• Title, Summary, Keyword: Marginal Fit

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The Effect of Abutment Inclined Angle on the Marginal Fit of Zirconia All-ceramic Crown (지대주 경사각이 지르코니아 전부도재관의 변연적합도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seo-Yeon;Chung, In-Sung;Jeon, Byung-Wook
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The present study was performed to investigate the effect of abutment inclined angle on the marginal fit of zirconia all-ceramic crown. Methods: The Ti abutments with 3 different inclined angle($2^{\circ}$, $4^{\circ}$ and $6^{\circ}$) were fabricated. The zirconia copings were fabricated for each abutment by using dental CAD/CAM system. The manufactured zirconia copings were duplicated through silicone replica technique, and a replicated specimen was sectioned in the center of bucco-lingual and mesio-distal axial to measure the marginal fit by using a stereo microscope. The results were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA with SPSS 22.0 for Windows(${\alpha}=0.05$). Results: On the bucco-lingual axial, marginal fit was the RL3($41.5{\pm}3.4{\mu}m$), RL2($44.3{\pm}4.3{\mu}m$) and RL1($47.5{\pm}5.7{\mu}m$), respectively. On the mesio-distal axial, marginal fit was the RL3($41.1{\pm}3.7{\mu}m$), RL2($45.7{\pm}5.3{\mu}m$) and RL1($46.2{\pm}4.5{\mu}m$), respectively. One-way ANOVA showed statistically significant difference between groups for marginal fit(p<0.05). Conclusion: For marginal fit of the abutments inclined angle, RL3 specimen was superior. The abutment inclined angle had influence on marginal fit of the zirconia copings. The marginal fit of each group were within clinically acceptable range.

Evaluation of fitness of metal-ceramic crown fabricated by cobalt-chrome alloy (코발트-크롬 합금으로 제작된 금속-도재관의 적합도 평가)

  • Kim, Jae-Hong;Kim, Won-Soo;Kim, Ki-Baek
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.361-368
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of firing cycles on the marginal and internal fit of metal ceramic crown. Methods : Ten same cases of stone models (abutment teeth 11) were manufactured. Ten cobalt-chrome cores were made per each models and the marginal and internal fit was evaluated through a silicone replica technique. The marginal and internal fit of specimens was measured twice. The first measurement was done after manufacturing cobalt-chrome alloy core and the second measurement was done after porcelain firing. T-test of paired sample for statistical analysis was executed with SPSS 12.0K for Windows (${\alpha}$=0.05). Results : Mean(SD) marginal and internal fit were 77.1(23.3) ${\mu}m$ for the cobalt-chrome alloy core group and 84.4(21.9) ${\mu}m$ for the metal-ceramic crown group. They were statistically significant differences between groups for marginal and internal fit (p<.05). Conclusions : All metal ceramic crowns showed marginal and internal fit ranged within the current clinical recommendations.

A STUDY ON THE MARGINAL FIT OF ALL-CERAMIC CROWNS USING CCD CAMERA (CCD카메라를 이용한 수종 전부도재관의 변연적합도에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Byoung-Hwa;Yang, Jae-Ho;Lee, Sun-Hyung;Chung, Hun-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.273-292
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate marginal fit of four all-ceramic crown systems 1) conventional In-Ceram, 2) copy-milled In-Ceram using Celay system, 3) IPS Empress, 4) OPC(Optimal Pressable Ceramic). All ceramic crowns were made on epoxy dies. The fabricated crowns were sandblasted, cleaned with ultrasonic cleansing, silanated, and cemented with Bistite composite resin cement. the selected marginal areas of the crowns were the labial, lingual, mesial, and distal surface. Each selected area of surface was $0.6{\times}1.6mm$ in dimension. The image of each marginal area was captured to computer files using DT-55 Frame Grabber and light microscope connected CCD camera. The marginal gaps were measured every $70{\mu}m$ using computer image analysis program. The results obtained were summarized as follows : 1. The marginal fit of four all-ceramic crowns were significantly different from each other(p<0.01), and mean marginal fit values obtained were $31.42{\pm}16.52{\mu}m$ in conventional In-Ceram, $55.45{\pm}27.90{\mu}m$ in copy-milled In-Ceram using Celay system, $44.36{\pm}24.59{\mu}m$ in IPS Empress, $47.21{\pm}20.42{\mu}m$ in OPC. 2. In the marginal fit of conventional In-Ceraw and copy-milled In-Ceram crowns using Celay system there was no significant difference between mesiodistal and buccolingual surface, but in the marginal fit of IPS Empress and OPC crowns, there was significant difference between mesiodistal and buccolingual surface(p<0.01). 3. The marginal fit of four kinds of all-ceramic crowns was clinically acceptable.

