• Title, Summary, Keyword: MMP-7

Search Result 303, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

Application of MMP-7 and MMP-10 in Assisting the Diagnosis of Malignant Pleural Effusion

  • Cheng, Daye;Liang, Bin;Li, Yun-Hui
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.505-509
    • /
    • 2012
  • Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are proteolytic enzymes that are essentially involved in turnover of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The aim was to investigate the diagnostic value of MMP-7 and MMP-10 as tumor markers in pleural effusion (PE) and evaluate the value of combining MMP-7, MMP-10 and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) assays as diagnostic aids for malignant cells. Materials and Methods: A total of 179 patients with PE (87 malignant and 92 benign) were included in this study. The levels of MMP-7 and MMP-10 were measured using ELISA. Results: Values for MMP-7 and MMP-10 were significantly higher in malignant PE than those in benign PE (P<0.01). Among all variables evaluated, logistic regression found that MMP-7 and MMP-10 were significantly correlated with the presence of malignant disease (P<0.01). Analysis of receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves showed that the area under the curve of MMP-10 (0.806) was significantly larger than that of MMP-7 (0.771) and CEA (0.789) (P<0.01). With parallel interpretation, the combination of MMP-10 and CEA achieved the higher sensitivity of 94.6%. The combination of MMP-7 and CEA in serial interpretation was able to boost the specificity to 95.7%. The combination of MMP-7, MMP-10 and CEA produced better sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV than MMP-7 and MMP-10 alone. Conclusion: MMP-7 and MMP-10 in PE may represent helpful adjuncts to conventional diagnostic tools in ruling out malignancy as a probable diagnosis, thus guiding the selection of patients who might benefit from further invasive procedures.

Preoperative Levels of Matrix Metalloproteinase-7 and -9 and Tissue Inhibitor of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Relation to Pathologic Parameters in Bladder Carcinoma Patients

  • Gunes, Mustafa;Kemik, Ahu Serap;Pirincci, Necip;Gecit, Ilhan;Taken, Kerem;Yuksel, Mehmet Bilgehan;Kaba, Mehmet;Eryilmaz, Recep
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.873-876
    • /
    • 2013
  • Our aim was to test the hypothesis that preoperative serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) and -9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP-1) levels correlate with pathological features. Serum levels of MMP-7, and MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were determined in 90 bladder cancer patients and 40 healthy controls using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Preoperative serum MMP-7 and MMP-9 levels were significantly higher in cancer patients than control groups (p<0.001). In contast, serum TIMP-1 levels were lower (p<0.001). Alteration in MMP-7, and MMP-9, and TIMP-1 production may contribute to tumor angiogenesis and be associated with clinic-pathological features.

Expression and Prognostic Value of Matrix Metalloproteinase-7 in Colorectal Cancer

  • Yang, Bo;Su, Ke;Gao, Jianfei;Rao, Zhiguo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1049-1052
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate expression and prognostic value of matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. CRC tissues and corresponding distal normal mucosa tissues of 118 CRC patients were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Correlations between MMP-7 expression, patients' clinic pathological features, and overall survival rate were analyzed. We found that positive expression of MMP-7 in CRC tissues was significantly higher than that in distal normal mucosa (61.0% vs. 39.8%, p =0.001). Poor histological differentiation, advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis were significantly correlated with MMP-7 expression in CRC. The overall survival rate was significantly higher in the MMP-7 negative group than the positive group (Log-rank test= 9.957, p= 0.002). MMP-7 appeared as a significant independent prognostic factor through multivariate survival analysis. Collectively, we found MMP-7 expression to be correlated with progression and metastasis of CRC and thus could be used as a predictive marker of prognosis in CRC patients.

Effects of Water Extracts from Chaenomeles sinensis, Polygonum cuspidatum and Boswellia carterii on LPS-Induced MMP-9 Activation in Raw 264.7 Cell (목과(木瓜), 호장근(虎杖根) 및 유향(乳香) 추출물이 Raw 264.7 cell에서 LPS로 유도된 MMP-9 의 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Tae-Jin;Kim Yeoun-Hee;Shu Seong-Il;Shin Sang-Woo;Kim Sang-Chan;Kwon Young-Kyu;Park Jong-Wook;Kwon Taeg-Kyu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-42
    • /
    • 2006
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is considered to be an important component in the progression of inflammation. Monocytes/macrophages are prominent at inflammation sites, and activation of these cells by stimulants such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) leads to the production of significant amounts of MMP-9. Here, we show that LPS-induced MMP-9 production and activation was inhibited by the water extract from the fruit of Chaenomeles sinensis (CS), the root of Polygonum cuspidatum (PC), but increased by the extract from Boswellia carterii (BC). To investigate the mechanism by which those extracts inhibits MMP-9 activation, we examined the level of MMP-9 mRNA expression. We observed a significant change in the MMP-9 expression between LPS alone and LPS plus Chaenomeles sinensis and Polygonum cuspidatum extracts-treated cells. In addition, LPS significantly up-regulated MMP-9 promoter activity in Raw 264.7 cells, which was attenuated by the CS and PS extracts. However, water extracts from Boswellia carterii increased MMP-9 expression and MMP-9 promoter activity which were induced by LPS treatment in Raw 264.7 cells. These data suggest that water extracts from Chaenomeles sinensis and Polygonum cuspidatum can modulate anti-inflammatory immune response, which may be in part associated with the regulation of MMP-9 production and/or activation through the regulation of MMP-9 expression in mouse macrophage cells.

