• Title, Summary, Keyword: Magneto-rheological Fluid

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Surface polishing of Micro channel using Magneto-Rheological fluid (MR유체를 이용한 미세 채널구조물의 표면연마)

  • 이승환;김욱배;민병권;이상조
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1873-1876
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    • 2003
  • Magneto-rheological polishing is a new technology used in precision polishing. It utilizes magneto-rheological fluid. nonmagnetic polishing abrasive, aqueous carrier fluids in magnetic field to remove material from a part surface. Silicon micro channel as work piece is fixed in the slurry which is made of MR fluid and CeO$_2$(10 vol%) abrasive particles. And permanent magnet rotate in the slurry to transfers magnetic force to abrasive particles by increasing yield strength of MR fluid. so, the obtained bottom surface roughness of micro channel by experiment reduced to Ra 0.010 $\mu\textrm{m}$ Rmax 0.103 $\mu\textrm{m}$ and finwall surface roughness of micro channel reduced to Ra 0.018 $\mu\textrm{m}$ Rmax 0.468 $\mu\textrm{m}$. At optimum conditions of variables, the workpiece as silicon micro channel have about 24 times smaller surface roughness than before polishing.

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Comparison of Performances refer to Magnetic and Fluid Analysis of Magneto-Rheological Flow Damper (자기점성유체 댐퍼의 자기장 및 유동 해석에 따른 성능비교)

  • Song, Jun-Han;Son, Sung-Wan;Lee, Gyu-Seop;Chun, Chong-Keun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.98-102
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    • 2009
  • The magneto-rheological fluid expresses different cohesiveness according to the strength of the external electric current. To manufacture the magneto-rheological fluid damper that uses such characteristics of the fluid, a flow analysis of the inner damper was conducted to forecast the damper's capacity. In addition, using the finite element method software, analysis on the characteristics of electromagnetic field around the coil operation unit inside the damper. Based on the result of the analysis, a single core damper and a double core damper were built and tested for their dynamic function. Based on the result of the experiment, the propriety of the flow analysis was demonstrated, and the proposed model was verified.

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A Study of Friction Characteristics in Magneto-Rheological Elastomer (자기유변탄성체 액츄에이터의 마찰특성 연구)

  • Lee, Deuk-Won;Lee, Chul-Hee;Kim, Cheol-Hyun;Cho, Won-Oh
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.213-217
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    • 2011
  • In this study, friction characteristics using elastomeric actuator with Magneto-rheological (MR) materials are identified. Typically, Magneto-rheological materials are divided into two groups by MR fluid in fluid state and MR elastomer in solid state like rubber. The stiffness characteristics of Magneto-rheological material can be changed as magnetic field is applied. MR fluid has been applied to various industry fields such as to brake, clutch, damper, engine mount and etc. However, MR fluid has been used under the sealed condition to prevent leaking issues. In order to overcome these problems, MR elastomer that has same property as MR fluid has been developed and studied. MR elastomer mainly consists of polymer material such as natural rubber or silicon rubber with particles that can be polarized with magnetic field. And it is called as a smart material since its stiffness and damping characteristics can be changed. In this study, MR elastomer is produced and pin-on-disc tests are carried out to identify the friction characteristics of the material. Several test conditions are applied to evaluate the feasibility to use as a smart actuator in the field of vibration control.

Design of Magneto-Rheological Fluid Based Device

  • Kim, Jeong-Hun;Lee, Jong-Un;Jeong, Byeong-Bo;Park, Yong-Jin
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.1517-1523
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    • 2001
  • The effect of power supply voltage on the performance limits in a laboratory magneto-rheological fluid based device was identified by experiments. It suggests that the frequency range of motion for control is limited by the voltage attenuation due to the coil inductance and the maximum power supply voltage set for practical use of an MRF devices. In this work, the magnetic and electrical characteristics of the MRF device are investigated and a design procedure is formulated to achieve the desired performance for a given power supply.

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The Evaluation of Shock Absorption Performance of Magneto-Rheological Elastomer Through the Drop Impact Test (낙하 충격 실험을 통한 자기유변탄성체의 충격 흡수 성능 평가)

  • Joeng, Kyeong Sik;Lee, Chul Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.92-93
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    • 2013
  • In this study, Shock Absorption performance of Magneto-rheological elastomer(MRE) is identified through the drop impact test. Magneto-rheological materials are divided into two groups by MR fluid in fluid state and MR elastomer in solid state like rubber. The stiffness characteristics of Magneto-rheological material can be changed as magnetic field is applied. The impact loads in MR elastomer were measured under weight of impactor. Experiment results are shown through the experiments to confirm the effect of shock absorption of MR elastomer. Thus, the MR elastomer can be applied to shock absorber used in area that shock occurs.

