• Title, Summary, Keyword: MMP-7

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Curcumin Effect on MMPs and TIMPs Genes in a Breast Cancer Cell Line

  • Hassan, Zeinab Korany;Daghestani, Maha Hassan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.3259-3264
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    • 2012
  • Curcumin (CM) possesses anti-cancer activity against a variety of tumors. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in remodeling the extracellular matrix and their activities are regulated by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) family. Control of MMP and TIMP activity are now of great significance. In this study, the effect of CM is investigated on metastatic MMPs and anti-metastatic TIMPs genes on MDA breast cancer cells cultured in a mixture of DMEM and Ham's F12 medium and treated with different concentrations of CM (10, 20 and $40{\mu}M$ for various lengths of time. Reverse transcription followed by quantitative real time PCR was used to detect the gene expression levels of MMPs and TIMPs in CM-treated versus untreated cases and the data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA. At high concentrations of curcumin, TIMP-1, -2, -3 and -4 genes were up-regulated after 48 hours of treatment, their over-expression being accompanied by down-regulation of MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene expression levels in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. These results suggest that curcumin plays a role in regulating cell metastasis by inhibiting MMP-2 and MMP-9 and up-regulating TIMP1 and TIMP4 gene expression in breast cancer cells.

Berberine suppresses in vitro migration of human aortic smooth muscle cells through the inhibitions of MMP-2/9, u-PA, AP-1, and NF-κB

  • Liu, Su-Jian;Yin, Cai-Xia;Ding, Ming-Chao;Xia, Shao-You;Shen, Qin-Min;Wu, Ji-Dong
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.47 no.7
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    • pp.388-392
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    • 2014
  • Berberine, a type of isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Chinese medicinal herbs, has been reported to have various pharmacological activities. Studies have demonstrated that berberine has beneficial effects on vascular remodeling and alleviates restenosis after vascular injury. However, its mechanism of action on vascular smooth muscle cell migration is not fully understood. We therefore investigated the effect of berberine on human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMC) migration. Boyden chamber assay was performed to show that berberine inhibited HASMC migration dose-dependently. Real-time PCR and Western blotting analyses showed that levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) were reduced by berberine at both the mRNA and protein levels. Western blotting assay further confirmed that activities of c-Fos, c-Jun, and NF-${\kappa}B$ were significantly attenuated. These results suggest that berberine effectively inhibited HASMC migration, possibly by down-regulating MMP-2, MMP-9, and u-PA; and interrupting AP-1 and NF-${\kappa}B$ mediated signaling pathways.

Suppression of TNF-alpha-induced MMP-9 expression by a cell-permeable superoxide dismutase in keratinocytes

  • Song, Ha-Yong;Ju, Sung-Mi;Goh, Ah-Ra;Kwon, Dong-Joo;Choi, Soo-Young;Park, Jin-Seu
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.44 no.7
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    • pp.462-467
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    • 2011
  • Up-regulation of selected matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as MMP-9 contributes to inflammatory processes during the development of various skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis. In this study, we examined the effect of a cell-permeable superoxide dismutase (Tat-SOD) on TNF-${\alpha}$-induced MMP-9 expression in human keratinocyte cells (HaCaT). When Tat-SOD was added to the culture medium of HaCaT cells, it rapidly entered the cells in dose- and time-dependent manners. Tat-SOD decreased TNF-${\alpha}$-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Tat-SOD also inhibited TNF-${\alpha}$-induced NF-${\kappa}B$ DNA binding activity. Treatment of HaCaT cells with Tat-SOD significantly inhibited TNF-${\alpha}$-induced mRNA and protein expression of MMP-9, as measured by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. In addition, Tat-SOD suppressed TNF-${\alpha}$-induced gelatinolytic activity of MMP-9. Taken together, our results indicate that Tat-SOD can suppress TNF-${\alpha}$-induced MMP-9 expression via ROS-NF-${\kappa}B$-dependent mechanisms in keratinocytes, and therefore can be used as an immunomodulatory agent against inflammatory skin diseases related to oxidative stress.

