• Title, Summary, Keyword: MSWI

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The Content of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols and Their Isomer in MSWI Fly Ash (소각잔사 중의 클로로벤젠과 클로로페놀의 함량 및 이성체 분포특성)

  • Lee, U-Geun;Sim, Yeong-Suk;Kim, Jin-Beom
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 1998
  • Chlorobenzenes (CBs) and chlorophenols (CPs) in fly ashy discharged from several municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI) were investigated in terms of total content and isomer distribution. The content of CBs and CPs was highest in the fly ash from S incinerator, which were 1040.7ng CB/g-fly ash and 1156.4 ng CP/g-fly ash. According to the experimental results, while all samples contained a large amount of the higher chlorinated CBs, was almost constant regardless of season. The quantities of CBs and CPs depended closely on the chemical composition of MSW. while the isomer distribution of CBs and CPs was constant throughout all the year round.

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Study on $CaCO_3$ Preparation from MSWI Fly Ash (생활쓰레기 소각(燒却)비산재로부터 $CaCO_3$ 제조(製造)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Woo-Zin;Park, Eun-Kyu
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2006
  • The total amount of ash generated from the municipal solid waste incineration(MSWI) in Korea was approximately 420,000 tons in 2005 including 68,000 tons of fly ash. Fly ash from MSWI generally contains high amount of CaO (upto ${\sim}50%$) due to the treatment of flue gas by spraying CaO-base materials. Currently, most of fly ash generated is finally ended up with specially designed landfill sites and only less then 20% of fly ash is recycled. In the present work, preparation of $CaCO_3$ from the MSWI ny ash was studied to promote the fly ash recycling. Fly ash obtained from the dust collector in stoker-type MSWI is used to selectively dissolve CaO by using the sugar solution. Then, $CO_2$ gas was passed through the dissolved solution to pro- duce $CaCO_3$ powder. The optimum conditions for CaO dissolution were solid content 10%, reaction time 15 minutes, sugar concentration $10{\sim}15%\;and\;pH\;10.5{\sim}11.0$. The high grade $CaCO_3$ powder was obtained and the experimental conditions are also discussed.

Characteristics of VOCs Adsorption of Brick Prepared by MSWI Fly Ash (소각재로 제조한 건축외장재의 VOCs 흡착 특성 평가)

  • Ban, Hyo-Jin;Jeong, Jae-A;Lee, Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.32 no.9
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    • pp.857-861
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    • 2010
  • Recently photochemical smog has become a serious urban air pollution. And VOC is the major pollutant for it. With the advance of industrialization and urbanization, MSWI fly ash and sewage sludge and melting slag were generated. It is necessary to de-toxificate ashes, because they contain many toxic constituents and probably lead to contaminate the environment. The objective of this research was to prepare multi-functional brick which is able to remove VOCs in ambient air. The bricks were made of MSWI fly ash, sewage sludge and slag. The benzene adsorption experiment by brick was acted to evaluate its adsorptivity. And also photocatalyst material was coated to enhance its adsorptivity and the endurance on the brick. According to the result, the benzene showed 74~96%. The removal efficiency was increased and the breakpoint time was lengthened by coating a brick.

Removal of Benzene and Toluene by Photo-catalyst Adsorbent Prepared from MSWI Fly Ash (소각비산재로 제조한 광촉매 흡착제의 벤젠과 톨루엔 제거특성)

  • Choi So-Young;Shim Young-Sook;Lee Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.431-438
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    • 2005
  • In order to apply the photocatalytic decomposition of aromatic VOCs, adsorbent prepared from MSWI fly ash was coated by $TiO_2$ solution to endow with photo-catalytic function. The effects of coating number, existence of light source and the type of $TiO_2$ solution used for coating were examined. Adsorbent coated with amorphous $TiO_2$ solution showed higher adsorptivity than adsorbent coated with crystal $TiO_2$ solution. Without light source, breakthrough curve of photo -catalyst absorbent for VOCs removal was similar to that of absorbent made from MSWI fly ash. On the other hand, breakthrough time was enlarged with light source and total removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was also increased. It can be explained as photo-decomposition effect of $TiO_2$ photo-catalyst. Total removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was increased according to the increase of coating number with light source. It was due to the effect of adsorption and photo reaction of photo-catalytic adsorbent. But total removal efficiency of benzene was lower than that of toluene. Because benzene was removed more effectively than toluene by adsorption, but photo - decomposition effect oi toluene was more high than benzene.

