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Description of Egg and Larvae of Two Species of Rockfishes(Scorpaenidae : Sebastes) in Korean Waters (불볼락(Sebastes thompsoni)과 개볼락(Sebastes pachycephalus pachycephalus)의 난형태(卵形態) 및 자어(仔魚)의 형태발달(形態發達))

  • Han, Kyeong-Ho;Kim, Yong-Uk;Kim, Chung-Man
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1996
  • Egg and larval stages of the rockfish, Sebastes thompsoni and S. pachycephalus pachycephalus, are described and illustrared. The size of these eggs when released were 1.27~1.33mm in S. thompsoni and 1.39~1.52mm in S. pachycephalus pachycephalus. The size of these hatching larvae when released were 3.02~3.12mm TL (total length) in S. thompsoni and 4.83~5.17mm in S. pachycephalus pachycephalus. Notochord flexion occured 7.56~8.00mm TL (17~20 days after hatching) in S. thompsorzi and 5.43~5.56mm in S. pachycephalus pachycephalus. Preflexion and flexion larvae (averaged 3.97~7.78mm TL) of S. thompsoni were distinguished from related species by pigmentation of the dorsal and ventral midlines of the tail. Larvae of S. pachycephalus pachycephalus were distinguished from related species by pigmentation of the dorsal and ventral midlines of the trunk. Transformation occured 14.22~15.86mm TL in S. pachycephalus pachycephalus.

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Verification of skin dose according to the location of tumor in Tomotherapy (토모테라피 시 종양의 위치에 따른 피부선량 검증)

  • Yoon, Bo Reum;Park, Su Yeon;Park, Byoung Suk;Kim, Jong Sik;Song, Ki Won
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2014
  • Purpose : To verify the skin dose in Tomotherapy-based radiation treatment according to the change in tumor locations, skin dose was measured by using Gafchromic EBT3 film and compared with the planned doses to find out the gap between them. Materials and Methods : In this study, to measure the skin dose, I'm RT Phantom(IBA Dosimetry, Germany) was utilized. After obtaining the 2.5mm CT images, tumor locations and skin dose measuring points were set by using Pinnacle(ver 9.2, Philips Medical System, USA). The tumor location was decided to be 5mm and 10mm away from surface of the phantom and center. Considering the attenuation of a Tomo-couch, we ensured a symmetric placement between the ceiling and floor directions of the phantom. The measuring point of skin doses was set to have 3mm and 5mm thickness from the surface. Measurement was done 3 times. By employing TomoHD(TomoHD treatment system, Tomotherapy Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA), we devised Tomotherapy plans, measured 3 times by inserting Gafchromic EBT3 film into the phantom and compared the measurement with the skin dose treatment plans. Results : The skin doses in the upper part of the phantom, when the tumor was located in the center, were found to be 7.53 cGy and 7.25 cGy in 5mm and 3mm respectively. If placed 5mm away from the skin in the ceiling direction, doses were 18.06 cGy and 16.89 cGy; if 10mm away, 20.37 cGy and 18.27 cGy, respectively. The skin doses in the lower part of the phantom, when the tumor was located in the center, recorded 8.82 cGy and 8.29 cGy in 5mm and 3mm, each; if located 5mm away from the lower part skin, 21.69 cGy and 19.78 cGy were respectively recorded; and if 10mm away, 20.48 cGy and 19.57 cGy were recorded. If the tumor was placed in the center, skin doses were found to increase by 3.2~17.1% whereas if the tumor is 5mm away from the ceiling part, the figure decreased to 2.8~9.0%. To the Tomo-couch direction, skin doses showed an average increase of 11% or over, compared to the planned treatment. Conclusion : This study found gaps between planned skin doses and actual doses in the Tomotherapy treatment planning. Especially to the Tomo-cocuh direction, skin doses were found to be larger than the planned doses. Thus, during the treatment of tumors near the Tomo-couch, doses will need to be more accurately calculated and more efforts to verify skin doses will be required as well.

