• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mask Video

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High Density Impulse Noise Reduction Filter Algorithm using Effective Pixels (유효 화소를 이용한 고밀도 임펄스 잡음 제거 필터 알고리즘)

  • Cheon, Bong-Won;Kim, Nam-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.1320-1326
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    • 2018
  • Digital video equipment is important in the 4th industrial revolution and is widely used in different fields for various purpose. Data of digital video equipment is exposed to noise due to different reasons including user environment and processing and such noise affect output and processing method. This can even cause error, resulting in decreased reliability of the equipment. In this research, it offers algorithm to effectively recover video by removing noise and impulse noise occurring during the process of channel delivery. This proposed algorithm recovers video by exploring valid pixel using directional local mask and noise determination. Then, valid pixel calculated goes through the final output calculation through comparative analysis on estimation. For comparing suggested method and algorithm, simulation is carried out. For checking the function of it, PSNR and profile are analyzed.

Video object segmentation using a novel object boundary linking (새로운 객체 외곽선 연결 방법을 사용한 비디오 객체 분할)

  • Lee Ho-Suk
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartB
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    • v.13B no.3
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    • pp.255-274
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    • 2006
  • Moving object boundary is very important for the accurate segmentation of moving object. We extract the moving object boundary from the moving object edge. But the object boundary shows broken boundaries so we develop a novel boundary linking algorithm to link the broken boundaries. The boundary linking algorithm forms a quadrant around the terminating pixel in the broken boundaries and searches for other terminating pixels to link in concentric circles clockwise within a search radius in the forward direction. The boundary linking algorithm guarantees the shortest distance linking. We register the background from the image sequence using the stationary background filtering. We construct two object masks, one object mask from the boundary linking and the other object mask from the initial moving object, and use these two complementary object masks to segment the moving objects. The main contribution of the proposed algorithms is the development of the novel object boundary linking algorithm for the accurate segmentation. We achieve the accurate segmentation of moving object, the segmentation of multiple moving objects, the segmentation of the object which has a hole within the object, the segmentation of thin objects, and the segmentation of moving objects in the complex background using the novel object boundary linking and the background automatically. We experiment the algorithms using standard MPEG-4 test video sequences and real video sequences of indoor and outdoor environments. The proposed algorithms are efficient and can process 70.20 QCIF frames per second and 19.7 CIF frames per second on the average on a Pentium-IV 3.4GHz personal computer for real-time object-based processing.

Segmentation and Tracking Algorithm for Moving Speaker in the Video Conference Image (화상회의 영상에서 움직이는 화자의 분할 및 추적 알고리즘)

  • Choi Woo-Young;Kim Han-Me
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.54-64
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, we propose the algorithm for segmenting the moving speaker and tracking its movement in the video conference image. For real time processing, we simplify the algorithm which is processed in the order of the segmenting and the tracking step. In the segmenting step, the speaker object is segmented from the image by using both the motion information obtained from the difference method and the illuminance information of image. The reference mask image is created from segmented speaker object. In the tracking step, the moving speaker is tracked by using simple block matching algorithm of which computation time is reduced by discarding the blocks which are classified into the unuseful blocks. In the simulation, we can get the good result of segmenting and tracking the moving speaker by applying the proposed algorithm to several test images.

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A Stereo Video Avatar for Supporting Visual Communication in a $CAVE^{TM}$-like System ($CAVE^{TM}$-like 시스템에서 시각 커뮤니케이션 지원을 위한 스테레오 비디오 아바타)

