• Title, Summary, Keyword: MODIS

Search Result 578, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Analysis of MODIS LAI and NDVI Patterns of Broad-leaved Trees by the Timesat Program on the Korean Peninsula (Timesat 프로그램에 의한 한반도 활엽수의 지역별 MODIS LAI 및 NDVI 패턴 분석)

  • Seo, Dae Kyo;Lee, Jeong Min;Lim, Ye Seul;Han, Sang Won;Pyeon, Mu Wook
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.13-19
    • /
    • 2017
  • This paper analyzed MODIS data from 2006 to 2013 to determine relationship between meteorological changes and vegetation index. The experimental area was divided into the northern, central and southern regions according to the regional characteristics, and the smoothed MODIS LAI and NDVI were obtained using Timesat. In the case of precipitation, MODIS NDVI had correlation coefficients of 0.66, 0.44 and 0.35 in the northern, central and southern regions and the correlation was the highest in the northern region. In the case of temperature, MODIS LAI had correlation coefficients of 0.66, 0.64 and 0.68, and MODIS NDVI had 0.89, 0.89 and 0.80. The correlation of MODIS NDVI was higher and showed similar positive correlation regardless of region. In addition, The accuracy between Timesat plant seasonal start and actual plant seasonal start in MODIS NDVI was higher than MODIS LAI. The average error in MODIS LAI was 19 days in the central region and 20 days in the southern region. And the average error in MODIS NDVI was 6 days in the central region and 8 days in the southern region.

MODIS DBMS구축 및 DB data입력 S/W 개발

  • 이동한;김민아;전정남
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.101-106
    • /
    • 2003
  • 본 논문에서는 현재 한국항공우주연구원에서 수신, 저장하고 있는 MODIS 영상자료에 대한 DBMS (DataBase Management System) 구축 및 DB (DataBase) data 입력 S/W 개발 결과에 대해 설명한다. 우선, MODIS 영상자료의 DBMS를 구축하기 위한 DB table를 설계하였고, 이를 근거로 Oracle 9i를 사용하여 MODIS DBMS를 구축하여 운영 중이다. MODIS DBMS에 자동으로 MODIS 영상자료의 DB data들이 입력되도록 하기 위해, 첫 번째로 Visual C++를 사용하여서 MODIS DB table에 대한 DB data를 추출하는 ‘getatt.exe’ S/W를 개발하였고, 두 번째로 Visual Basic의 ADO를 사용하여서 ‘getatt.exe’ S/W로 추출된 DB data를 MODIS DBMS에 입력하는 S/W를 개발을 마무리하였으며, ‘getatt.exe’ S/W와 MODIS DBMS 입력 S/W를 한 개의 S/W로 통합하는 작업이 완료되어, 지금현재 한국항공우주연구원 내에서 정상적으로 MODIS DBMS가 운영 중이다.

  • PDF

System Design Involved with the MODIS Products generation for the Land Monitoring System of the Korean Peninsula (한반도 국토환경모니터링 시스템을 위한 MODIS Product 생성 및 시스템 설계)

  • Kim, Seung-Yub;Park, Noh-Jun
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.242-245
    • /
    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 한반도 국토 전역을 모니터링 하기 위해 MODIS(Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) 위성영상을 이용하는데 있어서 필요한 기본적 자료처리 및 모니터링 시스템 구축을 목표로 한다. 현재 MODIS관련 product는 대부분 NASA에서 제공하는 알고리즘을 구현하여 제작되며 이러한 product들은 여러 웹싸이트에 접근하여 획득하도록 되어있다. 이러한 방식은 장기적으로 국토를 모니터링 하는데 필요한 자료를 원활하게 공급하지 못하게 되는 단점을 가지고 있다. 그러므로 이 연구는 한반도의 국토환경을 모니터링 하는데 MODIS 자료를 원활히 공급하기 위한 처리 시스템을 구축하고자 한다. 본 연구에서는 Windows환경을 기반으로 사용자 인터페이스를 제공하고 다양한 MODIS 관련 모듈을 내부적으로 자동화 처리하여 보다 쉽게 사용할 수 있도록 개선하였다. 특히 MODIS 원시영상(Production Data Set) Level0 취득부터 보정된 영상자료 Level1B까지의 자동화 처리에 중점을 두었고, Level2이후의 주로 육상(Land)부분에 해당하는 자료를 생성하는 부분을 구현한다. 이러한 MODIS 자료의 생성 이후에 국토 모니터링에 필요한 토지 피복 변화, 산불 탐지 등의 정보를 생성하는 알고리즘 구현 등으로 범위를 확장하려고 한다.

