• Title, Summary, Keyword: MSWI

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An Experimental Study on Toxicity Evaluation of Melting Slag from MSWI Ash Using Microtox Bioassay (Microtox 생물검정을 이용한 소각재 용융슬래그의 독성평가)

  • Park, Sang-Goo;Kim, Geon-Hung;Han, Yang-Soo;Kim, Gil-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.674-677
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구에서는 기존 매립이나 지반보강재로 사용되던 소각재 용융슬래그를 고부가가치 수처리 여재로 활용하기 위하여 형광성 박테리아를 통한 Microtox 생물검정법으로 독성을 평가하였다. 소각재 용융슬래그의 독성평가 대조군으로는 기존의 수처리 여재인 입상활성탄(석탄계/야자계/목탄계), PP PE펠렛(Poly-Propylene Poly-Ethylene pallet), 표준여과사를 비교하였으며, 시료의 용출시험은 US EPA에서 제안한 TCLP 방법을 사용하였다. Microtox Acute Toxicity 평가 결과, 독성순위는 석탄계 입상 활성탄, 소각재 용융슬래그, 목탄계 입상활성탄, 야자계 입상활성탄, 표준여과사, PP PE 순으로 나타났으며, 실험에 사용된 모든 수처리 여재들은 급성독성을 고려하지 않는 무독성으로 나타났다. 따라서 소각재 용융슬래그가 수처리를 목적으로 수체에 편입시켜도 기존의 수처리 여재들과 비교할 때 수환경에 미치는 영향은 미미할 것으로 판단된다.

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Evaluation of NOx Reduction Efficiency and Emission Factor from Large Combustion Facilities in Seoul (서울지역 대형연소시설에서의 질소산화물 제거효율과 배출계수 산정)

  • 신진호;오석률;김정영;전재식;신정식
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2003
  • This survey was performed to investigate the NOx emission factors at 3 Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators(MSWI) and 5 Power generation boilers in Seoul. The NOx concentrations were measured before and after control systems. The results were as follows. 1) The NOx reduction efficiencies of Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) using ammonia as reducing agent ranged from 53.7% to 89.9%. The NOx reduction efficiencies of SCR using methanol as reducing agent, Non- Selective Catalytic Reduction (NSCR) using ethanol as reducing agent and low-NOx burner were 20.8%, 29.1% and 24.7%, respectively. 2) The NOx emission factors at A-1, A-2 and A-3 facilities of MSWI were 0.786, 0.127 and 0.594 kg Nox/ton fuel, respectively. The factors of A-1 and A-3 facilities were higher than the average value of Korea. 3) The NOx emission factors at B-1, B-2, B-3, B-4 and B-5 facilities of Power generation boiler were 2.109, 0.726, 4.106, 8.378 and 5.168 kg Nox/ton fuel, respectively. The factors of B-4 and B-5 facilities were higher than the average value of Korea.

Evaluation of human exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls using human serum by congener-specific analysis (혈액 중 PCBs 이성질체별 분석에 의한 인체 노출 평가)

  • Park, Hyo-Keun;Lee, Se-Jin;Jin, Guang-Zhu;Kang, Jung-Ho;Baek, Song-E;Chang, Yoon-Seok
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.73-85
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    • 2006
  • Blood serum concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in employees who worked at a municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI), members of residential community who lived near the MSWI (<0.3km) and members of residential community lived far from the MSWI (>10 km). Human blood serum samples were analyzed for all PCB congeners using high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The mean levels of total PCBs and dioxin-like PCBs in 87 serum samples were 242.77 ng/g lipid and 8.83 TEQ pg/g lipid, respectively. The PCB homologue profiles showed that penta-, hexa-, hepta-chlorinated biphenyls contributed more than 80% of the total PCBs concentration. The most abundant congeners were PCB153, PCB138, PCB180, PCB187, PCB118. A statistical analysis was performed to determine whether there were significant correlations between PCB concentrations and specific variables such as age, gender, smoking habits, occupation, BMI (Body Mass Index) and time of residence. As a result, the age was found to be strongly correlated with serum PCB concentrations. In addition, there were strong correlations between total PCBs and PCB153 (r=0.93, p<.0001), dioxin-like PCBs and PCB118 (r=0.98, p<.0001). So these two congeners are satisfactory indicators for total PCB concentrations and dioxin-like PCBs in human blood respectively.

