• Title, Summary, Keyword: MSWI

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Characteristics of Specimens Made from Primary Clay and Red Hwangto with MSWI Fly Ash by Sintering Process (Sintering process에 의한 MSWI fly ash를 혼합한 일차점토(一次粘土)와 적황토(赤黃土) 공시체(公試體)의 특성(特性))

  • Yoo, Seung-Chol;Kwon, Moon-Sun;Park, Sang-Min
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.10-18
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    • 2010
  • This research investigates the feasibility of ceramic specimens made from Primary clay and Red Hwangto with MSWI fly ash. Specimens preduced by mix-design maximum 20 wt% MSWI fly ash were analysed by SEM, UTM, ICP, etc. As a result of measurement,$P_{10}$ specimen was improved on bending strength and $R_5$ specimen was improved on compressive and bending strength. Also amount of extracted heavy metal was suitable for regulatory limits. This indicates that MSWI fly ash is indeed suitable for the partial replacement of ceramic materials in bricks.

Properties of Alkali Activated MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) Ash Mortar (알칼리 활성화된 도시 폐기물 소각재 모르타르의 특성)

  • Jo Byung Wan;Koo Ja Kap;Park Seung Kook;Ko Hee Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.773-776
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    • 2005
  • MSWI ash is the residue from waste combustion processes at temperature between $850^{\circ}C\;and\;1000^{\circ}C$. And the main components of MSWI ash are $SiO_2,\;CaO\;and\;Al_2O_3$. The aim of this study is to find a way to useful application of MSWI ash(after treatment) as a structural material and to investigates the hydraulic activity, compressive strength development, composition variation of such chemicallyi-activated MSWI ashes concrete. And it was found that early cement hydration, followed by the breakdown and dissolving of the MSWI-ashes, enhanced the formation of calcium silicate hydrates(C-S-H), The XRD and SEM-EDS results indicate that, both the hydration degree and strength development are closely connected with a curing condition and a chemically-activator. Compressive strengths with values in the 40.5MFa were obtained after curing the activated MSWI ashes with NaOH+water glass at $90^{\circ}C$.

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CHARACTERISTICS AND STRENGTH EVALUATION OF THE MIXED MATERIAL OF FLY ASH FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE INCINERATOR AND THE RECYCLED POLYPROPYLENE

  • Park, Sang-Min;Kim, Hwan-Gi
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.257-265
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of research is to mix the fly ash from municipal solid waste incinerator in the recycled Polypropylene and to recycle. The specimen was produced by mixing 20 wt.% of MSWI fly ash at maximum in the recycled Polypropylene and the particle size analyzer, DSC, TGA, SEM and UTM instruments were used to analyze the physical chemical properties of the specimen. As a result of measurement, the average particle size of MSWI fly ash was $18.08\;{\mu}m$. In TGA analysis, the temperature of specimen S-5 at 50% of weight decrease was risen by $7^{\circ}C$ higher than specimen S-1. In UTM measurement, specimen S-2 showed the maximum strength for tensile strength and specimen S-3 showed the maximum strength for flexural strength. But, impact strength was decreased according to the increasing proportion of MSWI fly ash. In conclusion, when the proper amount of MSWI fly ash was added to the recycled Polypropylene, thermal endurance, tensile strength and flexural strength could be increased, but impact strength was decreased.

Appropriate Technologies for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Bantayan Island, Philippines

  • Yu, Kwang Sun;Thriveni, Thenepalli;Jang, Changsun;Whan, Ahn Ji
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2017
  • In general, solid waste arises from lots of human activities such as domestic, agricultural, industrial, commercial, waste water treatment, construction, and mining activities etc. If the waste is not properly disposal and treated, it will have a negative impact to the environment, and hygienic conditions in urban areas and pollute the air with greenhouse gases (GHG), ground water, as well as the soil and crops. In this paper, the Carbon Resources Recycling Appropriate Technology Center feasibility studies are reported at Bantayan Island, Philippines on the municipal solid waste management. The present objective of our study is to characterize the municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash and case study of MSWI production status in Bantayan, Philippines. Currently, wide variety of smart technologies available for MSWI management in developed countries. Recycling is the other major alternative process for MSWI landfill issues. In this paper, the feasibility studies of applied appropriate technologies for the municipal solid waste generation in Bantayan Island, Philippines are reported.

Properties of Chemically Activated MSWI(Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) Mortar (도시 폐기물 소각재를 이용한 화학적 활성화 모르타르의 특성)

  • Jo, Byung-Wan;Kim, Kwang-Il;Park, Jong-Chil;Park, Seung-Kook
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.589-594
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    • 2006
  • The recycling of industrial wastes in the concrete manufacturing is of increasing interest worldwide, due to the high environmental impact of the cement and concrete industries and to the rising demand of infrastructures, both in industrialized and developing countries. The production of municipal wastes in the South Korea is estimated at about 49,902 ton per day and only 14.5% of these are incinerated and principally disposed of in landfill. These quantities will increase considerably with the growth of municipal waste production, the progressive closing of landfill, so the disposal of municipal solid waste incinerator(MSWI) ashes has become a continuous and significant issue facing society, both environmentally and economically. MSWI ash is the residue from waste combustion processes at temperature between $850^{\circ}C\;and\;1,000^{\circ}C$. And the main components of MSWI ash are $SiO_2,\;CaO\;and\;Al_2O_3$. The aim of this study is to find a way to useful application of MSWI ash(after treatment) as a structural material and to investigates the hydraulic activity, compressive strength development composition variation of such alkali-activated MSWI ashes concrete. And it was found that early cement hydration, followed by the breakdown and dissolving of the MSWI-ashes, enhanced the formation of calcium silicate hydrates(C-S-H). The XRD and SEM-EDS results indicate that, both the hydration degree and strength development are closely connected with a curing condition and a alkali-activator. Compressive strengths with values in the 40.5 MPa were obtained after curing the activated MSWI ashes with NaOH+water glass at $90^{\circ}C$.

