• Title, Summary, Keyword: Maturity

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Ownership Structure and Syndicated Loan Maturity

  • Lee, Sang-Whi
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Management
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.155-173
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    • 2008
  • Controlling for the impacts of main strands of debt maturity theories, we highlight the relationship between syndicated loan maturity and ownership structure of Korean borrowers. We find that as the ownership of large shareholders increases, the maturity of syndicated loans also increases. Additionally, we identify a negative relation between foreigners' ownership and loan maturity, indicating that foreign institutional investors serve valuable monitoring functions; as their equity shares increase, they fully take advantage of frequent renewals through the short maturity of syndicated loan. We also show that the predicted value of leverage is more systematically and positively related to the maturity of syndicated loan.

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Effect of Sowing Dates on Flowering and Maturity of Sesame

  • Shim Kang-Bo;Kang Churl-Whan;Kim Dong-Whi;Chae Yong-Am
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 2006
  • To identity the effect of sowing dates on flowering and maturity of sesame, some agronomic traits including days to flowering and days to maturity were investigated under five different sowing dates. Plant height, days to flowering, days to maturity, days from flowering to maturity and number of capsules per plant were showed significantly different by years, sowing dates and varieties. Interaction between sowing dates and varieties affected to days to flowering, days to maturity, days from flowering to maturity and number of capsules per plant. Plant height, days to flowering and days to maturity decreased significantly as sowing dates were delayed, but number of capsules and seed weight per plant showed highest at the sowing date of May 10. At the regression analysis of shortness degree of growth period by the response of days to flowering and days to maturity under different sowing dates, sesame varieties with earlier flowering habit were much less affected by day length rather than ones with later flowering habit. $R^2$ and gradient value on the days to maturity regression graph were smaller indicating that maturity was much less sensitivity than flowering to the change of day length and temperature in the move of sowing dates. Therefore, it would be concluded that early maturity sesame varieties have higher potential adaptability to various sesame cropping systems in view of their less sensitivity to day length changes under different sowing dates.

Construction Based Model for Assessing Maturity Level of Enterprises

  • Marzouk, Mohamed;Attia, Tarek;El-Bendary, Nasr Eldin
    • Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2012
  • Maturity models allow organizations to assess and compare their own practices against best practices or those employed by competitors, with the intention to map out a structured path to improvement. This research explores the aspects of the Maturity Models that are relevant to distinguish them from one to another. The different Project Management maturity models for define maturity differently and measure different things to determine maturity. Because of this, organizations should give careful consideration to select appropriate maturity model. The main reason behind this research lies on the modification to the existing Organizational Project Management Maturity Model (OPM3) by adding four knowledge areas, dedicated to construction industry as best practices. These are Safety, Environment, Financial and Claim Management. This Model contains (Yes/No) questions; all of these questions must be answered before the user reviews the results that describe the overall maturity and areas of strength and weakness of an organization. The research presents the implementation of the proposed Model Construction Enterprises Maturity Model (CEM2). All the components of the developed Model have been implemented in Microsoft Access. CEM2 helps Construction Enterprises to assess their Maturity Level and know Areas of Weaknesses for future improvement. The easy to use Yes/No user interfaces help enterprises' employees to assess the maturity level of their enterprises. The Model maintains users' responses in its database; as such, many employees from different enterprise divisions can be involved during assessment phase in several sessions.

A Study of Enhanced Test Maturity Model with Test Process Improvement (테스트 프로세스 개선모델을 통한 테스트 성숙도 모델 (Test Maturity Model) 확장에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Du;Kim, Young-Chul
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartD
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    • v.14D no.1
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2007
  • Organizations of Software development are very important issue on enhancement of a software quality as rapid progress of software industry. Especially there are diverse attempts for enhancement of test maturity of the software organization through some kinds of the test maturity model. But the current test maturity models based on CMM(Capability Maturity Model) lack part of actual testing measurement and only measure level of test maturity. To solve these problems, we suggest 'double V-model' to execute both software development process and test process simultaneously, and also 'test attributes to Maturity Levels Correlation Matrix' for evaluating level of test maturity included with definitions of test attribute and level. That is, we enhance TMM(Test Maturity Model) adopted with 'Improvement Suggestion' of TPI(Test Process Improvement) which is easy the evaluation of test maturity of organization and gives the direction of improvement to level up the test maturity for the measured organization. As a result, we will contribute to level up the test maturity of the organization.

A Study on the Relationships between Organizational and Technological Maturity of Korean Enterprise Networks (국내 기업 통신망의 환경 및 기술 성숙도 상관관계 연구)

  • Hong, Ki-Hyang;Juhn, Sung-Hyun;Choi, Heung-Sik
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.97-123
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    • 2000
  • This paper proposes a model for assessing enterprise network maturity. We define maturity in terms of the institutional and member support for the network(organizational maturity) and its technical sophistication(technological maturity), and examine their relationships. We build several hypotheses about the relationships between the maturity types and between the maturity of the network and various organizational factors including industry, size, and performance of the enterprise. We test the hypotheses using data collected from a questionnaire survey with Korean firms. The results show that there is a positive correlation between organizational and technological maturity. It is also found that investment in the network infrastructure has a positive influence on the organizational efficiency. However, it is found that industry type does not affect network utilization, but size does, suggesting that large firms utilize network infrastructure more than small ones do. We also identify various relationships among performance, satisfaction level and the maturity of the enterprise networks. Finally, we provide an overview on the current technological state of the Korean enterprise networks.

