• Title, Summary, Keyword: MR damper

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Experimental Modeling of MR Damper for Cruise Bus (우등버스용 MR 댐퍼의 실험적 모델링)

  • Sohn, Jeong-Hyun;Jun, Chul-Woong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.863-867
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we analyze the characteristic test results of an MR damper for a cruise bus, and we model the nonlinear hysteretic characteristics of the damper using arctangent and polynomial functions. We establish an experimental model of the MR damper according to the input current, and we set the model parameters using the MATLAB Optimization Toolbox. The model is verified via a computer simulation of a full-car model.

Ride Comfort Evaluation of Electronic Control Suspension Using a Magneto-rheological Damper (MR 댐퍼를 이용한 전자제어 현가장치의 승차감 평가)

  • Sung, Kum-Gil;Choi, Seung-Bok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.463-471
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents design and control of electronic control suspension(ECS) equipped with controllable magnetorheological(MR) damper for passenger vehicle. In order to achieve this goal, a cylindrical type MR fluid damper that satisfies design specification of a middle-sized commercial passenger vehicle is proposed. After manufacturing the MR damper with design parameters, their field-dependent damping forces are experimentally evaluated and compared with those of a conventional damper. A quarter-vehicle MR ECS system consisting of sprung mass, spring, tire, controller and the MR damper is established in order to investigate the ride comfort performances. On the basis of the governing equation of motion of the suspension system, five control strategies(soft, hard, comfort, sport and optimal mode) are formulated. The proposed control strategies are then experimentally realized with the quarter-vehicle MR ECS system. Control performances such as vertical acceleration of the car body and tire deflection are evaluated in frequency domains on random road condition. In addition, performance comparison of WRMS(weighted root mean square) of the quarter-vehicle MR ECS system on random road are undertaken in order to investigate ride comfort characteristics.

Design and Analysis of Magneto-Rheological Damper Using Permanent Magnet (영구자석을 이용한 전단모드 MR 댐퍼 설계 및 해석)

  • Kim, Wan Ho;Suresh, Kaluvan;Park, Jhin Ha;Choi, Sang Min;Park, Chun-Yong;Kang, Je-Won;Choi, Seung-Bok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.443-448
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    • 2016
  • A novel Permanent Magnet based Magneto Rheological (PM-MR) damper is proposed in this paper. The principle of proposed MR damper is achieved by designing a linearly varying magnetization area with-respect to the movable permanent magnetic based piston setup. Nowadays, commercially available MR damper uses electromagnetic coils for generating the variable magnetic fields corresponding to the variable damping force. The amount of magnetic field produced by the electromagnetic coils are depends on the biasing current of voltage source. The key enabling concept of the proposed MR damper is to replace the electromagnetic coils and the voltage sources by utilizing the variable area based permanent magnetic piston setup. The proposed unique design structure of PM-MR damper has an increasing shear mode damping force with the piston movement in both jounce and rebound motion. In this research, analytical model of the proposed structure is derived and the structural design of proposed concept is verified using numerical CAD tool. As a result, the damping force is increase when piston movement in both jounce and rebound motion.

Dynamic Modeling of Semi-active Squeeze Mode MR Damper for Structural Vibration Control (구조물의 진동 제어를 위한 압착식 MR 감쇠기의 동적 모델링)

  • Heo, Gwang-Hee;Jeon, Joon-Ryong
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.172-180
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    • 2009
  • Normally in order to build a semi-active control system equipped with MR damper, the dynamic modeling of the damper is required to numerically predict its dynamic damping force and also its behavioral characteristics. For the dynamic modeling of the MR damper, this paper attempts to predict and evaluate its dynamic behavior by applying specifically both a power model and a Bingham model. Dynamic loading tests were performed on the squeeze type of damper specially designed for this research, and force-displacement hysteresis loops confirmed the effectiveness of the damper as a semi-active control device. In the meantime, in order to evaluate the effectiveness of each model applied, the model parameter for each model was identified. On the basis of the parameter, we derived the error ratio of the force-velocity relationship curve and the dynamic damping force, which was contrasted and compared with the experimental results of the squeeze type of damper. Finally, the squeeze type of MR damper developed in this research was proved to be valid as a semi-active control device, and also the evaluation of the two dynamic models showed they were working fine so that they were likely to be easily utilized to numerically predict the dynamic characteristics of any dampers with MR fluid as well as the squeeze type of MR damper.

Numerical Study of Hybrid Base-isolator with Magnetorheological Damper and Friction Pendulum System (MR 감쇠기와 FPS를 이용한 하이브리드 면진장치의 수치해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Roschke, P.N.
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2005
  • Numerical analysis model is proposed to predict the dynamic behavior of a single-degree-of-freedom structure that is equipped with hybrid base isolation system. Hybrid base isolation system is composed of friction pendulum systems (FPS) and a magnetorheological (MR) damper. A neuro-fuzzy model is used to represent dynamic behavior of the MR damper. Fuzzy model of the MR damper is trained by ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System) using various displacement, velocity, and voltage combinations that are obtained from a series of performance tests. Modelling of the FPS is carried out with a nonlinear analytical equation that is derived in this study and neuro-fuzzy training. Fuzzy logic controller is employed to control the command voltage that is sent to MR damper. The dynamic responses of experimental structure subjected to various earthquake excitations are compared with numerically simulated results using neuro-fuzzy modeling method. Numerical simulation using neuro-fuzzy models of the MR damper and FPS predict response of the hybrid base isolation system very well.

