• Title, Summary, Keyword: MSWI fly ash

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Characteristics of Hg, Pb, As, Se Emitted from Medium Size Waste Incinerators (중형폐기물 소각시설의 수은, 납, 비소, 셀렌 배출특성)

  • Lee Han-Kook
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.8-18
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    • 2006
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the emission characteristics of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium from medium size municipal solid waste incinerators(MSWIs) in Korea. The concentrations of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium emitted from medium size MSWI stack were $2.67\;{\mu}g/Sm^3,\;0.38\;mg/Sm^3,\;1.33\;{\mu}g/Sm^3,\;0.28\;{\mu}g/Sm^3$, respectively. The concentration levels of mercury, lead, arsenic in flue gas from medium size MSW incinerator stacks selected were nearly detected under the Korea criteria level. Removal efficiencies of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium in waste heat boiler(WHE) and cooling tower(CT) were $90.36\%,\;69.76\%,\;43.04\%,\;40.64\%$, respectively. In general, the removal efficiencies of mercury and lead in WHE were higher than those of arsenic and selenium in WHE. Emission gas temperature reduction from waste heat boiler(WHB) and cooling tower(CT) can control mercury and lead of medium size MSWIs. To evaluate the relationship between mercury, lead, arsenic, selenium of fly ash and those of flue gas, it was carried out to correlation analysis of each metal concentration in the fly ash and in the flue gas from medium size MSWIs. From the correlation analysis, the coefficients of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium were 0.61, -0.38, 0.87, 0.28, respectively. The results of correlation analysis revealed that it should be highly positive to the correlation coefficients of mercury and arsenic in the fly ash and those of the flue gas emitted from medium size MSWIs. As it were, the concentrations of mercury and arsenic of flue gas from medium size MSWIs are high unless mercury and arsenic in fly ash are properly controlled in dust collection step in medium size MSWIs. It was also concluded that mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium from MSWIs stacks could be controlled by waste heat boiler(WHE) and dust collecting step in medium size MSWIs.

Preparation of Multi-functional Brick Using MSWI Fly Ash (소각재를 이용한 건축외장재 제조)

  • Ban, Hyo-Jin;Park, Eun-Zoo;Lee, Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.114-118
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    • 2009
  • With the advance of industrialization and urbanization, a lot of waste has been discharged and treated by incineration. But fly and bottom ashes are generated in this process. In addition, the treatment method to recycle sewage sludge and melting slag is required to manage these wastes. The objective of this research was to prepare of multi-functional brick which were made from MSWI (Municipal solid wastes incinerator) fly ash, sewage sludge and slag. The bricks were made by mixing raw materials and then drying for 24 hours. Next, they were dried for 24 hours at $160^{\circ}C$ and fired for 2 hours. Calcination temperature was changed to discuss the effect of temperature from $1,080^{\circ}C$ to $1,130^{\circ}C$. Compressive strength of a brick was creased with the increase of temperature. To increase mixing ratio of fly ash and slag reduce the compressive strength the optimal condition was the mixing ratio of fly ash : melting slag : sewage sludge : clay as 10 : 20 : 5 : 65 and $1,150^{\circ}C$ of calcination temperature. Compressive strength was obtained as about 41 MPa at this condition.

Solidification/stabilization of simulated cadmium-contaminated wastes with magnesium potassium phosphate cement

  • Su, Ying;Yang, Jianming;Liu, Debin;Zhen, Shucong;Lin, Naixi;Zhou, Yongxin
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2016
  • Magnesium potassium phosphate cement (MKPC) is an effective agent for solidification/stabilization (S/S) technology. To further explore the mechanism of the S/S by MKPC, two kinds of Cd including $Cd(NO_3)_2$ solution (L-Cd) and municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWI FA) adsorbed Cd (S-Cd), were used to compare the effects of the form of heavy metal on S/S. The results showed that all the MKPC pastes had a high unconfined compressive strength (UCS) above 11 MPa. For L-Cd pastes, Cd leaching concentration increased with the increase of Cd content, and decreased with the increase of curing time. With the percentage of MSWI FA below 20%, S-Cd pastes exhibited similar Cd leaching concentrations as those of L-Cd pastes, while when the content of MSWI FA come up to 30%, the Cd leaching concentration increased significantly. To meet the standard GB5085.3-2007, the highest addition of S-Cd was 30% MSWI FA (6% Cd contained), with the Cd leaching concentration of 0.817 mg/L. The S/S of L-Cd is mainly due to chemical fixation, and the hydration compound of Cd was $NaCdPO_4$, while the S/S of S-Cd is due to physical encapsulation, which is dependent on the pore/crack size and porosity of the MKPC pastes.

Synthesizing Behavior of Calcium Chloroaluminate with using MSWI Fly Ash in the Different Sintering Conditions (생활폐기물(生活廢棄物) 소각(燒却) 비산(飛散)재의 소성(燒成) 조건(條件)에 따른 Calcium Chloroaluminate 합성(合成) 거동(擧動)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoo, Kwang-Suk;Lee, Seong-Ho;Hwang, Sun-Ho;Ahn, Ji-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the behaviors of synthesis of Calcium Chloroaluminte($11CaO{\cdot}7Al_2O_3{\cdot}CaCl_2$) under the melting temperature of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash(MSWI fly ash); $900^{\circ}C-1300^{\circ}C$ of sintering temperature. A sludge generated from a water purification plant (SW) was also used to fill up $Al_2O_3$ source, which might be deficient in MSWI fly ash. MF and SW were mixed at mixing ratio of 10 to 7, which is the mole ratio of CaO to $Al_2O_3$ of calcium Chloroaluminte. Mixed samples were sintered in the opened sintering reactor and the closed sintering reactor, respectively. The results showed that calcium chloroaluminte was formed at $1,000^{\circ}C$ in both reactors, but the temperature of decomposition of calcium chloroaluminte depended upon sintering reactor type; an opened sintering reactor and a closed sintering reactor, owing to the vaporization velocity of Cl.