  • PDF

The Introduction to MODIS Ground Pre-processing System and Application Fields (MODIS 처리시스템 및 활용분야 소개)

  • 서두천;임효숙;전정남;김재관
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.271-276
    • /
    • 2003
  • The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Earth Observing System (EOS) of Terra and Aqua satellites, launched in December 1999 and May 2002, has been directly received by Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) ground station facility from July 2002. MODIS scans a swath width of 2330 km that is sufficiently wide to cover Korean peninsular, Yellow and East Sea at once. The MODIS has 36 spectral bands between 0.415 $\mu\textrm{m}$ and 14.235 $\mu\textrm{m}$, i.e., through the visible into the thermal infrared. MODIS has been observed active fires, floods, smoke transport, dust storms, severe storms since February of 2000. The satellite imagery obtained through the MODIS will be utilized for many application such as national territorial management, agriculture, natural environment, atmosphere and ocean, etc. In this study is to introduce various application field of MODIS imagery and data processing system.

  • PDF

Validation of MODIS-derived Aerosol Optical Thickness Using SKYNET Measurements over East Asia (SKYNET 관측 자료를 이용한 동아시아 영역에서의 MODIS 에어로솔 광학 두께 산출물 검증)

  • Jang, Hyun-Sung;Song, Hwan-Jin;Chun, Hyoung-Wook;Sohn, Byung-Ju;Takamura, Tamio
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
    • /
    • v.32 no.1
    • /
    • pp.21-32
    • /
    • 2011
  • Using six-year (2004-2009) SKYNET measurements, MODIS-derived AOTs were validated at five SKYNET sites (Seoul, Chiba, Etchujima, Fukuejima, and Hedomisaki), in addition to climatological analysis of MODIS-derived optical properties over the East Asian domain ($20-50^{\circ}N$, $90-150^{\circ}E$). In so doing MODIS-SKYNET collocated AOT data were constructed if two measurements are taken within 25 km distance and within 30 minute time difference. From the comparison of two measurements, it is demonstrated that aerosol type insignificantly affects the accuracy of MODIS AOT. It is because the aerosol model combining predefined fine aerosol model and coarse aerosol model is used for the retrieval. However, positive bias between MODIS and SKYNET increases as fraction of the coarse aerosol model increases. In addition, MODIS AOT appears to be overestimated in case of lower aerosol loading while the overestimation tends to decrease with increased aerosol loading. Regression analysis between MODIS AOT and SKYNET AOT for 550 nm band yields 0.86, 0.16, and 0.61 of regression slope, intercept, and coefficient of determination, respectively. Those statistical results may draw a conclusion that MODIS AOTs over East Asia carry a reasonable accuracy compared to ground-based SKYNET measurements.

Correlation Analysis between Terra/Aqua MODIS LST and Air Temperature: Mainly on the Occurrence Period of Heat and Cold Waves (Terra/Aqua MODIS LST와 기온과의 상관성 분석: 한파 및 폭염 발생 기간을 중심으로)

  • CHUNG, Jee-Hun;LEE, Yong-Gwan;LEE, Ji-Wan;KIM, Seong-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.197-214
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this study, the correlation analysis was conducted between observed air temperature (maximum, minimum, and mean air temperature) and the daytime and nighttime data of Terra/Aqua MODIS LST(Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Land Surface Temperature) for 86 weather stations. All the data of the recent 11 years from 2008 to 2018 were prepared with daily base. In particular, the characteristics of the cold and heat waves incidence period in 2018 were analyzed. The correlation analysis was performed using the Pearson correlation coefficient(R) and root mean square error(RMSE). As a result of time series analysis, the trend between observed air temperature and MODIS LST were similar, showing the correlation above 0.9 in maximum temperature, above 0.8 in mean and minimum temperature. Especially, the maximum temperature was found to have the highest accuracy with Terra MODIS LST daytime, and the minimum temperature had the highest correlation with Terra MODIS LST nighttime. During the cold wave period, both Terra and Aqua MODIS LST showed higher correlations with nighttime data than daytime data. For the heat wave period, the Aqua MODIS LST daytime data was good, but the overall R was below 0.5. Additional analysis is necessary for further study considering such as land cover and elevation characteristics.

Development of MODIS Data Application System

  • Lim, Hyo-Suk;Lee, Seon-Gu;Seo, Doo-Cheon;Lee, Dong-Han;Kim, Mi-Na;Kim, Yong-Seung
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.347-351
    • /
    • 2002
  • The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra and Aqua satellites, launched in 1999 and 2002, is directly received by Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) ground station facility. BURI engineers develop a system to receive direct broadcast downlink from MODIS to provide near-realtime, remotely-sensed, spaceborne data to the user community in Korea. MODIS scans a swath width of 2330 km that is sufficiently wide to cover Korean peninsular, Yellow and East Sea at once. The MODIS has 36 spectral bands between 0.415 fm and 14.235 $\mu$m, i.e. through the visible into the thermal infrared. MODIS has been observed active fires, floods, smoke transport, dust storms, severe storms since February of 2000. The KARI is preparing for distribution of direct broadcasted MODIS data to users in Korea. The MODIS database system will be designed and developed by KARI engineer for data service from year of 2003. MODIS data user group will be organized from $\.{O}$ctober to December 2002.

