• Title, Summary, Keyword: MMP-7

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Quantitative Real-Time RT-PCR of ITGA7, SVEP1, TNS1, LPHN3, SEMA3G, KLB and MMP13 mRNA Expression in Breast Cancer

  • Kotepui, Manas;Thawornkuno, Charin;Chavalitshewinkoon-Petmitr, Porntip;Punyarit, Phaibul;Petmitr, Songsak
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5879-5882
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    • 2012
  • Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide, including Thailand. In the present study, the differential mRNA expression of SVEP1, LPHN3, KLB, ITGA7, SEMA3G, TNS1 and MMP13 genes was examined in breast cancer using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR). Among these genes, increased LPHN3 and MMP13 mRNA expression levels correlated with axillary-node metastasis (P=0.02). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that LPHN3 and MMP13 mRNA expression is significantly associated with axillary node status in breast cancer (P=0.04).

The Effect of Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitor for Left Ventricular Remodeling after Myocardial Infarction in a Rabbit Model (토끼에서 Myocardial Infarction 후 Left Ventricular Remodeling에 대한 Matrix Metalloproteinase의 차단 효과)

  • Kim, Soo-Hyun;Jung, Tae-Eun;Hong, Geu-Ru;Han, Sung-Sae
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.329-340
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    • 2007
  • Background: Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibition has emerged as a potential therapeutic strategy for the left ventricular dilatation that occurs after myocardial infarction. This study is designed to evaluate which treatment is better for attenuating the left ventricular remodeling via MMP inhibition 1) during the early, short highly MMP producing period of the initial phase or 2) during most of the period of the initial phase after myocardial infarction. Material and Method: Myocardial infarction was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery in rabbits. The experimental group was divided into 3 groups. The myocardial infarction only (MI only) group consisted of 7 cases. The MMP inhibitor administered for 5 days after MI (MMPI 50) group had 6 cases, and these rabbits were given MMP inhibitor for 5 days after myocardial infarction, beginning with the postoperative first day. MMP inhibitor administered for 9 days (MMPI 90) group consisted of 5 cases and these rabbits were given MMPI for 9 days the same manner as above. CG2300 was used as a selective MMPI; this is a potent MMP-2 and -9 inhibitor Two-D echocardiograms were performed on all the groups at the time of preoperative period, the post-operative 1st week, the postoperative 20 week and the postoperative 30 week, and we measured the end-diastolic dimension (EDD), the end-systolic dimension (ESD), and the ejection fraction (EF). Result: The echocardiograms generally showed postoperative left ventricular dilatation in the MI only group. The EDD was increased significantly higher in the postoperative 1 week compared to the preoperative value (p<0.05). The ESD was also increased significantly higher in the postoperative 1st week, the postoperative 20 week and the postoperative 30 week compared to the preoperative value (p<0.05). Left ventricular dilatation was noted to be less In the MMPI 9d group than in the MI only and MMPI 5d groups. In the MMPI 9d group, there was no significant change of EF postoperatively compared to the preoperative period. MMP-2 and MMP-9 were measured from the infarcted myocardial tissue at post-MI 4 weeks by performing western blotting and zymography. The changes the of protein expression and activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were not significant in the three MI groups and the normal heart group. Histopathologic examination revealed severe collagen deposition in the MI only group. Collagen accumulation was reduced in both the MMPI groups. The MMPI 9d group revealed an increased number of capillaries. Conclusion: Left ventricular dilatation developed rapidly after, MI from ligation of the coronary artery and MMPI attenuated the ventricular dilatation. The effect of MMPI seemed to have better a result from its usage during most of the period of the initial phase after myocardial infarction. This suggested that increased neovascularization by MMPI may also contribute to attenuation of the left ventricular remodeling.

Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases-9 and Stromelysin-3 in Peripheral Blood in Patients with Lung Cancer (폐암 환자의 말초혈액에서 Matrix metalloproteinase-9 및 Stromelysin-3의 발현)

  • Lim, Seong-Yang;Koh, Won-Jung;Kim, Cheal-Hong;Ahn, Young-Mee;Kwon, Young-Mee;Kang, Kyeong-Woo;Kim, Ho-Cheal;Suh, Gee-Young;Chung, Man-Pya;Lim, Si-Young;Kim, Ho-Joong;Kwon, O-Jung
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2002
  • Background: Matrix metalloproteinases(MMP) are essential enzymes for tumor invasion and metastasis. Among the MMP family, elevated MMP-9 and stromelysin-3(STR-3) expression have been reported to be poor prognostic factors in lung cancer patients. To evaluate the possibility of a molecular diagnosis of lung cancer using peripheral blood, the mRNA expression level of MMP-9 and STR-3 was measured using a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in patients with lung cancer. Methods : Ninety six patients(44 patients with lung cancer, 19 pulmonary infection, and 33 control) were included. To detect MMP-9 and STR-3 mRNA expression, RT-PCR was performed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. ELISA was also used to measure the serum level of MMP-9. Results : MMP-9 was expressed more frequently in patients with a pulmonary infection(18/19, 94.7%) compared to lung cancer patients(26/44, 59.1%) or the controls (23/33, 69.7%) (p=0.018). On the other hand, STR-3 expression was observed more frequently in patients with lung cancer(37/44, 84.1%) compared to the lung infection patients(8/19, 42.1%) or control(20/33, 60.6%) (p=0.003). Among the lung cancer patients, MMP-9 was expressed more frequently when a tumor invaded the lymph nodes(17/24, 70.8%) compared to when a tumor did not(3/13, 23.1%) (p=0.005). The MMP-9 and STR-3 expression levels had no relationship with age, sex, tumor size, distant metastasis, or tumor histology. The serum MMP-9 concentration was not higher in lung cancer patients compared to patients with a pulmonary infection or the control subjects. Conclusion : STR-3 may be used as a diagnostic marker in the peripheral blood of lung cancer patients using RT-PCR. Further studies to evaluate the clinical significance of elevated STR-3 expression in lung cancer patients is recommended.

The Effects of Marigold(Tagetes L.) Extract and Calendula(Calendula officinalis L.) Extract on Collagen Growth and MMP-1 Expression in Human Dermal Fibroblasts (메리골드(Tagetes L.)와 카렌듈라(Calendula officinalis L.) 추출물이 인간 섬유아세포에서 콜라겐 생성 및 MMP-1 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eun-sun;Kim, Su-mi;Moon, Ji-sun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.769-777
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    • 2017
  • To research the effects of marigold extract, which is used mixed with calendula extract, on collagen growth and MMP-1 expression in human fibroblast, we measured cytotoxicity, collagen growth and MMP-1 expression by using HDF cells. The result of measurement showed over 80% cell survival rate in $5{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of marigold extract and calendula extract for HDF cells, which indicates there is no cytotoxicity. The result of measuring collagen synthetic abilities showed both types of extract had collagen synthetic ability increase dose dependently, by 25% in $100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of marigold extract, and by 7% in $100{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of calendula extract. The result of experimenting the effect on MMP-1 expression showed that both types of extract suppress MMP-1 expression. The result of observing phosphorylation of p-JNK and p-ERK, which are known to be involved with MMP-1 expression, revealed that marigold extract effectively suppresses MMP-1 expression through signaling pathway of p-JNK and p-ERK. The above results confirm the wrinkle improvement effect of marigold extract, and furthermore, it can be used as a cosmetic ingredient for anti-aging.

Sulforaphane controls TPA-induced MMP-9 expression through the NF-κB signaling pathway, but not AP-1, in MCF-7 breast cancer cells