Preparation of Multi-functional Brick Using MSWI Fly Ash (소각재를 이용한 건축외장재 제조)

  • Ban, Hyo-Jin;Park, Eun-Zoo;Lee, Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.114-118
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    • 2009
  • With the advance of industrialization and urbanization, a lot of waste has been discharged and treated by incineration. But fly and bottom ashes are generated in this process. In addition, the treatment method to recycle sewage sludge and melting slag is required to manage these wastes. The objective of this research was to prepare of multi-functional brick which were made from MSWI (Municipal solid wastes incinerator) fly ash, sewage sludge and slag. The bricks were made by mixing raw materials and then drying for 24 hours. Next, they were dried for 24 hours at $160^{\circ}C$ and fired for 2 hours. Calcination temperature was changed to discuss the effect of temperature from $1,080^{\circ}C$ to $1,130^{\circ}C$. Compressive strength of a brick was creased with the increase of temperature. To increase mixing ratio of fly ash and slag reduce the compressive strength the optimal condition was the mixing ratio of fly ash : melting slag : sewage sludge : clay as 10 : 20 : 5 : 65 and $1,150^{\circ}C$ of calcination temperature. Compressive strength was obtained as about 41 MPa at this condition.

Synthesizing Behavior of Calcium Chloroaluminate with using MSWI Fly Ash in the Different Sintering Conditions (생활폐기물(生活廢棄物) 소각(燒却) 비산(飛散)재의 소성(燒成) 조건(條件)에 따른 Calcium Chloroaluminate 합성(合成) 거동(擧動)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoo, Kwang-Suk;Lee, Seong-Ho;Hwang, Sun-Ho;Ahn, Ji-Whan
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the behaviors of synthesis of Calcium Chloroaluminte($11CaO{\cdot}7Al_2O_3{\cdot}CaCl_2$) under the melting temperature of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash(MSWI fly ash); $900^{\circ}C-1300^{\circ}C$ of sintering temperature. A sludge generated from a water purification plant (SW) was also used to fill up $Al_2O_3$ source, which might be deficient in MSWI fly ash. MF and SW were mixed at mixing ratio of 10 to 7, which is the mole ratio of CaO to $Al_2O_3$ of calcium Chloroaluminte. Mixed samples were sintered in the opened sintering reactor and the closed sintering reactor, respectively. The results showed that calcium chloroaluminte was formed at $1,000^{\circ}C$ in both reactors, but the temperature of decomposition of calcium chloroaluminte depended upon sintering reactor type; an opened sintering reactor and a closed sintering reactor, owing to the vaporization velocity of Cl.

Study on Recycling of Incombustion Materials from MSWI Fluidized Bed Incinerator Ash (생활쓰레기 유동상(流動床) 소각로(燒却爐) 불연물(不燃物)의 재활용에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Woo-Zin;Park, Eun-Kyu;Kang, Seung-Kyun
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 2008
  • The total amount of fluidized bed incinerator ash, i.e. incombustion materials generated from the municipal solid waste incineration(MSWI) in Korea was approximately 14,000 tons in 2006. Most of the ash after ferrous metal separation is finally discard to the landfill sites. In the present work, possibility for recycling of the ash is studied to utilize the ash as raw materials for ceramic products. Incombustion materials obtained from the two different incinerators were used to recover the raw materials by applying the magnetic separation and screening process to remove metallic particles. The raw materials show relatively low heavy metals content obtained from the KSLP leaching tests. The ceramic products were prepared by mixing the clay with the various amounts of the raw material. The physical properties, i.e. shrinkage rate, absorbancy and compressive strength of the ceramic products sintered at $1,000^{\circ}C$ and $1,050^{\circ}C$, respectively were improved by increasing the addition amounts of the incinerator ash. Based on the leaching tests the ceramic products also be satisfied with the standard limits on the leachability of heavy metals because most of the metallic materials are effectively removed from the incombustion materials by appling the separation processes.