  • PDF

Enhancing the Reliability of MODIS Gross Primary Productivity (GPP) by Improving Input Data (입력자료 개선에 의한 MODIS 총일차생산성의 신뢰도 향상)

  • Kim, Young-Il;Kang, Sin-Kyu;Kim, Joon
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.132-139
    • /
    • 2007
  • The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) regularly provides the eight-day gross primary productivity (GPP) at 1 km resolution. In this study, we evaluated the uncertainties of MODIS GPP caused by errors associated with the Data Assimilation Office (DAO) meteorology and a biophysical variable (fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation, FPAR). In order to recalculate the improved GPP estimate, we employed ground weather station data and reconstructed cloud-free FPAR. The official MODIS GPP was evaluated as +17% higher than the improved GPP. The error associated with DAO meteorology was identified as the primary and the error from the cloud-contaminated FPAR as the secondary constituent in the integrative uncertainty. Among various biome types, the highest relative error of the official MODIS GPP to the improved GPP was found in the mixed forest biome with RE of 20% and the smallest errors were shown in crop land cover at 11%. Our results indicated that the uncertainty embedded in the official MODIS GPP product was considerable, indicating that the MODIS GPP needs to be reconstructed with the improved input data of daily surface meteorology and cloud-free FPAR in order to accurately monitor vegetation productivity in Korea.

Local Validation of MODIS Global Leaf Area Index (LAI) Product over Temperate Forest

  • Kim, Sun-Hwa;Lee, Kyu-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2003
  • MODIS LAI product has been one of key variable for analyzing the quantitative aspects of terrestrial ecology at global scale. This study was designed to validate MODIS global LAI product for regional application. To examine the quality of MODIS LAI data, we developed a reference LAI surface that was derived by relating the ground LAI measurements to Landsat ETM+ reflectance. The study area, the Kwangneung Experiment Forest in Korea, covers mixed deciduous and coniferous species of temperate forest. Ground measurements of LAI were conducted at 30 sample plots by using a photo-optical instrument during the growing season of 2002. Ground measured LAI data were then related to the ETM+ reflectance to produce a continuous map of LAI surface over the study area. From the comparison between the MODIS LAI and the reference LAI, it was found that the MODIS LAI values were slightly higher at the forestland. Considering the limitations of producing the reference LAI surface and the uncertainty of the input variable for the MODIS LAI algorithm, such small discrepancy mal not be significant.

Evaluation of MODIS Gross Primary Production (GPP) by Comparing with GPP from CO2 Flux Data Measured in a Mixed Forest Area (설마천 유역 CO2 Flux 실측 자료에 의한 총일차생산성 (GPP)과 MODIS GPP간의 비교 평가)

  • Jung, Chung-Gill;Shin, Hyung-Jin;Park, Min-Ji;Joh, Hyung-Kyung;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
    • /
    • v.53 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-8
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, In order to evaluate reliable of MODIS GPP, the MODIS GPP and Flux tower measured GPP were compared to evaluate the use of method on 8 days composite MODIS GPP. The 2008 Flux data ($CO_2$ Flux and air temperature) measured in Seolmacheon watershed ($8.48\;km^2$) were used. The Flux tower GPP was estimated as the sum of $CO_2$ Flux and $R_{ec}$ (ecosystem respiration) by Lloyd and Taylor method (1994). The summer Monsoon period from June to August mostly contributed the underestimation of MODIS GPP by cloud contamination on MODIS pixels. The 2008 MODIS GPP and Flux tower GPP of the watershed were $1133.2\;g/m^2/year$ and $1464.3\;g/m^2/year$ respectively and the determination coefficient ($R^2$) after correction of cloud-originated errors was 0.74 (0.63 before correction). Even though effect of Cloud-Originated Errors was eliminated, Solar radiation and Temperature are affected at GPP. Measurement of correct GPP is difficult. But, If errors of MODIS GPP analyze on Cloud Moonsoon Climate in korea and eliminated effect of Cloud-Originated Errors, MODIS GPP will be considered GPP increasing of 9 %. There, Our results indicate that MODIS GPP show reliable and useful data except for summer period in Moonsoon Climate.