• Title, Summary, Keyword: Marital Adjustment

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The Effect of Family-of-Origin Experiences on Marital Satisfaction and Psychological Adjustment among Married Men and Women (기혼남녀가 지각한 원가족 경험이 결혼만족도 및 심리적 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Sang-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of family-of-origin experiences on marital satisfaction and psychological adjustment among married men and women. For this purpose, the data were collected from 123 married men and 188 married women using self-administered questionnaire method by AMOS 7.0 program. The results of the study were as follows : First, men and women's family-of-origin experience(family of origin health, parents' marital conflict, triangulation) had a direct effect on marital satisfaction. Secondly, men's family-of-origin experience had a direct effect on psychological adjustment(self-esteem, depression). But women's family-of-origin experience had a indirect effect on psychological adjustment. Finally, men and women's marital satisfaction had a direct effect on psychological adjustment.

Psychosocial Adjustment, Marital Intimacy and Family Support of Post-mastectomy Patients (유방암 환자의 수술 후 심리사회적 적응, 부부친밀도 및 가족지지)

  • Cho, Ok-Hee;Yoo, Yang-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to explore the psychosocial adjustment, marital intimacy and family support of post-mastectomy patients. Methods: The subjects were 90 post-mastectomy patients (stage I or II) who were eligible and agreed to participate in the study. The data collection period was from March to May, 2008. Subjects completed a survey including demographics, psychosocial adjustment scale by Lee (a 4-point Likert scale), marital intimacy scale by Kim (a 4-point Likert scale), and family support by Shim (a 5-point Likert scale). Data were analyzed using SAS (ver 9.0) program and frequency, mean (SD), t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients were used. Results: The mean scores of the psychosocial adjustment and marital intimacy were 2.8 (${\pm}0.4$) and 2.5 (${\pm}0.5$). Also, the mean score of the family support was 3.6 (${\pm}0.7$). Regarding the correlation between the psychosocial adjustment, marital intimacy and family support, there was a positive correlation. Conclusion: These results showed that subjects who had higher marital intimacy and family support showed better in psychosocial adjustment. To improve psychosocial adjustment of post-mastectomy patients for breast cancer more effectively, there is an necessity to provide various strategic supports and intervention for effective communication with spouse and family.

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The Impact of Parents' Marital Conflict and Parent-Adolescent Communication on College Students' Psycho-Social Adjustment (부모간 갈등과 부모자녀간 의사소통에 따른 후기 청소년의 심리${\cdot}$사회적 적응)

  • Lee Young-Mi;Min Ha-Yeoung;Lee Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated the effect of parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication on the psycho-social adjustment of college students. The subjects were 287 college students(107 boys and 180 girls) in Daegu and Kyoungbuk Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate the college students' depression, anxiety and school adjustment and parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication perceived by college students. Data were analyzed by SPSS-WIN program, including median, mean, standard deviation, correlational analysis, and regression. Results were as follows. (1) The college students who perceived their parents' marital conflict as lower and parent-adolescent communication as positive were less depressive and less anxious and were good at school than those who perceived them as higher and negative. (2) The college students of the family with negative parent-adolescent communication and high parents' marital conflict were more negative in psycho-social adjustment than those of the family with positive parent-adolescent communication or low parents' marital conflict. (3) The regression analysis showed that college students' perception of positive parent-adolescent communication was more influential on college students' psycho-social adjustment than the parents' marital conflict perceived by college students.