Study on the Application for Hydrogen Storage Tank of MmNi4.5Mn0.5Zrx(x=0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1) Alloys Containing Excess Zr (과잉 Zr을 첨가한 MmNi4.5Mn0.5Zrx(x=0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1) 합금의 수소용기 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Kil-Ku;Park, Sung-Gap;Kang, Sei-Sun;Kwon, Ho-Young
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.624-633
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    • 2002
  • In order to improve the hydrogen storage capacity and the activation properties of the hydrogen storage alloys, the rare-earth metal alloy series, MmN $i_{4.5}$M $n_{0.5}$Z $r_{x}$(x=0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1), are prepared by adding excess Zr in MmN $i_{4.5}$M $n_{0.5}$ alloy. The various parts in hydrogen storage vessel consisted of copper pipes reached the setting temperature within 4~5 minutes after heat addition, which indicated that storage vessel had a good heat conductivity required in application. The performance test on storage vessel filled with rare-earth metal alloys of 1000 gr was also conducted after hydrogen charging for 10 min at $18^{\circ}C$ under 10 atm. It showed that the average capacity of discharged hydrogen volume was found to be for $MmNi_{4.5}$ $Mn_{0.5}$ and $MmNi_{4.5}$ $Mn_{x}$ 0.5/$Zr_{samples}$ indicated that the released amount of hydrogen for this $AB_{5}$ type alloys was more than 92 % of theoretic value, and also it was found that the optimum discharging temperature for obtaining an appropriate pressure of 3 atm was determined to be $V^{\circ}C$ for $MmNi_{4.5}$ $Mn_{0.5}$$Zr_{x}$(x=0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1) hydrogen storage alloys. The released amount of these hydrogen storage samples was 125 $\ell$ , 122.4 $\ell$ and 108.15 $\ell$/kg for $MmNi_{4.5}$ $Mn_{0.5}$ $Zr_{0.025}$ $MmNi_{4.5}$M $n_{0.5}$Z $r_{0.05}$, and MmN $i_{4.5}$ Mn_0.5$Zr_{0}$, at $70^{\circ}C$ respectively. Amount of the 2nd phases increase with increase on Zr contents in $MmNi_{4.5}$$Mn_{0.5}$ $Zr_{ 0.1}$/ alloy. This phenomenon indicates that$ ZrNi_3$ in $MmNi_{4.5}$ $Mn_{0.5}$ $Zr_{x}$ / phase, which shows the maximum storage capacity and the strong resistance to intrinsic degradation, is considered as a proper alloy for hydrogen storage. As the Zr contents increase, the activation time and the plateau pressure decreases and sloping of the plateau pressure increases.creases.eases.s.

Optimization of optical focus of composition optical system by OSLO (합성광학계의 OSLO를 통한 optical focus의 최적화)

  • Kim, Dae Nyoun;Choi, Gei Hun
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2000
  • This study was to calculate spot size, focus shift and optical focus by use of OSLO when 3 wavelength, ${\omega}{\upsilon}_1=0.588{\mu}$, ${\omega}{\upsilon}_2=0.486{\mu}$ and ${\omega}{\upsilon}_3=0.656{\mu}$ in composite lens optics system & ocular optical system were respectively here, Entrance Beam Radius(mm) 1 mm, Field angle(deg) 5.7296e-0.5 mm, Image Aperture 0.053055 mm, Exit Aperture 0.903711 mm, Reflective focal length 25.181544 mm, Petzval radius -19.21839 mm, n = 1.523. It was found that a range of spot size was 0.002 mm~0.07 mm when a range of back curvature radius was 1 mm~30 mm, and 0.0005 mm~0.002 mm when of it more than 50 mm. Focus shift, 50 mm a range 3 kinds of lens was small, and it saw that of all tendency was high up to 1 mm~15 mm and up to 25 mm beyond that limits, it was going down and then going up again, optical focus 100 mm lens was best and the value when optimization with this lens was $60{\pm}1mm$.

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A Small Broadband Antenna for Wibro/WLAN/Mobile WiMAX (Wibro/WLAN/Mobile WiMAX용 소형 광대역 안테나)

  • Ko, Jeong-Ho;Choi, Ik-Guen
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.568-575
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we propose a small broadband antenna for mobile device. The proposed antenna consists of a printed rectangular monopole antenna and a parastic element connected to ground using narrow meander line and it is designed on a FR-4 substrate that has a thickness of 0.8 mm and a dielectric constant of 4.4. The FR-4 substrate's size is 50 mm${\times}$90 mm comparable to the real mobile device. The fabricated antenna's size is 12.5 mm${\times}$10.5 mm${\times}$0.8 mm and the measurement shows -10 dB return loss bandwidth of 2,200~6,000 MHz and gains of 2.86~4.01 dBi. Accordingly, the proposed antenna can support mobile device for WiBro(2,300~2,380 MHz), WLAN(IEEE 802.11b/g/n: 2,400~2,480 MHz, IEEE 802.11a: 5,150~5,825 MHz), and mobile WiMAX(IEEE 802.16e : 2,500~2,690 MHz, 3,400~3,600 MHz) service bands.

