• Title/Summary/Keyword: Malaysians

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Electoral Reform Movement in Malaysia : Emergence, Protest, and Reform

  • Khoo, Ying Hooi
    • SUVANNABHUMI
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.85-106
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    • 2014
  • Protests are not new in Malaysia, though it is restricted by the ruling government. The trend of street protests and demonstrations since the emergence of Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Bersih), Malaysia's first people movement on electoral reform, has triggered a sentiment of people power among Malaysian citizens. With protests and popular mobilization becoming pronounced in Malaysian politics, political activism becomes for Malaysians a channel of discontent and expression of political preferences. Using information obtained from interviews with individuals linked to the movement, this paper articulates that protests are no longer exclusive to Malaysians. This paper illustrates the emergence of the Bersih movement and explores the three Bersih mass rallies that took place in 2007, 2011, and 2012. This paper further links the protests with the electoral reform initiatives. It argues that the Bersih movement has managed to lobby fundamental changes in the Malaysian political culture.

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Collocation Networks and Covid-19 in Letters to the Editor: A Malaysian Case Study

  • Joharry, Siti Aeisha;Turiman, Syamimi
    • Asia Pacific Journal of Corpus Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2020
  • The present study examines language used to talk about the global coronavirus pandemic during a three-month period of movement control order in Malaysia. More specifically, a corpus of online letters to the editor of a local popular national newspaper was collected during the time in which the official quarantine instruction was initiated, resulting in a total of 303 online letters written by Malaysians that were analyzed through use of corpus linguistics techniques. For this purpose, the latest version of #LancsBox 5.0 (Brezina et al., 2020) is used to analyze patterns of language surrounding the portrayal of Covid-19 and further visualizing them by use of collocation networks. Findings present 25 statistically significant collocates that share an interesting relationship in revealing what the letters are about and thus, reflecting how Malaysians perceive and receive news about the pandemic during this time. Recurring topics and expressions include describing the virus in terms of metaphorical use of language (Covid-19 does not discriminate), preparing for an economic fallout (Prihatin Economic Stimulus Package), and preference to associate Covid-19 as a pandemic (impacts of the Covid19 pandemic) rather than an outbreak (first/second/third wave of the outbreak). Implications of the study resonates with findings from Azizan et al. (2020) where constructions of positive discourse among Malaysian writers may reflect the culture and society that make up the nation.

Ethnophytotherapies for Treatment of and Prevention against Cancer

  • Chooi, Ong-Hean
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11
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    • pp.18-39
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    • 1998
  • This paper examinies various traditional and alternative practices utilised by Malaysians for the treatment of and preventino against cancer. A list of plants used for treating cancer is given. Care for cancer patients includes food reputed to be good in promoting recovery and preventingrecurrence as well as food taboos-various food to be avoided in the belief that these types of food can induce development or recurrence of cancer.

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Ethnophytotherapies for Treatment of and Prevention against Cancer

  • Chooi, Ong-Hean
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 1999
  • This paper examines various traditional and alternative practices utilised by Malaysians for the treatment of and prevention against cancer. A list of plants used for treating cancer is given. Care for cancer patients includes food reputed to be good in promoting recovery and preventing recurrence as well as food taboos - various food to be avoided in the belief that these types of food can induce development or recurrence of cancer.

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Understanding Political Contestation in Malaysia

  • Jawan, Jayum Anak
    • SUVANNABHUMI
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.51-77
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    • 2016
  • This paper argues and shows how ethnic dimension is still very important in understanding political contestations in Malaysia. To do this, the paper reviews the political as well as population demography to back its assertion. And it is not necessarily improper to continue to use this ethnic lens, although the continued use of this approach has come under heavy criticism both within and from outside Malaysia. Raging debates in Malaysia and by Malaysians are still very much shaped by ethnicity and increasing regional differences. This is further compounded by other factors such as religion, language, and education. In fact, these tools have been more intensely used of late compared to any period before in history as they easily politicize and attract followers.

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Heaviness of Smoking Index, Number of Cigarettes Smoked and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence Among Adult Male Malaysians

  • Lim, K.H.;Idzwan, M. Feisul;Sumarni, M.G.;Kee, C.C.;Amal, N.M.;Lim, K.K.;Gurpreet, K.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.343-346
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    • 2012
  • Two methods of identifying smokers with high nicotine dependence, the heaviness of smoking index (HSI) and number of cigarettes per day (CPD) were compared with the Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence (FTND). The HSI, CPD and the FTND were administered to 316 adult Malaysian male, daily smokers aged between 25-64 years old in the Malaysian NCD Surveillance-1 Survey using a two-stage stratified random sampling of enumeration blocks and living quarters, via an interview based on a validated questionnaire. The cut-off point for classification of high nicotine dependence on the HSI was a score of four or higher, and for the heavy smoking category, smoking more than 20 cigarettes per day. Classification using each method was compared with classification by the FTND (score of six or more) as the reference standard. Sensitivity, specificity and kappa statistics for concordance between both measures and the FTND were evaluated. The HSI gave a similar prevalence rate of high nicotine dependence as the FTND. There was substantial agreement between the HSI and the FTND (kappa=0.63.), with moderate sensitivity (69.8%) and high specificity (92.5%). However, prevalence of high nicotine dependence using the CPD was 7% lower than the FTND. The heavy smoking category also showed fair agreement with the FTND (kappa=0.45) and moderate sensitivity (67.0%), but specificity was high (86.9%). The findings indicate that the HSI can be used as an alternative to the FTND in screening for high nicotine dependence among daily smokers in large population-based studies, while CPD may not be a suitable alternative to the FTND.

