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Descriptions of Four New Species of Predatory Nematodes (Mononchida) From Korea (韓國産 捕食線蟲(Mononchida: Nematoda)의 4 新種 기재)

  • Choi, Young-Eoun;Khan, Zakaullah;Lee, Sung-Min
    • The Korean Journal of Soil Zoology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.89-100
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    • 1999
  • Four new and a known spacies of the order Mononchida were described and illustrated. Iotonchus obtusus sp. n. was 2.8 mm long, a=33, b=4.2, c=61, V=68%, buccal cavity=61${\times}$45 mm, and is characterized by having basally situated dorsal tooth, presence of vulval papillae and in having short, hemispherical tail with thick cuticle at terminus. Miconchus vulvapapillatum sp. . was 2.7-3.6 mm long, a=29-36, b=4.1-4.5, c=18.4-21, V=65-69%, buccal cavity=53-61${\times}$29-33 mm, spicules=132-137 mm, ventromedian supplements 28-31, and was characterized by having 5-8 pre- and post vulval papillae in contiguous series, and three pairs of vulval glands. Clarkus koreanus sp. n. was 1.1-1.3 mm long, a=27.5-28.8, b=3.5-3.9, c=12-14.5, V=60-64%, buccal cavity=24-28${\times}$13.5-15 mm, and was characterized by well offset lip region, amphids situated well below to dorsal tooth apex, and vulva elevated, with vulval flap. Coomansus ulsani sp. n. was 1.2-1.5 mm long, a=23.5-26, b=3.4-3.8, c=13.6-14.8, V=65-68%, buccal cavity=36-39${\times}$21-23 mm and was characterized by well offset lip region and a thin longitudinal ridge on vertical walls of stoma.

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Measurement of Apron Shielding Rate for X-ray and Gamma-ray (X선 및 감마선에 대한 apron의 차폐율 측정)

  • Park, Myeong-Hwan;Kwon, Deok-Moon
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.245-250
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    • 2007
  • This research measured the shielding rates of apron 0.25 and 0.5 mmPb for X-ray energy in diagnosis radiation system and gamma-ray energy of $^{99m}Tc$-MDP and $^{18}F$-FDG. X-ray energies were measured on effective energy of $26.2{\sim}45.6\;keV$ when additional filtering plate of 0, 2 mmAl is used within the range of tube voltage $40{\sim}120\;kVp$, and at this time, apron 0.5 mmPb has shown about 5.5% of increase in its shielding rate over 0.25 mmPb at the highest quality. Besides, the aprons of the two types have shown high shielding rate of over 90% for direct X-ray and spatial dose rate. And, in case 0.25 and 0.5 mmPb aprons were used at 140keV of $^{99m}Tc$-MDP, the shielding effects were between 30 and 53%, and at high energy of 511 keV, $^{18}F$-FDG, the shielding effects of apron, $1.3{\sim}3.6%$, were very small.

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Brazing characteristics of $ZrO_2$ and Ti-6Al-4V brazed joints with increasing temperature (브레이징 온도 변화에 따른 $ZrO_2$와 Ti-6Al-4V의 접합 특성)

  • Kee, Se-Ho;Park, Sang-Yoon;Heo, Young-Ku;Jung, Jae-Pil;Kim, Won-Joong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: In this study, brazing characteristics of $ZrO_2$ and Ti-6Al-4V brazed joints with increasing temperature were investigated. Materials and methods: The sample size of the $ZrO_2$ was $3mm{\times}3mm{\times}3mm$ (thickness), and Ti-6Al-4V was $10mm(diameter){\times}5mm(thickness)$. The filler metal consisted of Ag-Cu-Sn-Ti was prepared in powder form. The brazing sample was heated in a vacuum furnace under $5{\times}10^{-6}$ torr atmosphere, while the brazing temperature was changed from 700 to $800^{\circ}C$ for 30 min. Results: The experimental results shows that brazed joint of $ZrO_2$ and Ti-6Al-4V occurred at $700-800^{\circ}C$. Brazed joint consisted of Ag-rich matrix and Cu-rich phase. A Cu-Ti intermetallic compounds and a Ti-Sn-Cu-Ag alloy were produced along the Ti-6Al-4V bonded interface. Thickness of the reacted layer along the Ti-6Al-4V bonded interface was increased with brazing temperature. Defect ratios of $ZrO_2$ and Ti-6Al-4V bonded interfaces decreased with brazing temperature. Conclusion: Thickness and defect ratio of brazed joints were decreased with increasing temperature. Zirconia was not wetting with filler metal, because the reaction between $ZrO_2$ and Ti did not occur enough.