Meta-analysis of Associations Between four Polymorphisms in the Matrix Metalloproteinases Gene and Gastric Cancer Risk

  • Yang, Teng-Fei;Guo, Lin;Wang, Qiang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1263-1267
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    • 2014
  • Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in pathogenesis and development of cancer. Recently, many studies have show associations between polymorphisms in the promoter regions of MMPs and risk of gastric cancer. The present meta-analysis was conducted in order to investigate the potential association between four polymorphisms in the MMP gene and gastric cancer risk. Methods: A computerized literature search was conducted in databases of Med-line, Embase, Science Citation Index and PubMed till June 2013 for any MMP genetic association study of gastric cancer. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for each gene under dominant and recessive models, and heterogeneity between studies was assessed using the Q test and $I^2$ value. Overall and subgroup analyses according to ethnicity were carried out with Stata 12.0. Results: 14 reports covering 8,146 patients (2,980 in the case group and 5,166 in the control group) were included in the present meta-analysis. We found that the MMP-7 (-181A>G) polymorphism increased the gastric cancer risk in therecessive model (GG vs. AA/AG, OR=1.768, 95% CI =1.153-2.712). For MMP2 -1306 C>T, MMP1-1607 1G/2G, and MMP9-1 562 C>T, there were no associations between these polymorphisms and the risk of gastric cancer under dominant or recessive models. Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggested that the MMP7-181 A>G polymorphism may contribute to gastric cancer susceptibility. More studies are needed, especially in Europeans, in the future.

Effect of Phellinus Extracts on Sprouting in Porcine Pulmonary Artery Endothelial Cells (혈관내피세포의 발아에 미치는 상황버섯 추출물의 효과)

  • Oh, In-Suk;Kim, Hwan-Gyu
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.292-297
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    • 2006
  • One of the steps in angiogenesis is the degradation of the underlying basement membrane via proteases. Endothelial cells release proteinases to degrade the extracellular matrix for their sprouting in vivo. In this study, we examined the effect of water extracts of Phellinus linteusis(Phellinus extracts) and combination of Phellinus extracts and fibroblast growth factor(FGF-2) on cultured porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells(PPAECs). Phellinus extracts induced sprouting of PPAECs, which was inhibited by MMPs and plasmin inhibitors, and induced the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3) and plasmin. At high concentration of Phellinus extracts($200{\sim}400{\mu}g/mL$), the active MMP-2 secretion was induced. It is therefore, suggested that Phellinus extracts induces the sprouting of cultured endothelial cells by means of increased active MMP-2 and plasmin secretion. Also, combination with Phellinus extracts and FGF-2 produced an enhanced effect on sprouting and secretion of active MMP-2, and MMP-3 and plasmin from PPAECs.

Over-expression of MMP-3 in the fissured tissue of cleft lip and palate

  • Park, Young-Wook;Min, Bong-Gi;Kim, Ji-Hyuck;Kim, Soung-Min;Lee, Young-Joon;Lee, Sang-Shin;Lee, Suk-Keun;Moon, Huck-Soo;Chi, Je-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2006
  • Objective: In order to elucidate the retrogressive degeneration of orofacial cleft, the fissured tissues of prenatal and postnatal cleft lip and palate were examined by histological and immunohistochemical methods. Design: Totally 42 cases of prenatal (n=17) and postnatal (n=25) cleft lip and/or palate were examined in comparison with 10 cases of normal lip and oral mucosa using immunohistochemical stainings of MMP-3, MMP-9, MMP-10, cathepsin G, PCNA, E-cadherin, TGase 2, HSP-70, vWF, and VEGF. Main Outcome Measures: In the fissured tissue the sebaceous glands were strongly positive for PCNA and grew into the underlying fibromuscular tissue (24/42). Some hyperplastic sebaceous glands of prenatal cleft lip produced infundibular follicular cyst (9/17). The skin and mucosal epithelia from the postnatal cleft lip and palate (10/25) showed severe basal hyperplasia (11/25) and melanocyte infiltration (7/25). Results: The immunostaining of MMP-3 and HSP-70 were strongly positive in the hyperplastic sebaceous glands and nearby atrophying muscle bundles of the fissured tissue, while MMP-9, MMP-10, and cathepsin G were almost negative. The immunoreactions of the other antibodies used in this study were similar between in the fissured tissues and in the normal controls. Conclusions: These data suggest that the over-expression of MMP-3 is closely related to the sebaceous gland hyperplasia, epithelial dysplasia, and the muscle degeneration, and that the over-expression of MMP-3 in the fissured tissue may continuously aggravate the cleft condition in the later life.