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MARGINAL FIT OF THE AURO GALVANO CROWN SYSTEM MADE USING THE ELECTROFORMING TECHNIQUE

  • Yang Jae-Ho;Song Tae-Jin;Han Jung-Suk;Lee Jae-Bong;Lee Sun-Hyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.679-684
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    • 2004
  • Statement of problem. There have been few studies about the marginal fit of Auro Galvano Crowns. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal fit of the anterior single restorations. Material and methods. The in vitro marginal discrepancies of metal-ceramic, Auro Galvano Crown and coping were evaluated and compared. The Auro Gavano Crowns were made from one extracted maxillary central incisor prepared by milling machine. 30crowns per each system were fabricated. Measurements of a crown were recorded at 50 points that were randomly selected for marginal gap evaluation. Parametric statistical analysis was performed for the results. Results. Mean marginal gap dimensions and standard deviations at the marginal opening for the anterior single crowns were $74{\pm}21{\mu}m$ for the control (metal-ceramic restoration), $45{\pm}11{\mu}m$ for Auro Galvano Crown coping, and $51{\pm}9{\mu}m$ for the Auro Galvano Crown. Conclusions. Auro Calvano Crown showed significantly smaller (P<.05) marginal gap than the control. Ceramic application did not significantly affected the marginal fit of Auro Galvano Crown. (P>.05)

Comparison of the marginal fit of POM restorations with different thickness of metal copings (코핑 두께의 차이에 따른 POM 보철물의 변연적합도 연구)

  • Lim, Hyung-Tek
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the marginal fit of POM restorations with 3 different thickness of metal coping. Methods: 2.0mm Occlusal reduction, 1.0mm preparation of axial wall with 6degree taper, and chamfer margin was prepared a maxillary first premolar on dentiform. Duplicate prepared die and, make 30 individual dies with Ni-Cr metal. Make 3 groups of 30 press ceramic on Metal crown with different thickness of metal coping; 10 of 0.1mm, 10 of 0.3mm, 10 of 0.5mm thickness metal coping. The marginal fit of the crowns was evaluated 50 points per 1 crown, around the crown margin circumference under a optical microscope at original magnification ${\times}100$. A 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare data. Results: The mean marginal discrepancy for POM with 0.1mm metal copings was $72.56{\mu}m$, $67.83{\mu}m$ for 0.3mm metal coping POMs, and $72.56{\mu}m$ for 0.5mm metal coping POM. The 1-way ANOVA showed significant difference among 3 groups. Conclusion: The marginal fit of pressed-on-metal (POMs) was best with 0.3mm thickness of metal coping, fallowing by 0.1mm, and 0.5mm in the order.