A Mixed-Signal IC for Magnetic Stripe Storage System (자기 띠 저장 시스템을 위한 혼성 신호 칩)

  • Lim, Shin-Il;Choi, Jong-Chan
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 1998
  • An integrated circuit for magnetic stripe storage system is implemented. All the analog and digital circuits are integrated in one chip. The analog block contains preamplifier, peak detecter, comparator and reference generater. And digital block includes reference window signal generater, up/down counter for F/2F signal measurement, bit-error detection logic, and control logic. Both the encoding and decoding functions for F/2F signal processing are provided. An AGC(automatic gain control) circuit which was included in conventional circuits is eliminated due to optimized circuit design. Misreading prevention circuits are also proposed by fixing up new reference bit when broken bits are detected. The prototype chip is implemented using $0.8{\mu}m$ N-well CMOS technology and operates from 3.3 V to 7.5 V of supply voltage. It occupies a die area of $3.04mm^2(1.6mm{\times}1.9mm)$ and dissipates 8 mW with a 5 V supply voltage.

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A Study on The Φ 9mm Titanium Alloy Wire (9mm 합금타이타늄 중간 선재 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Yeoun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2012
  • Ti-3Al-2.5V ingot was produced, processed into a titanium alloy wire of 9mm diameter, and the characteristics were studied in comparison with imported material. The ingot satisfied ASTM Grade 9 standard showing oxygen content of 0.11wt% and iron content of 0.085wt%. The hardness of the 9mm diameter titanium alloy was similar to that of the imported material showing values between 225 and 250Hv, and the tensile strength of the imported material was 804MPa while that of the domestic development was 734MPa. The elongation of the imported material was 12% while that of the domestic development was 22%. A new process of manufacturing 9.0mm diameter titanium alloy wire through forging and multi-step hot rolling process out of 400mm diameter ingot was developed.

Set-up errors in head and neck cancer treated with IMRT technique assessed by cone-beam computed tomography: a feasible protocol

  • Delishaj, Durim;Ursino, Stefano;Pasqualetti, Francesco;Matteucci, Fabrizio;Cristaudo, Agostino;Soatti, Carlo Pietro;Barcellini, Amelia;Paiar, Fabiola
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.54-62
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: To investigate set-up errors, suggest the adequate planning target volume (PTV) margin and image-guided radiotherapy frequency in head and neck (H&N) cancer treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) assessed by kV cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: We analyzed 360 CBCTs in 60 patients with H&N cancer treated with IMRT. The target delineation was contoured according to ICRU62. PTVs were generated by adding a 3-5 mm margin in all directions to the respective clinical target volumes. The kV CBCT images were obtained at first three days of irradiation and weekly thereafter. The overall mean displacement, range, systematic (${\Sigma}$) and random (${\sigma}$) errors were calculated. Adequate PTV margins were calculated according to the van Herk formula ($2.5{\Sigma}+0.7r$). Results: The mean of set-up errors was less than 2 mm in any direction. The overall frequency of set-up displacements greater than 3 mm was 3.9% in medial-lateral (ML) direction, 8% in superior-inferior (SI) direction, and 15.5% in anterior-posterior (AP) direction. The range of translations shifts was 0-9 mm in ML direction, 0-5 mm in SI direction and 0-10 mm in AP direction, respectively. After systematic set-up errors correction, the adequate margin to overcome the problem of set-up errors was found to be less than 3 mm. Conclusion: Image-guided kV CBCT was effective for the evaluation of set-up accuracy in H&N cancer. The kV CBCT at first three fractions and followed-by weekly appears adequate for reducing significantly set-up errors in H&N cancer treated with IMRT technique. Finally, 3-5 mm PTV margins appear adequate and safe to overcome the problem of set-up errors.