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The Relationships Between Negative Affect, Social Support, and Career Maturity Among Adolescents (청소년의 부정적 정서 및 사회적 지지와 진로성숙도 간의 관계)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.53-68
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study examined the relationships between negative affect, social support, and career maturity among adolescents. Methods: The participants in this study comprised 260 $1^{th}$ junior high school students in a Seoul metropolitan area. They completed questionnaires on level of negative affect, social support, and career maturity. Data were analyzed by means of basic descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlations, and multiple and hierarchical regression analyses. Aiken and West's method was used to determine the interactive model's modality. Results: The major findings were as follows: First, negative affect was negatively correlated with social support and career maturity. Social support was positively correlated with career maturity. Second, significant interaction effects were found between negative affect and social support on career maturity; that is, for male students, significant interaction effects were found between negative affect and social support (parent support) on career maturity (career determinacy/career independence). For female students, significant interaction effects were found between negative affect and social support (peer support) on career maturity (career confidence/career readiness/career determinacy/career independence). Conclusion: These results suggest the need to intervene in relation to social support (parent support/peer support) and to improve career maturity among adolescents.

Six Sigma Maturity Model for MeasuringEffectiveness of Six Sigma Activities (6시그마의 효과 측정을 위한 성숙도 모형 개발)

  • Cho, Ji Hyun;Jang, Joong Soon
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.279-290
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    • 2006
  • This paper proposes a model to assess the maturity level of Six Sigma activities. We classify the maturity level into 5 stages: initial, forming, storming, performing and mature stage. To evaluate the maturity level, 10 categories of Six Sigma with 3 factors each are identified: management leadership, belt system, expert training, establishing execution system, compensation, organization, corporate culture, customer focus, project selection, and management of project results. Scoring 277 items in total, the value of each factor is evaluated by weighted average of those items. Maturity level is appraised by rating the sum of scores of 10 categories that are obtained by summing up the values of its 3 factors. Values of weights and criteria of rating maturity levels are determined by analyzing 90 companies and Six Sigma exper's opinion. This study also shows the actual appraisal results of some companies.

Career Maturity of Elementary School Students : Trajectories and Predictors of Change (초등학생의 진로성숙도 발달궤적과 예측요인)

  • Lee, Ju-Rhee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated trajectories of change in the career maturity of elementary school students and of attachment to parents and academic achievement as predictors of change. The 2844 participants were 1524 boys and 1320 girls in the Korea Youth Panel Survey. They were fourth graders in 2004 and became seventh graders in 2007. Latent growth curve modeling indicated that : (1) Trajectories of change in career maturity from fourth grade to seventh grade modeled quadratic growth. (2) Variance of career maturity in initial levels, linear slope and quadratic slope indicated individual differences intrajectories of change in career maturity. (3) Attachment to parents influenced initial levels of career maturity academic achievement influenced both initial levels and linear slope of career maturity.

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Career maturity among children from economically disadvantaged families in Korea

  • Jung, Yunkyung;Kim, Jong-Il
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2012
  • The present study aims to explore career maturity and influencing factors among elementary schoolers from poor families in Korea. Data are from 249 welfare recipient children in 10 administrative districts of Incheon. Scores of the work attitudes subdomain was lower than other aspects of career maturity including planning, self-appraisal, and independence in career decision-making. In the full sample, those in the higher academic years showed greater career maturity, planning, and self-appraisal, and those with greater parent attachment showed higher levels of self-appraisal. In separate analyses by gender, parent attachment showed greater influence on girls' career maturity. Finding from the separate analyses on lower vs. higher academic years (i.e. grades) revealed that parent attachment and female were associated with career maturity among lower graders, while academic achievement was associated with career maturity, planning, and self-appraisal among those in higher graders. Findings lend support to parental involvement in career education. Poor children might have limited perceptions of career focused on satisfying economic necessities. Career education should pay attention in helping them expand perceptions of the values of career.

The Effect of Process Maturity on the Performance of Industrial R&D Projects (프로세스 성숙도가 기업 R&D 프로젝트의 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Soon-Wook
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.362-374
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    • 2003
  • The major objective of this paper is to empirically examine the effect of process maturity on the performance of industrial R&D projects. Process maturity, a fundamental concept of the Capability Maturity Model developed by Software Engineering Institute, represents the essential of Total Quality Management (TQM). Based on literature, our research model constructs process maturity in terms of structured process, goal setting and controlling, metrics, and process learning; and links it to the R&D performance that consists of technical, commercial and managerial successes. The model also includes firm size as a moderator of different effects that process maturity may have across firms. Measures for process maturity are based on the best practices identified in literature. Data are obtained from 77 successful R&D projects carried out by Korean manufacturing firms. Multiple regression and t-test are used to test proposed hypotheses. Findings are as follows. (1) In the R&D process, process maturity partially contributes to the performance of R&D projects. More specifically, goal setting and controlling-related practices drive both technical and commercial successes, while process learning-related practices drive commercial success. In contrast, traditionally emphasized elements such as structured process or metrics are found not to be significant. (2) The degree of process maturity is significantly higher in large firms. (3) Process maturity impacts on commercial success in the case of large firms, whereas it does on technical success in the case of small firms. The results imply that the TQM principles are partially associated with R&D performance, and the nature of benefit from high maturity could vary according to firm size.