• 제목, 요약, 키워드: MR damper

검색결과 370건 처리시간 0.051초

가상 동흡진기를 고려한 우등버스용 MR댐퍼의 제어 시뮬레이션 (Control simulation of MR damper for a cruise bus including the virtual dynamic damper)

  • 박성준;손정현
    • 동력기계공학회지
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.19-24
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, a control method of MR(magneto-rheological) damper for a cruise bus is investigated. A virtual dynamic damper and a sky-hook algorithm are employed to control the damping characteristics of MR damper. Coefficients for a virtual dynamic damper are determined through the parameter identification. A quarter car model of a cruise bus is established by using ADAMS/Car program for the computer simulation. Sine wave excitation and random excitation are used to compare the controlled MR damper with the passive damper. From the simulation results, the performance of MR damper with a virtual dynamic damper is better than that of the passive damper.

MR 댐퍼의 제어 효과 향상을 위한 Cutout 피스톤 적용에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Application of the Cutout Piston for the Improvement of the MR Damper's Control Effect)

  • 김종혁;배재성;황재혁;홍예선
    • 한국소음진동공학회논문집
    • /
    • v.21 no.6
    • /
    • pp.506-513
    • /
    • 2011
  • This paper is concerned with a study on the control effect of the MR damper using the cutout piston. The MR damper has passive damping force by the oil pressure and controllable damping force by the magnetic effect. As the velocity of the MR damper's piston increases the passive damping force increases and the ratio of the controllable damping force to the total damping force is decreased. Consequently, the control performance of the MR damper is reduced according to the increase of the velocity. In this paper, the cutout piston concept is applied to the MR damper to improve MR damper's control performance by reducing the passive damping effect. The MR damper with the cutout piston has been designed and manufactured and its hydraulic and electromagnetic analysis has been performed to predict its performance. The control performances of the MR damper with the cutout piston are verified through the comparison of experiment results and simulation results.

응답 의존형 MR 감쇠기의 성능 평가 (Performance Evaluation of Response-Dependent MR Damper)

  • 이상현;민경원;윤경조
    • 한국지진공학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.511-518
    • /
    • 2006
  • In this study, seismic response mitigation effect of an MR damper generating response-dependent frictional force is investigated. It has been reported in previous studies that passively operated MR damper with constant input current doesn't show better control performance than semi-active MR damper with varying input current calculated by control algorithms such as linear quadratic regulator and sliding mode control. However, in order to operate the MR damper semi-actively, other control systems besides the damper itself such as sensors for measuring structural responses and controller for calculating optimal input current are necessary, which deteriorate the economical efficiency. This study presents a MR damper generating frictional force of which magnitude is controlled in accordance to the displacement and velocity transferred to the damper. Numerical analyses results indicate that the performance of the response dependent MR damper is closely related with the range of the friction force and it can be designed to short better control performance than the passive MR damper.

  • PDF

준능동 진동 제어를 위한 MR 감쇠기의 동적 모델링을 통한 특성분석 (Characteristics and Dynamic Modeling of MR Damper for Semi-active Vibration Control)

  • 허광희;전승곤
    • 한국구조물진단유지관리공학회 논문집
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.61-69
    • /
    • 2013
  • 본 연구에서는 준능동 진동 제어를 위한 MR 감쇠기의 동적 모델링을 통한 특성을 분석 및 평가하였다. 실제 구조물 크기의 모형구조물을 진동제어하기 위하여 Semi-active 성능의 MR Damper를 설계/제작 하였다. 일반적으로 MR Damper를 이용한 준능동 제어 시스템을 구축하기 위해서는 감쇠장치의 발생 감쇠력 및 거동 성향 등의 데이터를 수치적으로 나타낼 수 있는 동적 모델이 요구된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 MR Damper의 동적거동을 예측/평가 할 수 있는 모델링을 하기 위하여 다양한 동적 모델 중 Power 모델 및 Bingham 모델을 적용하였다. 이때 동적 모델과 비교/평가하기 위하여 개발된 MR Damper의 동하중 실험을 수행하였다. 동하중 실험조건은 가진 주파수를 (0.15Hz, 1.0Hz, 2.0Hz) 선정하고, 주파수별 각각 3가지씩 가진 속도를 달리하여, 변위가 감쇠력에 미치는 영향력을 확인하였다. 이렇게 얻어진 MR Damper의 동하중실험 결과를 적용하여 각 동적 모델 별 모델변수를 규명하였고, 이를 바탕으로 힘-속도 관계곡선 및 예측된 발생 감쇠력을 산출하였으며, 산출된 결과와 개발된 MR Damper의 실험 결과를 상호 비교 평가하였다. 최종적으로 본 연구에서 개발한 MR Damper는 준능동 제어장치로 활용 가능함을 확인 하였고, 다양한 변위를 이용한 실험을 통하여 정상적인 진동제어를 위해서는 최소 2mm 이상의 변위가 확보되어야 한다는 결과를 얻었다.

소형 MR 댐퍼의 모델링 및 진동제어 (Modeling and Vibration Control of Small-sized Magneto-rheological Damper)

  • 이종우;성민상;우제관;최승복
    • 한국소음진동공학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.344-349
    • /
    • 2012
  • This paper presents a new small-sized damper featuring magneto-rheological (MR) fluid which can be applied to vibration control system. The proposed MR damper consists of cylinder, piston, a couple of bearings, oil-seals and magnetic circuit which has two coils. In this damper, approximately 5cc of MR fluid is used. The damping force of the MR damper is designed to be followed by linear shear-mode Bingham-plastic model. In order to verify the performance of the MR damper, an experimental apparatus is established. In the experimental test, the damping force of the MR damper is measured with respect to time, displacement and velocity. In addition, the time response of MR damper is measured when 1A of step current is applied. Finally, The proposed small MR damper is applied to vibration control. In this process, a simple 1-DOF system is modeled and controlled using PID controller.