Eggs Development and Larval Development of the Ice Fish, Hypomesus transpacificus nipponensis McAllister (빙어의 난발생과정과 자어의 형태발달)

  • HAN Kyeong-Ho;LEE Seung-Ju;KIM Yong Uk;MYOUNG Jung-Goo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.497-502
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    • 1996
  • Artificial fertilization of ice fish, Mypomesus transpaciticus nipponensis caught at Milyang-river and Osib-chun brook was performed in March 24, 1990, and the hatched larvae were reared for 25 days to describe the development of eggs and larvae. Fertilized eggs were spherical in shape, measuring $0.85\~1.05\;mm$ in diameter (mean: 0.97 mm) and translucent adhesive with many small-sized oil globules on the surface. Hatching in the indoor tank started from the 170 hours after fertilization under $16.5^{\circ}C$ water temperature. Newly-hatched larvae were measured $3.85\~4.25\;mm$ in total length (mean: 4.05 mm), and mouth and anus were not yet open. They had one yolk sac on the anterior part of abdomen, straight-type's notochord, and $52\~54$ myotomes. The larva of 5 days old transformed to postlarval stage and measured $5.20\~5.65\;mm$ (mean: 5.37 mm) in total length. As the yolk sac was completely absorbed, mouth and anus were open, and they fed rotifers vigorously. In 20 days after hatching, the larvae grew to 8.38 mm in TL, and the caudal notochord flex at $45^{\circ}$. In 25 days after hatching, total length reached 9.63 mm. The pan of the fin-fold of the future dorsal and anal fins became high.

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Studies on the Germination Characteristics in the Several Weeds of Compositae (국화과(菊花科) 잡초(雜草)의 발아특성(發芽特性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, B.M.;Kang, B.H.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.265-272
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    • 1988
  • This experiment was carried to investigate the germination pattern in relation to temperatures and lights, and the emergence pattern in relation to seeding depths, lights and the alpha amylase activity of Youngia sonchifolia, Lactuca indica var. laciniata, Ixeris dentata var. albiflora and Ixeris polycephala. In Y. sonchifolia, the optimum germination temperature was $25^{\circ}C$, the optimum seeding depth to emerge was 0 mm and it could emerge in 0-5mm. In L. indica var. laciniata under cool storage, the optimum germination temperatures were $19^{\circ}C-28^{\circ}C$, the optimum seeding depth was 5mm and it could emerge in 0-20mm. In L. indica var. laciniata under room storage, the optimum germination temperature was $25^{\circ}C$ the optimum seeding depth was 5mm and it could emerge in 0-10mm. In I. dentata emerge was and 0mm and it could emerge in 0-5mm. In I. polycephla, the optimum temperatures were $16^{\circ}C-19^{\circ}C$, the optimum seeding depth to emerge was 0mm and it could emerge in 0-5mm. The alpha amylase activity was lower Y. sonchifolia, L. indica var. laciniata and I. dentata var. abiflora than barley cultivar Dongbor#1. And the increased pattern of alpha amylase activity was likely to it of germination rate.