Systematic investigation of heavy metals from MSWI fly ash and bottom ash samples

  • Ramakrishna., CH;Thriveni., T;Ahn, Ji Whan
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2017
  • Disposal of municipal solid waste has become a major problem in many countries around the world. As landfill space for the disposal of ash from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) becomes scarce, numerous reports and researches address the various environmental issues about the municipal solid waste incineration waste management and other particulate matters with the range of 10 ~ 2.5. Although in many developing and industrialization countries landfill with the disposal of municipal solid waste, open incineration has become a common practice. Large municipal waste incinerators are major industrial facilities and have the potential to be significant sources of environmental pollution. Despite the significant volume reduction from incineration, waste recycling is important to ensuring the future welfare of mankind. The main goal of the present work is the physical and chemical characterization of the local incineration bottom ash towards its eventual re-utilization. In this paper, we reported the studies on physical and chemical characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash and bottom ash containing particulate matter whose particulate sizes are lower than $PM_{10}$, $PM_{2.5}$ and heavy metal were investigated.

Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica Using Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Ash Slag : Influence of NaOH Concentration (생활(生活) 폐기물(廢棄物) 소각재(燒却材) 슬래그를 이용(利用)한 메조포러스 실리카 합성(合成) : NaOH 농도(濃度)의 영향(影響))

  • Han, Yo-Sep;Jung, Jong-Hoon;Park, Jai-Koo
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.40-48
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    • 2010
  • It was investigated that effects of NaOH concentration on synthesis of mesoporous materials using municipal solid waste incinerator ash slag (MSWI-ash slag). In order to increase the purity and maximize the amount of extracted Si content the raw MSWI-ash slag was mechanically activated. Extraction of Si from the MSWI-ash slag was carried out by alkali treatment using concentrated NaOH solution, which varied from 1M to 4M. Physical properties (i.e., pore size, specific surface area and total pore volume) of the synthesized mesoporous silica were also evaluated as a function of NaOH concentration via BET, SEM, TEM and small-angle X-ray scattering analyses. Over the entire range of NaOH concentration investigated (i.e., 1-4M), the synthesized mesoporous materials were determined to be SBA-15, which exhibited a hexagonal structure with the pore size of approximately 7 nm. On the other hand, specific surface area and total pore volume increased with NaOH concentration up to 3M while the values decreased at 4M, indicating that the optimal NaOH concentration for the synthesized mesoporous silica was approximately 3M. Further comparison analysis between two conditions (3M versus 4M) showed that the decrease in two physical properties at 4M NaOH concentration was likely due to the potential inhibition by excess Na ions on the formation of mesophase and the consequent increase of pore wall thickness by remaining Si ions.

Emission Characteristics of PCDD/Fs in MSW Incinerator(I) - The Effect of Air Pollution Control Device - (도시폐기물 소각공장에서의 다이옥신 배출특성(I) - 방지시설의 영향 -)

  • Kim, Jin-Beom;Lee, Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.1817-1824
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    • 2000
  • This study is carried out to investigate the discharge characteristics of PCDD/Fs from municipal solid waste(MSW) incinerator, According to the results measured at several air pollution control devices(APCDs), the largest amount of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans(PCDD/Fs) are found at selective catalytic reduction (SCR) inlet. Therefore, it concludes that the electrostatic precipitator(EP) provides the appropriate condition for the formation of PCDD/Fs. The concentration of PCDD/Fs shows a large difference with the season. The concentration of PCDD/Fs in winter is higher than that of autumn, which suggests that the formation of PCDD/Fs is affected by the MSW components and the operation condition of municipal solid waste incinerator(MSWI).

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Emission Characteristics of Metal Elements from a MSW Incinerator (도시폐기물 소각시설에서의 금속배출특성 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Heon;Kim, Sam-Cwan;Song, Geum-Ju;Seo, Yong-Chil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2003
  • The behavior and characteristics of heavy metals at different streams in a MSWI(Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) with a capacity of 100tonnes/day were investigated by measuring the concentration of heavy metals and gases and analyzing their leaching data from ashes. Metal components of Cr, Cu, Cd and Pb were in higher concentrations in the fly ashes collected after the water spray tower than in the bottom ashes. It was due to condensation by a lower temperature with water spray cooling. Metal contents in the bottom ash became higher for finer particles as expected. The mass balance of heavy metals in different stream was estimated from the analyzed data in bottom ash and collected dusts at different locations. For the lower volatility of metals such as Pb, Cu, Cr, 88-97% of them remained in the bottom ash, while Cd and Hg escaped from the combustor with remaining in bottom ash of 18.4 and 0.8%, respectively. In most cases the leaching rate of fly ash showed higher values than that of bottom ash, with the their average acidities of 9.8 and 11.9 respectively.

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