• Title, Summary, Keyword: Marine environment

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A Comparative Study on International Compensation System for Marine Environment Damage (해양환경손해 국제배상제도에 관한 비교연구)

  • Cho, Dong-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2002
  • Since the case of ″Ohio u. The United States, Department of the Interior″, claims for marine environment damage caused by oil pollution have been Increased in the United States. Also European countries have suggested in the Executive Committee of 10pc Fund that 10pc Fund should accept claims for marine environment and several claims for marine environment damage were made to 10pc Fund, but all of which were rejected. In this study, compensation system for marine environment damage caused by oil pollution in the United States and the 10pc Fund were comparatively analyzed and several policy recommendations were suggested.

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Marine Environment Monitoring and Analysis System Model (해양환경 모니터링 및 분석 시스템의 모델)

  • Park, Sun;Kim, Chul Won;Lee, Seong Ro
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.2113-2120
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    • 2012
  • The study of automatic monitoring and analysis of marine environment in Korea is not enough. Recently, the marine monitoring technology is actively being studied since the sea is a rich repository of natural resources that is taken notice in the world. In particular, the marine environment data should be collected continuously in order to understand and analyze the marine environment, however the marine environment monitoring is limited in many area yet. The prediction of marine disaster by automatic collecting marine environment data and analyzing the collected data can contribute to minimized the damages with respect to marine pollution of oil spill and fisheries damage by red tide blooms and marine environment upsets. In this paper, we proposed the marine environment monitoring and analysis system model. The proposed system automatically collects the marine environment information for monitoring the marine environment intelligently. Also it predicts the marine disaster by analyzing the collected ocean data.

A Study on the Change of Education System for Marine Pollution Prevention Manager in Korea - A Comparative Analysis between Old "Marine Pollution Prevention Act" and New "Marine Environment Management Act" - (해양오염방지관리인 교육 제도의 개정에 관한 고찰 - 해양오염방지법과 해양환경관리법의 비교분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2009
  • Marine pollution prevention manager system has been operated for the purpose of preventing marine pollution from ships and marine facilities in Korea. As a new "marine environment management act" replacing an old "marine pollution prevention low" had entered into force from January 20, 2008, the education system for marine pollution prevention manager is to change in some ways. Major changes in education/training institutions, education/training courses, trainees, marine pollution prevention manager's works and business, marine facilities and educational subjects are summarized, comparing between old "marine pollution prevention act" and new "marine environment management act".

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Prospects for Building a Legal System for Marine Environment Protection in China (중국의 해양환경법제 분석과 전개방향에 관한 고찰)

  • Yang, Hee-Cheol;Park, Seong-Wook;Park, Su-Jin;Kwon, Suk-Jae
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.89-107
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    • 2008
  • Marine environment is subject serious destruction because of frequent accidents during exploration of marine resources and overseas transport. Also, as many industrial enterprises discharge high volume of wastes and contamination, marine pollution has become a serious threat to people (especially in China). China is quickly becoming a world economic leader of the 21st century. Rapid industrialization and social changes have raised the standard of living of millions of the Chinese, mainly in the areas of East and South East coast. The process of industrialization, however, is often followed by deterioration of the marine environment and rarely turned around until a country has increased its standard of living. Solving these array of problems will take decades and currently the government is addressing minor specific issues only. Fortunately, the Chinese government has enacted a number of marine pollution control laws. On 25 December 1999, the 13th Session of the Ninth Standing Commettee of the National People's Congress passed the amended the Marine Environment Protection Law of the People's Republic of China. This Law establishes rights and responsibilities of the relevant departments concerning marine environment management and provides for two new chapters on "Marine Environment Supervision" and "Marine Ecological Protection", along with "Supervision of Pollution Prevention for Marine Construction Projects", "Marine Ecological Protection" and "Marine Environment Pollution Prevention for Marine Construction Projects". Also, the Law was amended with provisions for integrated pollution discharge control system and oil spillage emergency response plan and enhanced legal responsibilities. Chinese government recognizes that international and national experience can be useful for China to prevent further ecological degradation of the marine environment.

An Analysis on the Relative Importance of the Risk Factors for the Marine Traffic Environment using Analytic Hierarchy Process

  • Lee, Hong-Hoon;Kim, Chol-Seong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.257-263
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    • 2013
  • The classification of risk factors and the identification of risk acceptance criteria are core works to assess risk levels with high enough confidential level in the field of marine traffic environment. In the previous study work, the twenty kinds of risk factors and its assessment criteria for the domestic marine traffic environment were proposed. In this paper, with these previous studying results, the relative importance of the risk factors were analyzed by questionnaire survey of marine traffic experts using the analytic hierarchy process. The analysis results showed that the relative importance of the visibility restriction is the highest among the twenty kinds of risk factors, and the relative importance of the traffic condition is the highest among the five kinds of risk categories. As results from analysis, it is expected that the approaching method on the relative importance is to be one of basic techniques for the development of risk assessment models in the domestic marine traffic environment.