• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mask Video

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A Stereo Video Avatar for Supporting Visual Communication in a $CAVE^{TM}$-like System ($CAVE^{TM}$-like 시스템에서 시각 커뮤니케이션 지원을 위한 스테레오 비디오 아바타)

  • Rhee Seon-Min;Park Ji-Young;Kim Myoung-Hee
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.354-362
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    • 2006
  • This paper suggests a method for generating high qualify stereo video avatar to support visual communication in a CAVE$^{TM}$-like system. In such a system because of frequent change of light projected onto screens around user, it is not easy to extract user silhouette robustly, which is an essential step to generate a video avatar. In this study, we use an infrared reflective image acquired by a grayscale camera with a longpass filter so that the change of visible light on a screen is blocked to extract robust user silhouette. In addition, using two color cameras positioned at a distance of a binocular disparity of human eyes, we acquire two stereo images of the user for fast generation and stereoscopic display of a high quality video avatar without 3D reconstruction. We also suggest a fitting algorithm of a silhouette mask on an infrared reflective image into an acquired color image to remove background. Generated stereo images of a video avatar are texture mapped into a plane in virtual world and can be displayed in stereoscopic using frame sequential stereo method. Suggested method have advantages that it generates high quality video avatar taster than 3D approach and it gives stereoscopic feeling to a user 2D based approach can not provide.

A Real-time Motion Object Detection based on Neighbor Foreground Pixel Propagation Algorithm (주변 전경 픽셀 전파 알고리즘 기반 실시간 이동 객체 검출)

  • Nguyen, Thanh Binh;Chung, Sun-Tae
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2010
  • Moving object detection is to detect foreground object different from background scene in a new incoming image frame and is an essential ingredient process in some image processing applications such as intelligent visual surveillance, HCI, object-based video compression and etc. Most of previous object detection algorithms are still computationally heavy so that it is difficult to develop real-time multi-channel moving object detection in a workstation or even one-channel real-time moving object detection in an embedded system using them. Foreground mask correction necessary for a more precise object detection is usually accomplished using morphological operations like opening and closing. Morphological operations are not computationally cheap and moreover, they are difficult to be rendered to run simultaneously with the subsequent connected component labeling routine since they need quite different type of processing from what the connected component labeling does. In this paper, we first devise a fast and precise foreground mask correction algorithm, "Neighbor Foreground Pixel Propagation (NFPP)" which utilizes neighbor pixel checking employed in the connected component labeling. Next, we propose a novel moving object detection method based on the devised foreground mask correction algorithm, NFPP where the connected component labeling routine can be executed simultaneously with the foreground mask correction. Through experiments, it is verified that the proposed moving object detection method shows more precise object detection and more than 4 times faster processing speed for a image frame and videos in the given the experiments than the previous moving object detection method using morphological operations.

A Filter Algorithm using Noise Component of Image in Mixed Noise Environments (복합 잡음 환경에서 영상의 잡음 성분을 이용한 필터 알고리즘)

  • Cheon, Bong-Won;Kim, Nam-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.943-949
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    • 2019
  • As use of digital equipment in various fields is increasing importance of processing video and signals is rising as well. However, in the process of sending and receiving signals, noise occurs due to different reasons and this noise bring about a huge influence on final output of the system. This research suggests algorithm for effectively repairing video in consideration to characteristics of its noise in condition where impulse and AWGN noises are combined. This algorithm tries to preserve video features by considering inference to noise components and resolution of filtering mask. Depending on features of input resolution, standard value is set and similar resolutions is selected for noise removal. This algorithm showing simulation result had outstanding noise removal and is compared and analyzed with existing methods by using different ways such as PSNR.

