• Title, Summary, Keyword: MR damper

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Performance Improvement of Pneumatic Artificial Muscle Manipulators using Magneto-Rheological Brake (MR Brake를 이용한 공압근육매니퓰레이터의 지능제어)

  • Ahn, Kyoung-Kwan;Thanh, T.D.C.;Ahn, Young-Kong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.572-575
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    • 2005
  • A novel pneumatic artificial muscle actuator (PAM actuator), which has achieved increased popularity to provide the advantages such as high strength and high power/weight ratio, low cost, compactness, ease of maintenance, cleanliness, readily available and cheap power source, inherent safety and mobility assistance to humans performing tasks, has been regarded during the recent decades as an interesting alternative to hydraulic and electric actuators. In order to realize satisfactory control performance, a variable damper Magneto Rheological Brake (MRB), Is equipped to the Joint of the manipulator. Superb mixture of conventional PID controller and a phase plane switching control method brings us a novel controller. This proposed controller is appropriate for a kind of plants with nonlinearity, uncertainties and disturbances. The experiments were carried out in practical PAM manipulator and the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm was demonstrated through experiments, which had proved that the stability of the manipulator can be improved greatly in a high gain control by using MRB with phase plane switching control method and without regard for the changes of external inertia loads.

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Seismic Response Control of Spacial Arch Structures using Multiple Smart TMD (다중 스마트 TMD를 이용한 대공간 아치구조물의 지진응답 제어)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2016
  • A novel vibration control method for vibration reduction of a spacial structure subjected to earthquake excitation was proposed in this study. Generally, spatial structures have various vibration modes involving high-order modes and their natural frequencies are closely spaced. Therefore, in order to control these modes, a spatially distributed MTMDs (Multiple TMDs) method is proposed previously. MR (Magnetorheological) damper were used to enhance the control performance of the MTMDs. Accordingly, MSTMDs (Multiple Smart TMDs) were proposed in this study. An arch structure was used as an example structure because it has primary characteristics of spatial structures and it is a comparatively simple structure. MSTMDs were applied to the example arch structure and the seismic control performance were evaluated based on the numerical simulation. Fuzzy logic control algorithm (FLC) was used to generate command voltages sent for MSTMSs and the FLC was optimized by genetic algorithm. Based on the analytical results, it has been shown that the MSTMDs effectively decreased the dynamic responses of the arch structure subjected to earthquake loads.

Feedforward actuator controller development using the backward-difference method for real-time hybrid simulation

  • Phillips, Brian M.;Takada, Shuta;Spencer, B.F. Jr.;Fujino, Yozo
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1081-1103
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    • 2014
  • Real-time hybrid simulation (RTHS) has emerged as an important tool for testing large and complex structures with a focus on rate-dependent specimen behavior. Due to the real-time constraints, accurate dynamic control of servo-hydraulic actuators is required. These actuators are necessary to realize the desired displacements of the specimen, however they introduce unwanted dynamics into the RTHS loop. Model-based actuator control strategies are based on linearized models of the servo-hydraulic system, where the controller is taken as the model inverse to effectively cancel out the servo-hydraulic dynamics (i.e., model-based feedforward control). An accurate model of a servo-hydraulic system generally contains more poles than zeros, leading to an improper inverse (i.e., more zeros than poles). Rather than introduce additional poles to create a proper inverse controller, the higher order derivatives necessary for implementing the improper inverse can be calculated from available information. The backward-difference method is proposed as an alternative to discretize an improper continuous time model for use as a feedforward controller in RTHS. This method is flexible in that derivatives of any order can be explicitly calculated such that controllers can be developed for models of any order. Using model-based feedforward control with the backward-difference method, accurate actuator control and stable RTHS are demonstrated using a nine-story steel building model implemented with an MR damper.

