• Title, Summary, Keyword: Malignant glioblastoma multiform

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Development of Glioblastoma In Vivo Model for the Research of Brain Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy (뇌암 진단 및 치료 연구를 위한 교모세포종 동물모델 개발)

  • Kang, Seonghee;Kang, Bosun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.8 no.7
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    • pp.389-395
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    • 2014
  • The research was carried out to develop a animal model of malignant brain tumor for the researches in glioblastoma multiform (GBM) diagnosis and therapy. C6 cells were transplanted into the right striatum of SD rat using stereotactic instrument for the development. The developed animal model was verified by MRI and H&E stain assay of anatomicohistological examination. The MRI observations showed that the tumor developed at the injection site at the 7 days after glioblastoma inoculation. At 14 days post inoculation, the tumor grew to a large volume occupying almost a half of the right cerebral hemisphere. It was confirmed that the expression of excessive mitosis and pleomorphism in anatomicohistological examination. The developed animal model must be necessary and useful tool for the in vivo level research in the development of the new modality for the diagnosis and therapy of brain cancer.

Optimal Radiation Therapy Field for Malignant Astrocytoma and Glioblastoma Multiforme (악성 성상세포종 및 교모세포종의 적정 방사선 조사 영역에 대한 고찰)

  • Cho, Heung-Lae;Choi, Young-Min
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.199-205
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : This study was peformed to determine the optimal radiation therapy field for the treatment of malignant astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme. Materials and Methods : From Jan. 1994 to Mar. 2000, 21 patients with malignant astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme, confirmed as recurrent by follow up MRI after surgery and radiation therapy, were analyzed. The distance from the margin of the primary lesion to the recurrent lesion was measured. The following factors were analyzed to Investigate the influence of these factors to recurrence pattern; tumor size, degree of edema, surgical extent, gamma knife radiosurgery and multiple lesions. Results : Among the 21 patients, 18 $(86\%)$ were recurred within 2 cm from the primary lesion site. 12 within 1 cm, 6 between 1 and 2 cm. The other 3 patients all with multiple lesions, were recurred at 3, 4, 5 cm, from the primary lesion site. The recurrence pattern was not influenced by the factors of tumor size, extent of edema, surgical extent, or gamma knife radiosurgery. However, patients with multiple lesions showed a tendency of recurrence at sites further from the primary lesion. Conclusions : Most $(86\%)$ of the recurrences of malignant astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme occurred within 2 cm from the primary lesion site. The width of treatment field does not need to be changed according to tumor size, degree of edema, surgical extent, or gamma knife radiosurgery. However, the treatment field for multiple lesions appears to be wider than that for a single lesion.

Expression of Neuronal Markers, NFP and GFAP, in Malignant Astrocytoma

  • Hashemi, Forough;Naderian, Majid;Kadivar, Maryam;Nilipour, Yalda;Gheytanchi, Elmira
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6315-6319
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    • 2014
  • Background: Immunohistochemical markers are considered as important factors in diagnosis of malignant astrocytomas. The aim of the current study was to investigate the frequency of the immunohistochemical markers neurofilament protein (NFP) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in malignant astrocytoma tumors in Firoozgar and Rasool-Akram hospitals from 2005 to 2010. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, immunohistochemical analysis of NFP and GFAP was performed on 79 tissue samples of patients with the diagnosis of anaplastic and glioblastoma multiform (GBM) astrocytomas. Results: The obtained results demonstrated that all patients were positive for GFAP and only 3.8% were positive for NFP. There was no significant association between these markers and clinical, demographic, and prognostic features of patients (p>0.05). Conclusions: NFP was expressed only in GBMs and not in anaplastic astrocytomas. It would be crucial to confirm the present findings in a larger number of tumors, especially in high grade gliomas.

Radixin Knockdown by RNA Interference Suppresses Human Glioblastoma Cell Growth in Vitro and in Vivo

  • Qin, Jun-Jie;Wang, Jun-Mei;Du, Jiang;Zeng, Chun;Han, Wu;Li, Zhi-Dong;Xie, Jian;Li, Gui-Lin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.22
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    • pp.9805-9812
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    • 2014
  • Radixin, a member of the ERM (ezrin-radixin-moesin) family, plays important roles in cell motility, invasion and tumor progression. It is expressed in a variety of normal and neoplastic cells, including many types of epithelial and lymphoid examples. However, its function in glioblastomas remains elusive. Thus, in this study, radixin gene expression was first examined in the glioblastoma cells, then suppressed with a lentivirus-mediated short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) method.We found that there were high levels of radixin expression in glioblastoma U251cells. Radixin shRNA caused down-regulation of radixin gene expression and when radixin-silenced cells were implanted into nude mice, tumor growth was significantly inhibited as compared to blank control cells or nonsense shRNA cells. In addition, microvessel density in the tumors was significantly reduced. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) and E-cadherin were up-regulated in radixin- suppressed glioblastoma U251 cells. In contrast, MMP9 was down-regulated. Taken together, our findings suggest that radixin is involved in GBM cell migration and invasion, and implicate TSP-1, E-cadherin and MMP9 as metastasis-inducing factors.

Prognostic Factors Influencing Clinical Outcomes of Malignant Glioblastoma Multiforme: Clinical, Immunophenotypic, and Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization Findings for 1p19q in 816 Chinese Cases

  • Qin, Jun-Jie;Liu, Zhao-Xia;Wang, Jun-Mei;Du, Jiang;Xu, Li;Zeng, Chun;Han, Wu;Li, Zhi-Dong;Xie, Jian;Li, Gui-Lin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.971-977
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    • 2015
  • Malignant glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant brain tumor and despite recent advances in diagnostics and treatment prognosis remains poor. In this retrospective study, we assessed the clinical and radiological parameters, as well as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of 1p19q deletion, in a series of cases. A total of 816 patients with GBM who received surgery and radiation between January 2010 and May 2014 were included in this study. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression analysis were used to find the factors independently influencing patient progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Age at diagnosis, preoperative Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score, KPS score change at 2 weeks after operation, neurological deficit symptoms, tumor resection extent, maximal tumor diameter, involvement of eloquent cortex or deep structure, involvement of brain lobe, Ki-67 and MMP9 expression level and adjuvant chemotherapy were statistically significant factors (p<0.05) for both PFS and OS in the univariate analysis. Cox proportional hazards modeling revealed that age ${\leq}50$ years, preoperative KPS score ${\geq}80$, KPS score change after operation ${\geq}0$, involvement of single frontal lobe, deep structure involvement, low Ki-67 and MMP9 expression and adjuvant chemotherapy were independent favorable factors (p<0.05) for patient clinical outcomes.