• Title, Summary, Keyword: MSWI

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The Characteristics of Mercury Emission from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Incinerator Stack (폐기물 소각시설 배가스에서의 수은 배출특성)

  • Lee Han-Kook
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.378-387
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried to investigate the emission characteristics of mercury from domestic and industrial MSW (municipal solid waste) incinerator stacks. The mercury concentration levels of flue gas from 32 MSW incinerators stacks selected were above the criteria level ($5{\mu}g/S\;m^3$). MSWI facilities exceeding the criteria levels in Korea are due to the poor units comparison of combustion chamber(CC)-cyclone(CY)-stack. So, the mercury from MSW incinerators stack were suspected to contaminate the natural system unless the MSW incinerators were properly controlled. Mean-while, the relationship between mercury concentration and temperature of flue gas in MSW incinerator stacks were examined at two temperature ranges (Group A : $29.85{\sim}327.63^{\circ}C$, Group B : $446.9{\sim}848.15^{\circ}C$). The mercury concentration in flue gas with high temperature range was higher than that of flue gas with low temperature rage. This mean that the temperature of flue gas plays an important role in mercury control in MSW incinerator. The emission characteristics oi mercury was also evaluated by using the correlation matrix between the mercury and NOx, $PM_{10}$, moisture (MO.) at both low temperature and high temperature flue gas ranges. The mercury concentration was mainly affected by NOx, $PM_{10}$. moisture (MO.) at low temperature range, while the mercury concentration at high temperature flue gas was mainly affected by NOx, moisture (MO.). From these results, it was suggested that the temperature of cooling system and the air pollution control device should be properly regulated in order to control mercury of flue gas in MSWI incinerator.

A Study on Characteristics of Water Quality in Wastewater according to the Washing of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator (MSWI) Ash

  • Byun, Mi-Young;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.296-300
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    • 2001
  • In order to recycle the incineration ash (bottom ash and fly ash) generated from the incineration of municipal waste for a cement material, salts as well as heavy metal should be removed by the stabilization treatment. Most of these heavy metal and over 80% of salts are removed by a washing as a pre-treatment. However, wastewater which is another pollutant is generated by a washing, then proper treatment should be developed. First the characteristics of incineration ashes collected from two domestic full-sized incinerators were investigated and removal rate of salts and heavy metals from them also studied. The wastewater quality was compared to the criteria of the regulation by analyzing the characteristics of generated wastewater during the washing of incineration ash as a condition of liquid/solid ratio. Also, we tried to used this experimental results for the basic data to develop proper processing technique of municipal waste.

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Removal of Cl from the Incineration Ash of Domestic Municipal Solid Waste

  • Han, Gi-Chun;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.628-632
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    • 2001
  • The removal rate of Cl from municipal solid waste incineration(MSWI) ash(bottom ash and fly ash) by washing was investigated. The Cl contents in the bottom ash and fly ash were 2.6-3.0% and 25-30% respectively, and KCl, NaCl, CaCIOH and friedel's salt were main components. From the results on the effects of washing time and temperature, the Cl contents in the bottom ash and fly ash were decreased up to 0.3% and 2.0% respectively by using of water as a solvent within 30 min at 2$0^{\circ}C$, 300 rpm of agitation speed and 10 of liquid/solid ratio. It is expected that the removal of Cl from the incineration ash by washing could make use of the ash for a cement raw material and so on.

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A Basic Study on the Effective Management for MSWI Fly Ash (II) - Effect of Leaching Parameter - (소각 비산재의 적정처리를 위한 기초연구(II) - 용출인자의 영향 -)

  • Kim, Jin-Beom;Lee, Woo-Keun;Shim, Yeong-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.1357-1364
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    • 2000
  • Our study was performed to evaluate the effect of leaching parameters including the physicochemical characteristics and the fractionated composition of heavy metals on the release of heavy metals in fly ash discharged from MSWI. Leaching parameters such as pH, CEC, particle size, and exchangeable fraction among the fractional composition classified by sequential extraction procedure are considered. The leaching rate of heavy metal released by KSLT method is largely dependent on the pH of fly ash. The effect of pH on the release of heavy metals is different from elements. It appears that the leaching rate of cadmium and copper decreases with increasing pH, while lead and zinc increases at the condition of neutral or strong alkali condition, which suggests that the leaching of heavy metals are limited by the solubility. It is found that the effect of CEC is similarly to that of pH, $D_{10}$ among the particle size of fly ash is negative correlated with the concentration of heavy metals leached by KSLT method. In the case of exchangeable fraction, the leaching rate of heavy metals is linearly correlated with the exchangeable fraction for the fly ash below 40 meq/l00g of CEC, but not related out of the range.

