• Title, Summary, Keyword: Marine sediment

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Estimation of the Sediment Pollution in Coast of Gwangyang, Mokpo and Shinan, Korea (광양, 목포, 신안 주변해역 해저퇴적물의 오염도 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hee;Um, Hyeon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 2013
  • We estimated sediment pollution by the analysis of COD and AVS. We also estimated the contents of Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn in sediment of Gwangyang bay, Mokpo inner bay and Shinan Bigum coastal area from 2011 July to 2012 February. In these results of sediment COD and AVS show III level pollution in Mokpo inner bay, however Gwangyang and Shinan Bigum coast show I level pollution. The results of Igeo show over 2 on the contents of Cu and Cd in Gwangyang bay and Mokpo inner bay. It also know that Igeo can more and detail estimate sediment pollution in industrial coastal area. These results show that it is suitable to estimated sediment pollution by COD and AVS with trace metal in industrial and initial polluted coastal area rather than analysis of COD and AVS only in coastal area.

Long-Term Shoreline Change and Evaluation of Total Longshore Sediment Transport Rate on Hupo Beach (후포해빈에서 해안선의 장기변화 및 전연안표사량의 추정)

  • Park, Il-Heum;Lee, Young-Kweon
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2007
  • The harbor siltation by longshore sediment transports has become a serious problem on the East Coast of Korea. A reasonable prediction of the longshore sediment rate is important to approach the siltation problem effectively. In the recently developed 1-line model, the empirical constants of the sediment transport formula, which include the absolute quantity of sediment transport rate and the spatial distribution of breaking wave height by wave deformation, are treated as calibration parameters. Since these constants should be determined by the very long-term shoreline data, the longshore sediment rates are much more reasonable values. The method was applied to Hupo Beach, which has experienced heavy siltation. The authors also discuss long-term shoreline change using aerial photos and the observed wave-induced current patterns. According to the result, the SW-direction sediment transport rate was $146,892m^3/year$, and the NE direction was $2,694,450m^3/year$ at Hupo Beach for the last 11 years. The siltation in Hupo Harbor might be affected by the NE-direction sediment transport from Hupo Beach.

Proposal of Standard Method for the Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Marine Sediments (해양퇴적물내 다환방향족탄화수소 분석을 위한 표준작업절차서 제안)

  • Lee, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Gi-Beum;Choi, Yoon-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.163-175
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    • 2011
  • Though polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds (PAHs) in marine sediment has been produced by many colleges and institution in Korea, it is difficult to compare PAHs data in a study area with those in other areas due to the lack of confidence for the quality of data from the other organization. Therefore, we suggested the protocol for PAHs analysis in marine sediment through examining the method of PAHs analysis described in over twenty scientific papers and reports. When a known amount of 23 PAHs were spiked into a sediment and anlyzed following this new protocol, very good recoveries were obtained. In addition, for college and institution with their own method to analyze PAHs can keep producing PAHs data without exchanging to this new PAHs protocol, the method to get a full confidence through the QA/QC for the PAHs data produced by these organization is included to the protocol.

Efficient Removal of Humic Substances in Preparing DNA Extract from Marine Sediments (해양퇴적물의 핵산추출물에서 humic substances의 효율적인 제거방법)

  • Lee, Jung-Hyun;Shin, Hyun-Hee;Lee, HongKun;Kwon, Kae Kyoung;Ki, Sang-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.132-136
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    • 1998
  • Molecular analyses of natural microbial communities are often dependent upon the obtainments of pure nucleic acids. The four methods (elution after agarose gel electrophoresis, G-75 microspin columns, hydroxyapatite mi-crospin columns, and polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP) microspin columns) were compared for the removal of PCR-inhibitory humic substances from the crude DNA extracts of marine sediment samples. The PVPP microspin columns have shown superior removal of humic substances from the crude DNA extract of marine sediment samples, with yield of $4.8{\mu}g/g$ (dry weight of sediment). The purified DNA by this rapid method was pure enough to amplify 1.5 kb fragment corresponding almost full length of 16S rRNA genes.

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Marine Environmental Characteristics in the Coastal Area Surrounding Tongyeong Cage-Fish Farms (통영 가두리 양식장 인근 해역에서의 해양환경 특성)

  • Jang, Yu Lee;Lee, Hyo Jin;Moon, Hyo-Bang;Lee, Won-Chan;Kim, Hyung Chul;Kim, Gi Beum
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2015
  • To assess environmental characteristics of the aquaculture area in Tongyeong, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), dissolved inorganic phosphorous (DIP) and chemical oxygen demand (COD), and acid volatile sulfur (AVS) were measured in seawater and sediment samples collected from 10 locations of Tongyeong coastal area from July to December in 2013. The quality of the seawater may be affected by seasonal variation rather than the distance from fish farm. However, sediment was contrary to seawater; the distance from fish farm may be a main factor to affect COD and AVS in sediment than season and other parameters. It is expected that contaminated organic sediments of fishery located in semi-closed bay are rapidly dispersed into surrounding waters due to fast current.

Analyzing Recovered Effects of Marine Contaminated Sediment Cleanup Project on Fisheries Resources (해양오염 퇴적물 정화사업의 어업자원회복 및 수산물 소비회복효과분석)

  • Pyo, Hee-Dong
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.29-49
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    • 2009
  • There are various types of predictable economic benefits to restoring beneficial uses from contaminated marine sediment cleanup. These benefits can be derived from reduction in aquatic animals died or infected, increase in their consumption recovery, increase in tourism including recreational fishing, reduction in human health risk, increase in amenity and aesthetics, increase in ecosystem integrity, and so on. The paper focuses on estimating the net increase in value for producers and consumers from producing and consuming those fish due to the pollution reduction of marine contaminated cleanup project. Almost Ideal Demand System(AIDS) is employed for estimate of the demand for fish, and the production cost function for fish are determined using market data. The result shows 10.8 billion won per year for economic surplus to the net increase for producers and consumers.

