• Title, Summary, Keyword: Marriage Immigration Women

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Japanese Female Marriage Immigrants' Dietary Life and Health-related Characteristics by Level of Dietary Adaptation after Immigration to Korea (일본인 여성결혼이민자의 식생활적응 정도에 따른 식생활 및 건강 특성)

  • Asano, Kana;Yoon, Jihyun;Ryu, Si-Hyun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.765-778
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate Japanese female marriage immigrants' dietary life and health-related characteristics after immigration to Korea. A survey was conducted with Japanese women married to Korean men and having one child or more aged 7 to 18 years old. Data were collected from 243 women during the summer of 2014. A total of 204 questionnaires were analyzed, after excluding 39 questionnaires with a high percentage of incomplete responses (84% analysis rate). Over 85% of respondents were the members of the Unification Church, and over 92% of respondents had stayed in Korea for longer than 10 years. Based on the overall mean score for dietary adaptation level (3.68 out of 5 points), respondents were classified into two groups: low dietary adaptation group (mean score 3.12) and high dietary adaptation group (mean score 4.19). The collected data were compared between the two groups. The high dietary adaptation group reported higher percentages of decreasing consumption in processed food, confectionary, and bread than the low dietary adaptation group after immigration to Korea. A higher percentage of respondents in the high dietary adaptation group perceived their health status as good and reported changes that led to a healthier dietary life after immigration to Korea compared with those in the low dietary adaptation group. In conclusion, Japanese female marriage immigrants well adapted to Korean dietary life tended to eat healthier and perceive health status better compared with those who were not well adapted. The results of this study could be useful for prospecting dietary life and health-related characteristics of immigrant women in the long term after immigration to Korea.

A Study on the Traits of Multicultural Society of Rural Areas in Korea (한국농촌의 다문화사회의 특징)

  • Lim, Hyung-Baek;Lee, Seong-Woo;Kang, Dong-Woo;Kim, Mi-Young
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.743-773
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    • 2009
  • The objectives of this study were to study multicultural society of rural areas in Korea. USA immigration law permits permanent settlement but Korea immigration law prohibits permanent settlement. USA adopted the territorial principle but Korea adopted the personal(nationality) principle. So a large number of people immigrated and settled in USA and mass(collective) immigrants is usual in USA. But foreign workers(temporary immigration) and international marriage women(individual immigrants) is usual in Korea. According to the positive law, foreign workers cannot settle down in Korea. So international marriage women immigrants are main cause of multicultural society in rural areas in Korea. This is the particularity of multicultural society in rural areas in Korea. So it is necessary to differentiate multicultural society policy according to areas and residents. Many peoples see multicultural society from a point of view of human rights and welfare. But it is also necessary to see multicultural society from a point of view of economic and policy.

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Oral health characteristics of the multicultural international marriage women in Gimcheon, Gyeongbuk, Korea (다문화 결혼이주여성의 구강건강 관련 특성에 관한 연구 : 경북 김천시를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jong-Hwa;Nam, In-Suk;Jun, Mae-Sook;Yun, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.865-872
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the oral health characteristics of the multicultural international marriage women in Gimcheon, Gyeongbuk in Korea. Methods: The subjects were 73 multicultural international marriage women in Gimcheon, Gyeongbuk in Korea. The study methods consisted of direct interview with the subjects and oral examination through dental mirror and head lamp by one dentist and two dental hygienists. The questionnaire included the use of medical services, oral health education experience, subjective oral health awareness, toothbrushing, and sociodemographical characteristics of the subjects. Results: There were significant correlations between the subjective oral health awareness, oral health behavior and DMFT index. The subjective oral health awareness significantly changed after the international marriage in Korea. The recognition of subjective oral health status significantly improved after the oral health education by the dentist and the dental hygienist. Conclusions: The subjective oral health status of the international marriage women improved significantly after immigration into Korea. Therefore, Korean government should try to provide the better medical services to the international marriage women and protect their human rights as Korean immigrants on the basis of the Law.

