• Title, Summary, Keyword: Meat Quality

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Poultry Meat Quality in Relation to Muscle Growth and Muscle Fiber Characteristics

  • Ismail, Ishamri;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.873-883
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    • 2017
  • Variations in the definition of poultry meat quality exist because the quality traits are not solely based on intrinsic and extrinsic factors but also consumers' preference. Appearance quality traits (AQT), eating quality traits (EQT), and reliance quality traits (RQT) are the major factors focused by the consumer before buying good quality of poultry meat. AQT and EQT of poultry meat are controlled by physical and biochemical characteristics of muscle fibers which can be categorized into a total number of fibers (TNF), cross-sectional area of fibers (CSAF), and fiber type composition (FTC). In poultry meat, it has been shown that muscle fiber properties play a key role in meat quality because numerous studies have reported the relationships between quality traits and fiber characteristics. Despite intensive research has been carried out to manipulate the muscle fiber to improve poultry meat quality, demand in a rapid growth of poultry muscle has correlated to the deterioration in the meat quality. The present paper reviews the definition of poultry meat quality, meat quality traits, and variations of meat quality. Also, this review presents recent knowledge underlying the relationship between poultry meat quality traits and muscle fiber characteristics.

Effect of freezing on electrical properties and quality of thawed chicken breast meat

  • Wei, Ran;Wang, Peng;Han, Minyi;Chen, Tianhao;Xu, Xinglian;Zhou, Guanghong
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.569-575
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The objective of this research was to study the electrical properties and quality of frozen-thawed chicken breast meat and to investigate the relationship between these parameters at different times of frozen storage. Methods: Thawed samples of chicken breast muscles were evaluated after being kept in frozen storage at $-18^{\circ}C$ for different periods of time (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 months). Results: The results showed that water-holding capacity (WHC) and protein solubility decreased while thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances content increased with increasing storage time. The impedance module of samples decreased during 8-month frozen storage. Pearson correlation coefficients showed that the impedance change ratio (Q value) was significantly (p<0.05) related to pH, color, WHC, lipid oxidation and protein solubility, indicating a good relationship between the electrical properties and qualities of frozen-thawed chicken breast meat. Conclusion: Impedance measurement has a potential to assess the quality of frozen chicken meat combining with quality indices.

Use of natural ingredients in Japanese quail diet and their effect on carcass and meat quality - A review

  • Vargas-Sanchez, Rey David;Ibarra-Arias, Felix Joel;Torres-Martinez, Brisa del Mar;Sanchez-Escalante, Armida;Torrescano-Urrutia, Gaston Ramon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.11
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    • pp.1641-1656
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    • 2019
  • The present paper reviews the findings of different research studies on the effect of natural ingredients in the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) diet on carcass characteristics and meat quality. The results show a relationship between the type and concentration of ingredients used in diets and carcass characteristics and meat quality. The inclusion of medicinal herbs (thyme, black seed, and mint), plants (canola), seeds (chickpea), spices (cinnamon and coriander), worms (earthworms), bee products (propolis), phytochemicals (lycopene), and edible fungi (common mushrooms) in the diet improved carcass quality characteristics compared to the control diets (basal diets). The inclusion of medicinal herbs (spearmint and green tea), spices (cinnamon), vegetables (tomato), plants (verbena and canola), seeds (marijuana), and edible fungi (oyster mushrooms) improved meat quality. In conclusion, the use of ingredients of natural origin in the diet of Japanese quail improves carcass quality characteristics and meat quality.

