• 제목, 요약, 키워드: MSWI fly ash

검색결과 26건 처리시간 0.031초

Sintering process에 의한 MSWI fly ash를 혼합한 일차점토(一次粘土)와 적황토(赤黃土) 공시체(公試體)의 특성(特性) (Characteristics of Specimens Made from Primary Clay and Red Hwangto with MSWI Fly Ash by Sintering Process)

  • 유승철;권문선;박상민
    • 자원리싸이클링
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.10-18
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 소성공정으로 MSWI fly ash를 혼합한 일차점토와 적황토 공시체의 특성을 알아보기 위하여 진행되었다. 최대 20 wt% MSWI fly ash를 혼합한 공시체는 SEM, UTM, ICP 등의 방법으로 분석되었으며, 그 결과 $P_{10}$공시체는 휨강도가 증가하였고, $R_5$공시체는 압축강도와 휨강도가 증가하였다. 또한 중금속 용출량도 기준치를 만족하였다. 이것은 MSWI fly ash가 소성공정에 의한 벽돌제조에서 기존 재료의 부분대체에 적합하다는 것을 나타내는 것이다.

CHARACTERISTICS AND STRENGTH EVALUATION OF THE MIXED MATERIAL OF FLY ASH FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE INCINERATOR AND THE RECYCLED POLYPROPYLENE

  • Park, Sang-Min;Kim, Hwan-Gi
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.257-265
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of research is to mix the fly ash from municipal solid waste incinerator in the recycled Polypropylene and to recycle. The specimen was produced by mixing 20 wt.% of MSWI fly ash at maximum in the recycled Polypropylene and the particle size analyzer, DSC, TGA, SEM and UTM instruments were used to analyze the physical chemical properties of the specimen. As a result of measurement, the average particle size of MSWI fly ash was $18.08\;{\mu}m$. In TGA analysis, the temperature of specimen S-5 at 50% of weight decrease was risen by $7^{\circ}C$ higher than specimen S-1. In UTM measurement, specimen S-2 showed the maximum strength for tensile strength and specimen S-3 showed the maximum strength for flexural strength. But, impact strength was decreased according to the increasing proportion of MSWI fly ash. In conclusion, when the proper amount of MSWI fly ash was added to the recycled Polypropylene, thermal endurance, tensile strength and flexural strength could be increased, but impact strength was decreased.

소각잔사 중의 클로로벤젠과 클로로페놀의 함량 및 이성체 분포특성 (The Content of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols and Their Isomer in MSWI Fly Ash)

  • 이우근;심영숙;김진범
    • 한국대기환경학회지
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 1998
  • Chlorobenzenes (CBs) and chlorophenols (CPs) in fly ashy discharged from several municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI) were investigated in terms of total content and isomer distribution. The content of CBs and CPs was highest in the fly ash from S incinerator, which were 1040.7ng CB/g-fly ash and 1156.4 ng CP/g-fly ash. According to the experimental results, while all samples contained a large amount of the higher chlorinated CBs, was almost constant regardless of season. The quantities of CBs and CPs depended closely on the chemical composition of MSW. while the isomer distribution of CBs and CPs was constant throughout all the year round.

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생활쓰레기 소각(燒却)비산재로부터 $CaCO_3$ 제조(製造)에 관한 연구(硏究) (Study on $CaCO_3$ Preparation from MSWI Fly Ash)