The Influence of Parenting Attitudes and Parenting Efficacy on Educational Needs of Married Immigrant Women with Adolescent Children (사춘기 자녀를 둔 결혼이주여성의 부모교육 요구도에 양육태도와 양육효능감이 미치는 영향력)

  • Lim, Hyun-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.202-214
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    • 2017
  • This study figured out the influence of parenting attitudes and parenting efficacy on parents educational needs. Accordingly, it is for the purpose of being tried to establish a basic data for educational programs and intervention strategy to promote parenting attitudes and parenting efficacy for marriage immigration women. This is a study on descriptive correlation among 130 marriage immigration women with adolescent children. As the results of this study, parenting attitudes and parenting efficacy showed to be affected on the parents educational needs and had positive correlation(r=.248, p<.01). Receptive parenting attitudes and autonomous ones in the parenting attitudes had also positive correlation(r=.192, p<.05). It showed that the higher the excessive expectant parenting attitudes are, the higher the educational needs of social instruction are, and the higher the receptive parenting attitudes are, the higher the educational needs to understand growth development are. Also it showed that the lower the parenting efficacy is, the higher the social instruction and the educational need on growth for parents themselves are. The parents educational needs were high in the educational needs on learning, career instruction and education of effective communication. Based on the results above, this study hoped to develop structured education program develop for marriage immigration women and have more education opportunities for enhancing receptive parenting attitudes, autonomous ones and parenting efficacy.

Physical Changes in and Coping with Marriage by Immigrant Women at an Early Stage of Immigration (이주초기에 나타나는 결혼 이주여성의 신체변화와 대처)

  • Kim, Hee-Ja;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Jeon, Mi-Yang;Lee, Hyo-Jeong;Park, Eun Young
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: To provide an in-depth analysis of the physical changes in and marital experiences of immigrant women in Korea, considering the differences in their cultural backgrounds. Methods: A qualitative research methodology with a phenomenology perspective was used. Data were collected through interviews from four focus groups and through in-depth interviews from five individuals. Data analysis was carried out using Colaizzi's phenomenological analysis method. Results: Twenty-four participants from nine different nations were interviewed. Three phenomenological theme clusters were identified and six sub-themes were derived. These comprise: "emergence of physical changes", "experienced symptom with negative result", and "coping with my body". The derived themes comprise: "struggling for my body to survive", "changed body after pregnancy and delivery", "diagnosed as normal but", "neglected my health", "using familiar care", and "unfamiliar health service system". Conclusion: Immigrant women by marriage in Korea are new subjects of nursing care. Their physical changes and experiences in coping with marriage at an early stage of immigration as described by themselves provide valuable information for nursing professionals. Cultural differences, problems specific to women, and our social conditions regarding minorities and our patriarchal tradition that discriminates against women affect their health problems. We strongly recommend that nurses should actively determine and engage in the health problems of immigrant women.

A Qualitative Study on Marriage Migrant Women's Experiences in the World of Life (결혼이주여성의 생활세계 체험에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.269-277
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to capture how marriage migrant women, who are burdened with the luggage of the social, cultural, and historical 'past,' reconstruct their own 'experiences in reality' as subjective agents after their immigration into a new space. By applying a phenomenological method, this study analyzes the world of life in which marriage migrant women come to have experiences in the dimensions of bodilihood, spatiality, temporality, and relatedness. As a result of the analysis, marriage migrant women never think of their bodiliness as the subject of discrimination though they have some differences in skin colors and cultural aspects, and make efforts to overcome prejudices in reality withtheir pride of body. As for the spatiality, marriage migrant women attempts at a spatial turn in which they reconstruct a novel sociocultural space. With respect to the temporality, marriage migrant women recognize themselves not as passive subjects who only resent reality but as being prepared for future actively. As for the relatedness, marriage migrant women show life in which they pioneer their own areas on the basis of extended personal relations.

Chinese Female Marriage Immigrants' Dietary Life after Immigration to Korea : Comparison between Han-Chinese and Korean-Chinese (중국인 여성결혼이민자의 한국 이주 후 식생활 : 한족과 조선족 비교를 중심으로)