In-Loop Selective Decontouring Algorithm in Video Coding (비디오 부호화 루프 내에서 의사 윤곽 오차의 선택적 제거 알고리즘)

  • Yoo, Ki-Won;Sohn, Kwang-Hoon
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.697-702
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    • 2010
  • Contour artifact is known as the unintentional result of quantizing a flat area that has smooth gradients. In this letter, a decontouring algorithm is proposed to efficiently remove false contours that occur in typical block-based video coding applications. First, the algorithm goes through a refinement stage to determine candidate blocks probably having noticeable false contours with different kinds of features in a block. Then, pseudo-random noise masking is applied to those blocks to mitigate the contour artifacts. This block-based selective decontouring can efficiently remove the unnecessary processing of those blocks that have no false contour, which incidentally ensures a minor penalty in visual quality and computational complexity. The proposed algorithm was demonstrated, integrated into H.264/AVC, that visual quality can be significantly enhanced with an ignorable rate-distortion (RD) loss and an minor increase in computational complexity.

RealTime Personal Video Image Protection on CCTV System using Intelligent IP Camera (지능형 IP 카메라를 이용한 CCTV 시스템에서의 실시간 개인 영상정보 보호)

  • HWANG, GIJIN;PARK, JAEPYO;YANG, SEUNGMIN
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 2016
  • For the purpose of protecting personal property and lives from incidents, accidents, and threats such as terrorism, video surveillance equipment has been installed and operates in many places. Video surveillance technology has gradually developed into high-quality, high-definition equipment, and a lot of products have been launched. However, closed circuit television (CCTV) equipment for security purposes can invade a person's privacy. In this paper, we propose a way to protect personal video images using meta-data in an intelligent Internet protocol (IP) camera. We designed the system to mask personal video information from meta-data, define the method of image-information access according to user privileges, and show how to utilize the meta-data during storage and recorded data searches. The suggested system complies with guidelines for CCTV installation and operation from Korea's Ministry of the Interior. Installed on only a single server so far, due to the limitations and technical difficulties of hardware performance, it has been difficult to find a method that can be applied to personal image information using real-time protection techniques. Applying the method proposed in this paper can satisfy the guidelines, reduce server costs, and reduce system complexity.

Face Detection for Intelligent Video Conference System (지능형 영상회의를 위한 얼굴검출)

  • Park, Jae-Hyeon;Park, Gyu-Sik;On, Seung-Yeop;Kim, Cheon-Guk
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartB
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    • v.8B no.1
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2001
  • 얼굴검출은 현재 많은 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있는 분야로 보안, 인식 등 다양한 응용분야를 갖는다. 본 논문은 카메라가 화자의 이동에 따라 이를 추적하여 회전하고 회의상황에 맞는 앵글을 유지하는 지능형 영상회의 시스템 개발의 기본요소인 화자검출의 선행단계로 얼굴검출에 대한 새로운 방법을 제안한다. RGB 색 공간의 입력영상을 YIQ 공간으로 변환한 후 IQ 성분은 피부영역검출에 Y 성분은 얼굴의 특성을 추출하는데 사용된다. 색 분포도를 이용하여 피부영역을 검출하고, 마스크를 누적 적용하여 잡음을 제거한 후 얼굴의 구조적인 특성과 명암의 분포를 이용하여 얼굴영역이 검출된다. 실험결과 다양한 배경의 영상에서 여러 명의 얼굴이 오류 없이 검출됨이 관찰되었다.

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Motion Detection using Adaptive Background Image and Pixel Space (적응적 배경영상과 픽셀 간격을 이용한 움직임 검출)

  • 지정규;이창수;오해석
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2003
  • Security system with web camera remarkably has been developed at an Internet era. Using transmitted images from remote camera, the system can recognize current situation and take a proper action through web. Existing motion detection methods use simply difference image, background image techniques or block matching algorithm which establish initial block by set search area and find similar block. But these methods are difficult to detect exact motion because of useless noise. In this paper, the proposed method is updating changed background image as much as $N{\times}M$pixel mask as time goes on after get a difference between imput image and first background image. And checking image pixel can efficiently detect motion by computing fixed distance pixel instead of operate all pixel.