  • Rhee Seon-Min;Park Ji-Young;Kim Myoung-Hee
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.354-362
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    • 2006
  • This paper suggests a method for generating high qualify stereo video avatar to support visual communication in a CAVE$^{TM}$-like system. In such a system because of frequent change of light projected onto screens around user, it is not easy to extract user silhouette robustly, which is an essential step to generate a video avatar. In this study, we use an infrared reflective image acquired by a grayscale camera with a longpass filter so that the change of visible light on a screen is blocked to extract robust user silhouette. In addition, using two color cameras positioned at a distance of a binocular disparity of human eyes, we acquire two stereo images of the user for fast generation and stereoscopic display of a high quality video avatar without 3D reconstruction. We also suggest a fitting algorithm of a silhouette mask on an infrared reflective image into an acquired color image to remove background. Generated stereo images of a video avatar are texture mapped into a plane in virtual world and can be displayed in stereoscopic using frame sequential stereo method. Suggested method have advantages that it generates high quality video avatar taster than 3D approach and it gives stereoscopic feeling to a user 2D based approach can not provide.

A Real-time Motion Object Detection based on Neighbor Foreground Pixel Propagation Algorithm (주변 전경 픽셀 전파 알고리즘 기반 실시간 이동 객체 검출)

  • Nguyen, Thanh Binh;Chung, Sun-Tae
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2010
  • Moving object detection is to detect foreground object different from background scene in a new incoming image frame and is an essential ingredient process in some image processing applications such as intelligent visual surveillance, HCI, object-based video compression and etc. Most of previous object detection algorithms are still computationally heavy so that it is difficult to develop real-time multi-channel moving object detection in a workstation or even one-channel real-time moving object detection in an embedded system using them. Foreground mask correction necessary for a more precise object detection is usually accomplished using morphological operations like opening and closing. Morphological operations are not computationally cheap and moreover, they are difficult to be rendered to run simultaneously with the subsequent connected component labeling routine since they need quite different type of processing from what the connected component labeling does. In this paper, we first devise a fast and precise foreground mask correction algorithm, "Neighbor Foreground Pixel Propagation (NFPP)" which utilizes neighbor pixel checking employed in the connected component labeling. Next, we propose a novel moving object detection method based on the devised foreground mask correction algorithm, NFPP where the connected component labeling routine can be executed simultaneously with the foreground mask correction. Through experiments, it is verified that the proposed moving object detection method shows more precise object detection and more than 4 times faster processing speed for a image frame and videos in the given the experiments than the previous moving object detection method using morphological operations.

In-Loop Selective Decontouring Algorithm in Video Coding (비디오 부호화 루프 내에서 의사 윤곽 오차의 선택적 제거 알고리즘)

  • Yoo, Ki-Won;Sohn, Kwang-Hoon
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.697-702
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    • 2010
  • Contour artifact is known as the unintentional result of quantizing a flat area that has smooth gradients. In this letter, a decontouring algorithm is proposed to efficiently remove false contours that occur in typical block-based video coding applications. First, the algorithm goes through a refinement stage to determine candidate blocks probably having noticeable false contours with different kinds of features in a block. Then, pseudo-random noise masking is applied to those blocks to mitigate the contour artifacts. This block-based selective decontouring can efficiently remove the unnecessary processing of those blocks that have no false contour, which incidentally ensures a minor penalty in visual quality and computational complexity. The proposed algorithm was demonstrated, integrated into H.264/AVC, that visual quality can be significantly enhanced with an ignorable rate-distortion (RD) loss and an minor increase in computational complexity.

A Filter Algorithm using Noise Component of Image in Mixed Noise Environments (복합 잡음 환경에서 영상의 잡음 성분을 이용한 필터 알고리즘)

  • Cheon, Bong-Won;Kim, Nam-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.943-949
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    • 2019
  • As use of digital equipment in various fields is increasing importance of processing video and signals is rising as well. However, in the process of sending and receiving signals, noise occurs due to different reasons and this noise bring about a huge influence on final output of the system. This research suggests algorithm for effectively repairing video in consideration to characteristics of its noise in condition where impulse and AWGN noises are combined. This algorithm tries to preserve video features by considering inference to noise components and resolution of filtering mask. Depending on features of input resolution, standard value is set and similar resolutions is selected for noise removal. This algorithm showing simulation result had outstanding noise removal and is compared and analyzed with existing methods by using different ways such as PSNR.