  • 최우진;박은규
    • 자원리싸이클링
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2006
  • 국내 생활쓰레기 소각시설에서 발생되는 소각재의 양은 2005년 경우 약 420,000톤에 달하고 있으며, 그중 비산재 발생량은 약 68,000톤에 달하고 있다. 비산재는 지정폐기물로 분류되어 일반적으로 고형화 및 안정화 처리 후 매립되고 있으며, 단지 발생량의 약 20%만이 재활용되고 있다. 비산재의 경우 CaO의 함량이 50%까지 이르고 있으며, 그 이유는 배가스 처리시 CaO를 기본으로 하는 물질을 다량으로 사용하기 때문이다. 본 연구에서는 비산재에 함유되어 있는 CaO를 회수하여 $CaCO_3$ 분말을 제조하기 위한 기초실험을 수행하였다. CaO를 선택적으로 용해하기 위하여 설탕용액을 사용하였으며, 기초 실험결과에 의하면 CaO용해를 위한 최적조건은 비산재 농도 10%, 반응시간 15분, 설탕농도 $10{\sim}15%$ 및 적정 pH는 $10.5{\sim}11$로 나타났다. $CaCO_3$ 분말은 회수된 CaO 용해액에 $CO_2$가스를 주입시켜 제조하였으며 회수된 $CaCO_3$ 백색도는 매우 우수한 것으로 조사되었다.

질산을 이용한 Fly Ash 흡착제의 표면 활성화에 따른 VOCs 흡착 특성의 변화 (The Change of Adsorption Characteristics for VOCs by HNO3 Activation of Adsorbent Prepared from MSWI Fly Ash)

  • 심춘희;이우근
    • 한국대기환경학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.471-478
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this research is to improve adsorption efficiency of adsorbent made from MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) ny ash by $HNO_3$ activation. The acidity and the basicity were determined by Boehm's method and the surface structure was studied by BET method with N2 adsorption. The adsorption properties were investigated with benzene and MEK (Methylethylketone). $HNO_3$ activation can modify the surface property of an adsorbent such as specific surface area, pore volume, and functional group. According to the results, the specific surface area of the adsorbent was increased from $309.2m^2/g\;to\;553.2 m^2/g$ by activation. Also oxygen-containing functional groups were formed on it.

소각비산재로 제조한 광촉매 흡착제의 벤젠과 톨루엔 제거특성 (Removal of Benzene and Toluene by Photo-catalyst Adsorbent Prepared from MSWI Fly Ash)

  • 최소영;심영숙;이우근
    • 한국대기환경학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.431-438
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    • 2005
  • In order to apply the photocatalytic decomposition of aromatic VOCs, adsorbent prepared from MSWI fly ash was coated by $TiO_2$ solution to endow with photo-catalytic function. The effects of coating number, existence of light source and the type of $TiO_2$ solution used for coating were examined. Adsorbent coated with amorphous $TiO_2$ solution showed higher adsorptivity than adsorbent coated with crystal $TiO_2$ solution. Without light source, breakthrough curve of photo -catalyst absorbent for VOCs removal was similar to that of absorbent made from MSWI fly ash. On the other hand, breakthrough time was enlarged with light source and total removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was also increased. It can be explained as photo-decomposition effect of $TiO_2$ photo-catalyst. Total removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was increased according to the increase of coating number with light source. It was due to the effect of adsorption and photo reaction of photo-catalytic adsorbent. But total removal efficiency of benzene was lower than that of toluene. Because benzene was removed more effectively than toluene by adsorption, but photo - decomposition effect oi toluene was more high than benzene.

Systematic investigation of heavy metals from MSWI fly ash and bottom ash samples

  • Ramakrishna., CH;Thriveni., T;Ahn, Ji Whan
    • 에너지공학
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2017
  • Disposal of municipal solid waste has become a major problem in many countries around the world. As landfill space for the disposal of ash from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) becomes scarce, numerous reports and researches address the various environmental issues about the municipal solid waste incineration waste management and other particulate matters with the range of 10 ~ 2.5. Although in many developing and industrialization countries landfill with the disposal of municipal solid waste, open incineration has become a common practice. Large municipal waste incinerators are major industrial facilities and have the potential to be significant sources of environmental pollution. Despite the significant volume reduction from incineration, waste recycling is important to ensuring the future welfare of mankind. The main goal of the present work is the physical and chemical characterization of the local incineration bottom ash towards its eventual re-utilization. In this paper, we reported the studies on physical and chemical characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash and bottom ash containing particulate matter whose particulate sizes are lower than $PM_{10}$, $PM_{2.5}$ and heavy metal were investigated.