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Comparison of Material Flux at the Sediment-Water Interface in Marine Finfish and Abalone Cage Farms, Southern Coast of Korea: In-situ and Laboratory Incubation Examination (남해안 어류 및 전복가두리양식장의 퇴적물-수층 경계면에서의 물질플럭스 비교: 현장배양과 실내배양실험 연구)

  • Park, Jung-Hyun;Cho, Yoon-Sik;Lee, Won-Chan;Hong, Sok-Jin;Kim, Hyung-Chul;Kim, Jeong-Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.536-544
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    • 2012
  • It is necessary to study the material circulation of coastal ecosystem according to aquacultural activity in order to induce the sustainable production of aquaculture and the fishery environment for the useful use. Hence, it is essential to make an exact assessment for the sedimentation release flux at the sediment-water interface in the aquafarm. Sediment oxygen demand and dissolved inorganic nitrogen release fluxes were compared using in-situ and laboratory incubational examination. Sediment oxygen demands were 116, 34, and $31\;mmol\;O_2\;m^{-2}\;d^{-1}$ (in-situ incubation), 52, 17, and $15\;mmol\;O_2\;m^{-2}\;d^{-1}$ (Core incubation) and dissolved inorganic nitrogen release fluxes were 7.18, 7.98, and $1.78\;mmol\;m^{-2}\;d^{-1}$ (in-situ incubation), 3.33, 3.74, and $1.96\;mmol\;m^{-2}\;d^{-1}$ (Core incubation) at Tongyeong finfish, Yeosu finfish, and Wando abalone cage farms, respectively. Consequently, in-situ incubation results showed two times higher than laboratory examination. We compared the material flux at the sediment-water interface of each farm and the characteristics between two different kinds of material flux examination.

Effect of light and sediment grain size on the vertical migration of benthic diatoms

  • Du, Guo Ying;Oak, Jung-Hyun;Li, Hongbo;Chung, Ik-Kyo
    • ALGAE
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2010
  • Using chlorophyll fluorescence, the vertical migration of benthic diatoms responding to light intensity and affected by sediment grain size was studied. Minimal fluorescence ($F_o$) of surface sediment was measured by imaging pulse amplitude modulated (Imaging-PAM) fluorometer, and used to monitor diatom biomass variation in surface sediments. The test diatoms, Amphora coffeaeformis (C. Agardh) K$\ddot{u}$tzing and Cylindrotheca closterium (Ehrenberg) Reimann & Lewin, migrated to the sediment surface under irradiance from 50 to 500 ${\mu}mol$ photons $m^{-2}s^{-1}$. However, the diatoms exhibited no evident increase of surface biomass under dark conditions, and even showed slightly decrease of surface biomass under irradiances over 1,000 ${\mu}mol$ photons $m^{-2}s^{-1}$. The light intensity inducing the maximum surface migration of A. coffeaeformis was 100 ${\mu}mol$ photons $m^{-2}s^{-1}$, while the light intensity producing the same effect for C. closterium was 250 ${\mu}mol$ photons $m^{-2}s^{-1}$. C. closterium showed higher motility than A. coffeaeformis. Faster diatom surfacing was observed in larger grain size sediments (125-335 ${\mu}m$) than smaller ones (63-125 ${\mu}m$). This study confirmed the significant influence of light as a main triggering factor behind migration, indicated the distinct effect of different sediment grain size, and highlighted the species-specific migratory ability.

Archaeal Diversity in Tidal Flat Sediment as Revealed by 16S rDNA Analysis

  • Kim Bong Soo;Oh Huyn Myung;Kan Ho Jeong;Chun Jong Sik
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.144-151
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    • 2005
  • During the past ten years, Archaea have been recognized as a widespread and significant component of marine picoplankton assemblages. More recently, the presence of novel archaeal phylogenetic lineages has been discovered in coastal marine environments, freshwater lakes, polar seas, and deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Therefore, we conducted an investigation into the archaeal community existing in tidal flat sediment collected from Ganghwa Island, Korea. Phylogenetic analysis of archaeal 16S rDNA amplified directly from tidal flat sediment DNA revealed the presence of two major lineages, belonging to the Crenarchaeota ($53.9\%$) and Euryarchaeota ($46.1\%$) phyla. A total of 102 clones were then sequenced and analyzed by comprehensive phylogenetic analysis. The sequences determined in our samples were found to be closely related to the sequences of clones which had been previously obtained from a variety of marine environments. Archaeal clones exhibited higher similarities ($83.25 - 100\%$) to sequences..from other environments in the public database than did those ($75.22 - 98.46\%$) of previously reported bacterial clones obtained from tidal flat sediment. The results of our study suggest that the archaeal community in tidal flat sediment is remarkably diverse.

Employing Response Surface Methodology for optimization of slow release Biostimulant ball in contaminated coastal sediments in Busan, South Korea

  • Song, Young-Chae;Subha, Bakthacachallam;Woo, Jung Hui
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.87-88
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    • 2014
  • The Coastal sediment is highly contaminated due to ship transportation, industries discharges and urban sources. Various contaminants release into seawater and settle in marine sediment and it significantly affect marine eco system. In the present study evaluated the optimization of slow release biostimulant ball (BSB) in coastal sediment in busan. The effective variables like BSB size, distance and month variables on VS reduction was determined by using Response surface methodology(RSM). The analysis of variance (ANOVA) and coefficient determination (R2) of VS was 0.9369 and maximum reduction of VS was obtained in 3cm ball size and 5.5cm distance and 4 month interval time. This result revealed that the BSB in effective VS reduction in coastal sediment.

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