Cancers among South-East Asian Nationals in Brunei Darussalam

  • Chong, Vui Heng;Telisinghe, Pemasari Upali;Lim, Edwin;Tan, Jackson;Chong, Chee Fui
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.845-849
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    • 2016
  • Background: Worldwide, the incidence of cancers is increasing and is becoming a major public health issue, including those in the Asia Pacific region. South-East Asia is a region with diverse populations with different disease spectra. This study looked at the spectrum of cancers among South-East Asians working in Brunei Darussalam. Materials and Methods: The cancer registry from 1994 to 2012 maintained by the State Laboratory was retrospectively reviewed. Crude incidence rates were calculated based on the population census of 2010. Results: Altogether, there was a total of 418 cancer cases diagnosed among South-East Asians, giving an incidence of 5.1% (n=418/8,253). The affected nationals in decreasing frequency were Malaysians (53.1%), followed by Filipinos (25.8%), Indonesians (15.3%), Thais (3.8%), Myanmese (1.7%) and Vietnamese (0.2%) with no recorded cases for Singapore and the People's Republic of Laos. The overall mean age of diagnosis was $46.1{\pm}4.2$ years old, with an increasing trend over the years (p<0.05 ANOVA). The overall gender ratio was 42.3:57.7 (male:female), more females among the Filipinos and Indonesians, more males among the Thais, and equal representation among the Malaysians and the Myanmese. The most common were cancers of the digestive system (19.9%), followed by female reproductive/gynecologic system (16.0%), breast (15.6%), hematological/lymphatic (12.0%) and head/neck (8.1%). There were differences in the prevalence of cancers among the various nationalities with highest crude incidence rate among the Myanmese (141.2/100,000), followed by the Malaysian (88.5/100,000), and the Filipinos (40.6/100,000) and the lowest among the Thais (18.4/100,000), Indonesians (10.5/100,000) and the Vietnamese (6.3/100,000). Conclusions: Cancers among South-East Asian residing in Brunei Darussalam accounted for 5.1% of all cancers. The most common cancers were cancers of the digestive, gynecologic/female reproductive system and breast with certain types slowly increasing in proportions. There mean age of diagnoses was increasing.

Dietary intakes and obesity of Malaysian adults

  • Lee, Yi Yi;Muda, Wan Abdul Manan Wan
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Over the past few decades, Malaysia has been experiencing an increased prevalence of overweight and obesity that threatens the health of Malaysians. Poor dietary intake is one of the major contributors to the development of obesity and many non-communicable diseases. The dietary intakes of adults in Malaysia were assessed to determine the association between the dietary intake variables and the body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) measurements. This study examined whether the dietary intake achieved the recommended nutritional guidelines and compared the intakes between both sexes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The height, weight, and WC of four-hundred-and-ninety adults (n = 490) in Malaysia were measured using standard procedures. The three-day 24-hour dietary recalls were conducted on 422 out of the 490 adults and their dietary intakes were evaluated in detail. The selected dietary intake variables were used to determine the associations with the obesity indicators. RESULTS: Among the participants, 52.8% were overweight or obese. After data analysis, the mean energy intake was 1,550 kcal/day, in which male participants had a significantly higher energy and macronutrients intake than females. Protein consumption and its percentage of energy contribution exceeded the recommended range. The consumption of fruits, vegetables, and milk and milk products were lower than the recommended number of servings for a healthy diet. The male participants consumed significantly more servings of carbohydrate-based foods, meat, and fats, oils, and sweets than females. Among the selected dietary intake variables, only the carbohydrate intake was negatively associated with the BMI (Estimate b = -0.008) and WC measurements (Estimate b = -0.019) after adjusting for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: This study evaluated the dietary intakes of a sample of Malaysian adults and its association with the obesity indicators. The results highlight the need for improvements and modifications of the dietary intake of Malaysians to reduce the overweight and obesity rates.

Polymorphisms of KCNE1 Gene in Korean Population

  • Lee, Hyung-Ran;Yoo, Min
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.123-126
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    • 2008
  • Long QT Syndrome (LQT) is a congenital disease due to the failure of electrical system of the heart. We have analyzed KCNE1 gene which is known to be the cause of Type V LQT in Korean genome. Although SNPs of KCNE1 have been reported for Chinese and Malaysians no data are available for Korean people yet. PCR primers were prepared to investigate the sequences for normal and SNP at G30A, G112A, C162T. They were different only by 3' ends. Genomic DNAs were extracted from the people who were known to be normal clinically (35) or patients (20) with metabolic disease. As results, we were able to recognize several SNPs in these Korean samples. Some people were homozygous or heterozygous depending upon the type of SNP. This study should facilitate the research on the cause of Type VLQTs and to develop the further therapy at genetic level.

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Knowledge of Colorectal Cancer Screening among Young Malaysians

  • Al-Naggar, Redhwan Ahmed;Bobryshev, Yuri V.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1969-1974
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge and associated factors regarding colorectal cancer screening among university students in Malaysia. The questionnaire consisted of three parts: socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle practice and knowledge of colorectal screening. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 students ($21.3{\pm}1.4$ years old). The majority of the participants were Malay with a monthly family income of less than 5,000 Ringgit Malaysia (equal to 1,700 USD) (67.0% and 76.0%, respectively). Regarding their lifestyle practices, the majority were non-smokers and had never consumed alcohol (83.7%, and 88.0%, respectively). The majority of the participants had no knowledge of digital rectal examination, colonoscopy, barium enema and fecal occult blood screening (63.3%, 60.7%, 74.0% and 62.3%, respectively). Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that their age and the discipline which the students were studying significantly influenced their level of knowledge about colorectal screening. The present study results indicate that education campaigns about colorectal cancer should be promoted.