• Title, Summary, Keyword: MSWI fly ash

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The pilot study on reclamation of incineration ashes of municipal waste in the demonstrative factory

  • Chang Hui-Lan;Liaw Chin-Tson;Leu Ching-Huoh
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.573-580
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    • 2003
  • In Taiwan there are 21 Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators (MSWI) built to treat 80% of the MSW nationwide. Approximately 2,000 tons of incineration ashes of municipal waste contain reaction ash and fly ash (3:1 by weight)will be produced daily, and this may cause a serious waste problem. According to EPA regulations, reaction ash and fly ash produced after incineration should be properly treated. Landfill capacity barely meets the general demands. More efficient actions should be planned and taken. The study found 'reclamation' should be the optimal solution to this problem. Only limited research and previous successful experiences are available among other countries. An incinerator in Northern Taiwan is chosen for this study to make environmental bricks from the reaction ash and fly ash. From the previous tests, the results of strength test were measured. From the previous test results, the fly ash products have not reached the desired strength; hence, reaction ash is chosen for further pilot study. In the experiment, incineration ashes, cement and gravel are mixed in the ratio of 1:1:1(by weight), to ground concretization aggregate and pelletization aggregate, the concrete products made from the aggregates were of the strength of 108 $kgf/cm^2$ and 142 $kgf/cm^2$ individually. For the purpose of making nonstructural walls which met the State Building Standards. In the study, 50 tons of concrete products was yielded from aggregate and environmental bricks. Further observation and supervision are recommended to ascertain the resource recycling and reclamation. EPA has planned to build three 'Recycling Plants' in northern, middle and southern Taiwan to develop efficient techniques to produce concrete products, sub-base course, soundproofing wall, gravel, artificial fishing reefs, tiles, drainage, bricks and etc. This experiment of the demonstrative plant solves the problem of the incineration ashes and opens another opportunity to reclaim them.

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Preparation of Adsorbent from MSWI Fly Ash and Its Adsorptive Characteristics by Varying the Activation Condition (활성화 조건에 따른 소각비산재로부터 흡착제 제조 및 특성평가)

  • 구명희;심영숙;이우근
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.265-266
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    • 2002
  • 휘발성 유기화합물(Volatile Oraganic Compounds: VOCs)은 오존 등의 광화학 스모그 생성의 원인물질일 뿐만 아니라 발암성의 유해물질, 지구온난화, 대기중의 악취물질 등으로 환경 및 건강에 악영향을 초래한다. 최근 들어 VOCs에 대한 대기중 배출규제가 강화됨에 따라 이를 효과적으로 제거 또는 회수하는 연구가 매우 중요시되고 있으며, 활성탄을 이용한 흡착은 이러한 기체상의 VOCs 분자를 고체 흡착제에 약한 분자력의 인력에 의해 접촉시켜 분리하는 공정으로 회수율 및 에너지 절약의 관점에서 효과적인 방법으로 알려져 있다. (중략)

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Adsorption Characteristics of Benzene and MEK on Surface Oxidation Treated Adsorbent -Surface Oxidation by HNO3, H2SO4 and (NH4)2S2O8- (표면산화 처리된 흡착제의 Benzene 및 MEK 흡착 특성 - HNO3, H2SO4 및 (NH4)2S2O8에 의한 표면산화-)

  • Shim, Choon-Hee;Lee, Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this research is to improve the adsorption capacity of adsorbent made from MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) fly ash by surface oxidation. Used oxidation agents were $HNO_{3}$, $H_{2}SO_{4}$ and $(NH_{4})_{2}S_{2}O_{8}$. These agents can modify the surface property of an adsorbent such as specific surface area, pore volume, and functional group. The surface structure was studied by BET method with $N_{2}$ adsorption. The acid value and base value were determined by Boehm's method. The adsorption properties were investigated with benzene and MEK (Methylethylketone). According to the results, the specific surface area of the adsorbent was increased from 309.2 $m^{2}$/g to 553.2 $m^{2}$/g by $HNO_{3}$ oxidation. But $H_{2}SO_{4}$ and $(NH_{4})_{2}S_{2}O_{8}$ oxidation was decreased slightly. After Oxidation, surface acid value increased, but base value decreased. FAA-N shows the highest acid value. The content of oxygen increased greatly and oxygen group was created on the adsorbent surface. The surface oxidation improved the adsorbing capacity for MEK. The amount of adsorbing MEK was increased from 189 $m^{2}$/g to 639 $m^{2}$/g by $HNO_{3}$ oxidation.