Brazilin Inhibits of TPA-induced MMP-9 Expression Via the Suppression of NF-${\kappa}B$ Activation in MCF-7 Human Breast Carcinoma Cells

  • Kim, Byeong-Soo
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.209-214
    • /
    • 2010
  • Metastasis is the primary cause of from breast cancer mortality. Cell migration and invasion play important roles in neoplastic metastasis. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which degrades the extracellular matrix (ECM), plays an important role in cancer cell invasion. NF-${\kappa}B$ is transcription factor important in the regulation of MMP-9, as the promoter of MMP-9 gene contains binding sites for NF-${\kappa}B$. Brazilin, an active component of sappan wood (Caesalpinia sappan), decreases TPA-induced MMP-9 expression and invasion in MCF-7 cells. Also, brazilin suppressed NF-${\kappa}B$ activation in TPA-treated MCF-7 cells. Taken together, we demonstrated that the inhibition of TPA-induced MMP-9 expression and cell invasion by brazilin is mediated by the suppression of the NF-${\kappa}B$ pathway in MCF-7 cells. This result suggest brazilin provide a potential therapeutic app roach for the treatment of breast cancer.

Inhibitory Effect of Amentoflavone of Selaginella Tamariscina on MMP-9 Expression through NF-${\kappa}$B and AP-1 in Macrophage Raw 264.7 cells

  • Ahn, Byung-Tae;Shin, Sung-Ahn;Kim, Jun-Gi;Park, Won-Hwan
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.243-249
    • /
    • 2007
  • The French paradox has been attributed to the antioxidant properties of flavonoids present in the red wine. Amentoflavone(AF) is a bi-flavonoid compound with anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory activities. We isolated AF from Selaginella tamariscina, and studied its effects on nuclear factor-B(NF-B)-mediated MMP-9 gene expression in RAW264.7 cells. AF blocked the lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced expression of MMP-9. Zymographic and immunoblot analyses showed that AF suppressed LPS-induced MMP-9 expression in a dose-dependent manner. To clarify the mechanistic basis for its inhibition of MMP-9 induction, we examined the effect of AF on the transactivation of MMP-9 gene by luciferase reporter activity using -1.59 kb flanking region. AF potently suppressed the reporter gene activity. This inhibition was characterized by down-regulation of MMP-9, which was transcriptionally regulated at NF-B site and activation protein-1 (AP-1) site in the MMP-9 promoter, two important nuclear transcription factors that are involved in MMP-9 expression. These findings indicate the efficacy of AF in inhibiting MMP-9 expression through the transcription factors NF-B and AP-1 on LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells.

Extract of Moringa Root Inhibits PMA-induced Invasion of Breast Cancer Cells (유방암 세포주에서 PMA로 유도된 암세포 침투에 대한 모링가 뿌리 추출물의 억제효과)

  • Cho, Hyun-Ji;Chang, Young-Chae
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.8-13
    • /
    • 2014
  • The moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) plant is used as food and as an anti-allergic agent. In this study, we studied the inhibitory effect of moringa root extract on the expression of PMA-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which is the main factor implicated in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells in MCF-7 cells. At first, various moringa extracts were examined in the MCF-7 cells. Both moringa root extract and leaf extracts inhibited PMA-induced MMP-9 activity, but the root extract suppressed PMA-induced MMP-9 activity to a greater extent than the leaf extract. The moringa root extract also inhibited PMA-induced MMP-9 protein expression and cell invasion. According to RT-PCR, the treatment of the MCF-7 cells with moringa root extract decreased levels of PMA-induced MMP-9 mRNA expression, but not the expression of TIMP-1 and -2, indicating that moringa root extract prevents the transcription of MMP-9 in response to PMA. In addition, moringa root extract specifically suppressed the phosphorylation of ERK/JNK, but not p38. We suggest that moringa root extract abolishes MMP-9 activity/expression through ERK/JNK. In conclusion, moringa root extract suppressed PMA-induced MMP-9 activity/expression by inhibiting the phosphorylation of ERK/JNK in MCF-7 cells. These results indicate that moringa root extract may be a potential antimetastatic and anti-invasive agent. Future clinical research is needed on the anticancer properties of moringa root extract.