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Performance of Squeeze Film Damper Using Magneto-Rheological Fluid (MR유체를 이용한 스퀴즈필름 댐퍼의 응답특성)

  • 안영공;양보석;신동춘;김동조
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.67-70
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents the property of the Squeeze Film Damper (SFD) using Magneto-Rheological fluid (MR fluid). The damping property of a SFD for a flexible rotor system varied according to vibration mode. MR fluid is known as a functional fluid with controllable apparent viscosity of the fluid by applied magnetic field strength. When the MR fluid is applied in the SFD, the SFD using MR fluid can effectively reduce vibrations of the flexible rotor in a wide range of rotating speed by control of the applied magnetic field strength. To investigate in detail the SFD using MR fluid, the SFD to support one mass was constructed and its performance was experimentally investigated in the present study. The damping property of the SFD using MR fluid has viscous damping by Newtonian fluid, but not Coulomb friction by Bingham fluid. Therefore, The system damped by the SFD can be considered as a linear system.

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Control Performance for Semi-active Mount Featuring Magneto-Rheological Fluid (반능동형 MR유체 마운트의 성능제어)

  • Kim, O.S.;Park, W.C.;Lee, H.C.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the semi active mount featuring Magneto rheological fluid(MR Fluid) is proposed. MR fluid is suspension of micro sized magnetizable particles in a fluid medium, and its apparent viscosity can be varied by the applied strength of magnetic field. When the controllable MR fluid is applied to mechanical devices, the devices provide simple, rapid response interfaces between electronic controls and mechanical systems. The MR fluid is applied in the conventional fluid mount for improving its performance of the mount's isolation effect. A appropriate size of the MR mount is designed and manufactured on the basis of Bingham model of MR fluid. In addition, the field dependent damping forces of MR mount are evaluated with respect to the input frequency variation.

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Development of Semi-active Damper by Magneto-Rheological Fluid (자기 유변 유체를 이용한 반능동 감쇠기의 개발)

  • 정병보;권순우;김상화;박영진
    • The Korean Journal of Rheology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 1999
  • Dampers have been used to dissipate energy in mechanical systems. There are several types of dampers such as passive, active, and semi-active damper. Semi-active dampers have higher performance than passive ones and require less power to operate than active ones. Their damping characteristics can be changed properly for varying conditions. In this paper, we investigated the semi-active damper using Magneto-Rheological fluid. Magneto-Rheological fluid, which is one of controllable fluids, changes its damping and rheological characteristics from Newtonian fluid to Bingham fluid as the magnetic field is applied. It has several advantages such as high yield strength, low viscosity, robustness to impurities and wide temperature range of stability. If we designe a semi-active damper by using this material, we can not only design a simply structured damper but also expect rapid response. In this study, we propose several types of semi-active dampers which are designed and manufactured using Magneto-Rheological fluid and some problems encountered during their applications.

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A Sliding Mode Control for an Engine Mount Using Magneto-Rheological Fluid (MR유체를 이용한 엔진마운트의 슬라이딩모드제어)

  • 이동길;안영공;정석권;양보석
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1144-1149
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, a sliding mode controller of a fluid engine mount using MR (Magneto-Rheological) fluid was discussed When the MR fluid is applied to a fluid mount, resistance of MR fluid can be controlled by electro-magnetic valve installed in the inertia track. Since the rheological property of the MR fluid shows a function of shear rate, the damping characteristics of the mount will be change according to the frequency. Changing an applied magnetic field to the valve changes the property of the mount, such as the resistance of the MR fluid, the notch and the resonant frequencies due to the fluid passing, quantity of the fluid passing, the effective piston area of the volumetric damping and stiffness. Therefore, the fluid mount using MR fluid can be regarded as a variable structure system The sliding mode control known well as a particular type of variable structure control was introduced in this study. The sliding mode control, which has inherent robustness, is also expected to improve the control performance in the engine mount The sliding mode controller for the mount formatted by taking into account the response property with a time constant to MR fluid and the variable mount property. The motion equations of the fluid mount are derived from Newton's law of motion and used in numerical simulation. Numerical simulations illustrate the effectiveness of the sliding mode controller.

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A Modeling of a Variable-damping Mount Using Magneto-Rheological Fluid (자기점성유체를 이용한 가변감쇠 마운트의 모델화)

  • 안영공;양보석;삼하신
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 2001
  • This paper deals with an application of Magneto-Rheological (MR) fluid to a small size mount for precision equipment of automobiles. MR fluid is known as a class of functional fluids with controllable apparent viscosity of fluid by the applied magnetic field strength. A typical MR fluid is a suspension where pure iron particles of 1-20 (m in diameter are dispersed in a liquid such as mineral oil or silicone oil, at the concentration of 20 - 40 vol%. Electro magnetic coil is installed at the bottom of a variable-damping mount filled with MR fluid, and performance of the mount was investigated experimentally. Furthermore, the Properties of the MR Mount on experimental study were explained analytically by mechanical model of the MR mount.

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