

Profile of Hanwoo Steer Carcass Characteristics, Meat Quality and Fatty Acid Composition after Feeding Italian Ryegrass Silage

  • Kim, Won Ho;Kang, Suk-Nam;Arasu, Mariadhas Valan;Chu, Gyo-Moon;Kim, Da Hye;Park, Jae-Hong;Oh, Young Kyoon;Choi, Ki Choon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this work was to evaluate the growth performance, feed intake, slaughter characteristics, meat quantity and quality characteristics of Hanwoo steers fed with Italian ryegrass (IRG) silage (TRT). IRG silage consisted 11.70% protein, 2.84% ether extract, 53.50% dry matter digestibility and 63.34% total digestible nutrients. The daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio of TRT were significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of control diet (CON; fed rice straw) in the whole periods. However, the slaughter weight, dressing percentage, quantity grade and quantity traits (marbling score, meat color, fat color, and quality grade) of either TRT or CON were similar. Meat fed TRT diet showed higher crude fat and lightness (L*) value and lower moisture content and pH value compared with the CON diet (p<0.05). Overall the carcass yield was 12.5% higher than CON diet.

Phenotypic Correlation for Concentrations of Hormones and Metabolic Materials and Growth and Carcass Traits in Hawoo (한우에서 혈중 호르몬 및 대사물질 농도와 성장 및 도체 형질에 대한 표현형 상관에 관한 연구)

  • 전기준;최재관;이명식;정영훈;정호영;이종경;임석기;이창우;박정준
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.203-213
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    • 2003
  • Examination of correlation between blood compositions and economic traits is very important to improve selection accuracy and predict performance ability of Hanwoo, which may be impacted into the determination of feeding management as well as marketing places. This study was aimed to provide possible procedures of Hanwoo improvement as of early individual selection based on the phenotypic correlation between blood compositions and economic traits using 866 of Hanwoo managed at National Livestock Research Institute. Phenotypic correlation between blood compositions and economic traits was estimated for steer and bulls. BUN in steer and albumin and IGF-1 in bull were highly correlated with 24 mo of weight. Average daily gain of 21 to 24 mo was highly correlated with calcium in steer and albumin in bull. Back-fat thickness and marbling score were highly correlated with BUN in steer and bull, and meat yield index was highly correlated with calcium in steer and testosterone in bull. However, BUN, which is highly correlated with meat quality, was negatively correlated with meat yield index in steer and bull.

Supplmentation of the Mineral and Surfactant for Replacement of Antibiotics for Ruminant Aninmal (천연물질을 이용한 반추동물 항생제 대체용 미량광물질 및 천연유화제의 이용)

  • Lee, Su-Rok;Kim, Sam-Churl;Choi, Nag-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 2016
  • The present study investigated the effect of inclusion of chromium propionate (Cr-P) and lysophopholipid (LPL) in diet on blood parameters and meat quality of Hanwoo steer. Feeding trial was performed from late fattening period to slaughter and blood parameters (insulin, blood glucose and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentration) and meat quality were examined. Total 4 experimental groups including control (no addition), T1 (Cr-P 0.2%), T2 (LPL 0.2%) and T3 (Cr-P 0.1% + LPL 0.1%) were employed. For blood parameters, insulin concentration in T1 and T3 showed an elevating patterns from $3.13{\mu}U/mL$ to $3.35{\mu}U/mL$ (T1) and from $4.38{\mu}U/mL$ to $5.23{\mu}U/mL$ (T3). The changes of NEFA in all groups were detected as a decreasing patterns according to days of feeding. However, significant difference was not found. In growth performance, T2 showed greater daily gain and T1 showed greater carcass yield compared to others. However, there were no significance in difference. In meat quality, T1 showed greater yield and intra-muscular fat levels and lower sharing force compared to others. However, significant differences were not detected.