Locating and identifying model-free structural nonlinearities and systems using incomplete measured structural responses

  • Liu, Lijun;Lei, Ying;He, Mingyu
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.409-424
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    • 2015
  • Structural nonlinearity is a common phenomenon encountered in engineering structures under severe dynamic loading. It is necessary to localize and identify structural nonlinearities using structural dynamic measurements for damage detection and performance evaluation of structures. However, identification of nonlinear structural systems is a difficult task, especially when proper mathematical models for structural nonlinear behaviors are not available. In prior studies on nonparametric identification of nonlinear structures, the locations of structural nonlinearities are usually assumed known and all structural responses are measured. In this paper, an identification algorithm is proposed for locating and identifying model-free structural nonlinearities and systems using incomplete measurements of structural responses. First, equivalent linear structural systems are established and identified by the extended Kalman filter (EKF). The locations of structural nonlinearities are identified. Then, the model-free structural nonlinear restoring forces are approximated by power series polynomial models. The unscented Kalman filter (UKF) is utilized to identify structural nonlinear restoring forces and structural systems. Both numerical simulation examples and experimental test of a multi-story shear building with a MR damper are used to validate the proposed algorithm.

Shaking table testing of a steel frame structure equipped with semi-active MR dampers: comparison of control algorithms

  • Caterino, N.;Spizzuoco, M.;Occhiuzzi, A.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.963-995
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    • 2015
  • The effectiveness of the various control algorithms for semi-active structural control systems proposed in the literature is highly questionable when dealing with earthquake actions, which never reach a steady state. From this perspective, the paper summarizes the results of an experimental activity aimed to compare the effectiveness of four different semi-active control algorithms on a structural mock up representative of a class of structural systems particularly prone to seismic actions. The controlled structure is a near full scale 2-story steel frame, equipped with two semi-active bracing systems including two magnetorheological dampers designed and manufactured in Europe. A set of earthquake records has been applied at the base of the structure, by utilizing a shaking table facility. Experimental results are compared in terms of displacements, absolute accelerations and energy dissipation capability. A further analysis on the percentage incidence of undesired and/or unpredictable operations corresponding to each algorithm gives an insight on some factors affecting the reliability and, in turn, the real effectiveness of semi-active structural control systems.

Control of a Soft Recoil System for Recoil Force Reduction (사격충격력 저감을 위한 연식주퇴계의 제어)

  • Shin, Chul-Bong;Bae, Jae-Sung;Hwang, Jai-Hyuk;Kang, Kuk-Jeong;Ahn, Sang-Tae;Han, Tae-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.764-774
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    • 2008
  • A fire-out-of-battery(FOOB) mechanism, which is a new recoil technology, can reduce dramatically the level of a recoil force compared to the conventional recoil system. The FOOB mechanism pre-accelerates the recoil parts in direction opposite of conventional recoil before ignition. This momentum of the recoil parts due to pre-acceleration can reduce the firing impulse. In this paper, the dynamics of the recoil system with this FOOB mechanism is formulated and simulated numerically. The results of the simulation show that the FOOB system can reduce the recoil force and stroke compared to the conventional system under normal condition. When the fault modes happen, the FOOB system may not perform well and may be damaged seriously due to excessive recoil force and stroke. Hence, the control of the fault modes is necessary to achieve the normal operation of the FOOB system. The results that an additional MR damper enables the FOOB system to perform well under all firing condition.

Integrated Optimal Design of Smart Connective Control System and Connected Buildings (스마트 연결 제어 시스템과 연결 구조물의 통합 최적 설계)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2019
  • A smart connective control system was invented recently for coupling control of adjacent buildings. Previous studies on this topic focused on development of control algorithm for the smart connective control system and design method of control device. Usually, a smart control devices are applied to building structures after structural design. However, because structural characteristics of building structure with control devices changes, a iterative design is required for optimal design. To defeat this problem, an integrated optimal design method for a smart connective control system and connected buildings was proposed. For this purpose, an artificial seismic load was generated for control performance evaluation of the smart coupling control system. 20-story and 12-story adjacent buildings were used as example structures and an MR (magnetorheological) damper was used as a smart control device to connect adjacent two buildings. NSGA-II was used for multi-objective integrated optimization of structure-smart control device. Numerical simulation results show the integrated optimal design method proposed in this study can provide various optimal designs for smart connective control system and connected buildings presenting good control performance.