Formation Characteristics of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols from TCE (TCE (trichloroethylene)으로부터 클로로벤젠과 클로로페놀의 생성특성)

  • 김은미;심영숙;이우근
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2002
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the formation characteristics of CBs and CPs from TCE, aliphatic compound. The experiment was carried out in a fixed reactor during 30 min under the oxidation condition at the range of temperature, 300~$700^{\circ}C$. MSWI fly ash was used as catalyst in this study. Total amount of CBs formed greater magnitude than that of CPs overall range of reaction temperature. It is proposed that the formation of CPs was caused from hydroxylation of CBs. According to increasing temperature to $600^{\circ}C$, the yield of CBs and CPs increased but significantly decreased at $700^{\circ}C$. It is suggested that decomposition rate was faster than formation rate at the high temperature. In the homologue distribution of CBs, DCBs were major products at 30$0^{\circ}C$ and the amount of higher chlorinated compound increased to $600^{\circ}C$. Because they were formed by chlorination of lower chlorinated compounds. In case of CPs, the amount of DCPs was 90% of total amounts in both thermal formation and catalytic reaction. On the other hand it was clearly observed that the chlorination rate in catalytic reaction was higher than in thermal formation with TCE only.

The Behavior of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols in Fly Ash by Thermal Treatment (소각잔사 중에 함유된 클로로벤젠과 클로로페놀의 열분해 거동)

  • Sim, Yeong-Suk;Lee, U-Geun;Kim, Jin-Beom
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to investigate the behavior of chlorobenzenes (CIBZS) and chlorophenols (CIPhs) in a thermally treated MSWI fly ash. The experiment was carried out in a fixed bed reactor at the temperature range of 300~$600^{\circ}C$. Reaction time range was between 30 and 120 minutes, and NB and 02 gases were used as carrier gas. The decomposition rate of CIBZS was more affected by reaction time than by the reaction temperature. The decomposition rate of CIPhs was affected by both parameters. Decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs reached 80.4% and 96.6% at $600^{\circ}C$, 120 min, respectively. Considering the effect of O2 content, decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs was the highest at 10% of O2 content. Declorination and decomposition reactions Pere investigated by analyzing homologue distribution. Higher chlorinated CIBZS and CIPhs homologue decreased but lower chlorinated compounds increased with the increase of temperature. Effect of O2 on the homologue distribution of these compounds was not clear in the range of our experiment conditions.

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The analysis and leaching characteristics of organic compounds in incineration residues from municipal solid waste incinerators (생활폐기물 소각시설 소각재에서의 유기오염물질 정성분석 및 용출특성)

  • Hong, Suk-Young;Kim, Sam-Cwan;Yoon, Young-Soo;Park, Sun-Ku;Kim, Kum-Hee;Hwang, Seung-Ryul
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.86-95
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to estimate leaching characteristics of incineration residues from municipal solid waste incinerators, and determine organic compounds in raw ash, leaching water and leaching residue. A total of 44 organic compounds, which were analyzed by GC/MSD and identified by wiley library search, were contained in bottom ashes. A total of 17 organic compounds were contained in fly ashes. Bottom ash and fly ash were found to contain a wide range of organic compounds such as aliphatic compounds and aromatic compounds. Organic compounds such as Ethenylbenzene, Benzaldehyde, 1-Phenyl-Ethanone and 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid dimethyl ester were detected in raw ash, leaching water and residues (from bottom ash). Organic compounds such as Naphthalene, Dodecane, 1,2,3,5-Tetrachlorobenzene, Tetradecane, Hexadecane and Pentachlorobenzene were detected in raw ash, leaching water and residues (from fly ash). Through the leaching characteristics of incineration residue, it was represented that the open dumping of incineration residue can contaminate the soil and undergroundwater. In order to prevent environmental contamination that derived from extremely toxic substances in the incineration residues, it is particularly important that the incineration residues should be treated before disposal the incineration residues. Further study and proper management about leaching characteristics of organic compounds might be required.