Effect of fermented blueberry on the oxidative stability and volatile molecule profiles of emulsion-type sausage during refrigerated storage

  • Zhou, Hengyue;Zhuang, Xinbo;Zhou, Changyu;Ding, Daming;Li, Chunbao;Bai, Yun;Zhou, Guanghong
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.812-824
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The aim of this work was to assess the effect of fermented blueberry (FB; 2%, 4%, and 6%) on the oxidative stability and volatile molecule profiles of emulsion-type sausage stored at 4℃ for 28 days. Methods: The antioxidant activity of FB was determined through radical-scavenging activity against 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radicals. Four formulations of sausage treatments with different FB levels (0%, 2%, 4%, 6%) were prepared, then peroxide value (POVs), thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) values, protein carbonyls and thiol groups were measured. The aroma profiles of sausages for each treatment was also determined. Results: The half maximal inhibitory concentration indicated that FB had greater scavenging ability than ascorbic acid against DPPH and hydroxyl radicals. Sausages with FB significantly retarded increases in POVs and TBARS, as well as in the content of protein carbonyls during all storage days (p<0.05). Particularly, 4% and 6% FB-treated sausages had better oxidation inhibition effects. However, FB accelerated the reduction in thiol groups (p<0.05). Additionally, FB inhibits the excessive formation of aldehyde compounds; for example, hexanal, which may cause rancid flavors, decreased from 58.25% to 19.41%. FB also created 6 alcohols (i.e., 2-methyl-1-propanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, and phenylethyl alcohol), 5 ester compounds (i.e., ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, and ethyl hexanoate) and 3-hydroxy-2-butanone in the sausages that contribute to sausage flavors. The principal component analysis showed that the aroma profiles of sausages with and without FB are easily identified. Conclusion: The addition of FB could significantly reduce the lipid and protein oxidation and improve oxidative stability for storage. Also, adding FB could inhibit rancid flavors and contribute to sausage flavors.

Effect of different short-term high ambient temperature on chicken meat quality and ultra-structure

  • Zhang, Minghao;Zhu, Lixian;Zhang, Yimin;Mao, Yanwei;Zhang, Mingyue;Dong, Pengcheng;Niu, Lebao;Luo, Xin;Liang, Rongrong
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.701-710
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study investigated the effect of different acute heat stress (HS) levels on chicken meat quality and ultra-structure. Methods: Chickens were randomly divided into 7 groups to receive different HS treatments: i) $36^{\circ}C$ for 1 h, ii) $36^{\circ}C$ for 2 h, iii) $38^{\circ}C$ for 1 h, iv) $38^{\circ}C$ for 2 h, v) $40^{\circ}C$ for 1 h, vi) $40^{\circ}C$ for 2 h, and vii) un-stressed control group ($25^{\circ}C$). Blood cortisol level, breasts initial temperature, color, pH, water holding capacity (WHC), protein solubility and ultra-structure were analyzed. Results: HS temperatures had significant effects on breast meat temperature, lightness ($L^*$), redness ($a^*$), cooking loss and protein solubility (p<0.05). The HS at $36^{\circ}C$ increased $L^*{_{24h}}$ value (p<0.01) and increased the cooking loss (p<0.05), but decreased $a^*{_{24h}}$ value (p<0.05). However, as the temperature increased to $38^{\circ}C$ and $40^{\circ}C$, all the values of $L^*{_{24h}}$, cooking loss and protein denaturation level decreased, and the differences disappeared compared to control group (p>0.05). Only the ultimate $pH_{24h}$ at $40^{\circ}C$ decreased compared to the control group (p<0.01). The pH in $36^{\circ}C$ group declined greater than other heat-stressed group in the first hour postmortem, which contributed breast muscle protein degeneration combining with high body temperature, and these variations reflected on poor meat quality parameters. The muscle fiber integrity level in group $40^{\circ}C$ was much better than those in $36^{\circ}C$ with the denatured position mainly focused on the interval of muscle fibers which probably contributes WHC and light reflection. Conclusion: HS at higher temperature (above $38^{\circ}C$) before slaughter did not always lead to more pale and lower WHC breast meat. Breast meat quality parameters had a regression trend as HS temperature raised from $36^{\circ}C$. The interval of muscle fibers at 24 h postmortem and greater pH decline rate with high body temperature in early postmortem period could be a reasonable explanation for the variation of meat quality parameters.