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Frequency Characteristics of Energy Harvester Using Piezoelectric Elements (압전식 에너지 수확기의 주파수 특성)

  • Yun, So-Nam;Kim, Dong-Gun;Ham, Young-Bog;Park, Jung-Ho;Jeong, Byeong-Hong
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.3131-3135
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents an energy harvester using piezoelectric elements that is a kind of generator which converts the mechanical power to the electric one using windmill system with many PZT actuators. In this study, low frequency characteristics of the cantilever-type piezoelectric actuator are experimentally investigated. Advantages of the cantilever use are to take a very large displacement and to improve the endurance of the PZT element. The material of cantilever is an aluminum and three kinds of cantilever of which size is $150[mm]{\times}20[mm]{\times}1.5[mm]$, $170[mm]{\times}20[mm]{\times}1.5[mm]$ and $190[mm]{\times}20[mm]{\times}1.5[mm]$ were experimented, respectively. The cantilever was fixed on the vibrator. The characteristics of frequency and mass variation of cantilever end part such as 0[g], 5[g], 10[g] are investigated. Maximum voltage was outputted at the condition of $150[mm]{\times}20[mm]{\times}1.5[mm]$ and 10[g] of mass. It was confirmed that the lower natural frequency at the larger length of cantilever and at the bigger of mass is gotten.

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Optimization of Optics Design for 3D Laser Scanner (3차원 부품 레이저 용접용 스캐너 광학 최적설계)

  • Choi, Hae Woon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we present the results of our research to perform 3D laser scanning functions by adding a focusing lens to a conventional 2D laser scanner. For the optical design, the ray-tracing technique was used along with a total of four lenses as the variable incident focusing lens, the collimating lens, and the F-Theta lens. As design variables, the curvature of the incident focusing lens (Lens #1) was assumed to be us, l mm and sumed mm, and the incident angles were set at 0cidenus, l. In addition, the distance between the focusing lens and the collimating lens was set to vary from 5 mm to 15 mm. When the incident focal length was varied from 5 mm to 15 mm, the exit focal length was calculated to vary from 67.5 mm to 56.8 mm for the lens with R = 100 mm and from 108.5 mm to 99.0 mm for the lens with R = 150 mm. When the incident angle was 0°, the focal aberration was only slightly observable at 10㎛ in both the x- and y-direction. At 7.5° was the focal aberration of approximately 20~50㎛ was measured at 20㎛. To investigate the chromatic aberration of the designed optical device, the distortion of the focus was observed when the 550 nm beam was simulated on lens designed for a 980 nm wavelength.

Practical Applications of DNA Marker-Assisted Selection and OPU-Derived IVF Embryo Transfer for the Production of High Quality Meat in Hanwoo I. Collection of Follicular Oocytes with Ultrasound-Guided Transvaginal Ovum Pick-Up from DNA Marker-proved Hanwoo (유전자 분석을 통하여 선발된 한우로부터 초음파 유래 체외수정란 이식에 의한 고품질 한우 생산기술의 실용화 I. DNA 검정우에서 초음파기기를 이용한 난포란의 채란에 관한 연구)

  • 박희성;이지삼;진종인;박준규;홍승표;이명열;정장용
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2001
  • This study was designed to establish the superior method for IVF embryos from DNA marker-proved Hanwoo cattle. DNA markers related to marbling score were identified using DNA fingerprinting with Ml3 probe and restriction enzyme Hae III. Oocytes were aspirated from unstimulated. immature ovarian follicles using a combined method of rectal ovarian-palpation and transvaginal ultrasound-guidance(6.5MHz) under local abesthesia. The aspirated oocytes were washed twice with fresh D-PBS containing 5% FBS and were rewashed 4 to 5 times with TCM-199 containing 5% FBS. A morphological grade of I to IV was assigned to each oocyte. Data were analysed using the GLM procedure of SAS. Mean number of follicles identified on ultrasound was 5.5 $\pm$2.9 in right and 4.3 $\pm$2.8 in left ovaries, respectively. The highest follicles(16.6$\pm$2.6) were found in 5101 cow compared to others. Recovery rate of follicular oocytes in individual cow was highest in 5101 cow with 89.3% in > 2mm and 94.0% in $\leq$ 2mm follicles. Total recovery rate was significantly(P<0.01) higher in $\leq$ 2mm(85.7%, 130/154) than > 2mm follicles(74.2%, 201/271). Significantly more oocytcs of Grade IV were recovered from > 2mm follicles. Mean number follicles recovered was 4.8$\pm$3.7. 3.0$\pm$3.4 and 0.3$\pm$0.6 in $\leq$2mm, 2~6mm and $\geq$6mm follicles. respectively. Our results imply that the more fertilizablc oocytes can be recovered from invisible-immature follicles by the combination of simultaneous rectal ovarian-palpation and ultrasound-guided approach in Hanwoo cattle.

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