Preparation of Adsorbent from MSWI Fly Ash and Its Adsorptive Characteristics by Varying the Activation Condition (활성화 조건에 따른 소각비산재로부터 흡착제 제조 및 특성평가)

  • 구명희;심영숙;이우근
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.265-266
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    • 2002
  • 휘발성 유기화합물(Volatile Oraganic Compounds: VOCs)은 오존 등의 광화학 스모그 생성의 원인물질일 뿐만 아니라 발암성의 유해물질, 지구온난화, 대기중의 악취물질 등으로 환경 및 건강에 악영향을 초래한다. 최근 들어 VOCs에 대한 대기중 배출규제가 강화됨에 따라 이를 효과적으로 제거 또는 회수하는 연구가 매우 중요시되고 있으며, 활성탄을 이용한 흡착은 이러한 기체상의 VOCs 분자를 고체 흡착제에 약한 분자력의 인력에 의해 접촉시켜 분리하는 공정으로 회수율 및 에너지 절약의 관점에서 효과적인 방법으로 알려져 있다. (중략)

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Adsorption Characteristics of Benzene and MEK on Surface Oxidation Treated Adsorbent -Surface Oxidation by HNO3, H2SO4 and (NH4)2S2O8- (표면산화 처리된 흡착제의 Benzene 및 MEK 흡착 특성 - HNO3, H2SO4 및 (NH4)2S2O8에 의한 표면산화-)

  • Shim, Choon-Hee;Lee, Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this research is to improve the adsorption capacity of adsorbent made from MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) fly ash by surface oxidation. Used oxidation agents were $HNO_{3}$, $H_{2}SO_{4}$ and $(NH_{4})_{2}S_{2}O_{8}$. These agents can modify the surface property of an adsorbent such as specific surface area, pore volume, and functional group. The surface structure was studied by BET method with $N_{2}$ adsorption. The acid value and base value were determined by Boehm's method. The adsorption properties were investigated with benzene and MEK (Methylethylketone). According to the results, the specific surface area of the adsorbent was increased from 309.2 $m^{2}$/g to 553.2 $m^{2}$/g by $HNO_{3}$ oxidation. But $H_{2}SO_{4}$ and $(NH_{4})_{2}S_{2}O_{8}$ oxidation was decreased slightly. After Oxidation, surface acid value increased, but base value decreased. FAA-N shows the highest acid value. The content of oxygen increased greatly and oxygen group was created on the adsorbent surface. The surface oxidation improved the adsorbing capacity for MEK. The amount of adsorbing MEK was increased from 189 $m^{2}$/g to 639 $m^{2}$/g by $HNO_{3}$ oxidation.

Characteristics of Hg, Pb, As, Se Emitted from Medium Size Waste Incinerators (중형폐기물 소각시설의 수은, 납, 비소, 셀렌 배출특성)

  • Lee Han-Kook
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.8-18
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    • 2006
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the emission characteristics of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium from medium size municipal solid waste incinerators(MSWIs) in Korea. The concentrations of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium emitted from medium size MSWI stack were $2.67\;{\mu}g/Sm^3,\;0.38\;mg/Sm^3,\;1.33\;{\mu}g/Sm^3,\;0.28\;{\mu}g/Sm^3$, respectively. The concentration levels of mercury, lead, arsenic in flue gas from medium size MSW incinerator stacks selected were nearly detected under the Korea criteria level. Removal efficiencies of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium in waste heat boiler(WHE) and cooling tower(CT) were $90.36\%,\;69.76\%,\;43.04\%,\;40.64\%$, respectively. In general, the removal efficiencies of mercury and lead in WHE were higher than those of arsenic and selenium in WHE. Emission gas temperature reduction from waste heat boiler(WHB) and cooling tower(CT) can control mercury and lead of medium size MSWIs. To evaluate the relationship between mercury, lead, arsenic, selenium of fly ash and those of flue gas, it was carried out to correlation analysis of each metal concentration in the fly ash and in the flue gas from medium size MSWIs. From the correlation analysis, the coefficients of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium were 0.61, -0.38, 0.87, 0.28, respectively. The results of correlation analysis revealed that it should be highly positive to the correlation coefficients of mercury and arsenic in the fly ash and those of the flue gas emitted from medium size MSWIs. As it were, the concentrations of mercury and arsenic of flue gas from medium size MSWIs are high unless mercury and arsenic in fly ash are properly controlled in dust collection step in medium size MSWIs. It was also concluded that mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium from MSWIs stacks could be controlled by waste heat boiler(WHE) and dust collecting step in medium size MSWIs.