The Charateristics of Melting Slag from MSWI and Sewage Water Filter Application (소각용융슬래그의 특성 및 수처리 여과재 활용에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Goo;Kim, Gun-Heung
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.471-478
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    • 2012
  • The objective of the study is to find a way to utilize MSWI slag as filter material and to verify it. To do so, stability as filter material was tested, and used Ju-Munjin filter sand as control group to run actual filtering experiment to analyze filtering efficiency. According to result, MSWI slag is usable within designated waste acceptable standards. Also, it showed similar level of filtering capability to filter sand. Thus, MSWI slag could help to save and recycle resources if used as filtering material instead of filter sand As result of filtering test, SS and COD showed about same level of filtering capability similar to standard filter sand. MSWI slag has shown 26.96% higher with T-N, and 6.55% higher with T-P compared to standard filter sand. Also, remove efficiency comparison result with No. 40#(0.43mm) and mixed diameter showed equal or greater filtering capability.

Solidification/stabilization of simulated cadmium-contaminated wastes with magnesium potassium phosphate cement

  • Su, Ying;Yang, Jianming;Liu, Debin;Zhen, Shucong;Lin, Naixi;Zhou, Yongxin
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2016
  • Magnesium potassium phosphate cement (MKPC) is an effective agent for solidification/stabilization (S/S) technology. To further explore the mechanism of the S/S by MKPC, two kinds of Cd including $Cd(NO_3)_2$ solution (L-Cd) and municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWI FA) adsorbed Cd (S-Cd), were used to compare the effects of the form of heavy metal on S/S. The results showed that all the MKPC pastes had a high unconfined compressive strength (UCS) above 11 MPa. For L-Cd pastes, Cd leaching concentration increased with the increase of Cd content, and decreased with the increase of curing time. With the percentage of MSWI FA below 20%, S-Cd pastes exhibited similar Cd leaching concentrations as those of L-Cd pastes, while when the content of MSWI FA come up to 30%, the Cd leaching concentration increased significantly. To meet the standard GB5085.3-2007, the highest addition of S-Cd was 30% MSWI FA (6% Cd contained), with the Cd leaching concentration of 0.817 mg/L. The S/S of L-Cd is mainly due to chemical fixation, and the hydration compound of Cd was $NaCdPO_4$, while the S/S of S-Cd is due to physical encapsulation, which is dependent on the pore/crack size and porosity of the MKPC pastes.

Performance Degradation of Cement Composite Containing Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Ash by Unburned Fabric (미연소 섬유분에 의한 도시 쓰레기 소각재 혼입 시멘트 복합재료의 성능감소)

  • Kim, Hyeong-Ki
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2015
  • The negative effects of unburned fabric in municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) ash on the performances of cement composite were investigated. The chemical and physical characteristics of MSWI ash powder containing high volume of unburned fabric were analyzed. The workability and compressive strength of mortar-type cement composites with the ash powder were evaluated. The workability of the cement composites was decreased mainly by unburned fabric in the ash, while the compressive strength was decreased by MSWI ash itself. From the experimental results, the critical limits for both MSWI ash and their powder containing unburned fabric in the cement composites should be limited from standpoint of the workability of the composite.

Adsorption of Ammonia on Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Bottom Ash Under the Landfill Circumstance

  • Yao, Jun;Kong, Qingna;Zhu, Huayue;Zhang, Zhen;Long, Yuyang;Shen, Dongsheng
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.503-508
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    • 2015
  • The adsorption characteristics of ammonia on MSWI bottom ash were investigated. The effect of the variation of the landfill environmental parameters including pH, anions and organic matter on the adsorption process was discussed. Results showed that the adsorption could be well described by pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir model, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 156.2 mg/g. The optimum adsorption of ammonia was observed when the pH was 6.0. High level of ion and organic matter could restrict the adsorption to a low level. The above results suggested that MSWI bottom ash could affect the migration of ammonia in the landfill, which is related to the variation of the landfill circumstance.

The Change of Adsorption Characteristics for VOCs by HNO3 Activation of Adsorbent Prepared from MSWI Fly Ash (질산을 이용한 Fly Ash 흡착제의 표면 활성화에 따른 VOCs 흡착 특성의 변화)

  • Shim Choon-Hee;Lee Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.471-478
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this research is to improve adsorption efficiency of adsorbent made from MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) ny ash by $HNO_3$ activation. The acidity and the basicity were determined by Boehm's method and the surface structure was studied by BET method with N2 adsorption. The adsorption properties were investigated with benzene and MEK (Methylethylketone). $HNO_3$ activation can modify the surface property of an adsorbent such as specific surface area, pore volume, and functional group. According to the results, the specific surface area of the adsorbent was increased from $309.2m^2/g\;to\;553.2 m^2/g$ by activation. Also oxygen-containing functional groups were formed on it.