Target dose study of effects of changes in the AAA Calculation resolution on Lung SABR plan (Lung SABR plan시 AAA의 Calculation resolution 변화에 의한 Target dose 영향 연구)

  • Kim, Dae Il;Son, Sang Jun;Ahn, Bum Seok;Jung, Chi Hoon;Yoo, Suk Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.171-176
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    • 2014
  • Purpose : Changing the calculation grid of AAA in Lung SABR plan and to analyze the changes in target dose, and investigated the effects associated with it, and considered a suitable method of application. Materials and Methods : 4D CT image that was used to plan all been taken with Brilliance Big Bore CT (Philips, Netherlands) and in Lung SABR plan($Eclipse^{TM}$ ver10.0.42, Varian, the USA), use anisotropic analytic algorithm(AAA, ver.10, Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA, USA) and, was calculated by the calculation grid 1.0, 3.0, 5.0 mm in each Lung SABR plan. Results : Lung SABR plan of 10 cases are using each of 1.0 mm, 3.0 mm, 5.0 mm calculation grid, and in case of use a 1.0 mm calculation grid $V_{98}$. of the prescribed dose is about $99.5%{\pm}1.5%$, $D_{min}$ of the prescribed dose is about $92.5{\pm}1.5%$ and Homogeneity Index(HI) is $1.0489{\pm}0.0025$. In the case of use a 3.0 mm calculation grid $V_{98}$ dose of the prescribed dose is about $90{\pm}4.5%$, $D_{min}$ of the prescribed dose is about $87.5{\pm}3%$ and HI is about $1.07{\pm}1$. In the case of use a 5.0 mm calculation grid $V_{98}$ dose of the prescribed dose is about $63{\pm}15%$, $D_{min}$ of the prescribed dose is about $83{\pm}4%$ and HI is about $1.13{\pm}0.2$, respectively. Conclusion : The calculation grid of 1.0 mm is better improves the accuracy of dose calculation than using 3.0 mm and 5.0 mm, although calculation times increase in the case of smaller PTV relatively. As lung, spread relatively large and low density and small PTV, it is considered and good to use a calculation grid of 1.0 mm.

Design Features and Operating Characteristics of the MM-22 Microtron for Radiotherapy (방사선 치료용 MM-22 마이크로트론의 설계 특징과 동작 특성)

  • Bak, Joo-Shik;Lee, Dong-Hun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.380-388
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    • 1990
  • The MM-22 medical microtron at Korea Cancer Center Hospital is now operational for high energy electron and photon therapy, This microtron is designed to produce 5.3-22.5 MeV electron beams and deliver these to the treatment head through beam transport system with an intensity and stability suitable for cancer treatment. The availability of high quality radiation modalities from the MM-22 shows new possibilities in the treatment of deep seated tumours. Principle of operation, system structures and operating characteristics of the MM-22 are described in this paper.