Experimental calibration of forward and inverse neural networks for rotary type magnetorheological damper

  • Bhowmik, Subrata;Weber, Felix;Hogsberg, Jan
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.673-693
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents a systematic design and training procedure for the feed-forward back-propagation neural network (NN) modeling of both forward and inverse behavior of a rotary magnetorheological (MR) damper based on experimental data. For the forward damper model, with damper force as output, an optimization procedure demonstrates accurate training of the NN architecture with only current and velocity as input states. For the inverse damper model, with current as output, the absolute value of velocity and force are used as input states to avoid negative current spikes when tracking a desired damper force. The forward and inverse damper models are trained and validated experimentally, combining a limited number of harmonic displacement records, and constant and half-sinusoidal current records. In general the validation shows accurate results for both forward and inverse damper models, where the observed modeling errors for the inverse model can be related to knocking effects in the measured force due to the bearing plays between hydraulic piston and MR damper rod. Finally, the validated models are used to emulate pure viscous damping. Comparison of numerical and experimental results demonstrates good agreement in the post-yield region of the MR damper, while the main error of the inverse NN occurs in the pre-yield region where the inverse NN overestimates the current to track the desired viscous force.

Characterization and modeling of a self-sensing MR damper under harmonic loading

  • Chen, Z.H.;Ni, Y.Q.;Or, S.W.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1103-1120
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    • 2015
  • A self-sensing magnetorheological (MR) damper with embedded piezoelectric force sensor has recently been devised to facilitate real-time close-looped control of structural vibration in a simple and reliable manner. The development and characterization of the self-sensing MR damper are presented based on experimental work, which demonstrates its reliable force sensing and controllable damping capabilities. With the use of experimental data acquired under harmonic loading, a nonparametric dynamic model is formulated to portray the nonlinear behaviors of the self-sensing MR damper based on NARX modeling and neural network techniques. The Bayesian regularization is adopted in the network training procedure to eschew overfitting problem and enhance generalization. Verification results indicate that the developed NARX network model accurately describes the forward dynamics of the self-sensing MR damper and has superior prediction performance and generalization capability over a Bouc-Wen parametric model.

Design formulas for vibration control of taut cables using passive MR dampers

  • Duan, Yuanfeng;Ni, Yi-Qing;Zhang, Hongmei;Spencer, Billie.F. Jr.;Ko, Jan-Ming;Fang, Yi
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.521-536
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    • 2019
  • Using magnetorheological (MR) dampers in multiswitch open-loop control mode has been shown to be cost-effective for cable vibration mitigation. In this paper, a method for analyzing the damping performance of taut cables incorporating MR dampers in open-loop control mode is developed considering the effects of damping coefficient, damper stiffness, damper mass, and stiffness of the damper support. Making use of a three-element model of MR dampers and complex modal analysis, both numerical and asymptotic solutions are obtained. An analytical expression is obtained from the asymptotic solution to evaluate the equivalent damping ratio of the cable-damper system in the open-loop control mode. The individual and combined effects of the damping coefficient, damper stiffness, damper mass and stiffness of damper support on vibration control effectiveness are investigated in detail. The main thrust of the present study is to derive a general formula explicitly relating the normalized system damping ratio and the normalized damper parameters in consideration of all concerned effects, which can be easily used for the design of MR dampers to achieve optimal open-loop vibration control of taut cables.

Semi-Active Control for Improving Ride Comfort in Railway Vehicle by MR Damper (MR 댐퍼를 이용한 철도차량 승차감 반능동 제어)

  • Shin, Yu-Jeong;You, Won-Hee;Jung, Heung-Chae
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1929-1934
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    • 2011
  • Recently the maximum speed becomes the most important performance in high speed train. But the speed up of train will not give the passenger good riding comfort. The semi-active suspension system by using variable damper with hydraulic solenoid valve is used to solve this problem. But the variable damper with hydraulic solenoid valve requires tank for supplying fluid. In this study, the MR(Magneto Rheological) damper was considered instead of hydraulic variable damper in order to improve riding comfort. Dynamic simulation was conducted for semi-active suspension system with MR damper was made by using Matlab-Simulink S/W. According to control strategy of MR damper for improving ride comfort in railway vehicle, The riding comfort of the railway vehicle with semi-active suspension system was analyzed and compared with conventional suspension system by using the program.

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Semi-active vibration control using an MR damper (MR 댐퍼를 이용한 반능동식 진동 제어)

  • Jeon, Do-Yeong;Park, Chan-Ho;Yu, Jeong-Yeol
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 1998
  • For the semiactive vibration control, a variable damper and proper control systems are essential. In this research, a controllable damper was designed using the MR fluids and its mechanical properties such as damping constant and response time were measured. Since the response time of the MR damper was much longer than nominal MR fluid response time, the time delay of the damper should be considered in the design of controllers. It is shown that the advanced On/Off vibration control which includes the damper time delay performs more effectively than the conventional one.

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