• Title, Summary, Keyword: Marital Adjustment

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Health Promoting Behavior in Pregnant Couples: Actor-Partner Interdependence Model Analysis (자기-상대방 상호의존모형 분석을 적용한 임신부부의 건강증진행위에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ju Hee;Song, Young-A
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.467-475
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the actor and partner effects of self-efficacy, marital adjustment, and social support on the health promoting behavior of Korean pregnant couples. Methods: Participants were 132 couples who met the eligibility criteria. Data were collected from June to November, 2016 at a community health center. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model was used for analyzing the actor and partner effects of self-efficacy, marital adjustment, and social support on health promoting behavior. Results: The fitness indices for the model were GFI=0.90, NFI=0.92, CFI=0.91, TLI=0.90, and RMSEA=0.04, which satisfied the criteria. Self-efficacy had actor and partner effect on health promoting behavior of wives, but had only actor effect of on health promoting behavior of husbands. Marital adjustment showed actor and partner effect on the health promoting behavior of pregnant couples. Social support only had an actor effect on the health promoting behavior of wives. And, marital adjustment and social support had a mutual effect. Conclusion: This study indicates that the partner involvement is needed to develop health promotion programs for pregnant couples.

Influence of Attachment Injury and State-Trait Anxiety on the Marital Adjustment of Battered Women (가정폭력 피해여성의 애착손상 및 상태-특성 불안이 부부 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, Hee Jeong;Seo, Mia
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.133-145
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of attachment injury and stsit-trait anxiety on marital adjustment of battered women. The participants were total 220 battered women who have experiences with violence from their spouse. Data were collected from March 20 to May 6 in 2014 from five shelters for battered women, seven counseling centers, and three shelters run by various religion. SPSS 18.0 was used for data analysis and descriptive statistics, ANOVA test, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were done. As study results, attachment injury, state and trait anxiety showed significant negative correlation. Marriage status, number of children, duration of violence, attachment injury, state anxiety, and trait anxiety were the significant variables to explain marital adjustment. The explanation power was 60.0%. This study results will be use to develop intervention program for enhancement of marital adjustment whereas to decrease attachment injury and state-trait anxiety.

Effects of Middle-aged Marital Conflicts on Dyadic Adjustment -Mediating Effects of Positive Emotion and Sex-role Attitude- (중년기 부부갈등이 부부적응에 미치는 영향 -긍정감정과 성역할태도의 매개효과-)

  • Seo, Mia
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.343-354
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of marital conflicts on dyadic adjustment and the mediating effects of positive emotion and sex-role attitude. The participants were total 270 middle-aged married people and data was collected from April 12 to June 24 in 2014. The data was collected with structured questionnaire and analyzed with the SPSS 17.0 and AMOS 18.0 programs. Results were as follows. First, marital conflicts had a significant direct effect and indirect effect through the mediation of positive emotion on dyadic adjustment. Second, positive emotion had a significant mediating effect but sex-role attitude did not. Third, The modified model showed a good fitness indices( ${\chi}^2$=38.90 standardized ${\chi}^2$=1.77(CMIN/df), GFI=.97, AGFI=.94, NFI=.98, SRMR=.02, CFI=.99, RMSEA=.05) and explanation power was 88.9%. These results suggest that middle-aged dyadic adjustment can be improved by increasing positive emotion. This study results will be contribute to develop intervention program for enhancement of marital relationship and education program for middle-aged.

The Ecological Variables on Children's School Adjustment (아동의 학교생활 적응에 영향을 미치는 생태학적 변인)

  • Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.211-224
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    • 2008
  • The Ecological variables studied in relation to children's school adjustment were organisms(grade, sex, perceived competence, aggression and withdrawal), microsystems(parental support, marital conflict and supervision, peer victimization and perceived teacher attitude), mesosystems(family-peer relationships, family-school relationships) and the exosystem(neighborhood environment). The sample consisted of 565 fifth and sixth grade children. Instruments were the School Adjustment Scale and Index of organisms, microsystems, mesosystems, and exosystem variables. Statistics and methods used for the data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, frequency, percentage, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression. Several major results were found from the analysis. First, children's school adjustment showed positive correlations with perceived competence, parental support and supervision, perceived teacher attitude, family/peer and family/school relationships and neighborhood environment but showed negative correlations with grade, aggression, withdrawal and parental marital conflict and peer victimization. Second, the most important variable predicting child's relationship with teacher, his/her academic adjustment and satisfaction in schoolwas perceived teacher attitude. And the most important variable predicting children's peer relationships in school was perceived social competence.

