• Title, Summary, Keyword: MWNT

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Analysis of Electrical and Physical Property of the PU/MWNT Film and Dispersion Characteristics of MWNT According to the Solvent (용매에 따른 MWNT의 분산특성과 제조된 PU/MWNT 필름의 전기적·물리적 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hyun;Ma, Hye-Young;Yang, Sung-Yong;Kim, Seung-Jin
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2012
  • This paper surveys the physical properties of the MWNT dispersion solution dispersed with the three types of solvents and of the polyurethane composite film for improvement of mechanical properties and electrical characteristics of PU/MWNT composite film. For this purpose, the MWNT dispersed solution was mixed with three types of solvent such as IPA, MEK and Toluene and then mixed with polyurethane (100part) with variation of loading content (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 part) of MWNT dispersed solution in the ultrasonic wave dispersion apparatus. And eighteen PU/MWNT composite films were prepared as specimens. The various physical properties of these PU/MWNT films were measured and discussed with the loading content of three types of MWNT dispersed solutions. The highest absorbancy among the three types of dispersed solutions was shown in the IPA/MWNT solution. But the absorbancy of PU/MWNT films was not same as the solution. The low electrical surface and volume resistivity of PU/MWNT film were shown at the condition of 20 and 10 parts loading of IPA/MWNT dispersed solution, respectively. The low triboelectricity of PU/MWNT film was shown at the condition of above 30part loading of IPA/MWNT dispersed solution. The breaking strength and strain of PU/MWNT film prepared with IPA/MWNT dispersed solution were decreased with increasing loading content of IPA/MWNT from 10 to 40 parts. The maximum breaking strength and breaking strain according to the dispersion solution were shown on the IPA/MWNT dispersed solution. The uniform dispersion of PU/MWNT film according to the loading content of MWNT solution was shown by surface image analysis on the films dispersed with IPA.

Characterizations of Polypropylene/Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Films (폴리프로필렌/기능화된 다중벽 탄소나노튜브 나노복합체 필름의 특성 연구)

  • Ko, Jeong-Ho;Kim, Jeong-Cheol;Chang, Jin-Hae
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.333-341
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    • 2009
  • Polypropylene (PP)/functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube (F-MWNT) nanocomposites were prepared by using solution intercalation method with different F-MWNT loads. The PP composite films, which contain dodecanol-MWNT (DDO-MWNT) or dodecylamine-MWNT (DDA-MWNT) as reinforcing additive, were evaluated by thermomechanical properties, morphology, electrical conductivity and gas permeability. The images from electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) showed that F-MWNTs were homogeneously dispersed in PP matrix, while they were agglomerated in some other part. The addition of F-MWNT could improve thermomechanical properties of the films. The maximum enhancement was observed at 2 wt% F-MWNT. DDO-MWNT was more effective than DDA-MWNT for both tensile modulus and optical transparency of the films.

Preparation and Characterization of Poly(phenylene sulfide)-Functionalized MWNTs (폴리(페닐렌 설파이드)로 기능화된 다중벽 탄소나노튜브의 제조와 특성분석)

  • Hong, Sung Yeon;Kim, Young Ho
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.791-800
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    • 2014
  • 4-Chlorobenzoyl (CB) group-attached multi-walled carbon nanotube (c-MWNT) was prepared via a direct Friedel-Crafts acylation of MWNT with 4-chlorobenzoic acid (CBA) in a $P_2O_5$/poly(phosphoric acid) medium. c-MWNT with a maximum chlorine content of 5.3 wt% (CB group content of 20.9 wt%) was obtained by controlling the amount of CBA during the reaction. Using a self-condensation polymerization of 4-chlorobenzenethiol (CBT) to poly(phenylene sulfide) (PPS), MWNT-g-PPS was prepared by adding c-MWNT of chlorine content of 5.3 wt% during the self-polymerization of CBT and removing homo PPS after polymerization in order to increase the interfacial interaction between PPS and MWNT. Thermal and surface properties of the MWNT-g-PPS were characterized. The results showed that PPS was formed on the surface of c-MWNT by the condensation of c-MWNT and CBT.