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The Behavior of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols in Fly Ash by Thermal Treatment (소각잔사 중에 함유된 클로로벤젠과 클로로페놀의 열분해 거동)

  • Sim, Yeong-Suk;Lee, U-Geun;Kim, Jin-Beom
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to investigate the behavior of chlorobenzenes (CIBZS) and chlorophenols (CIPhs) in a thermally treated MSWI fly ash. The experiment was carried out in a fixed bed reactor at the temperature range of 300~$600^{\circ}C$. Reaction time range was between 30 and 120 minutes, and NB and 02 gases were used as carrier gas. The decomposition rate of CIBZS was more affected by reaction time than by the reaction temperature. The decomposition rate of CIPhs was affected by both parameters. Decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs reached 80.4% and 96.6% at $600^{\circ}C$, 120 min, respectively. Considering the effect of O2 content, decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs was the highest at 10% of O2 content. Declorination and decomposition reactions Pere investigated by analyzing homologue distribution. Higher chlorinated CIBZS and CIPhs homologue decreased but lower chlorinated compounds increased with the increase of temperature. Effect of O2 on the homologue distribution of these compounds was not clear in the range of our experiment conditions.

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Formation Characteristics of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols from TCE (TCE (trichloroethylene)으로부터 클로로벤젠과 클로로페놀의 생성특성)

  • 김은미;심영숙;이우근
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2002
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the formation characteristics of CBs and CPs from TCE, aliphatic compound. The experiment was carried out in a fixed reactor during 30 min under the oxidation condition at the range of temperature, 300~$700^{\circ}C$. MSWI fly ash was used as catalyst in this study. Total amount of CBs formed greater magnitude than that of CPs overall range of reaction temperature. It is proposed that the formation of CPs was caused from hydroxylation of CBs. According to increasing temperature to $600^{\circ}C$, the yield of CBs and CPs increased but significantly decreased at $700^{\circ}C$. It is suggested that decomposition rate was faster than formation rate at the high temperature. In the homologue distribution of CBs, DCBs were major products at 30$0^{\circ}C$ and the amount of higher chlorinated compound increased to $600^{\circ}C$. Because they were formed by chlorination of lower chlorinated compounds. In case of CPs, the amount of DCPs was 90% of total amounts in both thermal formation and catalytic reaction. On the other hand it was clearly observed that the chlorination rate in catalytic reaction was higher than in thermal formation with TCE only.

The pilot study on reclamation of incineration ashes of municipal waste in the demonstrative factory

  • Chang Hui-Lan;Liaw Chin-Tson;Leu Ching-Huoh
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.573-580
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    • 2003
  • In Taiwan there are 21 Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators (MSWI) built to treat 80% of the MSW nationwide. Approximately 2,000 tons of incineration ashes of municipal waste contain reaction ash and fly ash (3:1 by weight)will be produced daily, and this may cause a serious waste problem. According to EPA regulations, reaction ash and fly ash produced after incineration should be properly treated. Landfill capacity barely meets the general demands. More efficient actions should be planned and taken. The study found 'reclamation' should be the optimal solution to this problem. Only limited research and previous successful experiences are available among other countries. An incinerator in Northern Taiwan is chosen for this study to make environmental bricks from the reaction ash and fly ash. From the previous tests, the results of strength test were measured. From the previous test results, the fly ash products have not reached the desired strength; hence, reaction ash is chosen for further pilot study. In the experiment, incineration ashes, cement and gravel are mixed in the ratio of 1:1:1(by weight), to ground concretization aggregate and pelletization aggregate, the concrete products made from the aggregates were of the strength of 108 $kgf/cm^2$ and 142 $kgf/cm^2$ individually. For the purpose of making nonstructural walls which met the State Building Standards. In the study, 50 tons of concrete products was yielded from aggregate and environmental bricks. Further observation and supervision are recommended to ascertain the resource recycling and reclamation. EPA has planned to build three 'Recycling Plants' in northern, middle and southern Taiwan to develop efficient techniques to produce concrete products, sub-base course, soundproofing wall, gravel, artificial fishing reefs, tiles, drainage, bricks and etc. This experiment of the demonstrative plant solves the problem of the incineration ashes and opens another opportunity to reclaim them.