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The Effect of Pile Length on the Handle and Physical Properties of Velvet (Velvet의 pile 길이가 촉감 및 물리적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 장정애;류덕환
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.471-482
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    • 1995
  • Using the acetate velvet and viscose velvet whose pile lengths were sheared as 1.45, 1.55, 1 65, 1.75, 1.85, 1.90mm under the condition equating the weaving process of ground fabric, the conclusions were as follows through the results of the sensory assessments estimated by women students in our university and the physical properties, H. V and T. H. V obtained by KES-F system. 1. In the sensory assessments estimated by the method of paired comparison and ranking of samples, the longer pile length was, the more the hand values of smoothness, softness, thickness, heaviness increased on the whole. 2. The H V. and T. H. V. measured by KES-F system were as follows; Kohi increased to pile length 1.85mm and then decreased a little at 1.90mm. hummer increased as pile length was longer. Fukurami increased to pile length 1.75mm and then decreased gradually as pile length was longer. Total hand value increased gradually from 1. 45mm to 1.85mm, had the top value at 1.85mm, and then decreased a little at 1.90mm. 3. In the results of summarizing $\ulcorner$the physical properties correlated closely with the H. V obtained by sensory assessments$\lrcorner$ and tithe Physical properties correlated closely with the H. V. and T. H. V obtained by KES-F systems, it showed that all the sensory properties correlated closely with compressive energy, flexural rigidity, thickness, weight and pile ratio in the former and that the physical properties correlated closely with each H V and T. H. V were different in the latter. 4. It showed that factor 1 was related to compressive energy, thickness, weight, pile ratio, factor 2 was related to recovery energy, compressive resilience, compressive index, and factor 3 was related to compressive recovery ratio in the result of factor analysis. 5. In the multiple repression analysis, the expressions of all sensory properties had compressive ratio, frictional coefficient in the regression expressions of $\ulcorner$H. V. obtained by sensory assessments$\lrcorner$, while the expressions of each H. V. and different physical properties in the regression expressions of $\ulcorner$H. V. obtained by KES-F system$\lrcorner$.

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Optimization of Electrofusion Condition for the Production of Korean Cattle Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Embryos

  • Kim, Se-Woong;Kim, Dae-Hwan;Jung, Yeon-Gil;Roh, Sang-Ho
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2011
  • This study was designed to determine the effect of electric field strength, duration and fusion buffer in fusion parameters on the rate of membrane fusion between the somatic cell and cytoplast for Korean cattle (HanWoo) somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) procedure. Following electrofusion, effect of 5 or $10\;{\mu}M$ $Ca^{2+}$-ionophore of activation treatment on subsequent development was also evaluated. Cell fusion rates were significantly increased from 23.1% at 20 V/mm to 59.7% at 26 V/mm and 52.9% at 27 V/mm (p<0.05). Due to higher cytoplasmic membrane rupture or cellular lysis, overall efficiency was decreased when the strength was increased to 30 V/mm (18.5%) and 40 V/mm (6.3%) and the fusion rate was also decreased when the strength was at 25 V/mm or below. The optimal duration of electric stimulation was significantly higher in $25\;{\mu}s$ than 20 and $30\;{\mu}s$ (18.5% versus 9.3% and 6.3%, respectively, p<0.05). Two nonelectrolyte fusion buffers, Zimmermann's (0.28 M sucrose) and 0.28 M mannitol solution for cell fusion, were used for donor cell and ooplast fusion and the fusion rate was significantly higher in Zimmermann's cell fusion buffer than in 0.28 M mannitol (91.1% versus 48.4%, respectively, p<0.05). The cleavage and blastocyst formation rates of SCNT bovine embryos activated by $5\;{\mu}M$ $Ca^{2+}$-ionophore was significantly higher than the rates of the embryos activated with $10\;{\mu}M$ of $Ca^{2+}$-ionophore (70.0% versus 42.9% and 22.5% versus 14.3%, respectively; p<0.05). This result is the reverse to that of parthenotes which shows significantly higher cleavage and blastocyst rates in $10\;{\mu}M$ $Ca^{2+}$-ionophore than $5\;{\mu}M$ counterpart (65.6% versus 40.3% and 19.5% versus 9.7%, respectively; p<0.05). In conclusion, SCNT couplet fusion by single pulse of 26 V/mm for $25\;{\mu}s$ in Zimmermann's fusion buffer followed by artificial activation with $5\;{\mu}M$ $Ca^{2+}$-ionophore are suggested as optimal fusion and activation methods in Korean cattle SCNT protocol.