Comparison of the marginal and internal fit of cores fabricated by Ni-Cr alloy(non-beryllium) and Co-Cr alloy (베릴륨이 함유되지 않은 니켈-크롬 합금 코어와 코발트-크롬 합금 코어의 적합도 비교평가)

  • Kim, Ki-Baek;Kim, Jae-Hong;Kim, Woong-Chul;Kim, Ji-Hwan
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.353-359
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of this study measured and compared the marginal and internal fit of metal cores with two base metal alloy (Ni-Cr alloy(non-beryllium), Co-Cr alloy). Methods: Maxillary right first molar abutment fabricated by titanium was prepared for this study. Impressions(10ea) were made from titanium model, and study models were poured with improved dental stone. Wax cores of twenty were prepared for burn-out and casting. Ten wax cores cast Ni-Cr alloy(non-Be), and finally ten cast Co-Cr alloy. Marginal and internal fit of cores was evaluated using silicone replica technique and digital microscope(x160). The data were statistically analyzed with the independent samples t-test (${\alpha}$ <.05). Results: Mean(standard deviation, SD) marginal and internal fit total size of Ni-Cr alloy(non-Be) group was $73.3(14.4){\mu}m$ and of Co-Cr alloy group $65.6(17.4){\mu}m$. The marginal and internal fit total size of Ni-Cr alloy group(non-Be) was statistically significantly greater than that of Co-Cr alloy group (P=.004). Conclusion: Co-Cr alloy cores in this study had a better marginal fit than Ni-Cr alloy(non-Be) cores.

Influence of porcelain veneering on the marginal fit of Digident and Lava CAD/CAM zirconia ceramic crowns

  • Pak, Hyun-Soon;Han, Jung-Suk;Lee, Jai-Bong;Kim, Sung-Hun;Yang, Jae-Ho
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2010
  • PURPOSE. Marginal fit is a very important factor considering the restoration's long-term success. However, adding porcelain to copings can cause distortion and lead to an inadequate fit which exposes more luting material to the oral environment and causes secondary caries. The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal fit of 2 different all-ceramic crown systems before and after porcelain veneering. This study was also intended to verify the marginal fit of crowns originated from green machining of partially sintered blocks of zirconia (Lava CAD/CAM system) and that of crowns obtained through machining of fully sintered blocks of zirconia (Digident CAD/CAM system). MATERIALS AND METHODS. 20 crowns were made per each system and the marginal fit was evaluated through a light microscope with image processing (Accura 2000) at 50 points that were randomly selected. Each crown was measured twice: the first measurement was done after obtaining a 0.5 mm coping and the second measurement was done after porcelain veneering. The means and standard deviations were calculated and statistical inferences among the 2 groups were made using independent t-test and within the same group through paired t-test. RESULTS. The means and standard deviations of the marginal fit were $61.52{\pm}2.88{\mu}m$ for the Digident CAD/CAM zirconia ceramic crowns before porcelain veneering and $83.15{\pm}3.51{\mu}m$ after porcelain veneering. Lava CAD/CAM zirconia ceramic crowns showed means and standard deviations of $62.22{\pm}1.78{\mu}m$ before porcelain veneering and $82.03{\pm}1.85{\mu}m$ after porcelain veneering. Both groups showed significant differences when analyzing the marginal gaps before and after porcelain veneering within each group. However, no significant differences were found when comparing the marginal gaps of each group before porcelain veneering and after porcelain veneering as well. CONCLUSION. The 2 all-ceramic crown systems showed marginal gaps that were within a reported clinically acceptable range of marginal discrepancy.

A SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY ON THE LABIAL MARGINAL FIT OF METAL CERAMIC CROWNS MADE BY DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES (도재전장주조관의 제작방법에 따른 순측 치경부 변연 적합도에 관한 주사전자현미경적 연구)

  • Yoon, Il-Joong;Chang, Wan-Shik;Yang, Jae-Ho;Lee, Sun-Hyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.151-164
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    • 1986
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the marginal fit of metal ceramic crowns made by different techniques. The techniques were metal butt margin technique, platinum foil technique, shoulder powder techniques and wax technique. The latter three techniques were for the fabrication of collarless metal ceramic crowns. Ten crowns were made of each techniques, and marginal fit was evaluated using scanning electron microscope under X200 magnification. The results were as follows. 1. The marginal fit in the descending order were wax technique shoulder powder technique, platinum foil technique and metal butt margin, before cementation, and wax technique, shoulder powder technique, metal butt margin, and platinum foil technique, after cementation. 2. The fit of collarless metal ceramic crowns was comparable to metal ceramic crowns with metal butt margins. 3. There were no statistically significant differences between marginal fit of metal ceramic crowns made by different techniques.