  • Lee, Young-Rae;Noh, Eun-Mi;Han, Ji-Hey;Kim, Jeong-Mi;Hwang, Bo-Mi;Kim, Byeong-Soo;Lee, Sung-Ho;Jung, Sung Hoo;Youn, Hyun Jo;Chung, Eun Yong;Kim, Jong-Suk
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2013
  • Sulforaphane [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methylsulfinyl)-butane] is an isothiocyanate found in some cruciferous vegetables, especially broccoli. Sulforaphane has been shown to display anti-cancer properties against various cancer cell lines. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which degrades the extracellular matrix (ECM), plays an important role in cancer cell invasion. In this study, we investigated the effect of sulforaphane on 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced MMP-9 expression and cell invasion in MCF-7 cells. TPA-induced MMP-9 expression and cell invasion were decreased by sulforaphane treatment. TPA substantially increased NF-${\kappa}B$ and AP-1 DNA binding activity. Pre-treatment with sulforaphane inhibited TPA-stimulated NF-${\kappa}B$ binding activity, but not AP-1 binding activity. In addition, we found that sulforaphane suppressed NF-${\kappa}B$ activation, by inhibiting phosphorylation of $I{\kappa}B $ in TPA-treated MCF-7 cells. In this study, we demonstrated that the inhibition of TPA-induced MMP-9 expression and cell invasion by sulforaphane was mediated by the suppression of the NF-${\kappa}B$ pathway in MCF-7 cells.

Inhibitory Effect of Myricetin on Matrix Metalloproteinase Expression and Activity in Periodontal Inflammation

  • Ko, Seon-Yle
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.163-173
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    • 2016
  • Flavonoid myricetin, usually found in tea and medicinal plants, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Our objectives in this study were to verify the effects of myricetin on periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLFs) under inflammatory conditions and to observe its effects on osteoclast generation and on cytokine expression in RAW264.7 cells. To determine the effects of myricetin on PDLFs, we examined the expression and activity of proteolytic enzymes, including MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-8, which all play an important role in chronic periodontitis. We observed the effects of myricetin on intracellular signal transduction to verify the molecular mechanism involved. By measuring the formation of TRAP-positive multinucleated cells and the expression and activity of MMP-8, we were able to assess the effects of myricetin on osteoclast generation. In addition, by measuring the secretion of IL-6 and NO, we could evaluate the effects of myricetin on inflammatory mediators. We found that Myricetin had no effect on the viability of the PDLFs in the presence of inflammation, but it did decrease both the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-8 and the enzyme activity of MMP-2 and MMP-8 in these fibroblasts. Myricetin also decreased the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated phosphorylation of JNK, p38 signaling, IKKB, AKT, and p65RelA in the PDLFs. In the RAW264.7 cells, myricetin inhibited both the expression and the activity of MMP-8. Furthermore, Myricetin not only suppressed the generation of LPS-stimulated osteoclasts, but it also slightly inhibited LPS-stimulated degradation of IkB and decreased the release of LPS-induced IL-6 and NO. These findings suggest that myricetin alleviates the tissue-destructive processes that occur during periodontal inflammation.

ROLE OF NF${\kappa}B$ IN TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR 9-MEDIATED MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE-9 EXPRESSION (Toll-like receptor 9-매개에 의한 matrix metalloproteinase-9 발현에서 NF${\kappa}B$의 역할)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Chin, Byung-Rho;Baek, Suk-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.636-642
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    • 2007
  • Background: CpG DNA plays an important role in immune cell function. This study examined whether the temporal control of toll-like receptor (TLR)9 by CpG DNA can regulate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9). Methods and materials: Macrophages were cultured in the presence of 10% FBS. For the various MMP genes analysis, RT-PCR and real-time PCR were performed. In addition, zymography assay performed for the MMP activity. The phosphorylation assay did for the ERK1/2 and NF${\kappa}B$ activation, and luciferase promoter assay was for the NF${\kappa}B$ activity. Results: CpG DNA induced the mRNA expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and MMP-13, but not of MMP-7, MMP-8, and MMP-12, in a time-dependent manner. Especially, the mRNA expression of MMP-9 was strongly induced by CpG DNA using real-time RT-PCR. The TLR9 inhibitor, chloroquine, suppressed CpG DNA-induced MMP-9 expression and its activity. Moreover, CpG DNA induced the phosphorylation of ERK and the inhibition of ERK by U0126 suppressed CpG DNA-induced MMP-9 expression and its activity. CpG DNA stimulated $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$ degradation and luciferase activity. In addition, pretreatment of SN-50, the inhibitor of NF${\kappa}B$, strongly blocked the CpG DNA-induced MMP-9 expression and activity. Conclusion: These observations suggest that CpG DNA may play important roles in the activation of macrophages by regulating the production of MMP-9 via the sequential TLR9-ERK-NF${\kappa}B$ signaling pathway.