  • PDF

통합제진마운트용 MR 댐퍼의 설계 및 성능 평가 (Design and Performance Evaluation of MR Damper for Integrated Isolation Mount)

  • 성민상;임승구;최승복;김철호;우제관
    • 한국소음진동공학회논문집
    • /
    • v.20 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1046-1051
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper presents design and performance evaluation of magnetorheological(MR) damper for integrated isolation mount. The MR damper needs two functions for the integrated isolation mount. The one is vibration absorption and the other is isolation of vibration transmission. For vibration absorption, the MR damper requires wide damping force range. And for isolation of vibration transmission, the friction of MR damper needs to be eliminated. In order to achieve this goal, a novel type of MR damper is originally designed in this work. Subsequently, the MR damper is mathematically modeled and its damping force characteristics are evaluated. In addition, the vibration control performance of the MR damper associated with the stage mass is evaluated. From the result, this paper evaluates the performance of MR damper for integrated isolation mount.

소형 MR 댐퍼의 모델링 및 진동제어 (Modeling and Vibration Control of Small-sized Magneto-rheological Damper)

  • 이종우;성민상;우제관;최승복
    • 한국소음진동공학회논문집
    • /
    • v.22 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1121-1127
    • /
    • 2012
  • This paper presents a new small-sized damper featuring magneto-rheological(MR) fluid which can be applied to vibration control system. The proposed MR damper consists of cylinder, piston, a couple of bearings, oil-seals and magnetic circuit which has two coils. In this damper, approximately 5cc of MR fluid is used. The damping force of the MR damper is designed to be followed by linear shear-mode Bingham-plastic model. In order to verify the performance of the MR damper, an experimental apparatus is established. In the experimental test, the damping force of the MR damper is measured with respect to time, displacement and velocity. In addition, the time response of MR damper is measured when 1A of step current is applied. Finally, the proposed small MR damper is applied to vibration control. In this process, a simple 1-DOF system is modeled and controlled using PID controller.

MR 유체를 이용한 운전석 댐퍼의 성능특성 (Performance Characteristics of Seat Damper Using MR Fluid)

  • 남무호
    • 한국생산제조학회지
    • /
    • v.9 no.5
    • /
    • pp.127-134
    • /
    • 2000
  • This paper presents the development of a semi-active seat damper using MR fluids and the performance analysis of seat suspension system with a MR seat damper. An annular orifice type MR seat damper is proposed for a seat suspension of a commercial vehicle. After formulating the governing equation of motion, then an appropriate size of the seat damper is designed and manufactured. Following the evaluation of field-dependant damping force characteristics, the controllability of the damping force is experimentally demonstrated in time domain by adopting PID controller. A semi-active seat suspension with the proposed MR damper is constructed and its dynamic model is established. Subsequently, vibration control capability of the semi-active suspension system is investigated by employing the sky-hook controller.

  • PDF

불완전 발달 유체 유동을 고려한 MR댐퍼 착륙장치 모델링 (Modeling of MR Damper Landing Gear Considering Incompletely Developed Fluid Flow)

  • 이효상;장대성;황재혁
    • 항공우주시스템공학회지
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.7-18
    • /
    • 2021
  • 반능동형 MR댐퍼 착륙장치는 MR유체가 환형 유로를 지날 때 유체감쇠력 및 자장 제어 감쇠력을 발생시키는 댐퍼이다. 환형 유로를 지나는 MR 유체의 경우 필연적으로 불완전 발달 유동이 발생하게 되어, 이는 유체 감쇠력을 포함하는 댐퍼 내력 계산에 오차를 발생시키는 원인이 된다. 이로 인해 댐퍼 구조적 파라미터 설계 및 제어 이득 선정이 부정확해지며, 착륙장치의 동특성 및 충격흡수성능 저하를 초래하게 된다. 본 논문에서는 MR댐퍼 환형 유로의 입구영역에서 발생하는 추가적인 감쇠력을 고려한 MR댐퍼 착륙장치의 수학적 모델을 유도하였다. 본 논문에서 유도한 수학적 모델링을 MR댐퍼 착륙장치의 설계 및 최적화 과정에 적용한다면 좀 더 정확한 내력 예측으로 우수한 성능의 MR댐퍼 착륙장치를 설계할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

MR 댐퍼의 최적설계 : 이론적 방법 및 유한요소 방법 (Optimal Design of MR Damper : Analytical Method and Finite Element Method)

  • 하성훈;성민상;구오흥;최승복
    • 한국소음진동공학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.581-586
    • /
    • 2009
  • This paper presents an optimal design of magnetorheological(MR) damper based on analytical methodology and finite element analysis. The proposed MR damper consists of MR valve and gas chamber. The MR valve is constrained in a specific volume and the optimization problem identifies geometric dimensions of the valve structure that maximize the pressure drop of the MR valve or damping force of the MR damper. In this work, the single-coil annular MR valve structure is considered. After describing the schematic configuration and operating principle of MR valve and damper, a quasi-static model is derived based on Bingham model of MR fluid. The magnetic circuit of the valve and damper is then analyzed by applying the Kirchoff’s law and magnetic flux conservation rule. Based on the quasi-static modeling and the magnetic circuit analysis, the optimization problem of the MR valve and damper is built. The optimal solution of the optimization problem of the MR valve structure constrained in a specific volume is then obtained and compared with the solution obtained from finite element method.

  • PDF