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Evaluation and improvement of the stabilization process of the MSW Incinerator fly ash into cement (시멘트를 이용한 소각비산회의 안정화공정에 따른 문제점과 해결방안)

  • 배해룡
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2001
  • This study was initiated to evaluate and resolve the potential problems caused as the MSWI(Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) fly ash were stabilized and solidified into the cement. The physical and chemical properties of fly ashes (K and M) used in this study were fixed according to the operating conditions of the incineration plant. The compressible strength of the solidified matrix used in this study were measured at 7, 28, and 56 curing days, respectively, to evaluate the stability of the solidified matrix, which were further analyzed by XRD and SEM. The experimental results obtained in this study showed that the relatively long hours of curing periods were needed to solidify the fly ash. The solidified matrix containing K ash had the high and excellent compressible strength of $200{\;}kg/\textrm{cm}^2$, after 56 curing days, but was not good enough in appearance. The analytical data by SEM confirmed that the alkaline Na and K, which are highly dissolved in water, were included in the fly ash and evenly distributed into the exterior surface of the solidified matrix. Whereas, the solidified matrix containing M ash never showed such a compressible strength as shown in the K ash due to the severe fracture, even as early as 7 curing days. Based on its XRD analysis, it appeared that both $C_2S$ and $C_3S$ highly related to the compressible strength were not crystallyzed into the solidified matrix. However, the compressible strength of the solidified and cemented M ash was remarkably improved by 100 times, after the alkalinity was washed out, which indicated that it is equivalent to 30 to 40g per one kg of fly ash.

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Manufacturing Characteristics of Environmental-friendly Waste Ash Brick with Industrial By-Products (산업부산물을 이용한 친환경 연소재벽돌의 제조특성)

  • Kim, Han-Seok;Jung, Byung-Gil;Kim, Dae-Yong;Kang, Dong-Hyo;Jang, Seong-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.226-234
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    • 2009
  • The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects on shape and size, compressive strength, water absorption and heavy metals leaching with various weight mixing ratios in waste ash brick products using waste recycling MSWI(Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) bottom ash, steel slag and waste building material. The manufacturing processes for the waste ash brick consist of screening, mixing, conveyor transmission, compaction.forming, and curing steps of raw materials. The weight mixing ratios of steel slag around bottom ash were adjusted within the ranges of 10% to 30%. The reported results show that the width and thickness of the manufactured waste ash brick could be satisfied with $90{\pm}2mm\;and\;57{\pm}2mm$, respectively which are K.S. standards of products qualities. And in case of length, only 20-Ba50Ss30, 20-Ba60Wb20 and 20-Ba50Wb30 for the mixing ratios could be satisfied with $190{\pm}2mm$ that is K.S. standards of products quality. The compressive strength and water absorption for 20-Ba50Ss30 and 20-Ba70Wb10 were over $8N/mm^2$ and below 15% respectively that are K.S. standards of manufactured waste ash brick. The results of tests for the heavy metals leaching in the all manufactured waste ash bricks are also passed to the wastes management regulations. The cost analysis of 20-Ba50Ss30 is evaluated. The manufacturing cost is evaluated 34.3 won/brick with 8 hours and 20tons of raw material per day. Incinerators with problems in bottom ash disposal can therefore derive significant benefits from the application of waste ash brick production.

A Study on the Behavior of Heavy Metal Ions and Hydration of Clinker Utilizing Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Ash (생활폐기물 소각재를 이용하여 합성한 클링커의 중금속 및 수화반응 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn Ji Whan;Han Gi Chun;Han Ki Suk
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2004
  • The intension of this study is to produce ordinary portland cement using ash, both bottom ash and fly ash, obtained from municipal solid waste incineration ash (MSWI). We used limestone, waste molding sand, shale, slag from converting furnaces and fly ash as main raw materials and mixed them, setting the lime saturation factor (LSF) within 91.0, the silica modulus (SM) within 2.40, and iron modulus (IM) within 1.80. We conducted tests adding bottom ash alone 1, 2 and 3% by weight, respectively, and a mixture of bottom ash 0.9% and fly ash 0.1 % by weight. The result of analysis on clinker shows that the more ash is added, the lower the burnability index (B.I.) falls, lowering the mineral evolution of calcium silicate accordingly. From the measurement of compressive strength we have learned that the more ash is used, the lower the strength becomes.