Preparation and Electrochemical Behavior of MWNT and MWNT/DAAQ Nanocomposite Materials for Electrochemical Capacitor (전기화학캐패시터용 MWNT 및 MWNT/DAAQ 나노 복합체의 제조 및 전기화학적 거동)

  • Kim, Hong-Il;Park, Soo-Gil
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2007
  • MWNT/DAAQ(1,5-diaminoanthraquinone) composites were prepared by chemical polymerization of DAAQ onto MWNT and their capacitance was evaluated by means of cyclic voltammetry in 1M $H_2SO_4$ electrolyte. The performances of such cells have been compared with pure MWNT and DAAQ based electrodes. The SEM image shows that DAAQ was coated onto MWNT during polymerization and thermal stability from th TG analysis. The highest specific capacitance values of 97F/g were observed with AC-MWNT/DAAQ composite electrode. And MWNT/DAAQ based composite electrode also showed relatively good electrochemical behaviors better than MWNT electrode in sulfuric acid electrolyte.

Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene Hybrid Films with Functionalized-MWNT: Thermomechanical Properties, Morphology, Gas Permeability, and Optical Transparency (기능화된 탄소나노튜브를 이용한 초고분자량 폴리에틸렌 복합체 필름: 열적 기계적 성질, 모폴로지, 전기적 성질 및 기체 투과도)

  • Ko, Jeong-Ho;Kim, Jeong-Cheol;Chang, Jin-Hae
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2009
  • Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)/functionalized-MWNT hybrid films were prepared by the solution intercalation method, using 4-cumylphenol-MWNT (CP-MWNT) as the functionalized-MWNT. The variation of the thermomechanical properties, morphology, gas permeability, and optical transparency of the hybrid films with CP-MWNT content in the range of 0$\sim$2.00 wt% were examined. The newly synthesized UHMWPE/functionalized-MWNT hybrid films were characterized by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and a universal tensile machine (UTM). It was found that the addition of only a small amount of functionalized-MWNT was sufficient to improve the thermomechanical properties of the UHMWPE hybrid films, with maximum enhancement being observed in the CP-MWNT loading in the range 0.50 to 1.00 wt%. The maximum enhancement in the oxygen gas barrier was also found at the functionalized MWNT content of 1.00 wt%. In this work, the thermomechanical properties and gas permeability of the hybrid films were found to be better than those of pure UHMWPE.

The Characteristic of PU/MWNT Foaming Film (PU/MWNT 발포필름의 발포 특성연구)

  • Park, Jun-Hyeong;Park, Mi-Ra;Choi, La-Hee;Kim, Seung-Jin
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.79-90
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    • 2012
  • This study surveys the characteristics of the PU/MWNT foaming film according to foaming conditions. For this purpose, firstly, 16 kinds of PU/MWNT forming films were prepared with 4 kinds of dispersion solutions (IPA/MWNT, DMF/MWNT, MEK/MWNT, and Toluene/MWNT) and 4 kinds of blowing agents (organic I, organic II, capsule, and inorganic). The electrical resistivity of these PU/MWNT foaming films according to the dispersion solutions and blowing agents were analysed and discussed with surface profile and cell morphology of measured by SEM. And secondly, 24 kinds of PU/MWNT foaming films were also prepared with 2 kinds of IPA dispersion solution contents and 3 kinds of blowing agents with variation of the blowing temperatures and film thickness. The physical properties of the PU/MWNT foaming films such as electrical resistivity (surface and volume) and triboelectricity with cell morphology were measured and discused through the quantities of IPA, blowing agent added and also physical conditions(temperature, thickness so on) for establishing optimum foaming conditions with good electrostatic dissipation.