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The effect of various veneering techniques on the marginal fit of zirconia copings

  • Torabi, Kianoosh;Vojdani, Mahroo;Giti, Rashin;Taghva, Masumeh;Pardis, Soheil
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.233-239
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    • 2015
  • PURPOSE. This study aimed to evaluate the fit of zirconia ceramics before and after veneering, using 3 different veneering processes (layering, press-over, and CAD-on techniques). MATERIALS AND METHODS. Thirty standardized zirconia CAD/CAM frameworks were constructed and divided into three groups of 10 each. The first group was veneered using the traditional layering technique. Press-over and CAD-on techniques were used to veneer second and third groups. The marginal gap of specimens was measured before and after veneering process at 18 sites on the master die using a digital microscope. Paired t-test was used to evaluate mean marginal gap changes. One-way ANOVA and post hoc tests were also employed for comparison among 3 groups (${\alpha}$=.05). RESULTS. Marginal gap of 3 groups was increased after porcelain veneering. The mean marginal gap values after veneering in the layering group ($63.06{\mu}m$) was higher than press-over ($50.64{\mu}m$) and CAD-on ($51.50{\mu}m$) veneered groups (P<.001). CONCLUSION. Three veneering methods altered the marginal fit of zirconia copings. Conventional layering technique increased the marginal gap of zirconia framework more than pressing and CADon techniques. All ceramic crowns made through three different veneering methods revealed clinically acceptable marginal fit.

Evaluation of marginal fit of 2 CAD-CAM anatomic contour zirconia crown systems and lithium disilicate glass-ceramic crown

  • Ji, Min-Kyung;Park, Ji-Hee;Park, Sang-Won;Yun, Kwi-Dug;Oh, Gye-Jeong;Lim, Hyun-Pil
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 2015
  • PURPOSE. This study was to evaluate the marginal fit of two CAD-CAM anatomic contour zirconia crown systems compared to lithium disilicate glass-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Shoulder and deep chamfer margin were formed on each acrylic resin tooth model of a maxillary first premolar. Two CAD-CAM systems (Prettau$^{(R)}$Zirconia and ZENOSTAR$^{(R)}$ZR translucent) and lithium disilicate glass ceramic (IPS e.max$^{(R)}$press) crowns were made (n=16). Each crown was bonded to stone dies with resin cement (Rely X Unicem). Marginal gap and absolute marginal discrepancy of crowns were measured using a light microscope equipped with a digital camera (Leica DFC295) magnified by a factor of 100. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post-hoc Tukey's HSD test were conducted to analyze the significance of crown marginal fit regarding the finish line configuration and the fabrication system. RESULTS. The mean marginal gap of lithium disilicate glass ceramic crowns (IPS e.max$^{(R)}$press) was significantly lower than that of the CAD-CAM anatomic contour zirconia crown system (Prettau$^{(R)}$Zirconia) (P<.05). Both fabrication systems and finish line configurations significantly influenced the absolute marginal discrepancy (P<.05). CONCLUSION. The lithium disilicate glass ceramic crown (IPS e.max$^{(R)}$press) had significantly smaller marginal gap than the CAD-CAM anatomic contour zirconia crown system (Prettau$^{(R)}$Zirconia). In terms of absolute marginal discrepancy, the CAD-CAM anatomic contour zirconia crown system (ZENOSTAR$^{(R)}$ZR translucent) had under-extended margin, whereas the CAD-CAM anatomic contour zirconia crown system (Prettau$^{(R)}$Zirconia) and lithium disilicate glass ceramic crowns (IPS e.max$^{(R)}$press) had overextended margins.