RealTime Personal Video Image Protection on CCTV System using Intelligent IP Camera (지능형 IP 카메라를 이용한 CCTV 시스템에서의 실시간 개인 영상정보 보호)

  • HWANG, GIJIN;PARK, JAEPYO;YANG, SEUNGMIN
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 2016
  • For the purpose of protecting personal property and lives from incidents, accidents, and threats such as terrorism, video surveillance equipment has been installed and operates in many places. Video surveillance technology has gradually developed into high-quality, high-definition equipment, and a lot of products have been launched. However, closed circuit television (CCTV) equipment for security purposes can invade a person's privacy. In this paper, we propose a way to protect personal video images using meta-data in an intelligent Internet protocol (IP) camera. We designed the system to mask personal video information from meta-data, define the method of image-information access according to user privileges, and show how to utilize the meta-data during storage and recorded data searches. The suggested system complies with guidelines for CCTV installation and operation from Korea's Ministry of the Interior. Installed on only a single server so far, due to the limitations and technical difficulties of hardware performance, it has been difficult to find a method that can be applied to personal image information using real-time protection techniques. Applying the method proposed in this paper can satisfy the guidelines, reduce server costs, and reduce system complexity.

Partially Occluded Face Recognition in Video using Intensity Distortion (Intensity Distortion을 이용한 Partially Occluded 얼굴인식)

  • Ju, Myung-Ho;Kang, Hang-Bong
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.683-684
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    • 2006
  • 본 논문은 비디오기반의 얼굴인식에 있어서 환경의 변화나 왜곡, 노이즈 등으로 발생할 수 있는 부분적인 가림현상(Partial Occlusion)에 대한 처리기법을 제시한다. 인증되는 각 사람은 하나의 Manifold 를 구성하며 각 Manifold 는 m 개의 pose-Manifold 로 구성된다. Pose-Manifold 를 구성하기 위한 학습데이터는 매우 유사한 포즈들로 구성되기 때문에 얼굴을 이루는 영역의 픽셀에 대한 Intensity 의 변화는 크지 않다. 입력되는 이미지의 Intensity 를 학습데이터의 Intensity 의 변화량을 고려한 Intensity Distortion 을 이용하면 Occlusion 이 발생한 영역을 찾을 수 있고, Occlusion 이 발생한 정도에 따라 가중치를 부여할 수 있다. 이렇게 Occlusion 에 따라 영역에 중요도를 다르게 하여 얼굴인식률을 높이고자 한다. 실험에서는 제시하는 Mask 를 사용하지 않았을 경우와 기존에 제시된 알고리즘과의 성능을 비교한다.

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Face Detection for Intelligent Video Conference System (지능형 영상회의를 위한 얼굴검출)

  • Park, Jae-Hyeon;Park, Gyu-Sik;On, Seung-Yeop;Kim, Cheon-Guk
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartB
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    • v.8B no.1
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2001
  • 얼굴검출은 현재 많은 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있는 분야로 보안, 인식 등 다양한 응용분야를 갖는다. 본 논문은 카메라가 화자의 이동에 따라 이를 추적하여 회전하고 회의상황에 맞는 앵글을 유지하는 지능형 영상회의 시스템 개발의 기본요소인 화자검출의 선행단계로 얼굴검출에 대한 새로운 방법을 제안한다. RGB 색 공간의 입력영상을 YIQ 공간으로 변환한 후 IQ 성분은 피부영역검출에 Y 성분은 얼굴의 특성을 추출하는데 사용된다. 색 분포도를 이용하여 피부영역을 검출하고, 마스크를 누적 적용하여 잡음을 제거한 후 얼굴의 구조적인 특성과 명암의 분포를 이용하여 얼굴영역이 검출된다. 실험결과 다양한 배경의 영상에서 여러 명의 얼굴이 오류 없이 검출됨이 관찰되었다.

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