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Content-based MPEG-4 Object Extraction (내용기반의 MPEG-4 객체 추출 연구)

  • 권기호;최석림
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 1999
  • 본 논문에서는 연속적인 입력화상에서 움직임을 나타내는 객체(Object)를 적은 연산량을 사용하여 추출해 내는 알고리즘을 소개한다. 본 알고리즘은 두 가지 단계로 이루어진다. 첫번째 단계로, 이전의 영상과 현재의 영상을 비교하여 움직임의 변화를 보이는 영역을 찾는다. 이 단계에서는 영상을 비교하여 움직임을 추출하기 위하여 창조영상과 현재의 영상, 그리고 영상의 데이터로서 edge정보를 사용한다. 두 번째 단계에서는, 첫번째 단계에서 움직임으로 판단된 Object mask(변화를 가지는 영역)를 가지고 background 제거 및 Object의 정확한 shape을 만들기 위한 post-processing과정을 가지게 된다. 이 두 단계를 거친 후 입력영상에서 background를 떼어낸 최종적인 Object의 shape정보가 추출되게 된다. 이 알고리즘은 object를 기반으로 부호화함으로써 데이터의 압축률을 극대화 시키는 MPEG-4뿐만 아니라, video database, 무선 통신등과 같은 다양한 범위의 application에 적절하게 사용될 수 있을 것이다.

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A Study on Adaptive Information Hiding Technique for Copyright Protection of Digital Images (디지털 영상물의 저작권 보호를 위한 적응적 정보 은닉 기술에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Kang-Seo;Chung, Tae-Yun;Oh, Sang-Rok;Park, Sang-Hee
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2427-2429
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    • 1998
  • Digital watermarking is the techinque which embeds the invisible signal into multimedia data such as audio, video, images, for copyright protection, including owner identification and copy control information. This paper proposes a new watermark embedding and extraction technique by extending the direct sequence spread spectrum technique. The proposed technique approximates the frequency component of pixels in spatial domain by using Laplacian mask and adaptively embeds the watermark considering the HVS to reduce the degradation of Image. In watermark extraction process, the proposed technique strengthens the high frequency components of image and extracts the watermark by demodulation. All this processes are performed in spatial domain to reduce the processing time.

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Semi-Automatic Video Segmentation Using Virtual Blue Screens (가상의 블루스크린을 이용한 반자동 동영상분할)

  • 신종한;김대희;호요성
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.279-282
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    • 2001
  • 본 논문에서는 가상의 블루스크린(Virtual Blue Screens, VBS)을 이용한 반자동 영상분할 기법을 제안한다. 가상 블루스크린은 동영상에서 배경영역을 특정한 값으로 채워 만든 참조영상으로 정의한다. 반자동 영상 분할 기법은 크게 화면내 영상분할과 화면간 영상분할의 두 단계로 이루어진다. 화면내 영상분할은 VBS와 원영상의 형태학적 분할 기법을 사용하고, 화면간 영상 분할은 두개의 연속하는 화면에서 변화검출(Change Detection)로 이루어진다 [1]. 본 논문에서는 효과적인 변화검출을 위하여 제안된 VBS를 사용한다. VBS를 이용한 영상분할에서는 우선, 이전화면에서 만들어진 VBS를 참조하여 다음화면에서 움직임 영역을 예측한다. 이렇게 예측된 영상과 원영상에 대해 형태학적 분할 기법(Morphological Segmentation Technique)을 이용해서 각각에 대한 레이블 마스크(Label Mask)를 얻는다 [2]. 두개의 레이블 마스크 사이에는 서로 공통된 영역들이 존재하게 되는데, 이런 공통된 영역을 추출함으로써 움직임 객체를 검출한다. 현재화면에서 검출된 움직임 객체는 다음화면을 위한 가상의 블루 스크린을 만드는데 사용한다.

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