Psychosocial Adjustment between Younger and Older Breast Cancer Survivors (젊은 유방암 생존자와 나이든 유방암 생존자의 심리사회적 적응)

  • Kim, Hye Young;Ko, Eun
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.280-288
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in psychosocial adjustment between younger (age${\leq}50$) and older (age>50) breast cancer survivors, and to explore the role of sociodemographic and disease-related variables in predicting psychosocial adjustment between younger and older breast cancer survivors. Methods: A total of 262 women participated in this study. A self-reported questionnaire, the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale-Self Report Korean version (PAIS-SR Korean version), was used. Data were analyzed with SAS/WIN 9.1 for descriptive statistics using the t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The psychosocial adjustment score of younger breast cancer survivors was significantly higher than that of older breast cancer survivors. Significant predictors influencing psychosocial adjustment in younger breast cancer survivors were marital state, menopausal cause, immune therapy, and self-help group, and these predictors account for 48% of the variance in psychosocial adjustment. Significant predictors influencing psychosocial adjustment in older breast cancer survivors were stage of cancer, monthly income, marital state, and menopausal cause. These predictors accounted for 35% of the variance in psychosocial adjustment. Conclusion: The findings indicate the importance of counseling and educational programs to improve the psychosocial adjustment according to breast cancer survivors' age.

Rewards Costs and Adjustment Perceived by Adult Children in Three Generation Family (3세대 가족내 성인자녀 부부가 지각한 보상과 대가 및 적응에 관한연구)

  • 서병숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.179-193
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    • 1998
  • the purpose of this research was to investigate rewards costs and adjustment perceived by adult children in three generation family. Data were collected from 132 marital couples in three generation family in Seoul area. The results of this study showed that there were significant differences in the levels of rewards costs and adjustment variables (self-esteem depression family life satisfaction and marital satisfaction)between husbands are wives. It was also found that wives's costs and husbands' rewards were significantly different across three different types of three generation family. It addition the results of multiple regression analyses indicated that reward was the most powerful variable affecting wives' depression and family life satisfaction and that cost influenced husbands' family life satisfaction and marital satisfaction.

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Relationship between Dyadic Adjustment and Personality Dimensions in Married Women (기혼 여성의 부부 적응도와 성격 차원간의 연관성)

  • Lee, Hyo-Geun;Joe, Sook-Haeng;Kim, Jung-Woong
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.182-195
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    • 2003
  • Background: Marriage is one of the major life events and the primary source of individual happiness and meaning of life. It is not possible to predict who will marry whom and which marriage will be successful. Marital adjustment has significant influences on an individual and relationship functioning and is associated with mental health. Good marital quality may imply good general relationship. There are several factors that correlate with or predict good marital quality. Especially individual personality factors may be a major factor in achieving and maintaining marital stability, satisfaction and happiness. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible relationship between dyadic adjustment and personality dimensions in urban married women. Methods: Dyadic Adjustment Scale, Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were administered to 215 married women. Data analysis was based on 170 women who provided reliable informations. The descriptive statistics of demographic data and 4 scales were obtained. Then the possible relationships between each data were tested by calculating Pearson's product moment correlations. To test the effects of depression and anxiety on dyadic adjustment, stepwise multiple regression analysis was done. Results: Age and length of marriage were negatively correlated with affectional expression and dyadic cohesion. Educational level was positively correlated with total dyadic adjustment score and dyadic satisfaction. Family income was positively correlated with total dyadic adjustment score, dyadic consensus, dyadic satisfaction and dyadic cohesion. Different family type showed different total dyadic adjustment score, dyadic satisfaction and dyadic cohesion. Psychoticism was negatively correlated with total dyadic adjustment score, dyadic consensus, dyadic satisfaction, affectional expression and dyadic cohesion. Neuroticism was negatively correlated with total dyadic adjustment score, dyadic consensus, dyadic satisfaction and affectional expression. Extraversion and lie were not correlated with any factors. Beck Depression Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scores were negatively correlated with total dyadic adjustment score, dyadic consensus, dyadic satisfaction, affectional expression and dyadic cohesion. The result of multiple regression analysis indicated that psychoticism was correlated with dyadic adjustment. Conclusion: These results showed that the demographic factors such as age, length of marriage, educational level, family income and family type were significantly correlated with dyadic adjustment. Psychoticism and neuroticism measured by Eysenck Personality Inventory were significantly correlated with dyadic adjustment. But the correlations with extraversion and lie were not significant. Especially correlation between neuroticism and dyadic adjustment seemed to be mediated by emotional state such as depression and anxiety. These findings suggest that personality factors may be involved in marital relationship and that clinician must consider personality aspect in dealing with marital problems. Future study about differences between control group and psychiatric patient group will be needed.