Characterization of Matrix Metalloproteinase Expression in Triglyceride Treated THP-1 Macrophages

  • Cho, Yoonjung;Lim, Jaewon;Lee, Dong Hyun;Jung, Byung Chul;Lee, Min Ho;Jung, Dongju;Kim, Yoon Suk;Kim, Tae Ue;Rhee, Ki-Jong
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2013
  • Elevated blood triglyceride (TG) levels correlate with development of atherosclerosis suggesting that TG may promote the development of this disease. During atherosclerosis, TG is taken up by tissue macrophages which result in dramatic changes in various secreted factors. One such factor is the family of matrix metalloproteases (MMP) which are involved in tissue remodeling during both physiological and pathological processes. In this study, we examined the MMP expression profile in PMA-differentiated THP-1 macrophages treated with TG. We found that TG-treated THP-1 macrophages showed decreased expression of MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8 and MMP-9 in a time- and dose-dependent manner. In contrast, expression of MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-10 remained relatively unchanged after TG treatment. In addition, we found that expression of select MMPs was affected by various inhibitors of signaling pathways. In particular, expression of MMP-3 was slightly recovered by cRAF and PLC signaling pathway inhibitors. These data suggests a possible role of MMPs in macrophages during TG-induced atherosclerosis.

Effect of Sonicated Extracts of Enterococcus faecalis on the Production of Matrix Metalloproteinase-8 by Human Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils (ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS 추출물이 다형핵 백혈구의 METALLOPROTEINASE-8 분비에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sung-Kyung;Shon, Won-Jun;Lim, Sung-Sam
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.138-144
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    • 2005
  • This in vitro study monitored MMP-8 production on PMN by stimulated with the following three groups; Sonicated extracts of E. faecalis (SEF), SEF treated with $Ca(OH)_2$ (12.5mg/ml) for 7 days, and lipopolysac-charides(LPS) of E. coli. The level of MMP-8 in each group was immediately measured by ELISA. The data were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test. In the SEF group, the level of production of MMP-8 was higher than the negative control group in low concentration ($0.05{\mu}g/ml$) of SEF (p < 0.05). but it decreased with an increase in the concentration of SEF (p < 0.05). In the case of SEF treated with $Ca(OH)_2$, all of the MMP levels were higher than negative control group (p < 0.05), but no statistical difference was found among the different SEF concentrations (p > 0.05). All of the levels in E. coli LPS were incresed with increasing concentrations (p < 0.05). According to this study we could summarized as follows: 1. MMP-8 was expressed at low level in untreated PMN group the levels of MMP-8 were upregulated in PMN stimulated by E. coli LPS groups. 2. In the SEF groups, the level of production of MMP-8 decreased with an increase in concentration of SEF (p < 0.05). So E. faecalis may have suppressive effect on the production of MMP-8 by PMN. 3. In the case of SEF treated with $Ca(OH)_2$, all of the MMP levels at different SEF concentrations were higher than untreated PMN group (p < 0.05), but no statistical difference was found among the different SEF concentrations (p > 0.05).

The Relationship between Expression of EGFR, MMP-9, and C-erbB-2 and Survival Time in Resected Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (수술을 시행한 비소세포 폐암 환자에서 EGFR, MMP-9 및 C-erbB-2의 발현과 환자 생존율과의 관계)