  • Asano, Kana;Yoon, Jihyun;Ryu, Si-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.317-327
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate Chinese female marriage immigrants' dietary life after immigration to Korea, focusing on comparison between Han-Chinese (traditional Chinese) and Korean-Chinese (Chinese of Korean descent). Methods: An in-person survey was conducted with women married to Korean men, having one child or more aged 1-6 years old, and having resided in Korea for at least one year before the survey. The data were collected from the 309 respondents comprising 151 Han-Chinese and 158 Korean-Chinese in the summer of 2013. Results: Overall, there was no significant difference in dietary practice, dietary acculturation, dietary behavior, dietary habits, and food intake between the Han-Chinese and the Korean-Chinese respondents. Over 50% of the respondents ate Korean food every day. The overall level of dietary acculturation was about 3.5 out of 5 points. The average score of healthy dietary behavior was a little bit higher than 3 out of 5 points. Approximately 3/4 of the respondents showed increasing frequency of eating out. The respondents reporting increase food diversity were over 70%. Decreased frequency of skipping meal was about 60% of the respondents. Over 50% of the respondents showed increasing consumption of Kimchi, vegetables, fruit, and meat. Conclusions: Dietary life of Korean-Chinese female marriage immigrants was similar to that of Han-Chinese female marriage immigrants after immigration to Korea. The results from this study suggest that not only Han-Chinese but also Korean-Chinese should be targeted in various diet-related acculturation support programs as important multicultural populations in Korea.

Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL): design and methods

  • Abris, Grace P.;Hong, Sangmo;Provido, Sherlyn Mae P.;Lee, Jung Eun;Lee, Chang Beom
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2017
  • BACKGROUND: Immigration to South Korea from neighboring Asian countries has risen dramatically, primarily due to marriage between Korean men and foreign women. Although Filipino women rank fourth among married immigrant women, little is known about the health condition of this population. This manuscript focuses on the design and methods of Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL). SUBJECTS/METHODS: FiLWHEL is a cohort of Filipino women married to Korean men, aged 19 years old or over. The data collection comprised three parts: questionnaire, physical examination, and biospecimen collection. Questionnaires focused on demographic factors, diet, other health-related behaviors, acculturation and immigration-related factors, medical history, quality of life, and children's health information. Participants visited the recruitment site and answered the structured questionnaires through a face-to-face interview. We also measured their anthropometric features and collected fasting blood samples, toenails, and DNA samples. Recruitment started in 2014. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Collection of data is ongoing, and we plan to prospectively follow our cohort participants. We expect that our study, which is focused on married Filipino women immigrants, can elucidate nutritional/health status and the effects of transitional experiences from several lifestyle factors.

Health Behaviors and Related Factors among Asian Immigrant Women in Korea by Ethnicity (국내 여성결혼이민자의 출신국별 건강행위와 관련 요인)

  • Yang, Sook-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.66-74
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet and to identify sociodemographic factors related with health behaviors among Asian immigrant women in Korea by ethnicity. Methods: A cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires was conducted in 396 immigrant women from China, Vietnam, and the Philippines to Korea through international marriage. The associations between health behaviors and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: The prevalence of current smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and abnormal diet were 4.2%, 7.6%, 49.3%, and 31.9%, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking (7.6%) and physical inactivity (56.7%) was highest in Chinese immigrant women. However, the prevalence of current smoking (2.7%) and alcohol consumption (3.8%) were lowest in Vietnamese immigrant women. Immigrant women who had been living in Korea for a long time since immigration (${\geq}$ 5 years) had a higher prevalence of alcohol consumption compared to those of who had been living in Korea for a short time since immigration (< 5 years) (OR=2.95, 95% CI=1.74-5.01). Conclusion: Health promotion programs for immigrant women should be differentiated based on health behaviors and their related factors by ethnicity.

Perceived Health Status, Health Behavior, and Marital Satisfaction in Married Immigrant Women (여성 결혼이민자의 주관적 건강상태, 건강행위 실천, 결혼만족도)

  • Kim, Gwang-Suk;Moon, Sun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.174-186
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The study examined the correlation of perceived health status, health behaviors, and marital satisfaction in women who have immigrated to Korea through marriage. Method: Data were collected via questionnaires that investigated health status, health behaviors, Korean language ability, characteristics of couple, and marital satisfaction. Three hundred four subjects were selected for a 4-month period. The data of 300 subjects were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and correlation, after four questionnaires were excluded due to incomplete data. Results: Perceived health status varied significantly according to nationality, existence of religion, and period of immigration. The scores for perceived health status among women who had lived in Korea for more than 5 years were lower than for women who had resided for 1-3 years. There was a significant positive correlation between health status and health behavior, and health status and Korean language ability, but a negative correlation between health status and age. Conclusion: A program for the improvement of health in immigrant women should include communication assistance as their mother language and should provide periodic health screening.