Rheological, Morphological and Electrical Properties of Polycarbonate/Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Composites

  • Han, Mi-Sun;Sung, Yu-Taek;Chung, Ji-Woong;Kim, Woo-Nyon;Lee, Heon-Sang;Kum, Chong-Ku
    • Proceedings of the Polymer Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.220-220
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    • 2006
  • Rheological and electrical properties of the polycarbonate (PC) / multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) were studied. The MWNT was funtoinalized by treating with the hydrogen peroxide ($H_{2}O_{2}$). The electrical conductivity showed higher value for the PC/MWNT ($H_{2}O_{2}$ treated, freeze drying) composites compared that of the PC/MWNT ($H_{2}O_{2}$ treated, thermal drying) composites. From the results of the morphological, rheological, and electrical properties of the PC/MWNT composites, it is suggested that the electrical and rheological properties of the PC/MWNT composites are affected by the MWNT-MWNT network structure which is related with the MWNT morphologies such as the degree of aggregation and aspect ratio of the MWNT.

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Manufacturing and Characteristics Analysis of PU/MWNT Composite Film for Forming (발포용 PU/MWNT 복합필름의 제조와 특성분석)

  • Park, Jun-Hyeong;Kim, Jeong-Hyun;Kim, Seung-Jin
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.362-372
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    • 2010
  • This paper surveys the physical properties of the multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT) and polyurethane composite film for improvement of mechanical properties and electrical characteristics. The modification of MWNT was carried out by acid treatment with nitric and sulphuric acid mixed solution, and then followed by thermal treatment for enhancing MWNT dispersion with polyurethane. This modified MWNT was mixed with polyurethane by changing the loading content of MWNT and dispersion time under the dimethylformamide solution in the ultrasonic wave apparatus. Various physical characteristics of the modified PU/MWNT films were measured and analyzed in terms of the loading content and dispersion time. The maximum absorbance of the PU/MWNT films were observed with the 2wt% loading at dispersion times of 2 and 24 hour, respectively. The minimum electrical volume resistivity of PU/MWNT film was shown at the loading content of 0.5wt% or more irrespective of dispersion treating time. However the optimum condition was assumed to 2wt% loading at dispersion time of 2 hours by assessing the surface profile of the film using video microscope. The breaking stress and strain of the PU/MWNT film decreased with increasing loading content, but no change of physical properties was shown with increasing in dispersion time.

Electrical Enhancement of Polyurethane Composites Filled with Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes by Controlling their Dispersion and Damage

  • Kim, Yoon-Jin;Jang, Yong-Kyun;Kim, Woo-Nyon;Park, Min;Kim, Jun-Kyung;Yoon, Ho-Gyu
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2010
  • Dispersion of the functionalized multiwalled nanotubes (MWNT) in the polyurethane (PU) matrix and DC conductivity of the MWNT/PU composites are investigated with the oxidation conditions, the kind of surfactants and their content. First, the most optimal surfactant type and its critical micelle concentration in the MWNT suspension are determined as a cationic surfactant, benzalkonium chloride (BKC) of 0.6 wt.% to the MWNT content from DEA and FESEM results. All the MWNT oxidized under several conditions are negatively charged and functionalized with carboxylic group, whereas the degree of damage is different from oxidation conditions. In addition, each MWNT/PU composite derived from several oxidation conditions shows different DC conductivity at a characteristic MWNT content. It is found that in order to enhance DC conductivity of the polymeric composites containing the oxidized MWNT the better dispersion of MWNT should be obtained by effective functionalities and surfactant adsorption with preserving the intrinsic geometry of pristine MWNT.

Effect of Polymer Wrapping on the Properties of ABS/MWNT Nanocomposites (고분자 래핑(wrapping)에 의한 전처리가 ABS/MWNT 나노복합체의 물성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Hwan;Min, Byung-Gil
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2010
  • ABS/MWNT nanocomposites were prepared by using MWNT wrapped with SAN through melt compounding. Effect of wrapping of MWNT by SAN on the morphology, mechanical and electrical properties of ABS/MWNT were analyzed. It was found that SAN could wrap MWNT effectively indicated by the increased thickness after wrapping, which is presumably due to helical structure of polyacrylonitrile component in a block copolymer of SAN. MWNT was observed to be dispersed more evenly in ABS matrix by SAN wrapping, which resulted in improved tensile properties of the composites. On the other hand, there was little effect on the impact strength and electrical properties of ABS having inherently high impact strength.