The relationship between time-varying eccentricity of load with the corner lateral displacement response of steel structure during an earthquake

  • Takin, Kambiz;Hashemi, Behrokh H.;Nekooei, Masoud
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.801-812
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    • 2016
  • In an actual design, none of the structures with shear behaviors will be designed for torsional moments. Any failure or damages to roofs, infills, shear walls, and braces caused by an earthquake, will inevitably result in relocation of center of mass and rigidity of the structure. With these changes, the dynamic characteristics of structure could be changed during an earthquake at any moment. The main objective of this paper is to obtain the relationship between time-varying eccentricity of load and corner lateral displacement. In this study, various methods have been used to determine the structural response for time-varying lateral corner displacement. As will be seen below, some of the structural calculation methods result in a significant deviation from the actual results, although these methods include the interaction effects of modes. Controlling the lateral displacement of structure can be performed in different ways such as, passive dampers, friction dampers, semi-active systems including the MR damper and active Systems. Selecting and locating these control systems is very important to bring the maximum safety with minimum cost into the structure. According to this study will be show the relation between the corner lateral displacements of structure and time-varying eccentricity by different kind of methods during an earthquake. This study will show that the response of the structure at the corners due to an earthquake can be very destructive and because of changing the eccentricity of load, calculating the maximum possible response of system can be carried out by this method. Finally, some kind of systems must be used for controlling these displacements. The results shows that, the CQC, DSC and exact methods is comply each other but the results of Vanmark method is not comfortable for these kind of buildings.

Research on Coupling Control of Adjacent Buildings under Multiple Hazards (다중재난하중을 받는 인접건물의 연결제어에 대한 연구)

  • Kwag, Shinyoung;Kim, Hyun-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2016
  • In this study, numerical analyses were used to investigate the performance of a coupling control method for the dynamic responses of adjacent buildings under multiple hazards. Numerical simulations were done using the earthquake loads of regions with strong seismicity in Los Angeles, California, and the wind loads in regions with strong winds in Charleston, North Carolina. The artificial earthquake and wind loads were made using SIMQKE and Kaimal Spectrum based on ASCE 7-10. Ten-story and twenty-story adjacent buildings were selected as example structures, and nonlinear hysteretic dampers were used to connect them. The Bouc-Wen model was used to model the nonlinear hysteretic dampers. The results show that the proposed control method could effectively reduce the dynamic responses, and the optimal control designs were different for each hazard.

Vibration Control Performance Evaluation of Hybrid Mid-Story Isolation System for a Tall Building (하이브리드 중간층 지진격리시스템의 고층 건물 진동 제어 성능 평가)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2018
  • A base isolation system is widely used to reduce seismic responses of low-rise buildings. This system cannot be effectively applied to high-rise buildings because the initial stiffness of the high-rise building with the base isolation system maintains almost the same as the building without the base isolation system to set the yield shear force of the base isolation system larger than the design wind load. To solve this problem, the mid-story isolation system was proposed and applied to many buildings. The mid-story isolation system has two major objectives; first to reduce peak story drift and second to reduce peak drift of the isolation story. Usually, these two objectives are in conflict. In this study, a hybrid mid-story isolation system for a tall building is proposed. A MR (magnetorheological) damper was used to develop the hybrid mid-story isolation system. An existing building with mid-story isolation system, that is "Shiodome Sumitomo Building" a high rise building having a large atrium in the lower levels, was used for control performance evaluation of the hybrid mid-story isolation system. Fuzzy logic controller and genetic algorithm were used to develop the control algorithm for the hybrid mid-story isolation system. It can be seen from analytical results that the hybrid mid-story isolation system can provide better control performance than the ordinary mid-story isolation system and the design process developed in this study is useful for preliminary design of the hybrid mid-story isolation system for a tall building.