Comparison of Postmortem Meat Quality and Consumer Sensory Characteristic Evaluations, According to Porcine Quality Classification

  • Nam, Yun-Ju;Choi, Young-Min;Jeong, Da-Woon;Kim, Byoung-Chul
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.307-311
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    • 2009
  • This study examined variations in postmortem meat quality characteristics and consumer sensory evaluations of different pork quality classes in fresh and cooked meat. Pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat had the highest drip loss, lightness, and the lowest $pH_{24\;hr}$ whereas dark, firm, and dry (DFD) meat showed the opposite results. When the fresh meat was evaluated by consumer panelists, they could only distinguish the PSE class of meat and it scored lowest in overall acceptability. However, the panelists did not consider cooked PSE or DFD pork to be unacceptable overall, indicating that consumers cannot distinguish the quality of cooked pork.

A study on the nondestructive measurement of meat quality using visible light (가시광을 이용한 육질의 비파괴적 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Maeng, Gab-joo;Lee, Young-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.248-250
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    • 2009
  • In order to know the characteristics of meat quality, we performed experiment using optical method. The characteristics of meat quality was measured by using spectrum analysis and we can obtain the meat quality by experiment value of distribution of meat and fat.

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Microbial Transglutaminase Improves the Property of Meat Protein and Sausage Texture Manufactured with Low-quality Pork Loins

  • Katayama, K.;Chin, K.B.;Yoshihara, S.;Muguruma, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2006
  • Microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) was investigated to determine whether it was an effective binding agent for the processing of low-quality pork loins. MTGase especially promoted the coagulation of myosin heavy chain (MHC). However, the effect of MTGase on MHC from low-quality meat was less than that from the normal meat when the reaction time was not enough. The breaking strength of the heat-induced gel made of myosin B from low-quality meat with MTGase was lower than that of normal meat. Sausage made with low-quality meat with MTGase did not exhibit improved hardness, as compared to that made with normal meat. Results of this study indicated that use of low-quality meat in the manufacture of sausage was feasible to get textural property equal to that of normal meat sausage, when a half or more of the raw material was normal meat and MTGase was used in the sausage.

Pre-slaughter stress, animal welfare, and its implication on meat quality

  • Choe, Jeehwan
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.58-65
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    • 2018
  • Meat quality includes technological quality attributes, consumer acceptance, and credence characteristics. In terms of credence characteristics, animal welfare is one of the most interesting topics to both consumers and the livestock industry. Consumers prefer meat produced from livestock that has been raised in low stress and ecofriendly environments. The livestock industry cares about animal welfare to meet the requirements of consumers. Animal welfare is closely associated with the stress and physiological response of livestock to stress. Moreover, stress just before slaughter (i.e., pre-slaughter stress) has negative effects on not only animal welfare but also ultimately on meat quality. It is well-documented that pre-slaughter stress can influence ante- and post-mortem biological changes of the muscles, especially their metabolic properties and metabolites. The metabolic properties and metabolites contents also can modulate the postmortem changes of the muscles. Conversion of muscles to meat during postmortem is a very important process because it determines ultimately the meat quality. Thus, understanding pre-slaughter stress and physiological responses to stress in farm animals is important for animal welfare and meat quality. The purpose of this paper was to examine the concept of stress, physiological responses to stress, measurement of stress, and the relationships between stress indices and meat quality traits.

Effects of Marbling on Meat Quality Characteristics and Intramuscular Connective Tissue of Beef Longissimus Muscle

  • Li, Chunbao;Zhou, Guanghong;Xu, Xinglian;Zhang, Jingbo;Xu, Shuqin;Ji, Yanfeng
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.1799-1808
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    • 2006
  • This study was designed to explore the effects of marbling on meat quality characteristics and intramuscular connective tissue of beef longissimus muscle. Chemical determinations, histological and mechanical measurements were performed on the raw and cooked meat at d 4 postmortem. The results showed that crude fat, collagen, fiber diameter and maximum transition temperature of intramuscular connective tissue increased (p<0.05) with the increase of marbling score. The cooking losses, collagen solubility, WBSF and perimysial thickness decreased (p<0.05) with the increasing marbling. WBSF correlated (p<0.05) with moisture, crude fat, collagen, cooking losses, sarcomere length and perimysial thickness. The development of marbling results in the decline in cooking losses, the avoidance of sarcomere shortening, and the disorganization of the perimysia, which accounts for the improvement of beef tenderness.