The Effects of family of Origin Experiences and Self-Differentiation on Marital Relationship and Parent-Child Relationship in the Nuclear Family among Married Men and Women (기혼남녀의 원가족 경험과 자기분화가 핵가족의 부부관계와 부모자녀관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, So-Hee;Chung, Hye-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.873-889
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family-of-origin experiences(parents' marital adjustment and affectionate relationship with parents) and self-differentiation on the nuclear family relationships(marital adjustment of married men women, and affectionate relationship with child). Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire method with 159 married men and 193 married women. The results showed that first, married men and women perceived the level of family-of-origin experiences lower than that of nuclear family relationships, and there were significant differences in the level of marital adjustment across sex, age, marital status, and income. Second, there was significant positive correlation between family-of-origin experiences and self-differentiation, between family-of-origin experiences and the nuclear family relationships, and between self-differentiation and the nuclear family relationships. Third, multiple regression analyses indicated that parents' marital adjustment and emotional cutoff were the powerful predictors of marital adjustment of married men women. Finally, women's affectionate relationship with child was predicted by such variables as affectionate relationship with parents, fusion with others, and emotional fusion, whereas men's affectionate relationship with child was predicted by such variables as affectionate relationship with parents, emotional reactivity, and I-position.

A Study on Non-Professional Working Wife's Marital Adjustment, Communication Style and Their Interrelationship (비전문직 취업주부의 결혼 적응과 부부간 의사소통양식 및 그 상호 관계에 대한 연구)

  • 도미향;최외선
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.69-85
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study is to offer basic data for satisfactory marital adjustment and functional communication by investigating marital adjustment, communication style and interrelationship between them, for non-professional working wives. Research was conducted form May, 1089 in Taegu on 470 subjects, who are non-professional working wives as questions and interview. For analysis of data, percentile, frequencies, ANOVA, Scheffe-test, X2-test, t-test were used, and through such research procedure the following major findings were obtained: 1) The marital adjustment of nonprofessional working wives were relatively high with 78 in percentile. 2) Among the related variables, husband's income, job, support and wife's motive of employment, job, age on the marital adjustment and husband's occupation, educational, level, income, the length of marriage and number of children, family style on the communication style have turned out o be significant. 3) Th higher the degree of emotional disclosure and the more open the verbal experesion, the higher the level of marriage adjustment, 4) In communication style, marriage adjustment was found to increase in such order as contactful style, speculative style, conventional style, and controlling style. Such were found to affect significantly marital adjustment.

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A Study on the Clothing Behavior of Home makers Related to Their Marital Adjustments (결혼적응도에 따른 의복행동에 관한 조사연구 -가정 주부를 중심으로-)

  • Lee Sungyung;Kahng Hewon;Cho Gilsoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 1987
  • The puropose of this study was to investigate the relationships between four aspects of clothing behavior ana marital adjustment. Marital adjustment was measured with the Spaniel's Marital Adjustment Scale. The questionnaire measuring clothing behavior consisted of items designed to assess dressing for self, dressing for others, self-concept regarding clothing and dependence in clothing. This questionnaire was selected and revised from inventories of such researchers as Pasnak, Sin, Lee, Park and Creekmore. This questionnaire was administered to 269 home makers in Seoul. Statistical analyses utilized in this study included correlation coefficients and $X^2$ test. The results were as followes: 1. Marital adjustment showed significant and positive relationships with dressing for self, dressing for others, ana self-concept regarding clothing. 2. Marital adjustment was negatively correlated to dependence in clothing.