Effects of Tissue Factor, PAR-2 and MMP-9 Expression on Human Breast Cancer Cell Line MCF-7 Invasion

  • Lin, Zeng-Mao;Zhao, Jian-Xin;Duan, Xue-Ning;Zhang, Lan-Bo;Ye, Jing-Ming;Xu, Ling;Liu, Yin-Hua
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.643-646
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objective: This study aimed to explore the expression of tissue factor (TF), protease activated receptor-2 (PAR-2), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line and influence on invasiveness. Methods: Stable MCF-7 cells transfected with TF cDNA and with TF ShRNA were established. TF, PAR-2, and MMP-9 protein expression was analyzed using indirect immunofluorescence and invasiveness was evaluated using a cell invasion test. Effects of an exogenous PAR-2 agonist were also examined. Results: TF protein expression significantly differed between the TF cDNA and TF ShRNA groups. MMP-9 protein expression was significantly correlated with TF protein expression, but PAR-2 protein expression was unaffected. The PAR-2 agonist significantly enhanced MMP-9 expression and slightly increased TF and PAR-2 expression in the TF ShRNA group, but did not significantly affect protein expression in MCF-7 cells transfected with TF cDNA. TF and MMP-9 expression was positively correlated with the invasiveness of tumor cells. Conclusion: TF, PAR-2, and MMP-9 affect invasiveness of MCF-7 cells. TF may increase MMP-9 expression by activating PAR-2.

Upregulation of MMP is Mediated by MEK1 Activation During Differentiation of Monocyte into Macrophage

  • Lim, Jae-Won;Cho, Yoon-Jung;Lee, Dong-Hyun;Jung, Byung-Chul;Kang, Han-Sol;Kim, Tack-Joong;Rhee, Ki-Jong;Kim, Tae-Ue;Kim, Yoon-Suk
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.104-111
    • /
    • 2012
  • Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-dependent endopeptidases which degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) during embryogenesis, wound healing, and tissue remodeling. Dysregulation of MMP activity is also associated with various pathological inflammatory conditions. In this study, we examined the expression pattern of MMPs during PMA-induced differentiation of THP-1 monocytic cells into macrophages. We found that MMP1, MMP8, MMP3, MMP10, MMP12, MMP19, MMP9, and MMP7 were upregulated during differentiation whereas MMP2 remained unchanged. Expression of MMPs increased in a time-dependent manner; MMP1, MMP8, MMP3, MMP10, and MMP12 increased beginning at 60 hr post PMA treatment whereas MMP19, MMP9, and MMP7 increased beginning at 24 hr post PMA treatment. To identify signal transduction pathways involved in PMA-induced upregulation of MMPs, we treated PMA-differentiated THP-1 cells with specific inhibitors for PKC, MEK1, NF-${\kappa}B$, PI3K, p38 MAPK and PLC. We found that inhibition of the MEK1 pathway blocked PMA-induced upregulation of all MMPs to varying degrees except for MMP-2. In addition, expression of select MMPs was inhibited by PI3K, p38 MAPK and PLC inhibitors. In conclusion, we show that of the MMPs examined, most MMPs were up-regulated during differentiation of monocyte into macrophage via the MEK1 pathway. These results provide basic information for studying MMPs expression during macrophage differentiation.

Effect of Sulforaphane on LPS-Induced Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) Expression (Sulfolaphane이 lipopolysaccharide (LPS)에 의해 유도된 matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-Tae;Woo, Kyung-Jin;Kwon, Taeg-Kyu
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.275-280
    • /
    • 2010
  • Sulforaphane is a naturally occurring member of the iosothiocyanate family, which reveals chemopreventive capacities including anti-cancer, anti-inflammation and inhibition of MMP-9 activities. In this study, we investigated the effect of sulforaphane on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Raw 264.7 cells. Sulforaphane strikingly suppressed the LPS-induced MMP-9 activity and mRNA expression in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, sulforaphane inhibited not only the LPS-induced MMP-9 promoter activity but also LPS-mediated activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-kB (NF-${\kappa}B$) promoter activity. Transient transfection by MMP-9 constructs, in which specific transcriptional factors were mutagenized, indicated that the effects of LPS and sulforaphane were mediated via AP-1 and NF-${\kappa}B$ response elements. We found that sulforaphane had the ability to suppress LPS-induced invasion in vitro. Taken together, these results demonstrated that sulforaphane effectively suppressed LPS-induced MMP-9 expression via modulation of promoter elements (AP-1 and NF-${\kappa}B$) in MMP-9 transcriptional activation.