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The Marital Interaction Coding System-Global(MICS-G): A Validation Study (포괄적 부부상호작용 코딩시스템(MICS-G) 국내 타당화 연구)

  • Park, Woochul
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.109-125
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    • 2019
  • Few studies have utilized observational methods in the field of couple research even though using self-report questionnaires is prone to the subjective biases of the reporter. This study validates the Marital Interaction Coding System-Global (MICS-G), a global version of the well-established microanalytic observational coding system, Marital Interaction Coding System (MICS). Participants in the study consisted of 30 married couples with varied levels of marital adjustment who visited one of the Healthy Family and Multicultural Family Support Centers in Seoul, either for couple therapy or the "Marriage Checkup"program. Ten-minute problem-solving discussions were rated by two undergraduate student raters who were trained for 10 hours. Interobserver agreement based on percentage agreement and intraclass correlation coefficients showed a high level of agreement between raters in establishing interrater reliability. Convergent validity was established by: correlations among marital adjustment, psychological aggression, mental health, and MICS-G categories of conflicts, validation, invalidation, facilitation, and withdrawal. MICS-G categories also were successful in discriminating between distressed and nondistressed couples, which provides evidence of discriminant validity for MICS-G. This study showed that MICS-G is a promising method for researchers to observe couple interactions in a more cost-effective way. Methodological issues and practical applications are also discussed.

The Marital Problem Solving Process Among Korean Married Couples -Ego States Problem Perception Problem Solving Behaviors- (한국 부부의 부부문제해결과정 -자아상태, 문제인지, 문제해결행동을 중심으로-)

  • 조혜경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.237-248
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    • 1996
  • This study regarded the marital problem solving as the process of ego states marital problem perception and marital problem solving behaviors and was to verify that the match of husband and wife in that process differed in marital adjustment, The subjects of the study were 225 married couples for 1-10 years. The results of the study were summarized as following: 1) Husband/wife's marital adjustments differed in a accordance with marital problem solving behavior matches between husband and wife. 2) Marital problems solving behaviors were the most effected by marital problem perception and were indirectly effected by ego states. Particularly marital problem solving behaviors was the more effec ted by perception of husband than of wife.

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Problem Coping Strategies Depression and the Social Support Needs for Psychological Adjustment of Unemployed Husband's Wives (실직자 가족의 문제와 대처, 우울감 및 심리문제 해결지원요구도 -실직자 아내를 중심으로-)

  • 최규련
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.47-62
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the problem coping strategies and depression of unemployed husband's wives and to analysis the social support(education and counseling program) needs for their psychological adjustment. The subjects were 139 unemployed husband's wives living in Seoul city and Kyungi-do province. The questionnaire method was used for data gathering. The major findings were as follows" 1) Wives perceived the most negative change of unemployed husband. Wives' depression was influenced by self-esteem evaluation of husband's coping behavior weak health passive coping strategies and negative change of husband and marital relation. 2) Wives needed education and counseling support the most in the area stress & mental health problem marital conflict and marital communication. The result of this study were discussed in the relation with the contents of education and counseling program for unemployed husbands' wives.

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