  • Lee, Seung Heon;Jung, Jin Yong;Lee, Kyoung Ju;Lee, Seung Hyeun;Kim, Se Joong;Ha, Eun Sil;Kim, Jeong-Ha;Lee, Eun Joo;Hur, Gyu Young;Jung, Ki Hwan;Jung, Hye Cheol;Lee, Sung Yong;Lee, Sang Yeub;Kim, Je Hyeong;Shin, Chol;Shim, Jae Jeong;In, Kwang Ho;Kang, Kyung Ho;Yoo, Se Hwa;Kim, Chul Hwan
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.286-297
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    • 2005
  • Background : Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common cause of cancer-related death in North America and Korea, with an overall 5-year survival rate of between 4 and 14%. The TNM staging system is the best prognostic index for operable NSCLC . However, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9), and C-erbB-2 have all been implicated in the pathogenesis of NSCLC and might provide prognostic information. Methods : Immunohistochemical staining of 81 specimens from a resected primary non-small cell lung cancer was evaluated in order to determine the role of the biological markers on NSCLC . Immunohistochemical staining for EGFR, MMP-9, and C-erbB-2 was performed on paraffin-embedded tissue sections to observe the expression pattern according to the pathologic type and surgical staging. The correlations between the expression of each biological marker and the survival time was determined. Results : When positive immunohistochemical staining was defined as the extent area>20%(more than Grade 2), the positive rates for EGFR, MMP-9, and C-erbB-2 staining were 71.6%, 44.3%, and 24.1% of the 81 patients, respectively. The positive rates of EGFR and MMP-9 stain for NSCLC according to the surgical stages I, II, and IIIa were 75.0% and 41.7%, 66.7% and 47.6%, and 76.9% and 46.2%, respectively. The median survival time of the EGFR(-) group, 71.8 months, was significantly longer than that of the EGFR(+) group, 33.5 months.(p=0.018, Kaplan-Meier Method, log-rank test).. The MMP-9(+) group had a shorter median survival time than the MMP-9(-) group, 35.0 and 65.3 months, respectively (p=0.2). The co-expression of EGFR and MMP-9 was associated with a worse prognosis with a median survival time of 26.9 months, when compared with the 77 months for both negative-expression groups (p=0.0023). There were no significant differences between the C-erbB-2(+) and C-erbB-2 (-) groups. Conclusion : In NSCLC, the expression of EGFR might be a prognostic factor, and the co-expression of EGFR and MMP-9 was found to be associated with a poor prognosis. However, C-erbB-2 expression had no prognostic significance.

Increased Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 Levels in the Cerebrospinal Fluid from Children with Aseptic Meningitis (무균성 뇌수막염 소아에서 뇌척수액내 Matrix Metalloproteinase(MMP)-9과 Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase(TIMP)-1의 증가)

  • Yang, Ju Hee;Park, Min Hyuk;Shim, Jung-Yeon;Jung, Hye Lim;Park, Moon Soo;Keum, Dong Hyuck
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.548-553
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : Matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-9 is known to breakdown the blood-brain barrier by degrading the extracellular matrix of the subendothelial basement membrane in meningitis. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase(TIMP)-1, a known inhibitor of MMP-9, has been postulated to inhibit the proteolytic activity of MMP-9 by bindng to MMP-9, but their interaction has not been fully understood yet. So far, there have been some reports on the relationship of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in bacterial meningitis, but few reports in viral meningitis. Furthermore, there has been no report on this in Korea. We investigated the concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of patients with viral meningitis and control subjects, and evaluated their relationship with other clinical parameters of meningitis. Methods : CSF and blood were obtained from 25 subjects with viral meningitis and 14 control subjects. After centrifugation, supernatants were stored at $-20^{\circ}C$ and we assayed concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 by the sandwich ELISA method. Results : Concentrations of CSF MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were significantly elevated in patients with viral meningitis, when compared with those in control subjects. Their serum levels showed no differences between the two groups. MMP-9 levels were closely correlated with TIMP-1 levels in the CSF($r_s=0.42$, P<0.05). CSF MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratios were significantly higher in patients with viral meningitis than those in the control subjects(P<0.05). Both CSF MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels positively correlated with CSF total leukocyte counts($r_s=0.43$, P<0.05, $r_s=0.48$, P<0.05). TIMP-1 levels positively correlated with total protein concentrations in the CSF($r_s=0.43$, P<0.05). Conclusion : MMP-9 and TIMP-1 may play an important role in the breakdown and maintenance of BBB in viral meningitis, respectively.