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The Effect of Communication on Marital Adjustment of Cancer Patients and their Spouses - Focusing on the Actor Effect and Partner Effect - (암환자와 배우자의 부부적응에 대한 부부의사소통의 영향 - 자기효과와 상대방효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, In-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.179-205
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    • 2011
  • Recently, problems regarding marital adjustment of cancer patients are recognized as serious matter of concern for it had been reported that these issues have severe negative effects on relationship stability within marriage. It is noteworthy how marital adjustment is found to be critical for the cancer patient's mental stability, healing process and chances of survival as reported in the research. Thus, the ultimate goal of this research is to contribute to improvement of the stable relationship and also to formulate the social service related strategy for marriage adjustment for married cancer patient married couples in Korea. Actor and Partner Interdependence Model was formed in order to observe how the communication of the married couple affects marital adjustment and how this has an actor effect as well as partner effect. In order to authenticate this research model, dyadic data which sample the cancer patient and the spouse as a pair. Survey was conducted as the cancer patients who had been diagnosed with cancer and their respective spouses. The survey was taken from 160 married couples which totals to 320 people all together. Results indicated the cancer patient and the spouse have a significant relationship in marital adjustment. Through this, it had been concluded that marital adjustment is not separated but co-dependent with dynamic relationship. And the mutual constructive communication had proven to have a significant positive effect on one's marital adjustment. In demand-withdrawal communication, its negative effect on the self effect was found to be significant in both the patient and the spouse to both of their marital adjustment. Mutual avoidance communication had shown to only cause significant negative effect on self effect to the patient. In verifying the partner effect, significant negative effect was caused by patient's demand-withdrawal communication in partner effect on the spouse's marital adjustment. The results of this study are discussed in term of their implications for clinical interventions for the betterment of marital adjustment among cancer patients and their spouses. The suggestions for future research are discussed also.

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The Mediating Effects of Self-esteem in the Relationship between Marital Conflict and School Adjustment for Adolescents (부부갈등과 남녀 청소년의 학교생활적응 간 관계에서 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Hyong-Sil
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.175-183
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effects of self-esteem in the relationship between marital conflict and school adjustment among adolescents. This study used data collected from 482 middle school students in Seoul. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the mediating effects of self-esteem in the relationship between marital conflict and school adjustment. The results of this study revealed that there were sex differences in self-esteem of adolescents. For both male and female adolescents, marital conflict was found to have negative effects on self-esteem. School adjustment of adolescents was found to be positively influenced by self-esteem. Marital conflict had negative direct effects on school adjustment only for male adolescents. Results indicated that self-esteem mediated in the effects of marital conflict on school adjustment for male and female adolescents. Implications for understanding the associations among marital conflict, children's self-esteem and adjustment in school contexts were discussed.

The Relationship between Mothers' Marital Adjustment and Children's Social Adjustment in Commuter Couples (주말부부 어머니의 결혼적응과 아동의 사회적 적응과의 관계)

  • 김경은
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.35-49
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mothers' marital adjustment and children's social adjustment in commuter couples. The subjects of this study were 96 mother-child dyads. The children were first to sixth grade in the elementary schools. For data analyses, one-way ANOVAs, Scheffe Test for pairwise comparison, Pearson's Correlation were used. Results indicated that there were significant differences in mothers' marital adjustment in terms of the duration of commuting, the number of children, the frequency of fathers' visit and frequency of making a call. And, there was significant difference in children's adaptation in terms of the frequency of fathers' visit. Also, there were significant positive correlations between mothers' marital adjustment subscales and children's social adjustment subscales in commuter couples.

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Factors Influencing Family Functioning of Couples with Breast Cancer in the Middle Adaptation Stage: Trajectory of Chronic Illness (유방암 생존자 가족의 가족기능에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yong, Jin-Sun;Seo, Im-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.666-677
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to test a theoretical model examining the relationships among social support, illness demands, marital adjustment, family coping and family functioning in couples more than three years after breast cancer diagnosis. Methods: A causal modeling methodology was used to test the specified relationships in the recursive theoretical model. A total of 60 couples with breast cancer were recruited from January to April 2005. Five standardized questionnaires were used to measure the theoretical concepts: social support (ISSB), illness demands (DOII), marital adjustment (DAS), family coping (F-COPES), and family functioning (FACESII). Results: Path analysis results from the wives and the husbands revealed different patterns. Three hypotheses were supported in the wife model as predicted: social support and family coping, family coping and family functioning, and social support and marital adjustment (trend). Five hypotheses were supported in the husband model as predicted: social support and illness demands, also social support and marital adjustment, illness demands and marital adjustment, marital adjustment and family coping, and family coping and family functioning. Conclusion: This study provides valuable information for developing various interventions with social support for improving family functioning of breast cancer couples in the middle adaption stage (more than three years after diagnosis).

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