Antioxidant and Skin Anti-Aging Effects of Marigold Methanol Extract

  • Kang, Chul Ho;Rhie, Sung Ja;Kim, Young Chul
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-aging effects of marigold methanol extract (MGME) in human dermal fibroblasts. Total polyphenolic and flavonoid contents in MGME were 74.8 mg TAE (tannic acid equivalent)/g and 85.6 mg RE (rutin equivalent)/g, respectively. MGME ($500{\mu}g/mL$) increased 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical-scavenging, and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like antioxidant activities by 36.5, 54.7, and 14.8%, respectively, compared with the control. At $1,000{\mu}g/mL$, these activities increased by 63.7, 70.6, and 20.6%, respectively. MGME ($100{\mu}g/mL$) significantly increased the synthesis of type 1 procollagen by 83.7% compared with control treatment. It also significantly decreased Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity and MMP-1 mRNA expression by 36.5% and 69.5%, respectively; however, it significantly increased laminin-5 mRNA expression by 181.2%. These findings suggest that MGME could protect human skin against photo-aging by attenuating oxidative damage, suppressing MMP expression and/or activity as well as by stimulating collagen synthesis.

The effect of indomethacin on the matrix metalloproteinases in canine permanent tooth eruption (인도메타신의 투여가 치아 맹출 시 기질금속단백분해 효소의 분포에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yoon-Goo;Nam, Jong-Hyun;Lee, Ki-Soo
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2006
  • Tooth eruption requires remodeling of surrounding tissues. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of indomethacin on the dental follicle and paradental tissues during tooth eruption by observing the distribution and expression of MMP by the immunohistochemical method. Ten mongrel dogs of ten to twelve weeks old were divided into 5 groups; four experimental groups administered indomethacin 2 mg/Kg/day and 8 mg/Kg/day orally 2 times a day for 14 days and 7 days respectively, and the control group was administered a placebo. Permanent teeth before eruption and their surrounding tissues were selected and excised. H&E staining and immunohistochemical stainings of MMP-3 and -9 were performed and examined under the light microscope. Osteoclasts, osteoblasts, periodontal ligament cells, ameloblasts and odontoblasts of the control group all expressed MMP-3 and -9. In the experimental group, osteoclasts, osteoblasts and periodontal ligament cells showed reduced expression of MMP-3 and -9. Magnitude of MMP reduction In the experimental group showed a time and dose of indomethacin administration dependent manner. These results show that indomethacin inhibited MMP-3 and -9 expression in the dental follicle and surrounding tissues and suggest that when indomethacin is administered for long periods, tooth eruption could be delayed.

Inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities by solvent-partitioned Sargassum horneri extracts

  • Karadeniz, Fatih;Lee, Seul-Gi;Oh, Jung Hwan;Kim, Jung-Ae;Kong, Chang-Suk
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.16.1-16.7
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    • 2018
  • Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are linked with several complications such as metastasis of cancer progression, oxidative stress, and hepatic fibrosis. Brown seaweeds are being extensively studied for their bioactive molecule content against cancer progression. In this context, Sargassum horneri was reported to possess various bioactivities including antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory partly due to its phenolic compound content. Methods: In this study, potential of S. horneri was evaluated through anti-MMP effect in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells. S. horneri crude extract was fractionated with organic solvents, namely, water ($H_2O$), n-buthanol (n-BuOH), 85% aqueous methanol (85% aq. MeOH), and n-hexane. The non-toxicity of fraction samples (Sargassum horneri solvent-partitioned extracts (SHEs)) was confirmed by cell-viability assay. SHEs were tested for their ability to inhibit MMP enzymatic activity through gelatin digestion evaluation and cell migration assay. Expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and tissue inhibitors of MMP (TIMPs) were evaluated by reverse transcription and Western blotting. Results: All fractions inhibited the enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 according to gelatin zymography. Except $H_2O$ fraction, fractions hindered the cell migration significantly. All tested fractions suppressed both mRNA and protein levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2. Conclusion: Overall, current results suggested that S. horneri has potential to be a good source for anti-MMP agents, and further investigations are underway for better understanding of the action mechanism and isolation and elucidation of the bioactive molecules.