A Study on Characteristics of Water Quality in Wastewater according to the Washing of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator (MSWI) Ash

  • Byun, Mi-Young;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.296-300
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    • 2001
  • In order to recycle the incineration ash (bottom ash and fly ash) generated from the incineration of municipal waste for a cement material, salts as well as heavy metal should be removed by the stabilization treatment. Most of these heavy metal and over 80% of salts are removed by a washing as a pre-treatment. However, wastewater which is another pollutant is generated by a washing, then proper treatment should be developed. First the characteristics of incineration ashes collected from two domestic full-sized incinerators were investigated and removal rate of salts and heavy metals from them also studied. The wastewater quality was compared to the criteria of the regulation by analyzing the characteristics of generated wastewater during the washing of incineration ash as a condition of liquid/solid ratio. Also, we tried to used this experimental results for the basic data to develop proper processing technique of municipal waste.

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A Study on the Behavior of Heavy Metal Ions and Hydration of Clinker Utilizing Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Ash (생활폐기물 소각재를 이용하여 합성한 클링커의 중금속 및 수화반응 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn Ji Whan;Han Gi Chun;Han Ki Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2004
  • The intension of this study is to produce ordinary portland cement using ash, both bottom ash and fly ash, obtained from municipal solid waste incineration ash (MSWI). We used limestone, waste molding sand, shale, slag from converting furnaces and fly ash as main raw materials and mixed them, setting the lime saturation factor (LSF) within 91.0, the silica modulus (SM) within 2.40, and iron modulus (IM) within 1.80. We conducted tests adding bottom ash alone 1, 2 and 3% by weight, respectively, and a mixture of bottom ash 0.9% and fly ash 0.1 % by weight. The result of analysis on clinker shows that the more ash is added, the lower the burnability index (B.I.) falls, lowering the mineral evolution of calcium silicate accordingly. From the measurement of compressive strength we have learned that the more ash is used, the lower the strength becomes.

Evaluation and improvement of the stabilization process of the MSW Incinerator fly ash into cement (시멘트를 이용한 소각비산회의 안정화공정에 따른 문제점과 해결방안)

  • 배해룡
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2001
  • This study was initiated to evaluate and resolve the potential problems caused as the MSWI(Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) fly ash were stabilized and solidified into the cement. The physical and chemical properties of fly ashes (K and M) used in this study were fixed according to the operating conditions of the incineration plant. The compressible strength of the solidified matrix used in this study were measured at 7, 28, and 56 curing days, respectively, to evaluate the stability of the solidified matrix, which were further analyzed by XRD and SEM. The experimental results obtained in this study showed that the relatively long hours of curing periods were needed to solidify the fly ash. The solidified matrix containing K ash had the high and excellent compressible strength of $200{\;}kg/\textrm{cm}^2$, after 56 curing days, but was not good enough in appearance. The analytical data by SEM confirmed that the alkaline Na and K, which are highly dissolved in water, were included in the fly ash and evenly distributed into the exterior surface of the solidified matrix. Whereas, the solidified matrix containing M ash never showed such a compressible strength as shown in the K ash due to the severe fracture, even as early as 7 curing days. Based on its XRD analysis, it appeared that both $C_2S$ and $C_3S$ highly related to the compressible strength were not crystallyzed into the solidified matrix. However, the compressible strength of the solidified and cemented M ash was remarkably improved by 100 times, after the alkalinity was washed out, which indicated that it is equivalent to 30 to 40g per one kg of fly ash.

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A Basic Study on the Effective Management for MSWI Fly Ash (II) - Effect of Leaching Parameter - (소각 비산재의 적정처리를 위한 기초연구(II) - 용출인자의 영향 -)

  • Kim, Jin-Beom;Lee, Woo-Keun;Shim, Yeong-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.1357-1364
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    • 2000
  • Our study was performed to evaluate the effect of leaching parameters including the physicochemical characteristics and the fractionated composition of heavy metals on the release of heavy metals in fly ash discharged from MSWI. Leaching parameters such as pH, CEC, particle size, and exchangeable fraction among the fractional composition classified by sequential extraction procedure are considered. The leaching rate of heavy metal released by KSLT method is largely dependent on the pH of fly ash. The effect of pH on the release of heavy metals is different from elements. It appears that the leaching rate of cadmium and copper decreases with increasing pH, while lead and zinc increases at the condition of neutral or strong alkali condition, which suggests that the leaching of heavy metals are limited by the solubility. It is found that the effect of CEC is similarly to that of pH, $D_{10}$ among the particle size of fly ash is negative correlated with the concentration of heavy metals leached by KSLT method. In the case of exchangeable fraction, the leaching rate of heavy metals is linearly correlated with the exchangeable fraction for the fly ash below 40 meq/l00g of CEC, but not related out of the range.

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