소각재로 제조한 건축외장재의 VOCs 흡착 특성 평가 (Characteristics of VOCs Adsorption of Brick Prepared by MSWI Fly Ash)

  • 반효진;정재아;이우근
    • 대한환경공학회지
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    • v.32 no.9
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    • pp.857-861
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    • 2010
  • 매년 대도시 지역과 그 주변에 오존농도가 환경기준을 초과하는 빈도가 증가하여 오존주의보 발령횟수가 증가하는 추세이다. 따라서 오존의 전구물질인 VOCs에 대한 제어과정이 시급한 실정이다. 국내에서 발생되는 폐기물 중 소각재와 하수슬러지는 발생량이 증가됨에 따라 그 처리 방안이 요구되고 있다. 소각재와 다른 폐기물을 이용하여 건축외장재를 제조하여 소각재 중의 유해중금속을 안정화시키고 제조한 외장재로 대기 중의 VOCs를 흡착, 제거할 수 있다면 환경 부하 저하, 자원 재활용 및 VOCs control이라는 면에서 매우 유용할 것으로 판단된다. 제조한 외장재의 VOC 흡착특성을 알아보기 위해 벤젠 흡착실험과 SEM분석, BET분석을 수행하였고 외장재의 흡착특성을 유지하기 위해 광촉매 코팅을 하여 그 효과를 알아보았다. 실험결과 벤젠 제거 능력은 74~96%로 높게 나타났고 제조한 외장재의 표면에는 다양한 공극이 발달되어 있음을 알 수 있었다. 또한, 외장재의 환경안정성을 알아보기 위해 중금속 용출실험을 수행한 결과 중금속이 안정화 되어 용출양이 현저히 감소한 것을 알 수 있었다.

도시폐기물 소각시설에서의 금속배출특성 연구 (Emission Characteristics of Metal Elements from a MSW Incinerator)

  • 김기헌;김삼권;송금주;서용칠
    • 한국연소학회지
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2003
  • The behavior and characteristics of heavy metals at different streams in a MSWI(Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) with a capacity of 100tonnes/day were investigated by measuring the concentration of heavy metals and gases and analyzing their leaching data from ashes. Metal components of Cr, Cu, Cd and Pb were in higher concentrations in the fly ashes collected after the water spray tower than in the bottom ashes. It was due to condensation by a lower temperature with water spray cooling. Metal contents in the bottom ash became higher for finer particles as expected. The mass balance of heavy metals in different stream was estimated from the analyzed data in bottom ash and collected dusts at different locations. For the lower volatility of metals such as Pb, Cu, Cr, 88-97% of them remained in the bottom ash, while Cd and Hg escaped from the combustor with remaining in bottom ash of 18.4 and 0.8%, respectively. In most cases the leaching rate of fly ash showed higher values than that of bottom ash, with the their average acidities of 9.8 and 11.9 respectively.

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Removal of Cl from the Incineration Ash of Domestic Municipal Solid Waste

  • Han, Gi-Chun;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • 대한전자공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.628-632
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    • 2001
  • The removal rate of Cl from municipal solid waste incineration(MSWI) ash(bottom ash and fly ash) by washing was investigated. The Cl contents in the bottom ash and fly ash were 2.6-3.0% and 25-30% respectively, and KCl, NaCl, CaCIOH and friedel's salt were main components. From the results on the effects of washing time and temperature, the Cl contents in the bottom ash and fly ash were decreased up to 0.3% and 2.0% respectively by using of water as a solvent within 30 min at 2$0^{\circ}C$, 300 rpm of agitation speed and 10 of liquid/solid ratio. It is expected that the removal of Cl from the incineration ash by washing could make use of the ash for a cement raw material and so on.

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